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© Rune Midtgaard


Taxonomy of the family Scincidae
Bibliography of the genus Tiliqua
Biodiversity of the family Scincidae








Genus
Tiliqua

Blue-tongued Skinks, (Giant Skinks)

Blauzungenskinke

Blåtungeskinker

1825 Tiliqua Gray (type species: Scincus gigas Schneider 1801)
1825 Trachydosaurus Gray (type species: Trachydosaurus rugosus Gray 1825) (Shea 2000)
Trachysaurus Gray 1826 [invalid emendation] (Cogger, Cameron & Cogger 1983)
1828 Cyclodus Wagler (type species: Cyclodus flavigularis Wagler 1828; syn. Shea 1990)
1834 Brachydactylus Smith (type species: Brachydactylus typicus Smith 1834; syn. Cogger, Cameron & Cogger 1983)
1837 Rachites Cocteau [nomen nudum] (Cogger, Cameron & Cogger 1983)
1838 Tachydosaurus Gray [invalid emendation] (Cogger, Cameron & Cogger 1983)
1839 Silubolepis Dumeril & Bibron [nomen nudum] (Cogger, Cameron & Cogger 1983)
Contents: 7 species, of which 5 (71.4%) are endemic.
Endemism: 0% 100%
Remarks: Previously included Cyclodomorphus. Some authors place rugosa in a separate genus, Trachydosaurus (e.g., Cogger 1996).
Distribution: E. Malay Archipelago, Australia.
Reported from: Australia (Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland [incl. Fraser Island], South Australia, Tasmania [incl. Bass Strait Islands], Victoria, Western Australia), Indonesia (Ambon, Aru Islands, Babar Islands, Biak, Halmahera, Kai Islands, Misool, Morotai, Saparua, Seram, Sulawesi, Tanimbar Islands, Ternate, Waigeo, Western New Guinea, Yapen), Papua New Guinea (Bismarck Archipelago [Admiralty Islands (Manus), New Britain], d'Entrecasteaux Islands [Fergusson, Goodenough, Normanby], Eastern New Guinea, Trobriand Islands).

Tiliqua adelaidensis

Adelaide Pygmy Bluetongue, (Pygmy Blue-tongued Skink)

Zwerg-Blauzungenskink

Dværgblåtungeskink

1863 Cyclodus adelaidensis Peters
Tiliqua adelaidensis Boulenger 1887

Distribution: Australia (South Australia).


Tiliqua adelaidensis
© Rune Midtgaard

Tiliqua gigas

Giant Blue-tongued Skink, New Guinea Blue-tongued Skink

Riesen-Blauzungenskink

Stor Blåtungeskink

1801 Scincus gigas Schneider
Tiliqua gigas Boulenger 1887
Tiliqua scincoides gigas Loveridge 1948
1828 Cyclodus flavigularis Wagler (Shea 1990)
1839 Cyclodus boddaertii Duméril & Bibron [part] (Shea 2000)
1863 Cyclodus carinatus Günther (Shea 2000)
1866 Cyclodus petersi Strauch (Shea 2000)
1894 Tiliqua gigas keyensis Oudemans
2000 Tiliqua gigas evanescens Shea

Other common names:
evanescens: Southern New Guinea Blue-tongued Skink
gigas: Northern New Guinea Blue-tongued Skink
keyensis: Kei Islands Blue-tongued Skink
Remarks: Records from Babar Islands (e.g., Brongersma 1933) and Tanimbar Islands (e.g., Kopstein 1926) in Indonesia refer to scincoides (Shea 1990).
Distribution: Indonesia (Ambon, Aru Islands, Biak, Halmahera, Kai Islands, Misool, Morotai, Saparua, Seram, Sulawesi, Ternate, Waigeo, Western New Guinea, Yapen), Papua New Guinea (Bismarck Archipelago [Admiralty Islands (Manus), New Britain], d'Entrecasteaux Islands [Fergusson, Goodenough, Normanby], Eastern New Guinea, Trobriand Islands).


Tiliqua gigas
© Rune Midtgaard

Tiliqua multifasciata

Centralian Blue-tongued Skink

Zentralaustralischer Blauzungenskink

Centralaustralsk Blåtungeskink

1919 Tiliqua occipitalis multifasciata Sternfeld
Tiliqua multifasciata Cogger 1975
1923 Tiliqua occipitalis nossiteri Glauert (Shea 2000)
Tiliqua nossiteri Wells & Wellington 1984
1931 Tiliqua occipitalis auriculare Kinghorn (Shea 2000)
Tiliqua auriculare Wells & Wellington 1984
2001 Tiliqua multiscutata Aplin & Smith [lapsus]

Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia).


Tiliqua multifasciata
© Rune Midtgaard

Tiliqua nigrolutea

Blotched Blue-tongued Skink, Southern Blue-tongued Skink

Schwarzgelber Blauzungenskink, Gefleckter Blauzungenskink

Sydlig Blåtungeskink

1824 Scincus nigroluteus Quoy & Gaimard
Tiliqua nigrolutea Smith 1937
1838 Scincus erucotis Gray (Cogger, Cameron & Cogger 1983)
1967 Lacerta tarda Anderson (Shea 2000)
1985 Tiliqua milleri Wells & Wellington (Shea 1992)

Distribution: Australia (Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales, South Australia, Tasmania [incl. Bass Strait Islands], Victoria).


Tiliqua nigrolutea
© Rune Midtgaard

Tiliqua occipitalis

Western Blue-tongued Skink

Westlicher Blauzungenskink

Vestlig Blåtungeskink

1863 Cyclodus occipitalis Peters
Tiliqua occipitalis Boulenger 1887
1863 Cyclodus fasciatus Lütken (Cogger, Cameron & Cogger 1983, Shea 2000)

Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Northern Territory, South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia).


Tiliqua occipitalis
© Rune Midtgaard

Tiliqua rugosa

Shingleback, Bobtail, Stump-tailed Skink, Stumpy-tail, Sleepy Lizard, Pinecone Lizard, Boggi

Tannenzapfenechse, Stutzechse

Kogleskink, Grankogleskink, Tvehovedskink, Stumphaleskink

1825 Trachydosaurus rugosus Gray
Trachysaurus rugosus Duméril & Bibron 1839
Tiliqua rugosa Greer 1979
1833 Trachysaurus peronii Wagler [substitute name for Trachydosaurus rugosus Gray 1825]
1834 Brachydactylus typicus Smith (Cogger, Cameron & Cogger 1983, Shea 2000)
1845 Trachydosaurus asper Gray (Cogger, Cameron & Cogger 1983)
Trachydosaurus rugosus asper Cogger 1996
Tiliqua rugosa asper Storr, Smith & Johnstone 1999
1925 Lacerta ecaudata Cunningham (Shea 2000)
1958 Trachydosaurus rugosus konowi Mertens
Trachydosaurus konowi Wells & Wellington 1984
Tiliqua rugosa konowi Storr, Smith & Johnstone 1999
2000 Tiliqua rugosa palarra Shea

Other common names:
aspera: Eastern Shingleback
konowi: Rottnest Island Shingleback
palarra: Northern Shingleback, Shark Bay Shingleback
rugosa: Western Shingleback, Common Shingleback
Remarks: Wilson & Knowles' (1988) T. r. tropisurus (based on Scincus tropisurus Péron 1807, an unavailable name) is identical with T. r. palarra (Aplin & Smith 2001).
Introduced to: Australia (South Australia: Kangaroo Island [now extirpated]).
Distribution: Australia (Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia).


Tiliqua rugosa
© Rune Midtgaard

Tiliqua scincoides

Common Blue-tongued Skink

Gewöhnlicher Blauzungenskink

Almindelig Blåtungeskink

1790 Lacerta scincoides Hunter
Tiliqua scincoides Gray 1825
1804 Scincus crotaphomelas Lacepede (Cogger, Cameron & Cogger 1983, Shea 2000)
1820 Scincus tuberculatus Merrem (Cogger, Cameron & Cogger 1983, Shea 2000)
1831 Tiliqua whitii Gray (Cogger, Cameron & Cogger 1983, Shea 2000)
1839 Cyclodus boddaertii Duméril & Bibron [part] (Shea 2000)
1925 Lacerta variegata Cunningham (Shea 2000)
1955 Tiliqua scincoides intermedia Mitchell
Tiliqua intermedia Wells & Wellington 1984
1985 Tiliqua macroscincoides Wells & Wellington (Shea 1992)
2000 Tiliqua scincoides chimaerea Shea

Other common names:
chimaerea: Sunda Islands Blue-tongued Skink
intermedia: Northern Blue-tongued Skink
scincoides: Eastern Blue-tongued Skink
Remarks: The authorship of Lacerta scincoides should be ascribed to Hunter 1790, not White 1790 as previously thought (Shea 1993). A population in the southern part of Indonesian New Guinea has sometimes been assigned to scincoides, however, it represents a distinct form (Noël 2009).
Introduced to: Australia (South Australia: Kangaroo Island [probably released pets]), New Zealand, USA (Florida).
Distribution: Australia (Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland [incl. Fraser Island], South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia), Indonesia (Babar Islands, Tanimbar Islands).


Tiliqua scincoides
© Rune Midtgaard