Taxonomy: families
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Lizards (Sauria)

   Genera


Ablepharus
Eurasian Snake-eyed Skinks


Acontias
Greater Legless Skinks


Acritoscincus
Cool-Skinks


Alinea
Caribbean Stripeless Skinks


Amphiglossus
Fine-scaled Short-legged Skinks


Anepischetosia
Highland Elf Skink


Anomalopus
Australian Worm Skinks


Apterygodon
Bornean Striped Tree Skink


Aspronema
South American White-striped Skinks


Asymblepharus
Central Asian Mountain Skinks


Ateuchosaurus
East Asian Short-legged Skinks


Austroablepharus
Grassland Striped Skinks


Barkudia
Indian Limbless Skinks


Bellatorias
Papua-Australian Giant Skinks


Brachymeles
Indo-Malayan Slender Skinks


Brachyseps
Madagascar Short-legged Skinks


Brasiliscincus
Brazilian Small-headed Skinks


Caesoris
Blue-mouthed Skink


Caledoniscincus
New Caledonian Leaf-litter Skinks


Calyptotis
Dwarf Woodland Skinks


Capitellum
Antillean Small-headed Skinks


Carlia
Australian-Pacific Rainbow Skinks


Celatiscincus
Pale-hipped Skinks


Chalcides
Cylindrical Skinks


Chalcidoseps
Knuckles Four-toed Skink


Chioninia
Cape Verde Skinks


Concinnia
Bar-sided Forest Skinks


Copeoglossum
Neotropical Spotted Skinks


Cophoscincopus
West African Keeled Water Skinks


Corucia
Solomon Islands Prehensile-tailed Skink


Cryptoblepharus
Indo-Pacific Snake-eyed Skinks


Ctenotus
Australian Comb-eared Skinks


Cyclodomorphus
Slender Blue-tongued Skinks, etc.


Dasia
Indo-Malayan Tree Skinks


Egernia
Australian Greater Skinks


Emoia
Emo Skinks


Epibator
New Caledonian Tree Skinks


Eremiascincus
Glossy Night Skinks and Sand Swimmers


Eroticoscincus
Australian Elf Skink


Eugongylus
Short-legged Giant Skinks


Eulamprus
Australian Water Skinks


Eumeces
Afro-Asian Long-legged Skinks


Eumecia
East African Short-legged Skinks


Eurylepis
Asian Mole Skinks


Eutropis
South Asian Sun Skinks


Exila
Amazonian Gracile Skink


Feylinia
African Snake Skinks


Flexiseps
Madagascar Cylindrical Skinks


Fojia
Papuan Forest Stream Skink


Geomyersia
Dwarf Flat Skinks


Geoscincus
New Caledonian Ground Skink


Glaphyromorphus
Short-legged Mulch Skinks


Gongylomorphus
Slit-eared Skinks


Graciliscincus
Gracile Burrowing Skink


Grandidierina
South Madagascar Blind Sand Sliders


Haackgreerius
Somali Blind Sand Slider


Hakaria
Socotra Slender Skink


Harrisoniascincus
Beech Skink


Hemiergis
Earless Mulch Skinks


Heremites
Western Palearctic Grass Skinks


Insulasaurus
Island Forest Skinks


Isopachys
Oriental Snake Skinks


Janetaescincus
Seychelles Four-toed Burrowing Skinks


Jarujinia
Ratchaburi Two-legged Skink


Kaestlea
Indian Ground Skinks


Kanakysaurus
New Caledonian Forest Skinks


Kuniesaurus
White-eared Skink


Lacertaspis
Central African Leaf-litter Skinks


Lacertoides
New Caledonian Leopard Skink


Lamprolepis
Malay Archipelago Tree Skinks


Lampropholis
Australian Sun Skinks


Lankascincus
Lanka Skinks


Larutia
Malay Slender Forest Skinks


Leiolopisma
Indo-Pacific Ground Skinks


Leptoseps
Four-toed Slender Skinks


Leptosiaphos
Slender Leaf-litter Skinks


Lerista
Sliders


Liburnascincus
Four-fingered Rock Skinks


Liopholis
Australian Desert and Rock Skinks


Lioscincus
New Caledonian Smooth Skinks


Lipinia
Indo-Pacific Striped Skinks


Lissolepis
Swamp Skinks


Lobulia
Papuan Comb-eared Skinks


Lubuya
Benguela White-lined Skink


Lygisaurus
Australian-Papuan Leaf-litter Skinks


Lygosoma
Southeast Asian Writhing Skinks


Mabuya
Antillean Two-lined Skinks


Madascincus
Madagascar Short-legged Skinks


Manciola
South American Small-handed Skink


Maracaiba
Maracaibo Skinks


Marisora
Middle American Skinks


Marmorosphax
Marble-throated Skinks


Melanoseps
Black Limbless Skinks


Menetia
Australian Dwarf Skinks


Mesoscincus
Central American Giant Skinks


Mochlus
African Supple Skinks


Morethia
Australian Striped Snake-eyed Skinks


Nannoscincus
New Caledonian Elf Skinks


Nessia
Singalese Skinks


Niveoscincus
Snow Skinks


Notomabuya
Southern Neotropical Skink


Notoscincus
Glossy Soil-crevice Skinks


Oligosoma
New Zealand Lesser Skinks


Ophiomorus
South West Asian Snake Skinks


Orosaura
Venezuelan Cloud Forest Skink


Otosaurus
Philippine Eared Skink


Pamelaescincus
Seychelles Speckled Lowland Skink


Panaspis
African Snake-eyed Skinks


Panopa
Venezuelan Blue-tailed Skinks


Papuascincus
Papuan Slender Skinks


Paracontias
Madagascar Legless Skinks


Paralipinia
Buon Luoi Tree Skink


Parvoscincus
Philippine Dwarf Forest Skinks


Phaeoscincus
New Caledonian Brown Skinks


Phasmasaurus
Maquis Skinks


Phoboscincus
New Caledonian Giant Skinks


Pinoyscincus
Philippine Forest Skinks


Plestiodon
Blue-tailed Skinks


Prasinohaema
Green Tree Skinks


Proablepharus
Slender Soil-crevice Skinks


Proscelotes
African Slender Skinks


Pseudemoia
Australian Grass Skinks


Pseudoacontias
Madagascar Small-eyed Sliders


Psychosaura
Brazilian Sharp-nosed Skinks


Pygmaeascincus
Australian Pygmy Skinks


Pygomeles
Madagascar Shovel-nosed Sand Sliders


Riopa
Asian Gracile Skinks


Ristella
Cat Skinks


Saiphos
Australian Snake Skinks


Saproscincus
Shade Skinks


Scelotes
Dwarf Burrowing Skinks


Scincella
South Asian and American Ground Skinks


Scincopus
Tiger Skinks


Scincus
Sand Fish


Scolecoseps
East African Sand Skinks


Sepsina
Savannah Burrowing Skinks


Sepsophis
Blunt-tailed Burrowing Skink


Sigaloseps
New Caledonian Shiny Skinks


Silvascincus
Australian Speckled Forest Skinks


Simiscincus
Orange-bellied Burrowing Skink


Sphenomorphus
Indo-Pacific Forest Skinks


Spondylurus
Antillean Four-lined Skinks


Subdoluseps
Asian Agile Skinks


Tachygyia (extinct)
Tonga Ground Skink


Techmarscincus
Mount Bartle Frere Cool-Skink


Tiliqua
Blue-tongued Skinks


Toenayar
Nine-keeled Sun Skink


Trachylepis
African-American Grass and Forest Skinks


Tribolonotus
Casque-headed Skinks


Tropidophorus
Stream Skinks


Tropidoscincus
Whip-tailed Skinks


Tumbunascincus
Orange-speckled Forest Skink


Typhlacontias
Western Burrowing Skinks


Typhlosaurus
Blind Legless Skinks


Tytthoscincus
Dwarf Leaf-litter Skinks


Varzea
Amazonian Floodplain Skinks


Vietnascincus
Vietnamese Rough-scaled Tree Skink


Voeltzkowia
North Madagascar Blind Sand Sliders



Biodiversity of the family Scincidae Bibliography of the family Scincidae

Scincidae

Skinks
Skinke, Glattechsen     Skinker




Contents:
  1733 species of which 1370 (79.1%) are endemic - 157 genera of which 81 (51.6%) are endemic.


Remarks: Hedges & Conn (2012) suggested splitting the skinks into 7 different families: Acontidae, Egerniidae, Eugongylidae, Lygosomidae, Mabuyidae, Scincidae, and Sphenomorphidae, several of which were previously considered subfamilies, and the first author subsequently named two more families, Ateuchosauridae and Ristellidae (Hedges 2014). In contrast, Pyron & al. (2013) retained traditional taxonomy with a single skink family, Scincidae, but recognized only three different subfamilies (Acontinae, Lygosominae, Scincinae). Until consensus has been established among taxonomists, the family Scincidae is retained herein in its traditional sense, pending further studies, including a complete analysis of all known genera.

Distribution:  Almost cosmopolitan, but absent from northernmost and southernmost regions.

Reported from:
Afghanistan, Algeria, American Samoa, Angola, Anguilla, Antigua & Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Christmas Island, Clipperton, Colombia, Comoro Islands, Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Cyprus, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, East Timor, Easter Island, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Europa Island, Fiji, France, French Guiana, French Polynesia, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Gibraltar, Glorioso Islands, Greece, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guam, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Howland & Baker, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Johnston, Jordan, Juan de Nova, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Martinique, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mayotte, Mexico, Micronesia, Midway Islands, Montserrat, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Niue, North Korea, North Macedonia, Northern Mariana Islands, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Qatar, Russia, Rwanda, Saint Barthelemy, Saint Lucia, Saint Martin, Saint Vincent & the Grenadines, San Marino, Sao Tome & Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Korea, South Sudan, Spain (incl. Canary Islands), Sri Lanka, Sudan, Surinam, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tokelau, Tonga, Trinidad & Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Turks & Caicos Islands, Tuvalu, U.S. Virgin Islands, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Uruguay, USA, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Wake, Wallis & Futuna, Western Sahara, Western Samoa, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.