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© Rune Midtgaard


Taxonomy of the family Emydidae
Bibliography of the genus Emys
Biodiversity of the family Emydidae




Genus
Emys

European Pond Turtles

Europäische Sumpfschildkröten

Europæiske Sumpskildpadder*

1806 Emys Dumeril (type species: Testudo europaea Schneider 1783)
1814 Hydrone Rafinesque (type species: Testudo orbicularis Linnaeus 1758; syn. Fritz & Havas 2006)
1832 Emyda Rafinesque [substitute name for Emys Dumeril 1806] (syn. Fritz & Havas 2006)
1844 Lutremys Gray (type species: Testudo europaea Schneider 1783; syn. Fritz & Havas 2006)

Contents: 2 species.
Remarks: Spinks, Thomson, McCartney-Melstad & Shaffer (2016) suggested to include the genera Actinemys and Emydoidea in Emys, thus returning to a previously used taxonomy.
Distribution: C. and S. Europe, N. Africa, Middle East, C. Asia.
Reported from: Albania, Algeria, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, France (incl. Corsica), Georgia, Germany, Greece (incl. Aegean Islands), Hungary, Iran, Italy (incl. Sicily), Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Morocco, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey (incl. European Turkey), Turkmenistan, Ukraine (incl. Crimea).

Emys orbicularis

Common European Pond Turtle, European Pond Terrapin

Gewöhnliche Europäische Sumpfschildkröte

Almindelig Europæisk Sumpskildpadde

1758 Testudo orbicularis Linnaeus
Hydrone orbicularis Rafinesque 1814
Emys orbicularis Blanford 1876
1758 Testudo lutaria Linnaeus (Fritz & Havas 2006)
Emydes lutaria Brongniart 1805
Emys lutaria Schweigger 1812
Clemmys lutaria Fitzinger 1835
Cistudo lutaria Strauch 1862
1764 Testudo terrestris Garsault (unavailable; Dubois & Bour 2010)
1783 Testudo europaea Schneider (Fritz & Havas 2006)
Emys europaea Schweigger 1812
Terrapene europaea Bell 1826
Cistuda europaea Gray 1831
Lutremys europaea Gray 1856
1794 Testudo pulchella Schoepff (Fritz & Havas 2006)
Emys pulchella Merrem 1820
1831 Emys europaea var. iberica Eichwald
Emys orbicularis iberica Fritz 1998
1831 Emys europaea var. persica Eichwald
Emys orbicularis persica Fritz 1998
1832 Cistuda hellenica Valenciennes in Bibron & Bory
Emys orbicularis var. hellenica Kovatscheff 1903
1833 Emys antiquorum Valenciennes in Bory de Saint-Vincent & al. (Fritz & Havas 2006)
1835 Emys hofmanni Fitzinger [substitute name for Cistuda hellenica Valenciennes 1832] (Fritz & Havas 2006)
1835 Emys turfa Meyer (Fritz & Havas 2006)
1841 Emys lutaria var. borealis Nilsson (Fritz & Havas 2006)
1866 Cistudo anhaltina Giebel (Fritz & Havas 2006)
1875 Emys orbicularis var. hoffmanni Schreiber [not Emys hofmanni Fitzinger 1835] (Fritz & Havas 2006)
1890 Emys lutaria taurica Mehnert (Fritz & Havas 2006)
1897 Emys europaea var. concolor Dürigen (Fritz & Havas 2006)
1897 Emys europaea var. maculosa Dürigen (Fritz & Havas 2006)
1897 Emys europaea var. punctata Dürigen (Fritz & Havas 2006)
1897 Emys europaea var. sparsa Dürigen (Fritz & Havas 2006)
1897 Emys orbicularis var. atra Werner
1915 Emys orbicularis aralensis Nikolsky
1989 Emys orbicularis luteofusca Fritz
1993 Emys orbicularis fritzjuergenobsti Fritz
1993 Emys orbicularis occidentalis Fritz
1994 Emys orbicularis colchica Fritz
1994 Emys orbicularis kurae Fritz
1994 Emys orbicularis orientalis Fritz
1995 Emys orbicularis capolongoi Fritz
1995 Emys orbicularis galloitalica Fritz
1995 Emys orbicularis lanzai Fritz
1996 Emys orbicularis hispanica Fritz, Keller & Budde
1998 Emys orbicularis eiselti Fritz, Baran, Budak & Amthauer
2004 Emys orbicularis ingauna Jesu, Piombo, Salvidio, Lamagni, Ortale & Genta

Other common names:
capolongoi: Sardinian Pond Turtle
colchica: Colchis Pond Turtle
eiselti: Eiselt's Pond Turtle
galloitalica: Franco-Italian Pond Turtle
hellenica: Hellenic Pond Turtle
hispanica: Spanish Pond Turtle
iberica: Kura Valley Pond Turtle
ingauna: Ligurian Pond Turtle
lanzai: Corsican Pond Turtle
luteofusca: Central Turkey Pond Turtle
obsti: Obst's Pond Turtle
occidentalis: Magreb Pond Turtle
orbicularis: Common European Pond Turtle
persica: Eastern Pond Turtle
Remarks: Records of orbicularis from Sicily refer to trinacris (Fritz, Fattizzo, Guicking, Tripepi, Pennisi, Lenk, Joger, & Wink 2005). Although known from fossil records in Sardinia, the species may have become extinct, and the present population could have been established as a later introduction by prehistoric settlers (Pous, Speybroeck, Bogaerts, Pasmans & Beukema 2012; Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017). The Corsican population may also have been introduced prehistorically (Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017).
Extinct in: Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Israel, Luxembourg, Netherlands. Reintroductions have occurred in the Czech Republic, Denmark, and Switzerland (Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017).
Introduced to: Gibraltar, Italy (Sardinia), Spain (Balearic Islands [Mallorca, Minorca], United Kingdom (England, Isle of Wight).
Distribution: Albania, Algeria, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, France (incl. Corsica), Georgia, Germany, Greece (incl. Aegean Islands), Hungary, Iran, Italy, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Morocco, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey (incl. European Turkey), Turkmenistan, Ukraine (incl. Crimea).


Emys trinacris

Sicilian Pond Turtle

Sizilianische Sumpfschildkröte

Siciliansk Sumpskildpadde

2005 Emys trinacris Fritz, Fattizzo, Guicking, Tripepi, Pennisi, Lenk, Joger, & Wink

Remarks: Some authors have doubted the validity of trinacris, at least as a separate species, and placed it in the synonymy of orbicularis (e.g., Speybroeck & Crochet 2007; Sindaco & Jeremchenko 2008; Speybroeck, Beukema & Crochet 2010). Others have treated it as a valid species (e.g., Bickham, Iverson, Parham, Philippen, Rhodin, Shaffer, Spinks & van Dijk 2007). Vamberger, Stuckas, Sacco, D'Angelo, Arculeo, Cheylan, Corti, Valvo, Marrone, Wink & Fritz (2015) presented evidence supporting its validity.
Earlier records of orbicularis from Sicily refer to trinacris, if considered valid (Fritz, Fattizzo, Guicking, Tripepi, Pennisi, Lenk, Joger, & Wink 2005). Also reported from the Italian mainland, but the status of these records is uncertain as they may represent introduced turtles. They are herein provisionally regarded as such.
Distribution: Italy (Sicily).