Reptiles of
Greece  

Related checklists:  Greek mainland - Aegean Islands - Crete - Euboea - Ionian Islands - Peloponnese

Bibliography of the reptiles of Greece Taxonomic history of the reptiles of Greece Introduced species
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© Rune Midtgaard


Reptile biodiversity of
Greece

excl. introduced, extinct, unconfirmed, and unnamed species
See complete statistics for
families and genera

Families

Endemic
families

Endemism
(families)

Genera

Endemic
genera

Endemism
(genera)

Species

Endemic
species

Endemism
(species)

Species in %
of total
Worm Lizards (Amphisbaenia) 1 0 0.0 % 1 0 0.0 % 1 0 0.0 % 1.4 %
Lizards (Sauria) 6 0 0.0 % 17 1 5.9 % 38 11 28.9 % 54.3 %
Snakes (Serpentes) 5 0 0.0 % 16 0 0.0 % 22 1 4.5 % 31.4 %
Turtles (Testudines) 6 0 0.0 % 7 0 0.0 % 9 0 0.0 % 12.9 %
Total 18 0 0.0 % 41 1 2.4 % 70 12 17.1 % 100.0 %

Checklist
General remarks: The list includes only formally described species. Newly discovered, but still unnamed species are excluded. However, unnamed species or species unassigned to species level are included, if they are the only representatives of their genus in the region. Species counts exclude extinct and introduced species. Doubtful records, typically older voucher specimens of uncertain origin, have been excluded if considered questionable, as are records based on sources considered unreliable.
Note: Your comments to the checklist (omissions, errors, etc.) are welcomed, preferably if they are provided with reliable references. If possible, please attach a pdf file of the relevant reference to an email addressed to:
Worm Lizards (Amphisbaenia)
= endemicEX = extinct or assumed extinct

Species
References
 Family Blanidae (Mediterranean Worm Lizards)
Genus Blanus (Mediterranean Worm Lizards)
 
Blanus strauchi

West Anatolian Worm Lizard

Alexander 1966 Bader, Riegler & Grillitsch 2009 Buttle 1990 Chondropoulos 1986 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008

Lizards (Sauria)
= endemicEX = extinct or assumed extinct

Species
References
 Family Agamidae (Agamas and Dragons)
Genus Laudakia (Asian Rock Agamas)
 
Laudakia stellio

Starred Agama

Ananjeva & Tuniev 1994 Bader, Riegler & Grillitsch 2009 Baig, Wagner, Ananjeva & Böhme 2012 Beutler in Böhme 1981 Chondropoulos 1986 Mertens 1961 Sindaco, Venchi, Carpaneto & Bologna 2000 Spaneli & Lymberakis 2014 Speybroeck, Boble, Razzetti, Dimaki, Kirchner & Beukema 2014 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008 Wilson, Stille & Stille 2014
 Family Anguidae (Slowworms, etc.)
Genus Anguis (Slowworms)
  *
Anguis cephallonica

Peloponnese Slowworm

Chondropoulos 1986 [as fragilis colchicus] Dely in Böhme 1981 [as peloponnesiacus] Gvozdik, Benkovský, Crottini, Bellati, Moravec, Romano, Sacchi & Jandzik 2013 Gvozdik, Jandzik, Lymberakis, Jablonski & Moravec 2010 Koppitz 2018 Mikulicek, Jablonski, Palenik, Gvozdik & Jandzik 2018 Sindaco & Jeremchenko 2008 Strachinis & Artavanis 2017 Thanou, Giokas & Kornilios 2014 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008 [based on map] [as fragilis colchicus]
 
Anguis fragilis

Western European Slowworm

Chondropoulos 1986 [as fragilis colchicus] Gvozdik, Benkovský, Crottini, Bellati, Moravec, Romano, Sacchi & Jandzik 2013 Gvozdik, Jandzik, Lymberakis, Jablonski & Moravec 2010 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008 [as fragilis colchicus]
 
Anguis graeca

Greek Slowworm

Chondropoulos 1986 [as fragilis colchicus] Gvozdik, Benkovský, Crottini, Bellati, Moravec, Romano, Sacchi & Jandzik 2013 Gvozdik, Jandzik, Lymberakis, Jablonski & Moravec 2010 Koppitz 2018 Mertens 1961 [as f. fragilis] Sindaco, Venchi & Grieco 2013 Thanou, Giokas & Kornilios 2014 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008 [as fragilis colchicus] Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008 [based on map] [as fragilis colchicus]
Genus Pseudopus (Eurasian Glass Lizard)
 
Pseudopus apodus

Eurasian Glass Lizard

Chondropoulos 1986 Mertens 1961 Obst in Böhme 1981 Speybroeck, Boble, Razzetti, Dimaki, Kirchner & Beukema 2014 Strachinis & Artavanis 2017 Strachinis & Roussos 2016 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
 Family Chamaeleonidae (Chameleons)
Genus Chamaeleo (Typical Chameleons)
 
Chamaeleo chamaeleon

Mediterranean Chameleon

Bader, Riegler & Grillitsch 2009 Chondropoulos 1986 Glaw 2015 Klaver & Böhme 1997 Klaver in Böhme 1981 Speybroeck, Boble, Razzetti, Dimaki, Kirchner & Beukema 2014 Tilbury 2010 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
 Family Gekkonidae (Typical Geckos)
Genus Hemidactylus (Half-toed Geckos)
 
Hemidactylus turcicus

Turkish Half-toed Gecko

Bader, Riegler & Grillitsch 2009 Broggi 2010 Broggi 2014 Chondropoulos 1986 Itescu, Jamison, Slavenko, Tamar, Roussos, Foufopoulos & Pafilis 2017 Mertens 1961 Salvador in Böhme 1981 Sindaco, Venchi, Carpaneto & Bologna 2000 Speybroeck, Boble, Razzetti, Dimaki, Kirchner & Beukema 2014 Strachinis & Artavanis 2017 Strachinis & Roussos 2016 Uhrin & Benda 2018 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008 [based on map] Wilson, Stille & Stille 2014
Genus Mediodactylus (Mediterranean Bent-toed Geckos)
  *
Mediodactylus bartoni

Cretan Bent-toed Gecko

Beutler in Böhme 1981 [as kotschyi] Chondropoulos 1986 Kotsakiozi, Jablonski, Ilgaz, Kumlutas, Avci, Meiri, Itescu, Kukushkin, Gvozdik, Scillitani, Roussos, Jandzik, Kasapidis, Lymberakis & Poulakakis 2018 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008 [as kotschyi]
 
Mediodactylus danilewskii

Northern Bent-toed Gecko

Beutler in Böhme 1981 [as kotschyi] Broggi 2014 [as kotschyi kalypsae] Chondropoulos 1986 Kotsakiozi, Jablonski, Ilgaz, Kumlutas, Avci, Meiri, Itescu, Kukushkin, Gvozdik, Scillitani, Roussos, Jandzik, Kasapidis, Lymberakis & Poulakakis 2018
 
Mediodactylus kotschyi

Balkan Bent-toed Gecko

Beutler in Böhme 1981 Broggi 2010 Broggi 2014 Chondropoulos 1986 Itescu, Jamison, Slavenko, Tamar, Roussos, Foufopoulos & Pafilis 2017 Kotsakiozi, Jablonski, Ilgaz, Kumlutas, Avci, Meiri, Itescu, Kukushkin, Gvozdik, Scillitani, Roussos, Jandzik, Kasapidis, Lymberakis & Poulakakis 2018 Oefinger & Oefinger 2011 Strachinis & Artavanis 2017 Strachinis & Roussos 2016 Uhrin & Benda 2018 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008 Wilson, Stille & Stille 2014
  *
Mediodactylus oertzeni

Dodecanesian Bent-toed Gecko

Chondropoulos 1986 Kotsakiozi, Jablonski, Ilgaz, Kumlutas, Avci, Meiri, Itescu, Kukushkin, Gvozdik, Scillitani, Roussos, Jandzik, Kasapidis, Lymberakis & Poulakakis 2018
 
Mediodactylus orientalis

Levant Bent-toed Gecko

Kotsakiozi, Jablonski, Ilgaz, Kumlutas, Avci, Meiri, Itescu, Kukushkin, Gvozdik, Scillitani, Roussos, Jandzik, Kasapidis, Lymberakis & Poulakakis 2018 Pieper 1971 [as kotschyi steindachneri]
 Family Lacertidae (Typical Lizards)
Genus Algyroides (Keeled Lizards)
  *
Algyroides moreoticus

Greek Keeled Lizard

Bischoff in Böhme 1981 Chondropoulos 1986 Sindaco & Jeremchenko 2008 Strachinis & Artavanis 2017 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
 
Algyroides nigropunctatus

Blue-throated Keeled Lizard

Andriopoulos & Pafilis 2016 Bischoff in Böhme 1981 Chondropoulos 1986 Mertens 1961 Strachinis & Artavanis 2017 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008 Wilson, Stille & Stille 2014
Genus Anatololacerta (Anatolian Lizards)
 
Anatololacerta anatolica

Northwest Anatolian Lizard

Bellati, Carranza, Garcia-Porta, Fasola & Sindaco 2015 Chondropoulos 1986 [as pentanisiensis] Eiselt & Schmidtler 1986 Speybroeck, Boble, Razzetti, Dimaki, Kirchner & Beukema 2014 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
 
Anatololacerta budaki

Cobanisa Lizard

Kalaentzis, Strachinis, Katsiyiannis, Oefinger & Kazilas 2018
 
Anatololacerta pelasgiana

Southwest Anatolian Lizard

Bader, Riegler & Grillitsch 2009 Bellati, Carranza, Garcia-Porta, Fasola & Sindaco 2015 Chondropoulos 1986 Eiselt & Schmidtler 1986 Kornilios & Thanou 2016 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
Genus Darevskia (Caucasian Rock Lizards)
 
Darevskia hungarica

Balkan Meadow Lizard

Sindaco & Jeremchenko 2008 [as praticola] Sos, Kecskés, Hegyeli & Marosi 2012 [as pontica] Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008 [as pontica]
Genus Hellenolacerta (Greek Rock Lizard)
  *
Hellenolacerta graeca

Greek Rock Lizard

Böhme in Böhme 1984 Chondropoulos 1986 Sindaco & Jeremchenko 2008 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
Genus Lacerta (Eurasian Green Lizards)
 
Lacerta agilis

Northern Eurasian Sand Lizard

Chondropoulos 1986 Sagonas, Poulakakis, Lymberakis, Parmakelis, Pafilis & Valakos 2014 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
 
Lacerta bilineata

Western Green Lizard

Böhme, Fritz, Kotenko, Dzukic, Ljubisavljevic, Tzankov & Berendonk 2007 Sagonas, Poulakakis, Lymberakis, Parmakelis, Pafilis & Valakos 2014 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
 
Lacerta trilineata

Balkan Green Lizard

Bader, Riegler & Grillitsch 2009 Broggi 2010 Broggi 2014 Chondropoulos 1986 Mertens 1961 Nettmann & Rykena in Böhme 1984 Sagonas, Poulakakis, Lymberakis, Parmakelis, Pafilis & Valakos 2014 Schmidtler 1986 Speybroeck, Boble, Razzetti, Dimaki, Kirchner & Beukema 2014 Strachinis & Artavanis 2017 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
 
Lacerta viridis

Eastern Green Lizard

Böhme, Fritz, Kotenko, Dzukic, Ljubisavljevic, Tzankov & Berendonk 2007 Chondropoulos 1986 Marzahn, Mayer, Joger, Ilgaz, Jablonski, Kindler, Kumlutas, Nistri, Schneewiess, Vamberger, Zagar & Fritz 2015 Nettmann & Rykena in Böhme 1984 Rykena, Nettmann & Mayer 2001 Sagonas, Poulakakis, Lymberakis, Parmakelis, Pafilis & Valakos 2014 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008 Wilson, Stille & Stille 2014
Genus Ophisops (Snake-eyed Lizards)
 
Ophisops elegans

Elegant Snake-eyed Lizard

Bader, Riegler & Grillitsch 2009 Chondropoulos 1986 Darevsky & Beutler in Böhme 1981 Roussos 2016 Speybroeck, Boble, Razzetti, Dimaki, Kirchner & Beukema 2014 Strachinis & Roussos 2016 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
Genus Podarcis (Wall Lizards)
  *
Podarcis cretensis

Cretan Wall Lizard

Chondropoulos 1986 Gruber in Böhme (ed.) 1986 Lymberakis, Poulakakis, Kaliontzopoulou, Valakos & Mylonas 2008 Sindaco & Jeremchenko 2008 Sindaco, Venchi & Grieco 2013 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
 
Podarcis erhardii

Aegean Wall Lizard

Broggi 2010 Chondropoulos 1986 Christopoulos 2018 Gruber in Böhme (ed.) 1986 Itescu, Jamison, Slavenko, Tamar, Roussos, Foufopoulos & Pafilis 2017 Sindaco & Jeremchenko 2008 Valakos, Maragou & Mylonas 1999 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
  *
Podarcis gaigeae

Skyros Wall Lizard

Chondropoulos 1986 Gruber in Böhme (ed.) 1986 Sindaco & Jeremchenko 2008 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
 
Podarcis ionicus

Ionian Wall Lizard

Chondropoulos 1986 Kabisch in Böhme (ed.) 1986 Mertens 1961 Strachinis & Artavanis 2017 [as tauricus] Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
  *
Podarcis levendis

Pori Wall Lizard

Lymberakis, Poulakakis, Kaliontzopoulou, Valakos & Mylonas 2008 Oefinger & Oefinger 2011 Sindaco, Venchi & Grieco 2013
  *
Podarcis milensis

Milos Wall Lizard

Beutler & Heckes in Böhme (ed.) 1986 Broggi 2014 Chondropoulos 1986 Sindaco & Jeremchenko 2008 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
 
Podarcis muralis

Common European Wall Lizard

Chondropoulos 1986 Gruschwitz & Böhme in Böhme (ed.) 1986 Hill & Mayer 2003 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
  *
Podarcis peloponnesiacus

Peloponnese Wall Lizard

Bringsøe in Böhme (ed.) 1986 Chondropoulos 1986 Hedman, Kapsalas, Karameta, Psonis, Poulakakis, Foufopoulos & Pafilis 2017 Sindaco & Jeremchenko 2008 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
 
Podarcis tauricus

Balkan Wall Lizard

Chondropoulos 1986 Kabisch in Böhme (ed.) 1986 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
 Family Scincidae (Skinks)
Genus Ablepharus (Eurasian Snake-eyed Skinks)
 
Ablepharus anatolicus

Lycian Snake-eyed Skink

Kalaentzis, Strachinis, Katsiyiannis, Oefinger & Kazilas 2018 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008 [as A. kitaibelii budaki]
 
Ablepharus kitaibelii

European Snake-eyed Skink

Allain & Bateman 2018 Bader, Riegler & Grillitsch 2009 Broggi 2010 Broggi 2014 Chondropoulos 1986 Fuhn 1969 Gruber in Böhme 1981 Honegger 1981 Ljubisavljevic, Dzukic & Kalezic 2002 Schmidtler 1997 Skourtanioti, Kapli, Ilgaz, Kumlutas, Avci, Ahmadzadeh, Crnobrnja-Isailovic, Ghergel, Lymberakis & Poulakakis 2016 Speybroeck, Boble, Razzetti, Dimaki, Kirchner & Beukema 2014 Strachinis & Artavanis 2017 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
Genus Chalcides (Cylindrical Skinks)
 
Chalcides ocellatus

Mediterranean Ocellated Skink

Bader, Riegler & Grillitsch 2009 Belasen, Li & Foufopoulos 2012 Chondropoulos 1986 Itescu, Slavenko, Schwarz, Meiri & Pafilis 2016 Kornilios & Thanou 2016 Lindfors 1976 Pasteur 1981 Roussos & Densmore 2014 Schneider in Böhme 1981 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
Genus Heremites (Western Palearctic Grass Skinks)
 
Heremites auratus

Levant Skink

Bader, Riegler & Grillitsch 2009 Chondropoulos 1986 Moravec, Franzen & Böhme 2006 Sindaco & Jeremchenko 2008 Speybroeck, Boble, Razzetti, Dimaki, Kirchner & Beukema 2014 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
Genus Ophiomorus (South West Asian Snake Skinks)
 
Ophiomorus kardesi

Anatolian Snake Skink

Kornilios, Kumlutas, Lymberakis & Ilgaz 2018
  *
Ophiomorus punctatissimus

Greek Snake Skink

Anderson & Leviton 1966 Bischoff in Böhme 1981 Chondropoulos 1986 Kornilios, Kumlutas, Lymberakis & Ilgaz 2018 Pieper 1971 Sindaco & Jeremchenko 2008 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008

Snakes (Serpentes)
= endemicEX = extinct or assumed extinct

Species
References
 Family Boidae (Typical Boas)
Genus Eryx (Sand Boas)
 
Eryx jaculus

Western Sand Boa

Broggi 2014 Chondropoulos 1989 Itescu, Jamison, Slavenko, Tamar, Roussos, Foufopoulos & Pafilis 2017 Mertens 1961 Roussos 2016 Sindaco, Venchi & Grieco 2013 Speybroeck, Boble, Razzetti, Dimaki, Kirchner & Beukema 2014 Stimson 1969 Strachinis & Roussos 2016 Tokar & Obst in Böhme (ed.) 1993 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008 Venchi & Sindaco 2007
 Family Colubridae (Typical Snakes or Colubrids)
Genus Coronella (Palearctic Smooth Snakes)
 
Coronella austriaca

Northern Smooth Snake

Chondropoulos 1989 Engelmann in Böhme (ed.) 1993 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008 {based on map]
Genus Dolichophis (Greater Whip Snakes)
 
Dolichophis caspius

Caspian Whip Snake

Broggi 2010 Bruekers, Uijtterschout & Brouwer 2009 Chondropoulos 1989 Mertens 1961 Nagy, Bellaagh, Wink, Paunovic & Korsós 2010 Sindaco, Venchi & Grieco 2013 Speybroeck, Boble, Razzetti, Dimaki, Kirchner & Beukema 2014 Strachinis & Artavanis 2017 Strachinis & Roussos 2016 Szczerbak & Böhme in Böhme (ed.) 1993 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008 Venchi & Sindaco 2007
 
Dolichophis jugularis

Large Whip Snake

Bader, Riegler & Grillitsch 2009 Bruekers, Uijtterschout & Brouwer 2009 Cattaneo 2012 Chondropoulos 1989 Sindaco, Venchi & Grieco 2013 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
Genus Eirenis (Middle Eastern Dwarf Snakes)
 
Eirenis modestus

Ring-headed Dwarf Snake

Chondropoulos 1989 Mahlow, Tillack, Schmidtler & Müller 2013 Pieper 1971 Schmidtler & Baran in Böhme (ed.) 1993 Schmidtler 1993 Sindaco, Venchi & Grieco 2013 Speybroeck, Boble, Razzetti, Dimaki, Kirchner & Beukema 2014 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
Genus Elaphe (Palearctic-Oriental Rat Snakes)
 
Elaphe quatuorlineata

Western Four-lined Rat Snake

Böhme & Szczerbak in Böhme (ed.) 1993 Chondropoulos 1989 Itescu, Jamison, Slavenko, Tamar, Roussos, Foufopoulos & Pafilis 2017 Mertens 1961 Schulz 1996 Sindaco, Venchi & Grieco 2013 Strachinis & Artavanis 2017 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
 
Elaphe sauromates

Eastern Four-lined Rat Snake

Böhme & Szczerbak in Böhme (ed.) 1993 Chondropoulos 1989 Schulz 1996 Sindaco, Venchi & Grieco 2013 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008 Venchi & Sindaco 2007
Genus Hemorrhois (Palearctic Whip Snakes)
 
Hemorrhois nummifer

Coin-marked Whip Snake

Bader, Riegler & Grillitsch 2009 Chondropoulos 1989 Sindaco, Venchi & Grieco 2013 Speybroeck, Boble, Razzetti, Dimaki, Kirchner & Beukema 2014 Strachinis & Lymberakis 2013 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008 Venchi & Sindaco 2007
Genus Hierophis (Eurasian Whip Snakes)
 
Hierophis gemonensis

Balkan Whip Snake

Chondropoulos 1989 Grano, Cattaneo & Cattaneo 2013 Gruber 1989 Henle in Böhme (ed.) 1993 Mertens 1961 Sindaco, Venchi & Grieco 2013 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008 Venchi & Sindaco 2007 Wilson, Stille & Stille 2014
Genus Natrix (Eurasian Keelbacks)
 
Natrix natrix

Common European Grass Snake

Arnold & Ovenden 2002 Bader, Riegler & Grillitsch 2009 Bogaerts, Pasmans, Protopapas, Pafilis & Lymberakis 2018 Broggi 2014 Chondropoulos 1989 Gruber 1989 Kabisch in Böhme (ed.) 1999 Kindler, Böhme, Corti, Gvozdik, Jablonski, Jandzik, Metallinou, Siroký & Fritz 2013 Mertens 1961 Sindaco, Venchi & Grieco 2013 Speybroeck, Boble, Razzetti, Dimaki, Kirchner & Beukema 2014 Strachinis & Roussos 2016 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
 
Natrix tessellata

Dice Snake

Chondropoulos 1989 Gruber 1989 Gruschwitz, Lenz, Mebert & Lanka in Böhme (ed.) 1999 Mertens 1961 Sindaco, Venchi & Grieco 2013 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
Genus Platyceps (Flat-headed Whip Snakes)
 
Platyceps najadum

European Slender Whip Snake

Bader, Riegler & Grillitsch 2009 Chondropoulos 1989 Darevsky & Szczerbak in Böhme (ed.) 1993 Mertens 1961 Sindaco, Venchi & Grieco 2013 Speybroeck, Boble, Razzetti, Dimaki, Kirchner & Beukema 2014 Strachinis & Roussos 2016 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008 Venchi & Sindaco 2007 Wilson, Stille & Stille 2014
Genus Telescopus (Cat Snakes & Tiger Snakes)
 
Telescopus fallax

European Cat Snake

Bader, Riegler & Grillitsch 2009 Broggi 2010 Broggi 2014 Chondropoulos 1989 Grillitsch & Grillitsch in Böhme (ed.) 1999 Gruber 1989 Kirchner 2009 Sindaco, Venchi & Grieco 2013 Speybroeck, Boble, Razzetti, Dimaki, Kirchner & Beukema 2014 Strachinis & Artavanis 2017 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008 Venchi & Sindaco 2007
Genus Zamenis (Western Palearctic Rat Snakes)
 
Zamenis longissimus

Common Aesculapian Snake

Böhme in Böhme (ed.) 1993 Chondropoulos 1989 Nilson & Andren 1984 Schulz 1996 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008 Wilson, Stille & Stille 2014
 
Zamenis situla

Leopard Snake

Bader, Riegler & Grillitsch 2009 Broggi 2010 Broggi 2014 Chondropoulos 1989 Mertens 1961 Obst, Szczerbak & Böhme in Böhme (ed.) 1993 Schulz 1996 Sindaco, Venchi & Grieco 2013 Speybroeck, Boble, Razzetti, Dimaki, Kirchner & Beukema 2014 Strachinis & Artavanis 2017 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008 Venchi & Sindaco 2007
 Family Lamprophiidae (House Snakes, etc.)
Genus Malpolon (Montpellier Snakes)
 
Malpolon insignitus

Eastern Montpellier Snake

Bader, Riegler & Grillitsch 2009 Broggi 2010 Carranza, Arnold & Pleguezuelos 2006 Chondropoulos 1989 Gruber 1989 Mertens 1961 Sindaco, Venchi & Grieco 2013 Speybroeck, Boble, Razzetti, Dimaki, Kirchner & Beukema 2014 Strachinis & Artavanis 2017 Strachinis & Roussos 2016 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008 Venchi & Sindaco 2007
 Family Typhlopidae (Typical Blind Snakes)
Genus Xerotyphlops (Desert Blind Snakes)
 
Xerotyphlops vermicularis

European Worm Snake

Bader, Riegler & Grillitsch 2009 Chondropoulos 1989 Grillitsch & Grillitsch in Böhme (ed.) 1993 Kwet & Schweizer 2006 Mertens 1961 Sindaco, Venchi & Grieco 2013 Speybroeck, Boble, Razzetti, Dimaki, Kirchner & Beukema 2014 Strachinis & Wilson 2014 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008 [based on map] Venchi & Sindaco 2007
 Family Viperidae (Vipers)
Genus Macrovipera (Giant Vipers)
  *
Macrovipera schweizeri

Milos Viper

Broggi 2014 Chondropoulos 1989 David & Vogel 2010 Gruber 1989 Herrmann, Joger & Nilson 1992 Nilson in Joger & Stümpel 2005 Sindaco, Venchi & Grieco 2013 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
Genus Montivipera (Middle East Mountain Vipers)
 
Montivipera xanthina

Ottoman Viper

Cattaneo 2014 Cattaneo 2017 Chondropoulos 1989 David & Vogel 2010 Gruber 1989 Joger & Nilson in Joger & Stümpel 2005 McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999 Pieper 1971 Sindaco, Venchi & Grieco 2013 Speybroeck, Boble, Razzetti, Dimaki, Kirchner & Beukema 2014 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008 Venchi & Sindaco 2007
Genus Vipera (Typical Vipers or Adders)
 
Vipera ammodytes

European Nose-horned Viper

Broggi 2010 Chondropoulos 1989 David & Vogel 2010 Gruber 1989 Heckes, Gruber & Stümpel in Joger & Stümpel 2005 McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999 Mertens 1961 Roussos 2013 Sindaco, Venchi & Grieco 2013 Strachinis & Artavanis 2017 Ursenbacher, Schweiger, Tomovic, Crnobrnja-Isailovic, Fumagalli & Mayer 2008 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008 Venchi & Sindaco 2007
 
Vipera berus

Northern Eurasian Viper

Chondropoulos 1989 David & Vogel 2010 Nilson, Andrén & Völkl in Joger & Stümpel 2005 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
 
Vipera graeca

Greek Meadow Viper

Chondropoulos 1989 David & Ineich 1999 David & Vogel 2010 Dely & Joger in Joger & Stümpel 2005 Gruber 1989 Nilson & Andren 1988 Nilson & Andrén 2001 Sindaco, Venchi & Grieco 2013 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008

Turtles (Testudines)
= endemicEX = extinct or assumed extinct

Species
References
 Family Cheloniidae (Hard-shelled Sea Turtles)
Genus Caretta (Loggerhead Sea Turtle)
 
Caretta caretta

Loggerhead Sea Turtle

Bader, Riegler & Grillitsch 2009 Gramentz in Fritz (ed.) 2005a King & Burke 1989 Mertens 1961 Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017 Sindaco, Venchi, Carpaneto & Bologna 2000 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008 [based on map]
Genus Chelonia (Green Sea Turtle)
 
Chelonia mydas

Green Sea Turtle

Bader, Riegler & Grillitsch 2009 Gramentz & Fritz in Fritz (ed.) 2005a King & Burke 1989 Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008 [based on map]
 Family Dermochelyidae (Leatherback Sea Turtle)
Genus Dermochelys (Leatherback Sea Turtle)
 
Dermochelys coriacea

Leatherback Sea Turtle

Frazier, Gramentz & Fritz in Fritz (ed.) 2005 King & Burke 1989 Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008 [based on map]
 Family Emydidae (Western Pond Turtles)
Genus Emys (European Pond Turtles)
 
Emys orbicularis

Common European Pond Turtle

Fritz in Fritz (ed.) 2001 Iverson 1992 King & Burke 1989 Mertens 1961 Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017 Sindaco & Jeremchenko 2008 Sindaco, Venchi, Carpaneto & Bologna 2000 Speybroeck, Boble, Razzetti, Dimaki, Kirchner & Beukema 2014 Strachinis & Roussos 2016 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
 Family Geoemydidae (Eastern Pond Turtles)
Genus Mauremys (Stripe-necked Turtles)
 
Mauremys rivulata

Balkan Pond Turtle

Bader, Riegler & Grillitsch 2009 Broggi 2014 Fritz & Havas 2006 Iverson 1992 King & Burke 1989 [as caspica] Mantziou & Rifai 2014 Mertens 1961 Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017 Sindaco & Jeremchenko 2008 Sindaco, Venchi, Carpaneto & Bologna 2000 [as caspica] Speybroeck, Boble, Razzetti, Dimaki, Kirchner & Beukema 2014 Strachinis & Roussos 2016 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008 Wermuth & Mertens 1977 Wischuf & Busack in Fritz (ed.) 2001
 Family Testudinidae (Tortoises)
Genus Testudo (Palearctic Tortoises)
 
Testudo graeca

Spur-thighed Tortoise

Buskirk, Keller & Andreu in Fritz (ed.) 2001 King & Burke 1989 Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017 Sindaco, Venchi, Carpaneto & Bologna 2000 Speybroeck, Boble, Razzetti, Dimaki, Kirchner & Beukema 2014 Strachinis & Roussos 2016 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
 
Testudo hermanni

Greek Tortoise

Bertolero, Cheylan, Hailey, Livoreil & Willemsen 2011 Cheylan in Fritz (ed.) 2001 Iverson 1992 King & Burke 1989 Mertens 1961 Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017 Strachinis & Artavanis 2017 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
 
Testudo marginata

Marginated Tortoise

Bringsøe, Buskirk & Willemsen in Fritz (ed.) 2001 Broggi 2010 Fritz & Havas 2006 Iverson 1992 King & Burke 1989 Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008 [based on map]
 Family Trionychidae (Softshell Turtles)
Genus Trionyx (African Softshell Turtle)
 
Trionyx triunguis

African Softshell Turtle

Corsini-Foka & Massetti 2008 Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017 Taskavak, Reimann & Polder 1999 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008