Home - Taxonomy - Geography - Biodiversity - Literature - Purchase RepFocus Recent updates

© Rune Midtgaard


Taxonomy of the family Colubridae
Bibliography of the genus Erythrolamprus
Biodiversity of the family Colubridae








Genus
Erythrolamprus

Neotropical Smooth Snakes

Neotropische Glattnattern

Neotropiske Glatsnoge

1826 Erythrolamprus Boie (type species: Coluber venustissimus Wied 1821)
1830 Liophis Wagler (type species: Coluber cobella Linnaeus 1758; syn. Zaher, Grazziotin, Cadle, Murphy, Moura-Leite & Bonatto 2009)
1843 Calophis Fitzinger (type species: Coluber cursor Lacepede 1789; syn. Zaher, Grazziotin, Cadle, Murphy, Moura-Leite & Bonatto 2009)
1843 Dromicus Bibron in de la Sagra (type species: Coluber cursor Lacepede 1789; syn. Zaher, Grazziotin, Cadle, Murphy, Moura-Leite & Bonatto 2009)
1843 Erythrophis Fitzinger (type species: Coluber venustissimus Wied 1821; syn. Machado 1945)
1843 Leimadophis Fitzinger (type species: Natrix almadensis Wagler 1824; syn. Zaher, Grazziotin, Cadle, Murphy, Moura-Leite & Bonatto 2009)
1843 Opheomorphus Fitzinger (type species: Coluber miliaris Linnaeus 1758; syn. Zaher, Grazziotin, Cadle, Murphy, Moura-Leite & Bonatto 2009)
1843 Pariopeltis Fitzinger (type species: Coluber triscalis Linnaeus 1758; syn. Zaher, Grazziotin, Cadle, Murphy, Moura-Leite & Bonatto 2009)
1843 Pseudophis Fitzinger (type species: Xenodon schotti Schlegel 1837; syn. Zaher, Grazziotin, Cadle, Murphy, Moura-Leite & Bonatto 2009)
1964 Umbrivaga Roze (type species: Umbrivaga mertensi Roze 1964; syn. Zaher, Grazziotin, Cadle, Murphy, Moura-Leite & Bonatto 2009)
Contents: 50 species, of which 20 (40.0%) are endemic. In addition to this, 2 species (cursor, perfuscus) are considered extinct, both of which were endemic.
Other common names:
Mock Coral Snakes, (False Coral Snakes) (Erythrolamprus, s.s.)
Neotropical Ground Snakes, (Neotropical Swamp Snakes) (Liophis)
Northwestern Neotropical Forest Snakes (Umbrivaga)
Remarks: Previously included Eutrachelophis steinbachi and Arcanumophis problematicus. Systematics of this group of snakes has been turbulent, and the taxonomic status of Erythrolamprus and several of its synonyms remains uncertain. Erythrolamprus was regarded as a synonym of Liophis by Zaher, Grazziotin, Cadle, Murphy, Moura-Leite & Bonatto (2009), in spite of the fact that Erythrolamprus, being an older name, has priority over Liophis. This mistake was later acknowledged and the synonymization reversed by Grazziotin, Zaher, Murphy, Scrocchi, Benavides, Zhang & Bonatto (2012). Although the synonymization has been considered premature (e.g., Curcio, Piacentini & Fernandes 2009; Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014; Souto, Pinna, Machado & Lopes 2017), it appears to have been followed by most authors since. Also the validity of Umbrivaga is disputed. Although nested within (thus synonymous with) Erythrolamprus (Grazziotin, Zaher, Murphy, Scrocchi, Benavides, Zhang & Bonatto 2012; Pyron, Burbrink & Wiens 2013), some authors have retained it as a valid genus (e.g., Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014).
Distribution: Central America, South America.
Reported from: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil (Acre, Alagoas, Amapa, Amazonas, Bahia, Ceara, Distrito Federal, Espirito Santo, Goias, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Para [incl. Marajo Island], Paraiba, Parana, Pernambuco, Piaui, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Norte, Rio Grande do Sul, Rondonia, Roraima, Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo [incl. Sao Sebastiao], Sergipe, Tocantins), Colombia, Costa Rica, Curacao, Dominica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Guyana, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Saint Lucia (Maria Islands), Surinam, Trinidad & Tobago (Tobago, Trinidad), Uruguay, Venezuela (incl. Margarita).

Erythrolamprus aesculapii

Southern Mock Coral Snake, Necklace Snake, Aesculapian False Coral Snake

Äskulap-Korallennatter

Ćskulap-koralsnog

1766 Coluber Aesculapii Linnaeus
Erythrolamprus aesculapii Duméril, Bibron & Duméril 1854
Liophis aesculapii Zaher, Grazziotin, Cadle, Murphy, Moura-Leite & Bonatto 2009
1766 Coluber agilis Linnaeus (syn. Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)
1789 Coluber nigrofasciatus Lacepede (syn. Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)
1803 Coluber atro-cinctus Daudin (syn. Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)
1821 Coluber venustissimus Wied
Erythrolamprus aesculapii venustissima Machado 1945
Erythrolamprus venustissima Dixon 1980
1823 Coluber binatus Lichtenstein (syn. Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)
1854 Erythrolamprus bauperthuisii Duméril, Bibron & Duméril (syn. Cunha & Nascimento 1980)
1854 Erythrolamprus intricatus Duméril, Bibron & Duméril (syn. Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)
1854 Erytrolamprus milberti [sic] Duméril, Bibron & Duméril (syn. Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)
1860 Erythrolamprus albostulatus Cope (syn. Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)
1863 Erythrolamprus aesculapii confluentus Jan (syn. Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)
1863 Erythrolamprus aesculapii dicranta Jan (syn. Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)
1863 Erythrolamprus aesculapii monozona Jan
1863 Erythrolamprus aesculapii tetrazona Jan
1959 Erythrolamprus baileyi Roze (syn. Cunha Nascimento 1980)

Remarks: Previously included ocellatus. Records from Tobago refer to ocellatus.
Distribution: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil (Acre, Alagoas, Amapa, Amazonas, Bahia, Distrito Federal, Espirito Santo, Goias, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Para, Parana, Pernambuco, Rio de Janeiro, Rondonia, Roraima, Sao Paulo [incl. Sao Sebastiao], Sergipe, Tocantins), Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Surinam, Trinidad & Tobago (Trinidad), Venezuela.


Erythrolamprus albertguentheri

Bolivian Green Smooth Snake, (Günther's Ground Snake)

Bolivianische Grüne Glattnatter

Boliviansk Grřn Glatsnog

1897 Liophis Guentheri Peracca [not Erythrolamprus guentheri Garman 1883]
2012 Erythrolamprus albertguentheri Grazziotin, Zaher, Murphy, Scrocchi, Benavides, Zhang & Bonatto 2012 [substitute name for Liophis guentheri Peracca 1897]

Remarks: Validity confirmed by Dixon (1987).
Distribution: Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay.


Erythrolamprus almadensis

Almada Smooth Snake, Almaden Ground Snake

Almada-Glattnatter

Almada-glatsnog

1824 Natrix almadensis Wagler
Coronella almadensis Fitzinger 1826
Liophis almadensis Wagler 1830
Leimadophis almadensis Serié 1921
Erythrolamprus almadensis Zaher, Barbo, Martínez, Nogueira, Rodrigues & Sawaya 2011
1824 Natrix almada Wagler
1858 Liophis conirostris Günther (syn. Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)
1882 Liophis y-graecum Peters (syn. Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)
1906 Trigonocephalus scolecomorphus Bacqué (syn. Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)

Distribution: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil (Bahia, Distrito Federal, Goias, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Para [incl. Marajo Island], Paraiba, Parana, Pernambuco, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Norte, Rio Grande do Sul, Rondonia, Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo, Tocantins), Paraguay, Uruguay.


Erythrolamprus andinus

Andean Smooth Snake

Andes-Glattnatter

Andes-glatsnog

1983 Liophis andinus Dixon
Erythrolamprus andinus Grazziotin, Zaher, Murphy, Scrocchi, Benavides, Zhang & Bonatto 2012

Distribution: Bolivia.


Erythrolamprus atraventer

Brazilian Black-bellied Smooth Snake

Brasilianische Schwarzbauch-Glattnatter

Brasiliansk Sortbuget Glatsnog

1985 Liophis atraventer Dixon & Thomas
Erythrolamprus atraventer Forlani, Bernardo, Haddad & Zaher 2010

Distribution: Brazil (Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo).


Erythrolamprus bizonus

Double-banded Mock Coral Snake

Doppelgebänderte Korallennatter

Dobbeltbĺndet Koralsnog

1863 Erythrolamprus Aesculapii bizona Jan
Erythrolamprus bizona Dunn & Bailey 1939
Liophis bizona Zaher, Grazziotin, Cadle, Murphy, Moura-Leite & Bonatto 2009

Remarks: Presence in Nicaragua, as reported by Villa, Wilson & Johnson (1988) and Köhler (1999), is regarded herein as questionable, following Sunyer (2014) and Curcio, Scali & Rodrigues (2015), who did not mention bizona from the country.
Distribution: Colombia, Costa Rica, Panama, Trinidad & Tobago (Trinidad), Venezuela.


Erythrolamprus breviceps

Short-headed Smooth Snake, Tricolored Swamp Snake, Short Ground Snake, (Red-bellied Burrowing Snake)

Kurzköpfige Glattnatter

Korthovedet Glatsnog

1861 Liophis breviceps Cope
Erythrolamprus breviceps Grazziotin, Zaher, Murphy, Scrocchi, Benavides, Zhang & Bonatto 2012
1957 Liophis canaima Roze
Liophis breviceps canaima Dixon 1983

Distribution: Bolivia, Brazil (Amapa, Amazonas, Mato Grosso, Para, Rondonia, Roraima), Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Surinam, Venezuela.


Erythrolamprus carajasensis

Carajás Smooth Snake

Carajás-Glattnatter

Carajás-glatsnog

1985 Liophis carajasensis Cunha, Nascimento & Avila-Pires
Erythrolamprus carajasensis Grazziotin, Zaher, Murphy, Scrocchi, Benavides, Zhang & Bonatto 2012

Distribution: Brazil (Para).


Erythrolamprus ceii

Tucumán Smooth Snake

Tucumán-Glattnatter

Tucumán-glatsnog

1991 Liophis ceii Dixon
Erythrolamprus ceii Grazziotin, Zaher, Murphy, Scrocchi, Benavides, Zhang & Bonatto 2012

Distribution: Argentina, Bolivia.


Erythrolamprus cobellus

South American Red-bellied Smooth Snake, Red-bellied Ground Snake, (Banded Tricolored Snake, Mangrove Snake)

Südamerikanische Rotbauch-Glattnatter

Sydamerikansk Rřdbuget Glatsnog

1758 Coluber Cobella Linnaeus
Liophis cobella Jan 1866
Rhadinaea cobella Boulenger 1894
Erythrolamprus cobella Grazziotin, Zaher, Murphy, Scrocchi, Benavides, Zhang & Bonatto 2012
1803 Coluber cenchrus Daudin (syn. Dixon 1983)
1803 Coluber serpentinus Daudin (syn. Dixon 1983)
1866 Liophis cobella flaviventris Jan (syn. Dixon 1983)

Remarks: Previously included ingeri and trebbaui. Records from Bolivia refer dyticus, now a synonym of taeniogaster (Fernandes, Germano, Fernandes & Franco 2002). Records from Maranhao are erroneous (Costa & Bérnils 2018).
Distribution: Brazil (Alagoas, Amapa, Amazonas, Bahia, Ceara, Mato Grosso, Para [incl. Marajo Island], Pernambuco), Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Surinam, Trinidad & Tobago (Tobago, Trinidad), Venezuela.


Erythrolamprus cursor (extinct)

Martinique Smooth Snake, Martinique Ground Snake

Martinique-Glattnatter

Martinique-glatsnog

1789 Coluber cursor Lacepede
Liophis cursor Werner 1924
Dromicus cursor Barbour 1937
Erythrolamprus cursor Grazziotin, Zaher, Murphy, Scrocchi, Benavides, Zhang & Bonatto 2012
1798 Coluber Fugitivus Donndorf (syn. Schwartz & Henderson 1988)
1863 Liophis putnami Cope (syn. Schwartz & Henderson 1988)

Remarks: Presumably extinct (Lorvelec, Pascal, Pavis & Feldman 2007; Henderson & Powell 2009; Jowers, Caut, Garcia-Mudarra, Alasaad & Ineich 2013).
Distribution: Martinique.


Erythrolamprus dorsocorallinus

Barinas Smooth Snake

Barinas-Glattnatter

Barinas-glatsnog

2007 Liophis dorsocorallinus Esqueda, Natera, la Marca & Ilija-Fistar
Erythrolamprus dorsocorallinus Grazziotin, Zaher, Murphy, Scrocchi, Benavides, Zhang & Bonatto 2012

Remarks: This species has also been recorded from "Mato Grosso" in the early 20th century, which at that time covered an area corresponding to the present states of Rondonia, Mato Grosso, and Mato Grosso do Sul, however, no exact localities are currently known from any of these these states. Souto, Pinna, Machado & Lopes (2017) did not mention Bolivia in the distribution of the species, apparently overlooking the record published by Eversole, Powell, Lizarro & Bravo (2016). Treated as a synonym of reginae by Wallach, Williams & Boundy (2014), referring to pers. comm. with J.R. Dixon.
Distribution: Bolivia, Brazil (Acre, Amazonas), Colombia, Venezuela.


Erythrolamprus epinephelus

Fire-bellied Smooth Snake, Fire-bellied Snake, Golden-bellied Snakelet

Feuerbauch-Glattnatter

Ildbuget Glatsnog

1862 Liophis epinephelus Cope
Leimadophis epinephelus Amaral 1929
Erythrolamprus epinephelus Grazziotin, Zaher, Murphy, Scrocchi, Benavides, Zhang & Bonatto 2012
1863 Liophis reginae albiventris Jan (syn. Dixon 1983b)
Liophis albiventris Cope 1899
Leimadophis albiventris Dunn 1944
Liophis epinephelus albiventris Dixon 1983
Liophis albiventris Pérez-Santos & Moreno 1988
1868 Opheomorphus alticolus Cope (syn. Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970; Dixon 1983b)
1872 Zamensis ater Günther (syn. Dixon 1983b)
1894 Liophis fraseri Boulenger (syn. Dixon 1983b)
Leimadophis fraseri Amaral 1929
Liophis epinephelus fraseri Dixon 1983
1899 Liophis bimaculatus Cope (syn. Dixon 1983b)
Leimadophis bimaculatus Dunn 1944
Liophis epinephelus bimaculatus Dixon 1983
1908 Liophis opisthotaenia Boulenger (syn. Dixon 1983b)
Leimadophis bimaculatus opisthotaenia Roze 1966
Liophis bimaculatus opisthotaenia Pérez-Santos & Moreno 1988
Liophis epinephelus opisthotaenia Dixon 1983
1914 Liophis pseudocobella Peracca (syn. Dixon 1983b)
Leimadophis pseudocobella Amaral 1929
Liophis epinephelus pseudocobella Dixon 1983
1931 Liophis cobella alticolus Amaral [not Opheomorus alticolus Cope 1868] (syn. Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970; Dixon 1983b)
1937 Leimadophis taeniurus juvenalis Dunn (syn. Dixon 1983b)
Leimadophis epinephelus juvenalis Dunn 1944
Liophis epinephelus juvenalis Dixon 1983
1944 Leimadophis bimaculatus lamonae Dunn (syn. Dixon 1983b)
Liophis bimaculatus lamonae Pérez-Santos & Moreno 1988
Liophis epinephelus lamonae Dixon 1983
1949 Leimadophis epinephelus ecuadorensis Laurent (syn. Dixon 1983b)
1994 Liophis epinephelus kogiorum Bernal-Carlo

Distribution: Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Panama, Peru, Venezuela.


Erythrolamprus festae

Santiago River Smooth Snake, Drab Ground Snake

Santiago-Glattnatter

Santiago-glatsnog

1897 Rhadinaea festae Peracca
Liophis festae Amaral 1929
Erythrolamprus festae Grazziotin, Zaher, Murphy, Scrocchi, Benavides, Zhang & Bonatto 2012

Remarks: Presence in Brazil reported by Frota & Yuki (2001), but apparently overlooked(?) by Costa & Bernils (2015).
Distribution: Brazil (Para), Colombia, Ecuador, Peru.


Erythrolamprus frenatus

Paraguayan Smooth Snake

Paraguayische Glattnatter

Paraguayisk Glatsnog

1909 Rhadinaea frenata Werner
Liophis frenatus Amaral 1929
Erythrolamprus frenatus Zaher, Barbo, Martínez, Nogueira, Rodrigues & Sawaya 2011
1923 Rhadinaea brazili Amaral (syn. Dixon 1989)
Liophis brazili Amaral 1926

Distribution: Argentina, Brazil (Goias, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Parana, Sao Paulo, Tocantins), Paraguay.


Erythrolamprus guentheri

Ecuadorian Mock Coral Snake

Ecuadorianische Korallennatter

Ecuadoriansk Koralsnog

1883 Erythrolamprus guentheri Garman
Liophis guentheri Zaher, Grazziotin, Cadle, Murphy, Moura-Leite & Bonatto 2009

Distribution: Ecuador, Peru.


Erythrolamprus ingeri

Chimantá Tepui Smooth Snake

Chimantá-Glattnatter

Chimantá-glatsnog

1958 Liophis ingeri Roze
Erythrolamprus ingeri Grazziotin, Zaher, Murphy, Scrocchi, Benavides, Zhang & Bonatto 2012

Remarks: Regarded as a synonym of cobellus by Dixon (1983), but as a valid species by Rivas, Molina, Ugueto, Barros, Barrio-Amorós & Kok (2012).
Distribution: Venezuela.


Erythrolamprus jaegeri

Southern Green Smooth Snake, (Jaeger's Ground Snake)

Südliche Grüne Glattnatter

Sydlig Grřn Glatsnog

1858 Coronella jaegeri Günther
Liophis jaegeri Amaral 1929
Erythrolamprus jaegeri Forlani, Bernardo, Haddad & Zaher 2010
1863 Liophis dorsalis Peters (syn. Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)
1894 Aporophis coralliventris Boulenger
Lygophis coralliventris Amaral 1929
Liophis coralliventris Dixon 1980
Liophis jaegeri coralliventris Dixon 1987
1900 Rhadinaea lineata Jensen (syn. Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)

Distribution: Argentina, Brazil (Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Parana, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo), Paraguay, Uruguay.


Erythrolamprus janaleeae

Moyobamba Smooth Snake

Moyobamba-Glattnatter

Moyobamba-glatsnog

2000 Liophis janaleeae Dixon
Erythrolamprus janaleeae Grazziotin, Zaher, Murphy, Scrocchi, Benavides, Zhang & Bonatto 2012

Distribution: Peru.


Erythrolamprus juliae

Leeward Smooth Snake, Leeward Ground Snake

Südantillische Glattnatter

Sydantillisk Glatsnog

1879 Aporophis juliae Cope
Dromicus juliae Parker 1936
Liophis juliae Günther 1888
Erythrolamprus juliae Grazziotin, Zaher, Murphy, Scrocchi, Benavides, Zhang & Bonatto 2012
1914 Leimadophis mariae Barbour
Dromicus juliae mariae Parker 1936
Dromicus mariae Barbour 1937
Liophis mariae Dixon 1980
Liophis juliae mariae Schwartz & Henderson 1988
1936 Dromicus juliae copeae Parker
Liophis juliae copeae Schwartz & Henderson 1988

Remarks: Records from Guyana are probably based on wrong locality data (Dixon 1981; Cole, Townsend, Reynolds, MacCulloch & Lathrop 2013).
Extinct in: Guadeloupe (Marie-Galante).
Distribution: Dominica, Guadeloupe.


Erythrolamprus leucogaster

White-bellied Smooth Snake

Weißbauch-Glattnatter

Hvidbuget Glatsnog

1863 Liophis leucogaster Jan
Erythrolamprus leucogaster Grazziotin, Zaher, Murphy, Scrocchi, Benavides, Zhang & Bonatto 2012

Remarks: Status uncertain. Known only from a single specimen of unknown origin. Possibly a synonym of Umbrivaga pygmaeus (Dixon 1980).
Distribution: Unknown.


Erythrolamprus longiventris

Mato Grosso Smooth Snake, Long Ground Snake

Mato-Grosso-Glattnatter

Mato Grosso-glatsnog

1925 Liophis longiventris Amaral
Erythrolamprus longiventris Grazziotin, Zaher, Murphy, Scrocchi, Benavides, Zhang & Bonatto 2012

Remarks: Sometimes regarded as a synonym of breviceps (e.g., Fernandes, Germano, Fernandes & Franco 2002; Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014, Costa & Bérnils 2015). Records from Paraguay are based on confusion with frenatus (Cacciali, Scott, Aquino-Ortiz, Fitzgerald & Smith 2016).
Distribution: Brazil (Amazonas, Mato Grosso, Rondonia).


Erythrolamprus maryellenae

Goias Smooth Snake

Goias-Glattnatter

Goias-glatsnog

1985 Liophis maryellenae Dixon
Erythrolamprus maryellenae Grazziotin, Zaher, Murphy, Scrocchi, Benavides, Zhang & Bonatto 2012

Distribution: Brazil (Bahia, Distrito Federal, Goias, Minas Gerais, Tocantins).


Erythrolamprus melanotus

South American Black-backed Smooth Snake, Black-backed Snake, Squirrel Snake, (Shaw's Black-backed Snake)

Südamerikanische Schwarzrücken-Glattnatter

Sydamerikansk Sortrygget Glatsnog

1802 Coluber Melanotus Shaw
Leimadophis melanotus Amaral 1929
Dromicus melanotus Barbour 1937
Liophis melanotus Jan 1863
Erythrolamprus melanotus Grazziotin, Zaher, Murphy, Scrocchi, Benavides, Zhang & Bonatto 2012
1820 Coluber raninus Merrem (syn. Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)
1845 Coluber vittatus Hallowell [not Coluber vittatus Linnaeus 1758] (syn. Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)
1861 Liophis melananotus Cope [substitute name for Coluber melanotus Shaw 1802] (syn. Schwartz & Henderson 1988)
1925 Aporophis crucifer Ahl (syn. Dixon & Michaud 1992)
1992 Liophis melanotus lamari Dixon & Michaud
1992 Liophis melanotus nesos Dixon & Michaud

Distribution: Colombia, Trinidad & Tobago (Tobago, Trinidad), Venezuela (incl. Isla Margarita).


Erythrolamprus mertensi

Venezuelan Forest Snake

Venezuelanische Waldnatter

Venezuelansk Skovsnog

1964 Umbrivaga mertensi Roze
Erythrolamprus mertensi Grazziotin, Zaher, Murphy, Scrocchi, Benavides, Zhang & Bonatto 2012

Distribution: Venezuela.


Erythrolamprus miliaris

Military Smooth Snake, Military Ground Snake

Soldaten-Glattnatter

Soldater-glatsnog

1758 Coluber miliaris Linnaeus
Liophis miliaris Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970
Erythrolamprus miliaris Forlani, Bernardo, Haddad & Zaher 2010
1821 Coluber merremii Wied (syn. Dixon 1983)
Liophis miliaris merremii Dixon 1983
1824 Coluber dictyodes Wied (syn. Dixon 1983)
1834 Coluber bicolor Reuss (syn. Dixon 1983)
1854 Ablabes purpurans Duméril, Bibron & Duméril (syn. Dixon 1983)
Liophis purpurans Günther 1872
1858 Coronella australis Günther (syn. Dixon 1983)
1864 Coronella orientalis Günther (syn. Dixon 1983)
1866 Liophis cobella collaris Jan (syn. Dixon 1983)
1868 Rhadinaea chrysostoma Cope (syn. Dixon 1983)
Liophis chrysostomus Dixon 1980
Liophis miliaris chrysostomus Dixon 1983
1872 Coronella poecilolaemus Günther (syn. Dixon 1983)
1914 Rhadinaea orina Griffin (syn. Dixon 1983)
Liophis miliaris orinus Dixon 1983
1922 Dromicus amazonicus Dunn (syn. Dixon 1983)
Liophis amazonicus Dixon 1980
Liophis miliaris amazonicus Dixon 1983
1926 Rhadinaea merremii natricoides Werner (syn. Dixon 1983)

Remarks: Previously included mossoroensis and semiaureus. Records from Uruguay refer to semiaureus (e.g., Achaval & Olmos 2003).
Distribution: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil (Alagoas, Amapa, Amazonas, Bahia, Ceara, Distrito Federal, Espirito Santo, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Para, Parana, Pernambuco, Piaui, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Norte, Rio Grande do Sul, Rondonia, Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo [incl. Sao Sebastiao]), Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Surinam, Venezuela.


Erythrolamprus mimus

Mimic Mock Coral Snake, Central American Mock Coral Snake, Central American Coral Snake Mimic, Mimic Mock Coral Snake

Mimik-Korallennatter

Mimik-koralsnog

1868 Opheomorphus mimus Cope
Erythrolamprus mimus Dunn & Bailey 1939
Liophis mimus Zaher, Grazziotin, Cadle, Murphy, Moura-Leite & Bonatto 2009
1936 Erythrolamprus aesculapii impar Schmidt
Erythrolamprus mimus impar Dunn & Bailey 1939
1939 Erythrolamprus mimus micrurus Dunn & Bailey

Distribution: Brazil (Rondonia), Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru.


Erythrolamprus mossoroensis

Mossoro Smooth Snake

Mossoro-Glattnatter

Mossoro-glatsnog

1972 Liophis mossoroensis Hoge & Lima-Verge
Liophis miliaris mossoroensis Dixon 1983
Erythrolamprus mossoroensis Costa & Bernils 2015

Remarks: Sometimes regarded as a synonym or a subspecies of miliaris (e.g., Dixon 1983; Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014). Treated as a separate species herein, following several recent works (e.g., Hamdan & Lira-da-Silva 2012; Ribeiro, Roberto, Sales, Avila & Almeida 2012; Guedes, Nogueira & Marques 2014; Costa & Bernils 2015).
Distribution: Brazil (Alagoas, Bahia, Ceara, Minas Gerais, Pernambuco, Piaui, Rio Grande do Norte).


Erythrolamprus ocellatus

Tobago Mock Coral Snake

Tobago-Korallennatter

Tobago-koralsnog

1868 Erythrolamprus ocellatus Peters
Erythrolamprus aesculapii ocellatus Emsley 1966

Remarks: Taxonomic status uncertain. It is regarded as a valid species herein, following several authors (e.g., Murphy 1997; Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014; Curcio, Scali & Rodrigues 2015).
Distribution: Trinidad & Tobago (Tobago).


Erythrolamprus oligolepis

Para Smooth Snake

Para-Glattnatter

Para-glatsnog

1905 Liophis oligolepis Boulenger
Leimadophis oligolepis Amaral 1929
Erythrolamprus oligolepis Grazziotin, Zaher, Murphy, Scrocchi, Benavides, Zhang & Bonatto 2012

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of L. reginae semilineatus (e.g., Dixon 1989) (now a synonym of semilineatus). Revalidated as a separate species by Cunha & Nascimento (1993) and Frota, Santos, Chaldikis & Guedes (2005).
Distribution: Brazil (Acre, Amazonas, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Para, Rondonia, Roraima), Peru, Venezuela.


Erythrolamprus ornatus

Saint Lucia Smooth Snake, Saint Lucia Ground Snake

Saint-Lucia-Glattnatter

Saint Lucia-glatsnog

1887 Dromicus ornatus Garman
Liophis ornatus Dixon 1980
Erythrolamprus ornatus Grazziotin, Zaher, Murphy, Scrocchi, Benavides, Zhang & Bonatto 2012
1914 Leimadophis boulengeri Barbour (syn. Schwartz & Henderson 1988)

Extinct in: Saint Lucia (mainland).
Distribution: Saint Lucia (Maria Islands).


Erythrolamprus perfuscus (extinct)

Barbados Smooth Snake, Barbados Ground Snake

Barbados-Glattnatter

Barbados-glatsnog

1863 Liophis perfuscus Cope
Dromicus perfuscus Barbour 1937
Erythrolamprus perfuscus Grazziotin, Zaher, Murphy, Scrocchi, Benavides, Zhang & Bonatto 2012
1863 Liophis rufus Jan (syn. Schwartz & Henderson 1988)

Remarks: Presumably extinct (Henderson & Breuil in Powell & Henderson (eds.) 2012).
Distribution: Barbados.


Erythrolamprus poecilogyrus

Yellow-bellied Smooth Snake, Yellow-bellied Liophis, (Wied's Ground Snake)

Bunte Glattnatter, Buntnatter

Gulbuget Glatsnog

1820 Coluber m-nigrum Raddi (suppressed, see Dixon & Markezich 1992)
1823 Coluber alternans Lichtenstein (suppressed, see Dixon & Markezich 1992)
1824 Natrix forsteri Wagler (suppressed, see Dixon & Markezich 1992)
Leimadophis typhlus forsteri Hoge 1964
Liophis typhlus forsteri Pérez-Santos & Moreno 1988
1824 Coluber poecilogyrus Wied
Leimadophis poecilogyrus Amaral 1927
Dromicus poecilogyrus Lema 1977
Liophis poecilogyrus Dixon 1980
Erythrolamprus poecilogyrus Forlani, Bernardo, Haddad & Zaher 2010
1825 Coluber doliatus Wied [not Coluber doliatus Linnaeus 1966] (syn. Dixon & Markezich 1992)
1837 Xenodon schotti Schlegel (syn. Dixon & Markezich 1992)
Dryophylax schotti Duméril & Bibron 1854
Pseudophis schotti Cope 1862
Philodryas schotti Boulenger 1886
Leimadophis poecilogyrus schotti Hoge 1964
Liophis poecilogyrus schotti Dixon & Markezich 1992
Erythrolamprus poecilogyrus schotti Costa & Bernils 2014
1860 Liophis merremii sublineatus Cope (syn. Dixon & Markezich 1992)
Liophis poecilogyrus sublineatus Dixon & Markezich 1992
Erythrolamprus poecilogyrus sublineatus Costa & Bernils 2014
1862 Liophis subfasciatus Cope (syn. Dixon & Markezich 1992)
Leimadophis poecilogyrus subfasciatus Amaral 1944
1862 Opheomorphus doliatus caesius Cope (syn. Dixon & Markezich 1992)
Liophis poecilogyrus caesius Dixon & Markezich 1992
Erythrolamprus poecilogyrus caesius Costa & Bernils 2014
1863 Liophis ornatissima Jan (syn. Dixon & Markezich 1992)
1863 Liophis typhlus gastrosticta Jan (syn. Dixon & Markezich 1992)
1863 Liophis typhlus olivacea Jan (syn. Dixon & Markezich 1992)
1863 Liophis verecundus Jan (syn. Dixon & Markezich 1992)
1866 Liophis cobella flaviventris Jan & Sordelli (syn. Dixon & Markezich 1992)
1866 Liophis reginae viridicyanea Jan & Sordelli (syn. Dixon & Markezich 1992)
1899 Rhadinaea dichroa Werner (syn. Dixon 1987)
1909 Rhadinaea preornata Werner (syn. Dixon & Markezich 1992)
1931 Leimadophis poecilogyrus reticulatus Parker (syn. Dixon & Markezich 1992)
1944 Leimadophis poecilogyrus albadspersus Amaral (syn. Dixon & Markezich 1992)
1944 Leimadophis poecilogyrus amazonicus Amaral [not Dromicus amazonicus Dunn 1922]
1944 Leimadophis poecilogyrus franciscanus Amaral (syn. Dixon & Markezich 1992)
1944 Leimadophis poecilogyrus intermedius Amaral (syn. Dixon & Markezich 1992)
1944 Leimadophis poecilogyrus montanus Amaral (syn. Dixon & Markezich 1992)
1944 Leimadophis poecilogyrus pictostriatus Amaral (syn. Dixon & Markezich 1992)
1944 Leimadophis poecilogyrus pinetincola Amaral (syn. Dixon & Markezich 1992)
1944 Leimadophis poecilogyrus platensis Amaral (syn. Dixon & Markezich 1992)
1944 Leimadophis poecilogyrus xerophilus Amaral (syn. Dixon & Markezich 1992)
1978 Dromicus poecilogyrus lancini Hoge, Romano & Cordeiro [substitute name for Leimadophis poecilogyrus amazonicus Amaral 1944]

Remarks: Although reported from Colombia by Pérez-Santos & Moreno (1988, as Liophis typhlus forsteri), presence in the country needs confirmation, according to the strongly critical review of this work by Cadle (1992), in which he points out the considerable amount of unverifiable information presented by these authors. Although poecilogyrus is antedated by three older names (m-nigrum, alternans, forsteri), Dixon & Markezich (1992) recommended preserving poecilogyrus for this species because of its frequent use in the iterature. Correct publication year of the original description is 1824, not 1825 (Vanzolini & Myers 2015; Costa & Bérnils 2015).
Distribution: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil (Alagoas, Amapa, Amazonas, Bahia, Ceara, Distrito Federal, Espirito Santo, Goias, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Para [incl. Marajo Island], Paraiba, Parana, Pernambuco, Piaui, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Norte, Rio Grande do Sul, Rondonia, Roraima, Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo, Sergipe, Tocantins), Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Surinam, Uruguay, Venezuela.


Erythrolamprus pseudocorallus

Venezuelan Mock Coral Snake, Maracaibo Mock Coral Snake

Venezuelanische Korallennatter

Venezuelansk Koralsnog

1959 Erythrolamprus pseudocorallus Roze
Liophis pseudocorallus Zaher, Grazziotin, Cadle, Murphy, Moura-Leite & Bonatto 2009

Distribution: Colombia, Venezuela.


Erythrolamprus pseudoreginae

Tobago Mock Coral Snake, Tobago Stream Snake

Tobago-Korallennatter

Tobago-koralsnog

2019 Erythrolamprus pseudoreginae Murphy, Braswell, Charles, Auguste, Rivas, Borzee, Lehtinen & Jowers

Distribution: Trinidad & Tobago (Tobago).





Erythrolamprus pyburni

Colombian Forest Snake, (Pyburn's Tropical Forest Snake)

Kolumbianische Waldnatter

Colombiansk Skovsnog

1979 Umbrivaga pyburni Markezich & Dixon
Erythrolamprus pyburni Grazziotin, Zaher, Murphy, Scrocchi, Benavides, Zhang & Bonatto 2012

Distribution: Colombia.


Erythrolamprus pygmaeus

Amazon Dwarf Forest Snake, Amazon Tropical Forest Snake

Amazonas-Zwergwaldnatter

Amazonas-dvćrgskovsnog

1868 Liophis pygmaeus Cope
Leimadophis pygmaeus Amaral 1929
Umbrivaga pygmaeus Markezich & Dixon 1979
Erythrolamprus pygmaeus Grazziotin, Zaher, Murphy, Scrocchi, Benavides, Zhang & Bonatto 2012

Distribution: Brazil (Acre, Amazonas, Para, Rondonia), Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Peru, Venezuela.


Erythrolamprus reginae

Royal Smooth Snake, Common Swamp Snake, Royal Ground Snake, Reticulate Snake)

Königs-Glattnatter

Kongeglatsnog

1758 Coluber Reginae Linnaeus
Liophis reginae Jan 1863
Leimadophis reginae Amaral 1935
Erythrolamprus reginae Zaher, Barbo, Martínez, Nogueira, Rodrigues & Sawaya 2011
1789 Coluber violaceus Lacepede (status uncertain; Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)
1802 Coluber graphicus Shaw (syn. Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)
1824 Natrix semilineata Wagler (syn. Ascenso, Costa & Prudente 2019)
1863 Liophis reginae ornata Jan (syn. Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)
1863 Liophis reginae quadrilineata Jan (syn. Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)
1935 Leimadophis reginae macrosoma Amaral
Liophis reginae macrostoma [lapsus] Dixon 1983
1954 Leimadophis reginae maculicauda Hoge (syn. Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)
1991 Liophis miliaris intermedius Henle & Ehrl [not Leimadophis poecilogyrus intermedius Amaral 1944] (syn. Dixon & Tipton 2003; Böhme 2010)

Remarks: Previously included oligolepis and zweifeli.
Distribution: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil (Acre, Alagoas, Amapa, Amazonas, Bahia, Ceara, Distrito Federal, Espirito Santo, Goias, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Para [incl. Marajo Island], Parana, Piaui, Rio de Janeiro, Rondonia, Sao Paulo, Sergipe, Tocantins), Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Surinam, Trinidad & Tobago (Tobago, Trinidad), Venezuela.


Erythrolamprus rochai

Amapa Mock Coral Snake

Amapa-Korallennatter

Amapa-koralsnog

2019 Erythrolamprus rochai Ascenso, Costa & Prudente

Distribution: Brazil (Amapa).





Erythrolamprus sagittifer

Spotted Smooth Snake, Arrow Ground Snake

Gefleckte Glattnatter

Plettet Glatsnog

1863 Liopeltis sagittifer Jan
Rhadinaea sagittifera Boulenger 1894
Leimadophis sagittifer Amaral 1926
Liophis sagittifer Dixon & Thomas 1982
Erythrolamprus sagittifer Scrocchi, Abdala, Nori & Zaher 2010
1867 Liophis pulcher Steindachner (syn. Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)
1896 Rhadinaea modesta Koslowsky
Liophis sagittifer modesta Dixon & Thomas 1982
1899 Liophis trifasciatus Werner (syn. Dixon & Thomas 1982)
1917 Zamenis argentinus Bréthes (syn. Abalos & Mischis 1975)

Distribution: Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay.


Erythrolamprus semiaureus

Golden Smooth Snake

Goldene Glattnatter

Gylden Glatsnog

1862 Opheomorphus merremii var. semiaureus Cope
Liophis miliaris semiaureus Dixon 1983
Liophis semiaureus Giraudo, Arzamendia & Cacciali 2006
Erythrolamprus semiaureus Grazziotin, Zaher, Murphy, Scrocchi, Benavides, Zhang & Bonatto 2012
1863 Liophis reginae ornata Jan (syn. Dixon 1983)
1885 Opheomorphus fuscus Cope (syn. Dixon 1983)
Rhadinaea fusca Schouten 1937

Distribution: Argentina, Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul), Paraguay, Uruguay.


Erythrolamprus subocularis

Paramba Smooth Snake

Paramba-Glattnatter

Paramba-glatsnog

1902 Rhadinaea subocularis Boulenger
Liophis subocularis Amaral 1929
Erythrolamprus subocularis Grazziotin, Zaher, Murphy, Scrocchi, Benavides, Zhang & Bonatto 2012

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of Rhadinaea decorata (e.g., Dixon 1989). Not mentioned by Myers (1974) or Wallach, Williams & Boundy (2014). Listed as a valid species by Peters & Orejas-Miranda (1970) and Grazziotin, Zaher, Murphy, Scrocchi, Benavides, Zhang & Bonatto (2012).
Distribution: Ecuador.


Erythrolamprus taeniogaster

Banded Smooth Snake

Südamerikanische Gebänderte Glattnatter

Sydamerikansk Bĺndet Glatsnog

1863 Liophis taeniogaster Jan
Liophis cobella taeniogaster Schmidt & Inger 1951
Erythrolamprus taeniogaster Grazziotin, Zaher, Murphy, Scrocchi, Benavides, Zhang & Bonatto 2012
1983 Liophis cobella dyticus Dixon (syn. Fernandes, Germano, Fernandes & Franco 2002)

Remarks: Previously regarded as a subspecies (e.g., Schmidt & Inger 1951) or a synonym of cobellus (e.g., Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970). Revalidated by Fernandes, Germano, Fernandes & Franco (2002).
Distribution: Bolivia, Brazil (Acre, Alagoas, Amapa, Amazonas, Bahia, Ceara, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Para [incl. Marajo Island], Paraiba, Pernambuco, Piaui, Rondonia, Sergipe, Tocantins), Colombia, Ecuador, Peru.


Erythrolamprus taeniurus

Thin Smooth Snake, Thin Ground Snake

Venus-Glattnatter

Venus-glatsnog

1845 Liophis taeniurus Tschudi
Leimadophis taeniurus Dunn 1944
Erythrolamprus taeniurus Grazziotin, Zaher, Murphy, Scrocchi, Benavides, Zhang & Bonatto 2012

Distribution: Bolivia, Colombia, Peru.


Erythrolamprus torrenicola

Guaiquinima Tepui Smooth Snake

Guaiquinima-Glattnatter

Guaiquinima-glatsnog

1991 Liophis torrenicola Donnelly & Myers
Erythrolamprus torrenicola Grazziotin, Zaher, Murphy, Scrocchi, Benavides, Zhang & Bonatto 2012

Distribution: Venezuela.


Erythrolamprus trebbaui

Bolivar Smooth Snake

Bolivar-Glattnatter

Bolivar-glatsnog

1958 Liophis trebbaui Roze
Liophis cobella trebbaui Dixon 1983
Erythrolamprus trebbaui Grazziotin, Zaher, Murphy, Scrocchi, Benavides, Zhang & Bonatto 2012

Remarks: Regarded as a subspecies of cobellus by Dixon (1983), but as a valid species by Rivas, Molina, Ugueto, Barros, Barrio-Amorós & Kok (2012).
Distribution: Brazil (Roraima), Venezuela.


Erythrolamprus triscalis

Curacao Smooth Snake, Curacao Island Snake, Three-scaled Ground Snake

Curacao-Glattnatter

Curacao-glatsnog

1758 Coluber Triscalis Linnaeus
Liophis triscalis Boulenger 1894
Leimadophis triscalis Amaral 1929
Erythrolamprus triscalis Grazziotin, Zaher, Murphy, Scrocchi, Benavides, Zhang & Bonatto 2012
1758 Coluber corallinus Linnaeus (syn. Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)

Distribution: Curacao.


Erythrolamprus typhlus

Velvety Smooth Snake, Velvety Swamp Snake, Pink Ground Snake, Blind Ground Snake

Grüne Glattnatter, Grüne Goldbauchnatter

Flřjlsglatsnog

1758 Coluber Typhlus Linnaeus
Xenodon typhlus Duméril, Bibron & Duméril 1854
Opheomorphus typhlus Cope 1885
Liophis typhlus Boulenger 1896
Leimadophis typhlus Amaral 1926
Erythrolamprus typhlus Forlani, Bernardo, Haddad & Zaher 2010
1870 Xenodon isolepis Cope (syn. Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)
1887 Opheomorphus brachyurus Cope
Liophis typhlus brachyurus Dixon 1987
1916 Liophis elaeoides Griffin
Liophis typhlus elaeoides Dixon 1987
1925 Liophis macrops Werner (syn. Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)

Distribution: Bolivia, Brazil (Acre, Amapa, Amazonas, Bahia, Distrito Federal, Espirito Santo, Goias, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Para [incl. Marajo Island], Parana, Pernambuco, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, Rondonia, Roraima, Sao Paulo), Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Surinam, Venezuela.


Erythrolamprus viridis

Brazilian Green Smooth Snake

Brasilianische Grüne Glattnatter

Brasiliansk Grřn Glatsnog

1862 Liophis viridis Günther
Leimadophis viridis Amaral 1926
Erythrolamprus viridis Grazziotin, Zaher, Murphy, Scrocchi, Benavides, Zhang & Bonatto 2012
1866 Liophis typhlus prasina Jan & Sordelli (syn. Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014)
Liophis viridis prasinus Dixon 1987

Distribution: Brazil (Alagoas, Bahia, Ceara, Maranhao, Minas Gerais, Paraiba, Pernambuco, Piaui, Rio Grande do Norte, Sergipe).


Erythrolamprus vitti

Maldonado Smooth Snake

Maldonado-Glattnatter

Maldonado-glatsnog

2000 Liophis vitti Dixon
Erythrolamprus vitti Grazziotin, Zaher, Murphy, Scrocchi, Benavides, Zhang & Bonatto 2012

Distribution: Ecuador.


Erythrolamprus williamsi

Venezuelan Smooth Snake

Venezuelanische Glattnatter

Venezuelansk Glatsnog

1958 Urotheca williamsi Roze
Rhadinaea williamsi Dixon 1980
Liophis williamsi Dixon 1980
Erythrolamprus williamsi Grazziotin, Zaher, Murphy, Scrocchi, Benavides, Zhang & Bonatto 2012

Distribution: Venezuela.


Erythrolamprus zweifeli

Yellow-speckled Smooth Snake

Gesprenkelte Glattnatter

Gulspćttet Glatsnog

1959 Leimadophis zweifeli Roze
Liophis reginae zweifeli Dixon 1983
Liophis zweifeli Rivas, Molina, Ugueto, Barros, Barrio-Amorós & Kok 2012

Distribution: Trinidad & Tobago (Trinidad), Venezuela.