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Taxonomy of the family Leptotyphlopidae
Bibliography of the genus Leptotyphlops
Biodiversity of the family Leptotyphlopidae








Genus
Leptotyphlops

Typical Thread Snakes

Eigentliche Fadenschlangen*

Egentlige Trådslanger

1843 Leptotyphlops Fitzinger (type species: Typhlops nigricans Schlegel 1839)
1845 Glauconia Gray (type species: Typhlops nigricans Schlegel 1839; syn. Adalsteinsson, Branch, Trape, Vitt & Hedges 2009)
Contents: 22 species, of which 7 (31.8%) are endemic.
Remarks: See under family. Previously included Habrophallos collaris.
Distribution: SubSaharan Africa.
Reported from: Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Congo-Kinshasa, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique (incl. Bazaruto Archipelago [incl. Benguerua, Santa Carolina]), Namibia, Rwanda, South Africa (Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West Province, Northern Cape, Western Cape), South Sudan, Tanzania (incl. Mafia, Pemba), Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Leptotyphlops aethiopicus

Ethiopian Thread Snake

Gewöhnliche Äthiopische Fadenschlange*

Almindelig Etiopisk Trådslange*

2007 Leptotyphlops aethiopicus Broadley & Wallach

Distribution: Ethiopia, Kenya.


Leptotyphlops conjunctus

Cape Thread Snake, Common Thread Snake, Eastern Thread Snake, (Jan's All-black Thread Snake, Jan's Thread Snake)

Kap-Fadenschlange*

Kap-trådslange*

1861 Stenostoma conjunctum Jan
Glauconia conjuncta Boulenger 1890
Leptotyphlops conjunctus Loveridge 1933
Leptotyphlops scutifrons conjunctus Broadley & Broadley 1999
1876 Stenostoma groutii Cope (Hahn 1980)
1901 Glauconia lepezi Boulenger
Leptotyphlops conjunctus lepezi Laurent 1956
Leptotyphlops lepezi Broadley 1998

Remarks: Now restricted to Lesotho, South Africa and Eswatini (Broadley & Broadley 1999). Previously included incognitus. Regarded as a subspecies of scutifrons by Broadley & Broadley (1999). Revalidated as a separate species by Adalsteinsson, Branch, Trape, Vitt & Hedges (2009).
Distribution: Eswatini, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa (Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga).


Leptotyphlops distanti

Transvaal Thread Snake, (Distant's Thread Snake)

Transvaal-Fadenschlange*

Transvaal-trådslange*

1892 Glauconia distanti Boulenger
Leptotyphlops distanti Loveridge 1929
Leptotyphlops conjuncta distanti Bogert 1940

Remarks: Revalidated as a separate species by Broadley & Watson (1976).
Distribution: Mozambique, South Africa (Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West Province).


Leptotyphlops emini

Karagwe Thread Snake*, (Emin Pasha's Thread Snake, Emin's Thread Snake)

Karagwe-Fadenschlange*

Karagwe-trådslange*

1890 Glauconia emini Boulenger
Stenostoma emini Tornier 1896
Leptotyphlops emini Loveridge 1933

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of nigricans (e.g., Broadley & Watson 1976). Revalidated by Meirte (1992) and Broadley & Wallach (1996). Previously included pembae (e.g., McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999). Records from Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, and Zaire (e.g., Broadley 1998; Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002) refer to other species (see Broadley & Wallach 2007).
Distribution: Congo-Kinshasa, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia.


Leptotyphlops howelli

Mchungu Forest Thread Snake*, (Howell's Thread Snake)

Mchungu-Fadenschlange*

Mchungu-trådslange*

2007 Leptotyphlops howelli Broadley & Wallach

Distribution: Kenya, Tanzania.


Leptotyphlops incognitus

Incognito Thread Snake

Inkognito-Fadenschlange*

Inkognito-trådslange*

1976 Leptotyphlops conjunctus incognitus Broadley & Watson
Leptotyphlops incognitus Broadley & Broadley 1999

Remarks: Old records from Namibia are now assigned to scutifrons (Broadley & Broadley 1999), however, the species may be present in eastern Caprivi (Griffin 2003).
Distribution: Eswatini, Malawi, Mozambique (incl. Bazaruto Archipelago [incl. Benguerua, Santa Carolina]), South Africa (Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West Province), Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Leptotyphlops jacobseni

Lydenburg Thread Snake*, (Jacobsen's Thread Snake)

Lydenburg-Fadenschlange*

Lydenburg-trådslange*

1999 Leptotyphlops jacobseni Broadley & Broadley

Distribution: South Africa (Limpopo, Mpumalanga).


Leptotyphlops kafubi

Shaba Thread Snake, Katanga Thread Snake

Shaba-Fadenschlange*

Shaba-trådslange*

1919 Glauconia kafubi Boulenger
Leptotyphlops kafubi Broadley & Broadley 1999

Remarks: Regarded as a synonym of nigricans by Broadley & Watson (1976). Revalidated by Broadley & Broadley (1999).
Distribution: Angola, Congo-Kinshasa, Zambia.


Leptotyphlops keniensis

Mount Kenya Thread Snake

Mount-Kenya-Fadenschlange*

Mount Kenya-trådslange*

2007 Leptotyphlops keniensis Broadley & Wallach

Distribution: Kenya, Tanzania.


Leptotyphlops latirostris

Uvira Thread Snake

Uvira-Fadenschlange*

Uvira-trådslange*

1912 Glauconia latirostris Sternfeld
Leptotyphlops conjunctus latirostris Laurent 1956
Leptotyphlops latirostris Broadley & Wallach 2007

Remarks: Previously regarded as a subspecies of conjunctus (e.g., Hahn 1980). Revalidated by Broadley & Wallach (2007).
Distribution: Burundi, Congo-Kinshasa.


Leptotyphlops macrops

Large-eyed Thread Snake, Goggle-eyed Thread Snake

Großaugen-Fadenschlange*

Storøjet Trådslange*

1996 Leptotyphlops macrops Broadley & Wallach

Distribution: Kenya, Tanzania.


Leptotyphlops mbanjensis

Mbanja Thread Snake

Mbanja-Fadenschlange*

Mbanja-trådslange*

2007 Leptotyphlops mbanjensis Broadley & Wallach

Distribution: Tanzania.


Leptotyphlops merkeri

Mount Kilimanjaro Thread Snake*, (Merker's Thread Snake)

Kilimanjaro-Fadenschlange*

Kilimanjaro-trådslange*

1909 Glauconia merkeri Werner
Leptotyphlops scutifrons merkeri Broadley & Watson 1976
Leptotyphlops merkeri Adalsteinsson, Branch, Trape, Vitt & Hedges 2009

Remarks: Revalidated as a separate species by Adalsteinsson, Branch, Trape, Vitt & Hedges (2009). Still listed as a synonym of scutifrons by Wallach, Williams & Boundy (2014).
Distribution: Kenya, Tanzania.


Leptotyphlops monticolus

Virunga Thread Snake

Virunga-Fadenschlange*

Virunga-trådslange*

1916 Glauconia monticola Chabanaud
Leptotyphlops monticolus Witte 1941

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of nigricans (e.g., Hahn 1980) or of emini (e.g., Broadley & Howell 1991). Revalidated by Broadley & Wallach (2007).
Distribution: Congo-Kinshasa, Rwanda.


Leptotyphlops nigricans

South African Black Thread Snake, (Cape Worm Snake)

Südafrikanische Schwarze Fadenschlange*

Sydafrikansk Sort Trådslange*

1839 Typhlops nigricans Schlegel
Leptotyphlops nigricans Fitzinger 1843
Stenostoma nigricans Duméril & Bibron 1844
Glauconia nigricans Gray 1845

Remarks: Now restricted to South Africa (Broadley & Broadley 1999; Broadley & Wallach 2007; Adalsteinsson, Branch, Trape, Vitt & Hedges 2009). Previously included populations now assigned to aethiopicus, emini, howelli, kafubi, keniensis, macrops, monticolus, mbanjensis, and pembae.
Distribution: South Africa (Eastern Cape, Western Cape).


Leptotyphlops nigroterminus

Black-tipped Thread Snake

Schwarzspitzige Fadenschlange*

Sorttippet Trådslange*

2007 Leptotyphlops nigroterminus Broadley & Wallach

Distribution: Kenya, Tanzania.


Leptotyphlops pembae

Pemba Thread Snake

Pemba-Fadenschlange*

Pemba-trådslange*

1941 Leptotyphlops emini pembae Loveridge
Leptotyphlops nigricans pembae Broadley & Watson 1976
Leptotyphlops pembae Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002

Distribution: Tanzania (incl. Mafia, Pemba).


Leptotyphlops pitmani

Uganda Thread Snake*, (Pitman's Thread Snake)

Ugandische Fadenschlange*

Uganda-trådslange*

2007 Leptotyphlops scutifrons pitmani Broadley & Wallach
Leptotyphlops pitmani Adalsteinsson, Branch, Trape, Vitt & Hedges 2009

Remarks: Revalidated as a separate species by Adalsteinsson, Branch, Trape, Vitt & Hedges (2009). Still listed as a synonym of scutifrons by Wallach, Williams & Boundy (2014).
Distribution: Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda.


Leptotyphlops pungwensis

Pungwe Thread Snake

Pungwe-Fadenschlange*

Pungwe-trådslange*

1997 Leptotyphlops pungwensis Broadley & Wallach

Distribution: Mozambique.


Leptotyphlops scutifrons

Zambezi Thread Snake, (Peter's Thread Snake)

Zambezi-Fadenschlange*

Zambezi-trådslange*

1854 Stenostoma scutifrons Peters
Glauconia scutifrons Boulenger 1890
Leptotyphlops scutifrons Fitzsimons 1935
1924 Glauconia okahandjana Ahl (Hahn 1980)

Remarks: Previously included merkeri and pitmani, and Namibiana latifrons.
Distribution: Angola, Botswana, Eswatini, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa (Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West Province, Northern Cape), Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Leptotyphlops sylvicolus

Southern Forest Thread Snake, Forest Thread Snake

Südliche Wald-Fadenschlange*

Sydlig Skov-trådslange*

1997 Leptotyphlops sylvicolus Broadley & Wallach

Distribution: South Africa (Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal).


Leptotyphlops telloi

Maputo Thread Snake*, (Tello's Thread Snake)

Maputo-Fadenschlange*

Maputo-trådslange*

1976 Leptotyphlops telloi Broadley & Watson

Distribution: Eswatini, Mozambique.