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Taxonomy of the family Colubridae
Bibliography of the genus Mastigodryas
Biodiversity of the family Colubridae








Genus
Mastigodryas

Neotropical Lizard Eaters, Saurophiles, (Neotropical Racers)

Neotropische Echsennattern

Neotropiske Øglesnoge

1843 Eudryas Fitzinger [not Eudryas Boisduval 1836 (Insecta); not Eudryas Harris 1841 (Insecta)] (type species: Coluber boddaerti Sentzen 1796; syn. Dixon & Tipton 2004)
1854 Coryphodon Dumeril, Bibron & Dumeril [not Coryphodon Owen 1845 (Mammalia)] (type species: Coluber capistratus Lichtenstein 1823; syn. Dixon & Tipton 2004)
1934 Mastigodryas Amaral (type species: Mastigodryas danieli Amaral 1935)
1939 Dryadophis Stuart [substitute name for Eudryas Fitzinger 1843] (syn. Dixon & Tipton 2004; Montingelli 2009)
Contents: 18 species, of which 5 (27.8%) are endemic.
Remarks: Previously included Palusophis bifossatus. Dryadophis is here considered a synonym of Mastigodryas. The history of these generic names has been confused. See Dixon & Tipton (2004) for an overview.
Distribution: Mexico, Central America, South America, Lesser Antilles.
Reported from: Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil (Alagoas, Amapa, Amazonas, Bahia, Ceara, Distrito Federal, Espirito Santo, Goias, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Para [incl. Marajo Island], Paraiba, Parana, Pernambuco, Piaui, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Norte, Rio Grande do Sul, Rondonia, Roraima, Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo, Sergipe, Tocantins), Colombia (incl. Gorgona Island), Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras (incl. Islas de la Bahia [Cayos Cochinos (Cayo Cochino Major, Cayo Cochino Pequeño), Utila]), Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Colima, Durango, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Michoacan, Nayarit [incl. Islas Marias (Maria Cleofas, Maria Magdalena)], Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo [incl. Cozumel], San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatan, Zacatecas), Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Saint Vincent & the Grenadines (incl. Union Island, Saint Vincent), Surinam, Trinidad & Tobago (Tobago, Trinidad), Venezuela (incl. Margarita).

Mastigodryas alternatus

Central American Lizard Eater

Zentralamerikanische Echsennatter

Centralamerikansk Øglesnog

1884 Coryphodon alternatus Bocourt
Dryadophis melanolomus alternatus Stuart 1941
Mastigodryas melanolomus alternatus Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970
Mastigodryas alternatus Montingelli 2009
1933 Eudryas boddaerti gaigeae Stuart (syn. Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970; Montingelli 2009)
1954 Dryadophis sanguiventris Taylor (syn. Montingelli 2009; McCranie 2011)
Mastigodryas sanguiventris Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970

Other common names:
sanguiventris: Costa Rican Lizard-eater
Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym or subspecies of melanolomus (e.g., Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970; Villa, Wilson & Johnson 1988). Revalidated as a separate species by Montingelli (2009). Validity supported by McCranie (2011).
Distribution: Costa Rica, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama.


Mastigodryas amarali

Venezuelan Lizard Eater, Yellow-necked Tropical Racer

Venezuelanische Echsennatter

Venezuelansk Øglesnog

1938 Eudryas amarali Stuart
Dryadophis amarali Stuart 1941
Mastigodryas amarali Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970

Distribution: Trinidad & Tobago (Tobago, Trinidad), Venezuela (incl. Isla Margarita).


Mastigodryas boddaerti

Brown Lizard Eater, Tan Lizard Eater, Tan Racer, Neotropical Lizard Eater, (Brown Lined Snake)

Braune Echsennatter

Brun Øglesnog

1796 Coluber Boddaerti Sentzen
Herpetodryas boddaerti Schlegel 1837
Drymobius boddaerti Cope 1885
Dryadophis boddaerti Stuart 1939
Mastigodryas boddaerti Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970
1845 Coluber fuscus Hallowell [not Coluber fuscus Linnaeus 1758] (syn. Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970; Montingelli 2009)
1859 Ablabes tessellatus Berthold (syn. Böhme 2010)

Remarks: Previously included dunni, ruthveni, and reticulatus. Older reports of boddaerti from Panama (Dunn & Bailey 1939; Dunn 1949) refer to alternatus. Presence in Panama needs confirmation (Solís, Ibáñez & Jaramillo 1996).
Distribution: Bolivia, Brazil (Amapa, Amazonas, Bahia, Ceara, Distrito Federal, Goias, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Para [incl. Marajo Island], Piaui, Rondonia, Roraima, Tocantins), French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Surinam, Trinidad & Tobago (Trinidad), Venezuela.


Mastigodryas bruesi

Lesser Antilles Lizard Eater, Windward Tree Racer, (White Snake)

Caribische Echsennatter

Caribisk Øglesnog

1914 Alsophis bruesi Barbour
Drymobius boddaerti bruesi Barbour 1937
Dryadophis bruesi Stuart 1939
Mastigodryas bruesi Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970

Introduced to: Barbados.
Distribution: Grenada, Saint Vincent & the Grenadines (incl. Union Island, Saint Vincent).


Mastigodryas cliftoni

West Mexican Lizard Eater, (Clifton's Lizard Eater)

Westmexicanische Echsennatter

Vestmexicansk Øglesnog

1963 Dryadophis fasciatus Hardy [not Coluber fasciatus Rosen 1905] (syn. Hardy 1964; Montingelli 2009)
1964 Dryadophis cliftoni Hardy
Mastigodryas cliftoni Dixon & Tipton 2004 [by implication]

Distribution: Mexico (Chihuahua, Durango, Jalisco, Nayarit, Sinaloa, Sonora, Zacatecas).


Mastigodryas danieli

Colombian Lizard Eater, Colombian Racer

Kolumbianische Echsennatter

Colombiansk Øglesnog

1935 Mastigodryas danieli Amaral
1935 Mastigodryas unicolor Amaral [nomen nudum] (syn. Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970; Montingelli 2009)

Distribution: Colombia.


Mastigodryas dorsalis

Striped Lizard Eater

Gestreifte Echsennatter

Stribet Øglesnog

1890 Drymobius dorsalis Bocourt
Dryadophis dorsalis Stuart 1939
Mastigodryas dorsalis Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970

Remarks: Many recent publications have not included Mexico in the distribution of dorsalis. The country is included herein, based on Liner (1994, 2007), Montingelli (2009), and Montingelli, Grazziotin, Battilana, Murphy, Zhang & Zaher (2019).
Distribution: El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico (Chiapas), Nicaragua.


Mastigodryas dunni

Tobago Lizard Eater, (Dunn's Lizard Eater)

Tobago-Echsennatter

Tobago-øglesnog

1933 Eudryas dunni Stuart
Dryadophis dunni Stuart 1939
Dryadophis boddaerti dunni Stuart 1941
Mastigodryas boddaerti dunni Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970
Mastigodryas dunni Montingelli 2009

Remarks: Previously regarded as a subspecies of boddaerti (e.g., Stuart 1941; Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970). Revalidated as a separate species by Montingelli (2009).
Distribution: Trinidad & Tobago (Tobago).





Mastigodryas heathii

Peruvian Lizard Eater, (Heath's Lizard Eater)

Peruvianische Echsennatter

Peruviansk Øglesnog

1876 Drymobius heathii Cope
Drymobius boddaerti heathii Boettger 1898
Dryadophis heathii Stuart 1939
Dryadophis boddaertii heathii Schmidt & Walker 1943
Mastigodryas heathii Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970

Distribution: Ecuador, Peru.


Mastigodryas laevis

Guatemalan Lizard Eater

Guatemalische Echsennatter

Guatemalansk Øglesnog

1881 Herpetodryas Laevis Fischer
Eudryas boddaerti laevis Stuart 1933
Dryadophis melanolomus laevis Stuart 1941
Mastigodryas melanolomus laevis Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970
Mastigodryas laevis Montingelli 2009
1885 Dromicus coeruleus Fischer (syn. Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970; Montingelli 2009)
1890 Herpetodryas mexicanus Bocourt (syn. Smith & Pérez-Higareda 1986)
1903 Drymobius boddaerti modesta Werner (syn. Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970; Montingelli 2009)
1943 Dryadophis melanolomus stuarti Smith (Montingelli 2009, by implication)
Mastigodryas melanolomus stuarti Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970
1943 Dryadophis melanolomus tehuanae Smith (syn. Montingelli 2009)
Mastigodryas melanolomus tehuanae Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970

Other common names:
stuarti: Stuart's Lizard Eater
tehuanae: Tehuana Lizard Eater
Remarks: Previously regarded as a subspecies of boddaerti (e.g., Stuart 1941; Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970). Revalidated as a separate species by Montingelli (2009).
Distribution: Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras (incl. Islas de la Bahia [Cayos Cochinos (Cayo Cochino Major, Cayo Cochino Pequeño), Utila]), Mexico (Chiapas, Colima, Guerrero, Jalisco, Michoacan, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa), Nicaragua.





Mastigodryas melanolomus

Salmon-bellied Lizard Eater, Common Lizard Eater, Dryad Snake, Salmon-bellied Racer, Middle American Smooth-scaled Racer, Orange-bellied Lizard-eater, (Cope's Lizard Eater)

Rotbauch-Echsennatter

Rødbuget Øglesnog

1868 Masticophis melanolomus Cope
Eudryas boddaerti melanolomus Schmidt & Andrews 1936
Dryadophis melanolomus Stuart 1939
Mastigodryas melanolomus Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970

Remarks: Previously included alternatus, laevis, slevini, and veraecrucis. Records of melanolomus from eastern Honduras to Panama refer to alternatus (McCranie 2011). Records from Ecuador refer to reticulatus, and records from Colombia are believed to represent an undescribed species (Montingelli, Valencia, Benavides & Zaher 2011).
Distribution: Belize, Mexico (Campeche, Quintana Roo [incl. Cozumel], Yucatan).


Mastigodryas moratoi

Amazon Lizard Eater

Amazonas-Echsennatter

Amazonas-øglesnog

2011 Mastigodryas moratoi Montingelli & Zaher

Distribution: Brazil (Amazonas, Roraima), Guyana.


Mastigodryas pleei

Many-lined Lizard Eater, Many-lined Tropical Racer, (Plee's Lizard Eater)

Vielstreifige Echsennatter

Mangestribet Øglesnog

1854 Dromicus Pleei Dumeril, Bibron & Dumeril
Dryadophis pleei Stuart 1939
Mastigodryas pleei Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970
1858 Herpetodryas rappii Günther [part] (syn. Montingelli 2009)
1870 Herpetodryas quinquelineatus Steindachner (syn. Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970; Montingelli 2009)
1877 Dromicus maculivittis Peters (syn. Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970; Montingelli 2009)
1887 Alsophis pulcher Garman (syn. Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970; Montingelli 2009)

Distribution: Brazil (Para), Colombia, Panama, Surinam, Venezuela (incl. Isla Margarita).


Mastigodryas pulchriceps

Quito Lizard Eater, Tidy Tropical Racer

Quito-Echsennatter

Quito-øglesnog

1868 Masticophis pulchriceps Cope
Eudryas boddaerti pulchriceps Stuart 1933
Dryadophis pulchriceps Stuart 1939
Mastigodryas pulchriceps Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970
1868 Herpetodryas reissii Cope (syn. D'Agostini, Lema & Ribeiro 2003; Montingelli 2009)
Drymobius reissii Vanzolini 1977
1905 Coluber fasciatus Rosen (syn. Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970; Montingelli 2009)

Distribution: Colombia, Ecuador, Peru.


Mastigodryas reticulatus

Guayaquil Lizard Eater

Guayaquil-Echsennatter

Guayaquil-øglesnog

1863 Herpetodryas reticulata Peters
Mastigodryas reticulatus Montingelli 2009

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of boddaerti (e.g., Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970; Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014). Revalidated by Montingelli (2009). Validity supported by Montingelli, Valencia, Benavides & Zaher (2011).
Distribution: Ecuador, Peru.


Mastigodryas ruthveni

Magdalena Lizard Eater, (Ruthven's Lizard Eater)

Magdalena-Echsennatter

Magdalena-øglesnog

1933 Eudryas ruthveni Stuart
Dryadophis ruthveni Stuart 1939
Dryadophis boddaerti ruthveni Stuart 1941
Mastigodryas boddaerti ruthveni Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970
Mastigodryas ruthveni Montingelli 2009
1858 Herpetodryas rappii Günther [part] (syn. Montingelli 2009)

Remarks: Previously regarded as a subspecies of boddaerti (e.g., Stuart 1941; Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970). Revalidated as a separate species by Montingelli (2009).
Distribution: Colombia, Venezuela.





Mastigodryas slevini

Nayarit Lizard Eater, (Slevin's Lizard Eater)

Nayarit-Echsennatter

Nayarit-øglesnog

1933 Eudryas slevini Stuart
Dryadophis melanolomus slevini Stuart 1941
Mastigodryas melanolomus slevini Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970
Mastigodryas slevini Montingelli 2009

Remarks: Previously regarded as a subspecies of melanolomus (e.g., Stuart 1941; Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970). Revalidated as a separate species by Montingelli (2009).
Distribution: Mexico (Nayarit, incl. Islas Marias [Maria Cleofas, Maria Magdalena]).





Mastigodryas veraecrucis

Olive Lizard Eater

Veracruz-Echsennatter

Veracruz-øglesnog

1933 Eudryas boddaerti mexicanus Stuart [not Herpetodryas mexicanus Bocourt 1890] (syn. Stuart 1933; Montingelli 2009)
1933 Dryadophis melanolomus veraecrucis Stuart [substitute name for Eudryas boddaerti mexicanus Stuart 1933]
Mastigodryas melanolomus veraecrucis Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970
Mastigodryas veraecrucis Montingelli 2009

Remarks: Previously regarded as a subspecies of melanolomus (e.g., Stuart 1941; Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970). Raised to status as a separate species by Montingelli (2009).
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Hidalgo, Oaxaca, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz).