Reptiles of
Zacatecas  [Mexico]

Related checklists:  Mexico

Bibliography of the reptiles of Zacatecas Taxonomic history of the reptiles of Zacatecas Introduced species
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© Rune Midtgaard


Reptile biodiversity of
Zacatecas

excl. introduced, extinct, unconfirmed, and unnamed species
See complete statistics for
families and genera

Families

Endemic
families

Endemism
(families)

Genera

Endemic
genera

Endemism
(genera)

Species

Endemic
species

Endemism
(species)

Species in %
of total
Lizards (Sauria) 10 0 0.0 % 18 0 0.0 % 45 0 0.0 % 44.1 %
Snakes (Serpentes) 4 0 0.0 % 27 0 0.0 % 55 0 0.0 % 53.9 %
Turtles (Testudines) 1 0 0.0 % 1 0 0.0 % 2 0 0.0 % 2.0 %
Total 15 0 0.0 % 46 0 0.0 % 102 0 0.0 % 100.0 %

Checklist
General remarks: The list includes only formally described species. Newly discovered, but still unnamed species are excluded. However, unnamed species or species unassigned to species level are included, if they are the only representatives of their genus in the region. Species counts exclude extinct and introduced species. Doubtful records, typically older voucher specimens of uncertain origin, have been excluded if considered questionable, as are records based on sources considered unreliable.
Note: Your comments to the checklist (omissions, errors, etc.) are welcomed, preferably if they are provided with reliable references. If possible, please attach a pdf file of the relevant reference to an email addressed to:
Lizards (Sauria)
= endemicEX = extinct or assumed extinct

Species
References
 Family Anguidae (Slowworms, etc.)
Genus Barisia (Mexican Alligator Lizards)
 
Barisia ciliaris

Northern Mexican Alligator Lizard

Smith & Taylor 1950 Wilson & McCranie 1979 [as imbricata]
Genus Elgaria (Western Alligator Lizards)
 
Elgaria kingii

Madrean Alligator Lizard

Ahumada-Carillo, Pérez Rivera, Reyes-Velasco, Grünwald & Jones 2014 Carbajal-Márquez & Quintero-Díaz 2014 Webb 1970
Genus Gerrhonotus (Eastern Alligator Lizards)
 
Gerrhonotus liocephalus

Tlapancingo Alligator Lizard

Campos-Rodríguez, Chambert, Carmen-Díaz & Mendoza-Quijano 2004
 Family Crotaphytidae (North American Collared Lizards)
Genus Crotaphytus (Typical Collared Lizards)
 
Crotaphytus collaris

Common Collared Lizard

Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 McGuire 1996
Genus Gambelia (North American Leopard Lizards)
 
Gambelia wislizenii

Long-nosed Leopard Lizard

Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009
 Family Dactyloidae (Anoles)
Genus Norops (Brilliant Anoles)
 
Norops nebulosus

Clouded Anole

Wilson & McCranie 1979
 Family Eublepharidae (Eyelid Geckos)
Genus Coleonyx (Banded Eyelid Geckos)
 
Coleonyx brevis

Texas Banded Gecko

Baker, Baker, Johnson & Webb 1981 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007a
 Family Helodermatidae (Beaded Lizards)
Genus Heloderma (Beaded Lizards)
 
Heloderma horridum

West Mexican Beaded Lizard

Ahumada-Carillo, Pérez Rivera, Reyes-Velasco, Grünwald & Jones 2014 Avila-Villegas 2007
 Family Iguanidae (Greater Iguanas)
Genus Ctenosaura (Northern Spiny-tailed Iguanas)
 
Ctenosaura pectinata

West Mexican Spiny-tailed Iguana

Ahumada-Carillo, Vázquez-Huizar, Vázquez-Diaz & García-Vázquez 2011 Baker, Webb & Dalby 1967
 Family Phrynosomatidae (North American Lesser Iguanas)
Genus Cophosaurus (Greater Earless Lizard)
 
Cophosaurus texanus

Greater Earless Lizard

Hammerson & Santos-Barrera 2007
Genus Holbrookia (Lesser Earless Lizards)
 
Holbrookia approximans

Blue-bellied Earless Lizard

Auth, Smith, Brown & Lintz 2000 Smith & Taylor 1950 [as maculata dickersonae]
Genus Phrynosoma (Horned Lizards)
 
Phrynosoma cornutum

Texas Horned Lizard

Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Price 1990
 
Phrynosoma modestum

Round-tailed Horned Lizard

Auth, Smith, Brown & Lintz 2000 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Smith & Taylor 1950
 
Phrynosoma orbiculare

Mountain Horned Lizard

Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007a Moreno-Barajas, Rodríguez-Romero, Velázquez-Rodríguez & Aragón-Martínez 2013 Smith & Taylor 1950 Wilson & McCranie 1979
 
Phrynosoma ornatissimum

Southern Short-horned Lizard

Montanucci 2015 Smith & Flores-Villela 1994b
Genus Sceloporus (Northern Spiny Lizards)
 
Sceloporus aurantius

Southern Occidental Bunchgrass Lizard

Carbajal-Márquez & Quintero-Díaz 2015 Grummer & Bryson 2014
 
Sceloporus brownorum

Durango Bunchgrass Lizard

Grummer & Bryson 2014 Ponce-Campos & Huerta-Ortega 1999 Smith, Watkins-Colwell, Lemos-Espinal & Chiszar 1997
 
Sceloporus cautus

Shy Spiny Lizard

Smith & Taylor 1950
 
Sceloporus clarkii

Southwestern Spiny Lizard

Ahumada-Carillo, Vázquez-Huizar, Vázquez-Diaz & García-Vázquez 2011
 
Sceloporus dugesii

Colima Spiny Lizard

Wilson & McCranie 1979
 
Sceloporus edbelli

Durangan Undulate Spiny Lizard

Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007a Lemos-Espinal, Smith, Ballinger, Smith & Chiszar 1998
 
Sceloporus goldmani

San Luis Potosí Bunchgrass Lizard

Carbajal-Márquez & Quintero-Díaz 2017
 
Sceloporus grammicus

Mesquite Lizard

Anderson & Lidicker 1963 Smith & Taylor 1950 Wilson & McCranie 1979
 
Sceloporus heterolepis

Southern Odd-scaled Spiny Lizard

Valdez-Lares, Muñiz-Martínez & García-Vázquez 2015
 
Sceloporus horridus

Mexican Rough Spiny Lizard

Anderson & Lidicker 1963
 
Sceloporus jarrovii

Mountain Spiny Lizard

Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Liner 1966
 
Sceloporus lineolateralis

Durangan Lined Spiny Lizard

Baker, Baker, Johnson & Webb 1981
 
Sceloporus maculosus

Rio Nazas Spiny Lizard

Baker, Baker, Johnson & Webb 1981
 
Sceloporus minor

Lesser Spiny Lizard

Liner 1966 Smith & Taylor 1950
 
Sceloporus parvus

Blue-bellied Spiny Lizard

Campos-Rodríguez, Flores-Leyva, Lorenzo-Márquez & Toledo-Jiménez 2017 Smith, Chiszar & Auth 1997
 
Sceloporus poinsettii

Northern Crevice Spiny Lizard

Chrapliwy 1956 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Smith & Chrapliwy 1958 Tanner 1987
 
Sceloporus shannonorum

Northern Odd-scaled Spiny Lizard

Ahumada-Carillo, Pérez Rivera, Reyes-Velasco, Grünwald & Jones 2014
 
Sceloporus spinosus

Eastern Mexican Spiny Lizard

Smith & Taylor 1950
 
Sceloporus torquatus

Torquate Spiny Lizard

Smith & Taylor 1950 Wilson & McCranie 1979
 
Sceloporus utiformis

West Mexican Large-scaled Spiny Lizard

Ahumada-Carillo, Vázquez-Huizar, Vázquez-Diaz & García-Vázquez 2011
Genus Urosaurus (North American Tree Lizards)
 
Urosaurus bicarinatus

Tropical Tree Lizard

Ahumada-Carillo, Vázquez-Huizar, Vázquez-Diaz & García-Vázquez 2011 Baker, Webb & Dalby 1967
Genus Uta (Side-blotched Lizards)
 
Uta stansburiana

Common Side-blotched Lizard

Grismer 1994c Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007a
 Family Scincidae (Skinks)
Genus Plestiodon (Blue-tailed Skinks)
 
Plestiodon bilineatus

Two-lined Short-nosed Skink

Bryson, Linkem, Pavón-Vázquez, Nieto-Montes de Oca, Klicka & McCormack 2017
 
Plestiodon brevirostris

Short-nosed Skink

Canseco-Márquez, Mendoza-Quijano, Ponce-Campos 2007
 
Plestiodon callicephalus

North American Mountain Skink

Lieb 1990 [as tetragrammus] Smith & Taylor 1950
 
Plestiodon lynxe

Oak Forest Skink

Parker 1960 Wilson & McCranie 1979
 Family Teiidae (Greater Tejus)
Genus Aspidoscelis (Northern Whiptails)
 
Aspidoscelis inornatus

Lesser Striped Whiptail

Maslin & Secoy 1986 Tanner 1987 Williams 1968
 
Aspidoscelis scalaris

Plateau Spotted Whiptail

Auth, Smith, Brown & Lintz 2000 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Maslin & Secoy 1986 Walker 1981f
 Family Xantusiidae (Night Lizards)
Genus Xantusia (Northern Night Lizards)
 
Xantusia extorris

Durangan Night Lizard

Baker, Baker, Johnson & Webb 1981 Bezy & Flores-Villela 1999
 
Xantusia sanchezi

Zacatecas Night Lizard

Bezy & Flores-Villela 1999

Snakes (Serpentes)
= endemicEX = extinct or assumed extinct

Species
References
 Family Boidae (Typical Boas)
Genus Boa (Red-tailed Boas)
 
Boa sigma

West Mexican Red-tailed Boa

Baker, Webb & Dalby 1967 Bañuelos-Alamillo, Carbajal-Márquez & Rojo-Carillo 2016
 Family Colubridae (Typical Snakes or Colubrids)
Genus Arizona (Glossy Snakes)
 
Arizona elegans

Eastern Glossy Snake

Heimes 2016
Genus Conopsis (Mexican Earth Snakes)
 
Conopsis lineata

Lined Tolucan Earth Snake

Carbajal-Márquez, Arenas-Monroy, González-Saucedo, Jones & Roman 2012 Heimes 2016
 
Conopsis nasus

Large-nosed Earth Snake

Goyenechea & Flores-Villela 2006 Heimes 2016 Smith & Taylor 1945 Wilson & McCranie 1979
Genus Drymarchon (Indigo Snakes & Cribos)
 
Drymarchon melanurus

Central American Indigo Snake

Ahumada-Carillo & Vázquez-Huizar 2012 Heimes 2016
Genus Geophis (Central American Earth Snakes)
 
Geophis dugesii

Tangancícuaro Earth Snake

García-Balderas & Quintero-Díaz 2012
Genus Gyalopion (Western Hook-nosed Snakes)
 
Gyalopion canum

Chihuahuan Hook-nosed Snake

Hardy 1975a
Genus Heterodon (North American Hognose Snakes)
 
Heterodon kennerlyi

Mexican Hognose Snake

Heimes 2016 Smith & Taylor 1945
Genus Hypsiglena (North American Night Snakes)
 
Hypsiglena affinis

Rio Grande de Santiago Night Snake

Bañuelos-Alamillo & Carbajal-Marquez 2016 Heimes 2016 Smith & Taylor 1945
 
Hypsiglena janii

Chihuahuan Night Snake

Auth, Smith, Brown & Lintz 2000 Heimes 2016 Mulcahy 2008
Genus Imantodes (American Blunt-headed Tree Snakes)
 
Imantodes gemmistratus

Central American Blunt-headed Tree Snake

Bañuelos-Alamillo, Trujillo-de la Torre, Quintero-Díaz & Carbajal-Márquez 2017
Genus Lampropeltis (King Snakes & Milk Snakes)
 
Lampropeltis alterna

Grey-banded Kingsnake

Campos-Rodríguez, Flores-Leyva, Lorenzo-Márquez & Toledo-Jiménez 2017
 
Lampropeltis greeri

Durango Kingsnake

Ahumada-Carillo, Pérez Rivera, Reyes-Velasco, Grünwald & Jones 2014 Ahumada-Carillo, Vázquez-Huizar, Vázquez-Diaz & García-Vázquez 2011 [as mexicana] Hansen & Alamillo 2018 Hansen & Salmon 2017 Heimes 2016 [as m. mexicana] Markel 1990 [as mexicana]
 
Lampropeltis polyzona

Central Mexican Milk Snake

Smith & Taylor 1945
 
Lampropeltis splendida

Desert Kingsnake

Heimes 2016 Markel 1990
Genus Leptodeira (Typical Cat-eyed Snakes)
 
Leptodeira splendida

Splendid Cat-eyed Snake

Ahumada-Carillo, Pérez Rivera, Reyes-Velasco, Grünwald & Jones 2014 Ahumada-Carillo, Vázquez-Huizar, Vázquez-Diaz & García-Vázquez 2011 Bañuelos-Alamillo, Quintero-Díaz & Carbajal-Márquez 2017
Genus Masticophis (North American Whip Snakes & Coachwhips)
 
Masticophis bilineatus

Sonoran Whip Snake

Camper & Dixon 1994 Heimes 2016 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007a Smith & Taylor 1945
 
Masticophis flagellum

Lined Coachwhip

Conant 1965a Heimes 2016
 
Masticophis lineatus

Mexican Whip Snake

Heimes 2016 [as striolatus] Johnson 1979 [as striolatus] Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007a [as M. mentovarius] O'Connell & Smith 2018
 
Masticophis taeniatus

Western Striped Whip Snake

Camper & Dixon 1994 Heimes 2016 Parker 1982 Smith & Taylor 1945
Genus Mastigodryas (Neotropical Lizard Eaters)
 
Mastigodryas cliftoni

West Mexican Lizard Eater

Heimes 2016 Villa, Carillo-Reyes & Ávila-Villegas 2011
Genus Nerodia (North American Water Snakes)
 
Nerodia erythrogaster

Plain-bellied Water Snake

Conant 1969 Gibbons & Dorcas 2004 Heimes 2016 McCranie 1990
Genus Oxybelis (Neotropical Vine Snakes)
 
Oxybelis aeneus

Brown Vine Snake

Heimes 2016 Keiser 1974
Genus Pituophis (Bullsnakes, Pine Snakes & Gopher Snakes)
 
Pituophis catenifer

Gopher Snake

Conant 1965a Heimes 2016 Sweet & Parker 1990 [as P. melanoleucus]
 
Pituophis deppei

Mexican Bullsnake

Auth, Smith, Brown & Lintz 2000 Bryson, García-Vázquez & Riddle 2011 Conant 1965a Duellman 1960 Zweifel 1954a
Genus Rhadinaea (Graceful Brown Snakes)
 
Rhadinaea hesperia

Western Graceful Brown Snake

Heimes 2016 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007a Myers 1974
 
Rhadinaea laureata

Crowned Graceful Brown Snake

Webb 1982
Genus Rhinocheilus (Long-nosed Snakes)
 
Rhinocheilus lecontei

Common Long-nosed Snake

Carbajal-Márquez, Quintero-Díaz & Ochoa-Medina 2015 Frost & Aird 1978 Heimes 2016 Medica 1980
Genus Salvadora (Patch-nosed Snakes)
 
Salvadora bairdii

Central Mexican Patch-nosed Snake

Smith & Taylor 1945
 
Salvadora grahamiae

Eastern Patch-nosed Snake

Campos-Rodríguez, Flores-Leyva, Lorenzo-Márquez & Toledo-Jiménez 2017 Heimes 2016 Tanner 1985
Genus Senticolis (American Green Rat Snake)
 
Senticolis triaspis

American Green Rat Snake

Schulz 1996 Smith & Taylor 1945 [as Elaphe chlorosoma]
Genus Sonora (North American Ground, Sand, and Shovel-nosed Snakes)
 
Sonora mutabilis

Mexican Ground Snake

Cox, Davis Rabosky, Holmes, Reyes-Velasco, Roelke, Smith, Flores-Villela, McGuire & Campbell 2018 Heimes 2016 Ponce-Campos, Smith, Harris & Chiszar 2004 [as aequalis] Smith & Taylor 1945
 
Sonora semiannulata

Western Ground Snake

Heimes 2016 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007a
Genus Storeria (North American Brown Snakes)
 
Storeria storerioides

Mexican Brown Snake

Quintero-Díaz, Sigala-Rodríguez & Carbajal-Márquez 2014 Webb 1982
Genus Tantilla (American Centipede Snakes)
 
Tantilla atriceps

Mexican Black-headed Centipede Snake

Cole & Hardy 1981 Cole & Hardy 1983 Heimes 2016 Wilcox & Mata-Silva 2014 Wilson & Mata-Silva 2015
 
Tantilla bocourti

Guanajuato Centipede Snake

Heimes 2016 McCranie 1977 McDiarmid & Folke 1991 Wilcox & Mata-Silva 2014 Wilson & Mata-Silva 2015
 
Tantilla wilcoxi

Chihuahuan Centipede Snake

Cole & Hardy 1981 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007a Wilcox & Mata-Silva 2014 Wilson & Mata-Silva 2015 Wilson 1983
Genus Thamnophis (North American Garter Snakes & Ribbon Snakes)
 
Thamnophis eques

Mexican Garter Snake

Conant 1963 Heimes 2016 Smith & Taylor 1945
 
Thamnophis errans

Mexican Terrestrial Garter Snake

Ahumada-Carillo, Pérez Rivera, Reyes-Velasco, Grünwald & Jones 2014 Heimes 2016 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007a Rossman, Ford & Seigel 1996 Webb 1976
 
Thamnophis marcianus

Checkered Garter Snake

Heimes 2016 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007a
 
Thamnophis melanogaster

Mexican Black-bellied Garter Snake

Auth, Smith, Brown & Lintz 2000 Conant 1963 Rossman, Ford & Seigel 1996
 
Thamnophis nigronuchalis

Durango Narrow-headed Garter Snake

Heimes 2016
 
Thamnophis pulchrilatus

Yellow-throated Garter Snake

Ahumada-Carillo, Pérez Rivera, Reyes-Velasco, Grünwald & Jones 2014
 
Thamnophis scaliger

Mesa Central Blotched Garter Snake

Heimes 2016
Genus Trimorphodon (Lyre Snakes)
 
Trimorphodon paucimaculatus

Sinaloan Lyre Snake

Bañuelos-Alamillo, Carbajal-Márquez, Quintero-Díaz & Moreno-Ochoa 2015
 
Trimorphodon tau

Mexican Lyre Snake

Scott & McDiarmid 1984 Smith & Taylor 1945 [as T. upsilon]
 Family Elapidae [part 1: terrestrial species] (Cobras, Mambas, etc.)
Genus Micrurus (American Coral Snakes)
 
Micrurus distans

West Mexican Coral Snake

Ahumada-Carillo, Pérez Rivera, Reyes-Velasco, Grünwald & Jones 2014 Ahumada-Carrillo & Vázquez-Huizar 2012 Heimes 2016
 Family Viperidae (Vipers)
Genus Crotalus (Typical Rattlesnakes)
 
Crotalus aquilus

Queretaran Dusky Rattlesnake

Carbajal-Márquez, González-Saucedo & Arenas-Monroy 2015
 
Crotalus atrox

Western Diamondback Rattlesnake

Campbell & Lamar 2004 Heimes 2016
 
Crotalus basiliscus

Mexican West Coast Rattlesnake

Ahumada-Carillo, Vázquez-Huizar, Vázquez-Diaz & García-Vázquez 2011 Carbajal-Márquez, Bañuelos-Alamillo, Rivas-Mercado, Quintero-Díaz & Domínguez-de la Riva 2015
 
Crotalus lepidus

Common Rock Rattlesnake

Campbell & Lamar 2004 Dorcas 1992 Wilson & McCranie 1979
 
Crotalus molossus

Western Black-tailed Rattlesnake

Campbell & Lamar 2004 Wilson & McCranie 1979
 
Crotalus polystictus

Mexican Lance-headed Rattlesnake

Bañuelos-Alamillo, Carbajal-Márquez & Olvera-Rivera 2016 Campbell & Lamar 2004 Heimes 2016 Wilson & McCranie 1979
 
Crotalus scutulatus

Mojave Rattlesnake

Campbell & Lamar 2004
 
Crotalus willardi

Ridge-nosed Rattlesnake

Campbell & Lamar 2004 Heimes 2016

Turtles (Testudines)
= endemicEX = extinct or assumed extinct

Species
References
 Family Kinosternidae (American Mud and Musk Turtles)
Genus Kinosternon (American Mud Turtles)
 
Kinosternon hirtipes

Mexican Rough-footed Mud Turtle

Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007a Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017
 
Kinosternon integrum

Mexican Mud Turtle

Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017