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Taxonomy of the family Colubridae
Bibliography of the genus Sibynophis
Biodiversity of the family Colubridae








Genus
Sibynophis

Oriental Black-headed Snakes, Oriental Blackheads, Asian Many-toothed Snakes

Asiatische Vielzahnnattern

Orientalske Sorthovedsnoge*

1843 Sibynophis Fitzinger (type species: Herpetodryas geminatus Schlegel = Coluber geminatus Boie 1826)
1854 Enicognathus Dumeril, Bibron & Dumeril (type species: Coluber geminatus Boie 1826)
1890 Polyodontophis Boulenger [substitute name for Enicognathus Dumeril, Bibron & Dumeril 1854]
Contents: 9 species, of which 1 (11.1%) is endemic.
Distribution: S. Asia, Malay Archipelago.
Reported from: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, China (Anhui, Beijing, Chongqing, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Henan, Hong Kong, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Tibet, Yunnan, Zhejiang), India (Andaman & Nicobar Islands [Nicobar Islands], Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Odisha, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal), Indonesia (Bali, Bangka, Belitung, Java, Kalimantan, Lombok, Natuna Islands, Nias, Riau Islands, Siberut, Sumatra, Weh), Laos, Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak, West Malaysia [incl. Langkawi Archipelago, Seribuat Archipelago (incl. Tioman)]), Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines (Calamian Islands [Busuanga, Culion], Dumaran, Palawan, Sulu Islands [Tawi-Tawi]), Singapore, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam.

Sibynophis bistrigatus

Pegu Black-headed Snake, Twin-streaked Black-headed Snake, (Günther's Black-headed Snake)

Pegu-Vielzahnnatter*

Pegu-sorthovedsnog*

1868 Ablabes bistrigatus Günther
Polyodontophis bistrigatus Boulenger 1890
Sibynophis bistrigatus Smith 1943

Distribution: India (Nicobar Islands), Myanmar.


Sibynophis bivittatus

Palawan Black-headed Snake*, Palawan White-striped Snake

Palawan-Vielzahnnatter*

Palawan-sorthovedsnog*

1894 Polyodontophis bivittatus Boulenger
Sibynophis bivittatus Taylor 1922

Distribution: Philippines (Calamian Islands [Busuanga, Culion], Dumaran, Palawan).


Sibynophis chinensis

Chinese Black-headed Snake, (Chinese Mountain Snake)

Chinesische Vielzahnnatter*

Kinesisk Sorthovedsnog*

1886 Henicognathus sumichrasti Bocourt [suppressed] (Zhao & Adler 1993)
Scaphiodontophis sumichrasti Taylor & Smith 1943
1889 Ablabes chinensis Günther [conserved name; ICZN 1965: Opinion 744]
Sibynophis collaris chinensis Stejneger 1925
Sibynophis chinensis Pope 1935
1904 Polyodontophis grahami Boulenger (Zhao & Kou 1987)
Sibynophis grahami Schmidt 1927
Sibynophis chinensis grahami Leviton & Munsterman 1956
1925 Sibynophis hainanensis Schmidt (Smith 1943)
Sibynophis collaris hainanensis Mell 1931
1931 Sibynophis collaris formosensis Maki (Zhao & Adler 1993)
1931 Sibynophis collaris parkeri Mell [1929] (Zhao & Adler 1993)
1936 Sibynophis collaris sinensis Bourret (Smith 1943)
1987 Sibynophis chinensis miyiensis Zhao & Kou

Distribution: China (Anhui, Beijing, Chongqing, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Henan, Hong Kong, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang), Taiwan, Vietnam.


Sibynophis collaris

Collared Black-headed Snake, Common Black-headed Snake, Common Many-toothed Snake

Halsband-Vielzahnnatter

Halsbånd-sorthovedsnog*

1853 Psammophis collaris Gray
Ablabes collaris Stoliczka 1871
Polyodontophis collaris Boulenger 1890
Sibynophis collaris Stejneger 1925

Remarks: Some authors regard triangularis as a synonym of collaris (e.g., Morgan 1973; Iskandar & Colijn 2001). A single record from Kolkata [West Bengal, India] was probably washed down by floods (Whitaker & Captain 2004).
Distribution: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China (Tibet, Yunnan), India (Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, West Bengal), Laos, Malaysia (West Malaysia [incl. Langkawi Archipelago]), Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam.


Sibynophis geminatus

Striped Black-headed Snake, Striped Litter Snake, (Boie's Many-toothed Snake)

Indonesische Vielzahnnatter

Stribet Sorthovedsnog*

1826 Coluber geminatus Boie
Herpetodryas geminatus Schlegel 1837
Enicognathus geminatus Duméril & Bibron 1854
Polyodontophis geminatus Boulenger 1893
Sibynophis geminatus Barbour 1912
1941 Sibynophis geminatus maculatus Angel

Distribution: Indonesia (Bali, Bangka, Belitung, Java, Kalimantan, Lombok, Natuna Islands, Nias, Riau Islands, Siberut, Sumatra), Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak, West Malaysia), Philippines (Sulu Islands: Tawi-Tawi).


Sibynophis melanocephalus

White-lipped Black-headed Snake, Malayan Black-headed Snake, (Black-headed Collared Snake)

Schwarzkopf-Vielzahnnatter

Hvidlæbet Sorthovedsnog*

1835 Lycodon melanocephalus Gray
Ablabes melanocephalus Günther 1864
Sibynophis geminatus melanocephalus Bourret 1936
Sibynophis melanocephalus Manthey & Grossmann 1997
1835 Lycodon catenatus Gray (Iskandar & Colijn 2001)
1839 Herpetodryas prionotus Cantor (Iskandar & Colijn 2001)
1859 Enicognathus javanicus Bleeker (Iskandar & Colijn 2001)
1863 Enicognathus ornatus Jan (Iskandar & Colijn 2001)
1866 Ablabes flaviceps Günther (Iskandar & Colijn 2001)
1927 Sibynophis geminatus insularis Mertens (Iskandar & Colijn 2001)
Sibynophis melanocephalus insularis David & Vogel 1996

Remarks: Records from Tawi-Tawi (Sulu Islands, Philippines) refer to geminatus (Leviton, Siler, Weinell & Brown 2018).
Distribution: Brunei, Indonesia (Bangka, Belitung, Java, Kalimantan, Nias, Riau Islands, Sumatra, Weh), Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak, West Malaysia [incl. Seribuat Archipelago (incl. Tioman)]), Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam.


Sibynophis sagittarius

Bengal Black-headed Snake*, (Golden Snake, Cantor's Black-headed Snake)

Bengalische Vielzahnnatter*

Bengalsk Sorthovedsnog*

1839 Calamaria sagittaria Cantor
Ablabes sagittarius Günther 1864
Polyodontophis sagittarius Boulenger 1890
Sibynophis sagittarius Smith 1943
1863 Enicognathus braconnieri Jan (Smith 1943)
1863 Enicognathus grayi Jan (Smith 1943)

Remarks: Previously included subpunctatus. Not mentioned for Kerala by Palot (2015).
Distribution: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India (Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal), Nepal, Pakistan.


Sibynophis subpunctatus

Malabar Black-headed Snake*, (Dumeril's Black-headed Snake)

Malabar-Vielzahnnatter*

Malabar-sorthovedsnog*

1854 Oligodon subpunctatus Dumeril, Bibron & Dumeril
Polyodontophis subpunctatus Boulenger 1890
Sibynophis subpunctatus Schmidt 1926
1862 Oligodon spinaepunctatus Jan (Smith 1943)
1863 Enicognathus humberti Jan (Smith 1943)
1969 Sibynophis subpunctatus ceylonicus De Silva

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of sagittarius (e.g., Morgan 1973). Revalidated by Captain, Gower, David & Bauer (2004). Claimed to occur in Bangladesh (Whitaker & Captain 2004; repeated by Kumar, Srinivasulu & Prasad 2017), but this report is suspected to refer to sagittarius. Vyas (2007) still listed subpunctatus as a synonym of sagittarius.
Distribution: India (Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Telangana), Sri Lanka.


Sibynophis triangularis

Triangled Black-headed Snake, Triangle Many-tooth Snake

Triangel-Vielzahnnatter*

Triangel-sorthovedsnog*

1958 Sibynophis collaris triangularis Taylor & Elbel
Sibynophis triangularis Taylor 1965

Remarks: Synonymized with collaris by Morgan (1973), which was followed by some authors (e.g., Iskandar & Colijn 2001). The taxon is here considered a valid species, following Cox (1991), and David, Cox, Pauwels, Chanhome & Thirakhupt (2004).
Distribution: Cambodia, Thailand.