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© Rune Midtgaard


Taxonomy of the family Scincidae
Bibliography of the genus Tytthoscincus
Biodiversity of the family Scincidae








Genus
Tytthoscincus

Dwarf Leaf-litter Skinks*, Diminutive Leaf-litter Skinks, Diminutive Asian Skinks

Zwergstreuskinke*

Dværgførneskinker*

2011 Tytthoscincus Linkem, Diesmos & Brown (type species: Lygosoma hallieri Lidth de Jeude 1905)
Contents: 25 species, of which 24 (96.0%) are endemic.
Remarks: The species of this genus were previously included in Sphenomorphus.
Distribution: Malay Archipelago.
Reported from: Brunei, Indonesia (Kalimantan, Sulawesi), Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak, West Malaysia [incl. Langkawi Archipelago, Penang Island, Perhentian Islands, Seribuat Archipelago (Tioman)]), Philippines (Mindanao, Sulu Islands [incl. Basilan, Bongao, Jolo, Lapac, Sangasanga, Siasi, Tawi-Tawi, Papahag, Simunul]), Singapore.

Tytthoscincus aesculeticolus

Sabah Leaf-litter Skink*, Slender Litter Skink, Oak Forest Skink

Sabah-Zwergstreuskink*

Sabah-dværgførneskink*

2001 Sphenomorphus aesculeticola Inger, Tan, Lakim & Yambun
Tytthoscincus aesculeticolus Linkem, Diesmos & Brown 2011

Distribution: Malaysia (Sabah).


Tytthoscincus atrigularis

Zamboanga Leaf-litter Skink*

Zamboanga-Zwergstreuskink*

Zamboanga-dværgførneskink*

1908 Sphenomorphus atrigularis Stejneger
Lygosoma atrigularis Smith 1937
Tytthoscincus atrigularis Linkem, Diesmos & Brown 2011

Distribution: Philippines (Mindanao, Sulu Islands [incl. Basilan]).


Tytthoscincus batupanggah

Batu Panggah Leaf-litter Skink*, Cursed-stone Diminutive Leaf-Litter Skink

Batu-Panggah-Zwergstreuskink*

Batu Panggah-dværgførneskink*

2016 Tytthoscincus batupanggah Karin, Das & Bauer

Distribution: Malaysia (Sarawak).


Tytthoscincus biparietalis

Sulu Leaf-litter Skink*

Sulu-Zwergstreuskink*

Sulu-dværgførneskink*

1918 Sphenomorphus biparietalis Taylor
Lygosoma biparietalis Smith 1937
Tytthoscincus biparietalis Linkem, Diesmos & Brown 2011

Distribution: Philippines (Sulu Islands [incl. Basilan, Bongao, Jolo, Lapac, Sangasanga, Siasi, Tawi-Tawi, Papahag, Simunul]).


Tytthoscincus bukitensis

Fraser's Hill Leaf-litter Skink, Bukit Fraser Dwarf Forest Skink

Fraser's-Hill-Zwergstreuskink*

Fraser's Hill-dværgførneskink*

2007 Sphenomorphus bukitensis Grismer
Tytthoscincus bukitensis Grismer, Muin, Wood, Anuar & Linkem 2016

Distribution: Malaysia (West Malaysia).


Tytthoscincus butleri

Bintang Leaf-litter Skink*, (Butler's Forest Skink)

Bintang-Zwergstreuskink*

Bintang-dværgførneskink*

1912 Lygosoma butleri Boulenger
Sphenomorphus butleri Chan-ard, Grossmann, Gumprecht & Schulz 1999
Tytthoscincus butleri Grismer, Muin, Wood, Anuar & Linkem 2016

Remarks: Some authors (e.g., Nabhitabhata, Chan-ard & Chuaynkern 2004; Das 2010; Chan-ard, Parr & Nabhitabhata 2015) erroneously reported this species from Thailand (Grismer 2011).
Distribution: Malaysia (West Malaysia [incl. Langkawi Archipelago, Penang Island]).


Tytthoscincus cophias

Mount Tahan Leaf-litter Skink*, Gunung Tahan Forest Skink

Tahan-Zwergstreuskink*

Tahan-dværgførneskink*

1908 Lygosoma cophias Boulenger
Sphenomorphus cophias Chan-ard, Grossmann, Gumprecht & Schulz 1999
Tytthoscincus cophias Grismer, Wood, Quah, Anuar, Ngadi, Mohd-Izam & Ahmad 2017

Distribution: Malaysia (West Malaysia).


Tytthoscincus hallieri

Bornean Leaf-litter Skink*, (Hallier's Forest Skink)

Borneo-Zwergstreuskink*

Borneo-dværgførneskink*

1905 Lygosoma hallieri Lidth de Jeude
Sphenomorphus hallieri Mittleman 1952
Tytthoscincus hallieri Linkem, Diesmos & Brown 2011

Distribution: Brunei, Indonesia (Kalimantan), Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak).


Tytthoscincus ishaki

Tioman Island Leaf-litter Skink*, Kajang Forest Skink, (Ishak's Forest Skink)

Tioman-Zwergstreuskink*

Tioman-dværgførneskink*

2006 Sphenomorphus ishaki Grismer
Tytthoscincus ishaki Grismer, Wood, Quah, Anuar, Ngadi, Mohd-Izam & Ahmad 2017

Distribution: Malaysia (West Malaysia: Seribuat Archipelago: Tioman).


Tytthoscincus jaripendek

Short-toed Leaf-litter Skink*, Cameron Highlands Forest Skink

Kurzzehen-Zwergstreuskink*

Korttået Dværgførneskink*

2017 Tytthoscincus jaripendek Grismer, Wood, Quah, Anuar, Ngadi, Mohd-Izam & Ahmad

Distribution: Malaysia (West Malaysia).


Tytthoscincus kakikecil

Short-legged Leaf-litter Skink*, Fraser's Hill Forest Skink

Kurzbein-Zwergstreuskink*

Kortbenet Dværgførneskink*

2017 Tytthoscincus kakikecil Grismer, Wood, Quah, Anuar, Ngadi, Mohd-Izam & Ahmad

Distribution: Malaysia (West Malaysia).


Tytthoscincus keciktuek

Peres River Leaf-litter Skink*, Sungai Peres Forest Skink

Peres-Zwergstreuskink*

Peres-dværgførneskink*

2018 Tytthoscincus keciktuek Grismer, Wood, Ahmad, Baizul-Hafsyam, Afiq-Shuhaimi, Rizal & Quah

Distribution: Malaysia (West Malaysia).





Tytthoscincus langkawiensis

Langkawi Island Leaf-litter Skink, Pulau Langkawi Dwarf Forest Skink

Langkawi-Zwergstreuskink*

Langkawi-dværgførneskink*

2008 Sphenomorphus langkawiensis Grismer
Tytthoscincus langkawiensis Grismer, Muin, Wood, Anuar & Linkem 2016

Distribution: Malaysia (West Malaysia: Langkawi Archipelago).


Tytthoscincus leproauricularis

Scaly-eared Leaf-litter Skink*, Scaly-eared Diminutive Leaf-Litter Skink

Schuppenohriger Zwergstreuskink*

Skæløret Dværgførneskink*

2016 Tytthoscincus leproauricularis Karin, Das & Bauer

Distribution: Malaysia (Sarawak).


Tytthoscincus martae

Hindu Temple Leaf-litter Skink*

Tempel-Zwergstreuskink*

Tempel-dværgførneskink*

2017 Tytthoscincus martae Grismer, Wood, Quah, Anuar, Ngadi, Mohd-Izam & Ahmad

Distribution: Malaysia (West Malaysia).


Tytthoscincus monticolus

Bubu River Leaf-litter Skink*, Sungai Bubu Forest Skink

Bubu-Zwergstreuskink*

Bubu-dværgførneskink*

2018 Tytthoscincus monticolus Grismer, Wood, Ahmad, Baizul-Hafsyam, Afiq-Shuhaimi, Rizal & Quah

Distribution: Malaysia (West Malaysia).





Tytthoscincus panchorensis

Mount Panchor Leaf-litter Skink*, Bukit Panchor Forest Skink

Panchor-Zwergstreuskink*

Panchor-dværgførneskink*

2016 Tytthoscincus panchorensis Grismer, Muin, Wood, Anuar & Linkem

Distribution: Malaysia (West Malaysia).


Tytthoscincus parvus

Sulawesi Leaf-litter Skink*

Sulawesi-Zwergstreuskink*

Sulawesi-dværgførneskink*

1897 Lygosoma parvum Boulenger
Sphenomorphus parvus Mittleman 1952
Tytthoscincus parvus Linkem, Diesmos & Brown 2011

Distribution: Indonesia (Sulawesi).


Tytthoscincus perhentianensis

Perhentian Islands Leaf-litter Skink*

Perhentian-Zwergstreuskink*

Perhentian-dværgførneskink*

2009 Sphenomorphus perhentianensis Grismer, Wood & Grismer
Tytthoscincus perhentianensis Grismer, Muin, Wood, Anuar & Linkem 2016

Distribution: Malaysia (West Malaysia: Perhentian Islands).


Tytthoscincus sananus

Sanana Leaf-litter Skink

Sanana-Zwergstreuskink*

Sanana-dværgførneskink*

1926 Lygosoma sanana Kopstein
Tytthoscincus sananus Grismer, Wood, Quah, Anuar, Ngadi, Mohd-Izam & Ahmad 2017

Distribution: Indonesia (Sula Islands: Sanana).





Tytthoscincus sibuensis

Sibu Island Leaf-litter Skink

Sibu-Zwergstreuskink*

Sibu-dværgførneskink*

2006 Sphenomorphus sibuensis Grismer
Tytthoscincus sibuensis Grismer, Muin, Wood, Anuar & Linkem 2016

Remarks: Now restricted to Sibu Island, Seribuat Archipelago, West Malaysia. A population from Singapore previously referred to this species (Grismer, Muin, Wood, Anuar & Linkem 2016, as "cf. sibuensis") has subsequently been described as a new species, temasekensis (Grismer, Wood, Lim & Liang 2017).
Distribution: Malaysia (West Malaysia: Seribuat Archipelago: Sibu).


Tytthoscincus temasekensis

Singapore Leaf-litter Skink*, Singapore Swamp Skink

Singapore-Zwergstreuskink*

Singapore-dværgførneskink*

2017 Tytthoscincus temasekensis Grismer, Wood, Lim & Liang

Distribution: Malaysia (West Malaysia), Singapore.


Tytthoscincus temengorensis

Temengor Leaf-litter Skink

Temengor-Zwergstreuskink*

Temengor-dværgførneskink*

2009 Sphenomorphus temengorensis Grismer, Ahmad & Chan
Tytthoscincus temengorensis Grismer, Muin, Wood, Anuar & Linkem 2016

Distribution: Malaysia (West Malaysia).


Tytthoscincus temminckii

Sunda Leaf-litter Skink*, (Temminck's Forest Skink)

Sunda-Zwergstreuskink*

Sunda-dværgførneskink*

1839 Lygosoma temminckii Dumeril & Bibron
Homolepida temminckii Barbour 1912
Omolepida temminckii Mertens 1927
Sphenomorphus temminckii Welch, Cooke & Wright 1990
Tytthoscincus temminckii Grismer, Wood, Quah, Anuar, Ngadi, Mohd-Izam & Ahmad 2017

Distribution: Indonesia (Bali, Buton, Java, Kabaena, Semau, Sulawesi, Sumatra).


Tytthoscincus textus

Soudara Leaf-litter Skink*

Soudara-Zwergstreuskink*

Soudara-dværgførneskink*

1894 Lygosoma textum Mueller
Scincella texta Mittleman 1952
Sphenomorphus textus Kramer 1979
Tytthoscincus textus Grismer, Wood, Quah, Anuar, Ngadi, Mohd-Izam & Ahmad 2017

Distribution: Indonesia (Sulawesi).