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Citation: Midtgaard, Rune. RepFocus - A Survey of the Reptiles of the World. (www.repfocus.dk).
Latest update: December 31st, 2022.

Taxonomy of the family Viperidae
Bibliography of the genus Cerrophidion
Biodiversity of the family Viperidae


Central American Montane Pitvipers, Middle American Montane Pitvipers

Berglanzenottern, Berggrubenottern

Centralamerikanske Bjerghugorme

1992 Cerrophidion Campbell & Lamar (type species: Bothriechis godmanni Günther 1863)
Contents: 5 species, of which 2 (40.0%) are endemic.
Endemism: 0% 100%
Remarks: The genus contains species originally included in Bothrops (e.g., Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970; Campbell 1985) and, more recently, in Porthidium (e.g., Vampbell & Lamar 1989). Previously included Mixcoatlus barbouri and its former synonym M. browni.
Distribution: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca, Veracruz), Panama.

Cerrophidion godmani

Guatemalan Montane Pitviper, (Godman's Montane Pitviper)

Guatemalische Berglanzenotter

Guatemalansk Bjerghugorm

1863 Bothriechis godmanni Günther [incorrect original spelling]
Bothriopsis godmannii Cope 1871
Bothrops godmanii Müller 1877
Lachesis godmani Boulenger 1896
Trimeresurus godmani Mocquard 1909
Porthidium godmani Campbell & Lamar 1989
Cerrophidion godmani Campbell & Lamar 1992
1868 Bothrops Brammianus Bocourt (Campbell & Lamar 2004)
1880 Bothriechis scutigera Fischer (Campbell & Lamar 2004)
1883 Bothriechis trianguligera Fischer (Campbell & Lamar 2004)

Remarks: Now restricted to Guatemala and Mexico. Previously included populations now known as sasai and wilsoni (Jadin, Townsend, Castoe & Campbell 2012).
Distribution: Guatemala, Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca).

Cerrophidion petlalcalensis

Petlalcala Montane Pitviper



1999 Cerrophidion petlalcalensis Lopéz-Luna, Vogt & Torre-Loranca

Distribution: Mexico (Oaxaca, Veracruz).

Cerrophidion sasai

Costa Rican Montane Pitviper

Costaricanische Berglanzenotter

Costaricansk Bjerghugorm

2012 Cerrophidion sasai Jadin, Townsend, Castoe & Campbell

Distribution: Costa Rica, Panama.

Cerrophidion tzotzilorum

Tzotzil Montane Pitviper



1985 Bothrops tzotzilorum Campbell
Porthidium tzotzilorum Campbell & Lamar 1989
Cerrophidion tzotzilorum Campbell & Lamar 1992

Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas).

Cerrophidion wilsoni

Honduran Montane Pitviper

Honduranische Berglanzenotter

Honduransk Bjerghugorm

2012 Cerrophidion wilsoni Jadin, Townsend, Castoe & Campbell

Remarks: Although reported (as godmani) from Nicaragua (e.g., Villa, Wilson & Johnson 1988; Köhler 1999; Campbell & Lamar 2004), no voucher specimens confirm the presence of Cerrophidion in the country (Jadin, Townsend, Castoe & Campbell 2012).
Distribution: El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua.