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Taxonomy of the family Gekkonidae
Bibliography of the genus Lepidodactylus
Biodiversity of the family Gekkonidae








Genus
Lepidodactylus

Scaly-toed Geckos, (Smooth-scaled Geckos)

Schuppenfingergeckos

Skælfingergekkoer

1843 Lepidodactylus Fitzinger (type species: Platydactylus lugubris Dumeril & Bibron 1836)
1845 Amydosaurus Gray (type species: Platydactylus lugubris Dumeril & Bibron 1836; syn. Bauer 1994)
Contents: 41 species, of which 36 (87.8%) are endemic.
Remarks: Includes three species (listeri, oorti, pumilus) previously placed in Gekko, and one (shebae) previously placed in Pseudogekko. Another species (brevipes), previously included in this genus, is now placed in Pseudogekko.
Distribution: S. Asia, Malay Archipelago, Indian Ocean, Pacific Ocean.
Reported from: American Samoa, Australia (Queensland [incl. Torres Strait Islands]), Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Colombia (incl. Malpelo), Cook Islands (incl. Rarotonga), Easter Island, Fiji (incl. Rotuma), French Polynesia, Guam, Howland & Baker, India (Andaman & Nicobar Islands [Andaman Islands]), Indonesia (Ambon, Bali, Banda Islands, Flores, Halmahera, Java, Kai Islands, Kalimantan, Kangean Islands, Komodo, Laut (off Seram), Lombok, Misool, Morotai, Padar, Riau Islands, Rinca, Sebesi, Sertung, Sulawesi, Supiori, Tanimbar Islands, Ternate, Tinjil, Western New Guinea), Japan (Bonin Islands, Ryukyu Islands [Okinawa Islands, Sakishima Islands (Miyako Islands, Yaeyama Islands)]), Johnston, Kiribati, Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak, West Malaysia [incl. Penang Island, Seribuat Archipelago (incl. Tioman)]), Maldives, Marshall Islands, Micronesia (incl. Chuuk State [incl. Namoluk Atoll], Pohnpei [incl. Ant Atoll], Midway Islands), Myanmar, Nauru, New Caledonia (Grande Terre, Isle of Pines, Loyalty Islands), Niue, Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, Papua New Guinea (Bismarck Archipelago [Admiralty Islands, New Britain, New Ireland, Umboi], Eastern New Guinea, Louisiade Archipelago [Rossel, Sudest], Woodlark, North Solomon Islands [Bougainville, Buka]), Philippines (Agutayan, Antique, Apo, Babuyan Islands [Babuyan Claro, Calayan, Camiguin Norte, Dalupiri, Balicasag], Batan Islands [Batan], Bohol, Bonoon, Boracay, Calagnaan, Calotcot, Caluya, Camiguin Sur, Camotes Islands [Pacijan, Ponson, Poro], Carabao, Cataban, Cebu, Clara, Gigante Islands, Guimaras, Inampulugan, Jao, Lapinig Islands [Lapinig Chico, Lapinig Grande], Leyte, Luzon, Mactan, Mantique, Masbate, Mindanao, Mindoro, Nadulao, Negros, Palawan, Pan de Azucar, Panay, Panubulon, Polillo, Polong Dako, Samar, Sibay, Sibuyan, Sicogon, Siquijor, Sulu Islands [Basilan, Bubuan, Dipolod, Gounan Islands, Mamanoc, Sangasanga, Sipayu], Sumilon, Tablas, Tintiman), Seychelles, Singapore, Solomon Islands (incl. Taumako, Guadalcanal, Rennell, Santa Cruz Islands), Taiwan (incl. Lanyu Island), Tokelau, Tonga, Tuvalu (incl. Funafuti Atoll), Vanuatu (incl. Aneityum, Espiritu Santo), Vietnam, Wake, Wallis & Futuna, Western Samoa.

Lepidodactylus aignanus

Misima Scaly-toed Gecko

Misima-Schuppenfingergecko

Misima-skælfingergekko

2019 Lepidodactylus aignanus Kraus

Distribution: Papua New Guinea (Misima Island).





Lepidodactylus aureolineatus

Golden-lined Scaly-toed Gecko, Yellow-lined Smooth-scaled Gecko

Gelbstreifen-Schuppenfingergecko

Gulstribet Skælfingergekko

1915 Lepidodactylus aureolineatus Taylor

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of lugubris (e.g., Smith 1935; Wermuth 1965). Revalidated by Brown & Alcala (1978). A record from Sulawesi was probably based on an introduced specimen (Zug 2006).
Introduced to: Indonesia (Sulawesi).
Distribution: Philippines (Antique, Camiguin Sur, Cebu, Mantique, Mindanao, Samar, Sulu Islands [Basilan]).


Lepidodactylus balioburius

Batan Scaly-toed Gecko

Batan-Schuppenfingergecko

Batan-skælfingergekko

1989 Lepidodactylus balioburius Ota & Crombie

Distribution: Philippines (Batan Islands: Batan).


Lepidodactylus browni

Southeast Papuan Scaly-toed Gecko

Südostpapuanischer Schuppenfingergecko

Sydøstpapuank Skælfingergekko

1983 Lepidodactylus browni Pernetta & Black

Distribution: Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).


Lepidodactylus buleli

Espiritu Santo Scaly-toed Gecko, Vanuatu Ant-nest Gecko

Espiritu-Santo-Schuppenfingergecko

Espiritu Santo-skælfingergekko

2008 Lepidodactylus buleli Ineich

Distribution: Vanuatu (Espiritu Santo).


Lepidodactylus christiani

Negros Scaly-toed Gecko, Negros Broad-tailed Smooth-scaled Gecko

Negros-Schuppenfingergecko

Negros-skælfingergekko

1917 Lepidodactylus christiani Taylor

Distribution: Philippines (Negros).


Lepidodactylus dialeukos

Yapen Scaly-toed Gecko

Yapen-Schuppenfingergecko

Yapen-skælfingergekko

2019 Lepidodactylus dialeukos Kraus

Distribution: Indonesia (Yapen Island).





Lepidodactylus euaensis

Eua Scaly-toed Gecko, Eua Forest Gecko

Eua-Schuppenfingergecko

Eua-skælfingergekko

1988 Lepidodactylus euaensis Gibbons & Brown

Introduced to: New Zealand.
Distribution: Tonga.


Lepidodactylus flaviocularis

Yellow-eyed Scaly-toed Gecko, Yellow-eyed Gecko

Gelbaugen-Schuppenfingergecko

Guløjet Skælfingergekko

1992 Lepidodactylus flaviocularis Brown, McCoy & Rodda

Distribution: Solomon Islands (Guadalcanal).


Lepidodactylus gardineri

Rotuma Scaly-toed Gecko, Rotuma Forest Gecko

Rotuma-Schuppenfingergecko

Rotuma-skælfingergekko

1897 Lepidodactylus gardineri Boulenger

Remarks: Specific epithet occasionally misspelled gardeneri (e.g., Brown & Parker 1977).
Distribution: Fiji (Rotuma).


Lepidodactylus guppyi

Solomon Islands Scaly-toed Gecko, Solomon Islands Forest Gecko

Salomonen-Schuppenfingergecko

Salomon-skælfingergekko

1884 Lepidodactylus guppyi Boulenger

Distribution: Papua New Guinea (Bismarck Archipelago [Admiralty Islands, New Britain], Eastern New Guinea, North Solomon Islands [Bougainville, Buka]), Solomon Islands (incl. Taumako, Guadalcanal, Santa Cruz Islands), Vanuatu.


Lepidodactylus herrei

White-lined Scaly-toed Gecko, White-lined Smooth-scaled Gecko

Weißstreifen-Schuppenfingergecko

Hvidstribet Skælfingergekko

1923 Lepidodactylus herrei Taylor
1978 Lepidodactylus herrei medianus Brown & Alcala

Distribution: Philippines (Bohol, Camotes Islands [Pacijan, Poro], Cebu, Leyte, Negros, Siquijor).


Lepidodactylus intermedius

Komodo Scaly-toed Gecko

Komodo-Schuppenfingergecko

Komodo-skælfingergekko

1964 Lepidodactylus intermedius Darevsky

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of lugubris (e.g., Kluge 1968; Bauer 1994). Revalidated by Ota, Darevsky, Ineich & Yamashiro (2000).
Distribution: Indonesia (Flores, Komodo, Padar, Rinca).


Lepidodactylus kwasnickae

Woodlark Scaly-toed Gecko

Woodlark-Schuppenfingergecko

Woodlark-skælfingergekko

2019 Lepidodactylus kwasnickae Kraus

Distribution: Papua New Guinea (Woodlark Island).





Lepidodactylus labialis

Dark-spotted Scaly-toed Gecko, (Dark-spotted Smooth-scaled Gecko)

Dunkelgefleckter Schuppenfingergecko

Mørkplettet Skælfingergekko

1867 Gecko labialis Peters
Lepidodactylus labialis Boulenger 1885
Pseudogekko labialis Brown & Alcala 1978

Remarks: Reassigned to Lepidodactylus by Siler, Welton, Davis, Watters, Davey, Diesmos, Diesmos & Brown (2014).
Distribution: Philippines (Mindanao).


Lepidodactylus listeri

Christmas Island Scaly-toed Gecko, Christmas Island Chained Gecko, (Lister's Gecko)

Christmas-Island-Schuppenfingergecko

Christmas Island-skælfingergekko

1889 Gecko listeri Boulenger
Lepidodactylus listeri Kluge 1968

Distribution: Christmas Island.


Lepidodactylus lombocensis

Lombok Scaly-toed Gecko

Lombok-Schuppenfingergecko

Lombok-skælfingergekko

1929 Lepidodactylus lombocensis Mertens

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of lugubris (e.g., Kluge 1968; Bauer 1994). Revalidated by Ota, Darevsky, Ineich & Yamashiro (2000).
Distribution: Indonesia (Bali, Lombok).


Lepidodactylus lugubris

Common Mourning Gecko, Sad Gecko, Common Smooth-scaled Gecko, Mangrove Smooth-scaled Gecko

Jungferngecko, Gewöhnlicher Schuppenfingergecko

Almindelig Skælfingergekko

1836 Platydactylus lugubris Dumeril & Bibron
Lepidodactylus lugubris Fitzinger 1843
Amydosaurus lugubris Gray 1845
Gecko lugubris Steindachner 1867
Peripia lugubris Peters & Doria 1878
1857 Peropus neglectus Girard (Bauer 1994)
Gehyra ? neglecta Boulenger 1885
1859 Hemidactylus meijeri Bleeker (Bauer 1994)
Peripia meyeri [lapsus] Günther 1872
Lepidodactylus meijeri Wells & Wellington 1985
1861 Dactyloperus pomareae Fitzinger (Bauer 1994)
1864 Peripia cantoris Günther (Bauer 1994)
Lepidodactylus cantoris Wells & Wellington 1985
1865 Gecko Harrieti Tytler (Bauer 1994)
1869 Gymnodactylus caudeloti Bavay (Bauer 1994)
1869 Peropus roseus Cope (Bauer 1994)
1874 Peripia mysoriensis Meyer (Bauer 1994)
Lepidodactylus mysorensis [sic] Wells & Wellington 1985
1877 Peripia ornata Macleay (Bauer 1994)
1918 Lepidodactylus divergens Taylor (Bauer 1994)
1930 Gehyra variegata ogasawarasimae Okada (Shigei 1971; Kluge 1982b; Bauer 1994)
Gehyra ogasawarasimae Wermuth 1965

Remarks: Listed for China in some works (e.g., Nguyen, Ho & Nguyen 2009; Bain & Hurley 2011), however, no works listing exact localities in the country have been found. Some reports of introductions are doubtful and/or unvouchered: Brazil (Rio de Janeiro), Chile (mainland), Pitcairn Islands. See Hoogmoed & Avila-Pires (2015) regarding New World introductions. Although mentioned to occur as an introduced species in Mexico in many publications (e.g., Brown & Parker 1977; Bauer 1994), lugubris was not confirmed for the country until Ahumada-Carrillo & Weatherman (2018) reported on a reproducing population in Jalisco. Records from Palau refer to moestus (Ota, Fischer, Ineich & Case 1995).
Introduced to: Australia (Northern Territory, Queensland [incl. Torres Strait Islands]), Bahamas, Brazil (Para), Chagos Archipelago, Colombia (incl. Gorgona, Malpelo, San Andres), Costa Rica, Ecuador (incl. Galapagos [Isabela, Marchena, San Cristóbal, Santa Cruz]), Guadeloupe, Honduras (Islas de la Bahia: Utila), India (Andaman & Nicobar Islands [Andaman Islands]), Mauritius (incl. Rodrigues), New Zealand, Nicaragua (incl. Islas del Maiz [Isla Grande del Maiz, Isla Pequeña del Maiz]), Panama, Peru, Pitcairn Islands, Sri Lanka, Surinam, USA (California, Florida, Hawaii, Wisconsin), Venezuela.
Distribution: American Samoa, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Colombia (incl. Malpelo), Cook Islands (incl. Rarotonga), Easter Island, Fiji (incl. Rotuma), French Polynesia, Guam, Howland & Baker, India (Andaman & Nicobar Islands [Andaman Islands]), Indonesia (Ambon, Flores, Halmahera, Java, Kai Islands, Kalimantan, Kangean Islands, Laut (off Seram), Misool, Morotai, Riau Islands, Sebesi, Sertung, Sulawesi, Supiori, Tanimbar Islands, Ternate, Tinjil, Western New Guinea), Japan (Bonin Islands, Ryukyu Islands [Okinawa Islands, Sakishima Islands (Miyako Islands, Yaeyama Islands)]), Johnston, Kiribati, Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak, West Malaysia [incl. Penang Island, Seribuat Archipelago (incl. Tioman)]), Maldives, Marshall Islands, Micronesia (incl. Pohnpei [incl. Ant Atoll], Midway Islands), Myanmar, Nauru, New Caledonia (Grande Terre, Isle of Pines, Loyalty Islands), Niue, Northern Mariana Islands, Papua New Guinea (Bismarck Archipelago [Admiralty Islands, New Britain, New Ireland, Umboi], Eastern New Guinea, Louisiade Archipelago [Rossel, Sudest], Woodlark, North Solomon Islands [Bougainville]), Philippines (Agutayan, Apo, Balicasag], Bonoon, Boracay, Calagnaan, Camotes Islands [Pacijan, Ponson, Poro], Carabao, Cataban, Cebu, Clara, Gigante Islands, Inampulugan, Jao, Lapinig Islands [Lapinig Chico, Lapinig Grande], Luzon, Mactan, Nadulao, Negros, Palawan, Pan de Azucar, Panay, Panubulon, Polillo, Polong Dako, Sicogon, Siquijor, Sulu Islands [Basilan, Bubuan, Dipolod, Gounan Islands, Mamanoc, Sipayu], Sumilon, Tablas, Tintiman), Seychelles, Singapore, Solomon Islands (incl. Taumako, Guadalcanal, Rennell, Santa Cruz Islands), Taiwan, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuvalu Vanuatu (incl. Espiritu Santo), Vietnam, Wake, Wallis & Futuna, Western Samoa.


Lepidodactylus magnus

Kol Jim Valley Scaly-toed Gecko

Kol-Jim-Valley-Schuppenfingergecko

Kol Jim Valley-skælfingergekko

1977 Lepidodactylus magnus Brown & Parker

Distribution: Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).


Lepidodactylus manni

Fiji Scaly-toed Gecko, Fiji Forest Gecko, (Mann's Forest Gecko)

Fidschi-Schuppenfingergecko

Fijiansk Skælfingergekko

1923 Lepidodactylus manni Schmidt

Distribution: Fiji.


Lepidodactylus mitchelli

Boiaboiawaga Island Scaly-toed Gecko

Boiaboiawaga-Schuppenfingergecko

Boiaboiawaga-skælfingergekko

2019 Lepidodactylus mitchelli Kraus

Distribution: Papua New Guinea (Boiaboiawaga Island).





Lepidodactylus moestus

Micronesian Scaly-toed Gecko, Micronesian Flat-tailed Gecko

Mikronesischer Schuppenfingergecko

Mikronesisk Skælfingergekko

1867 Gecko moestus Peters
Lepidodactylus moestus Ota, Fisher, Ineich & Case 1995

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of lugubris (e.g., Smith 1935, Wermuth 1965). Revalidated by Ota, Fisher, Ineich & Case (1995).
Distribution: Marshall Islands, Micronesia (incl. Pohnpei), Palau.


Lepidodactylus mutahi

Mutahi Scaly-toed Gecko

Mutahi-Schuppenfingergecko

Mutahi-skælfingergekko

1977 Lepidodactylus mutahi Brown & Parker

Distribution: Papua New Guinea (North Solomon Islands: Bougainville).


Lepidodactylus novaeguineae

Lake Sentani Scaly-toed Gecko

Sentani-Schuppenfingergecko

Sentani-skælfingergekko

1977 Lepidodactylus novaeguineae Brown & Parker

Distribution: Indonesia (Western New Guinea), Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).


Lepidodactylus oligoporus

Mortlock Islands Scaly-toed Gecko, Mortlock Islands Forest Gecko

Mortlock-Schuppenfingergecko

Mortlock-skælfingergekko

2007 Lepidodactylus oligoporus Buden

Distribution: Micronesia (Chuuk State: Mortlock Islands: Namoluk Atoll).


Lepidodactylus oorti

Moluccan Scaly-toed Gecko

Molukkanischer Schuppenfingergecko

Molukkansk Skælfingergekko

1926 Gekko oorti Kopstein
Lepidodactylus oorti Kluge 1968

Distribution: Indonesia (Banda Islands, Tanimbar Islands).


Lepidodactylus orientalis

Port Moresby Scaly-toed Gecko

Port-Moresby-Schuppenfingergecko

Port Moresby-skælfingergekko

1977 Lepidodactylus orientalis Brown & Parker

Distribution: Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea, Louisiade Archipelago [Sudest]).


Lepidodactylus pantai

Kei Islands Scaly-toed Gecko, Beach Scaly-toed Gecko

Kei-Islands-Schuppenfingergecko

Kei Islands-skælfingergekko

2017 Lepidodactylus pantai Stubbs, Karin, Arifin, Iskandar, Arida, Reilly, Bloch, Kusnadi & McGuire

Distribution: Indonesia (Kai Islands).


Lepidodactylus paurolepis

Palau Scaly-toed Gecko, Palau Barred Gecko

Palau-Schuppenfingergecko

Palau-skælfingergekko

1995 Lepidodactylus paurolepis Ota, Fisher, Ineich & Case

Distribution: Palau.


Lepidodactylus planicaudus

Broad-tailed Scaly-toed Gecko, Small Broad-tailed Smooth-scaled Gecko

Breitschwanz-Schuppenfingergecko

Bredhalet Skælfingergekko

1905 Lepidodactylus planicaudus Stejneger
1919 Lepidodactylus naujanensis Taylor (Brown & Alcala 1978)

Distribution: Philippines (Bohol, Boracay, Calagnaan, Calotcot, Caluya, Camotes Islands [Pacijan, Poro], Carabao, Cebu, Guimaras, Luzon, Masbate, Mindanao, Mindoro, Panay, Polillo, Samar, Sibay, Sibuyan, Tablas).


Lepidodactylus pollostos

Salawati Scaly-toed Gecko

Salawati-Schuppenfingergecko

Salawati-skælfingergekko

2020 Lepidodactylus pollostos Karkkainen, Richards, Kraus, Tjaturadi, Krey & Oliver

Distribution: Indonesia (Salawati).





Lepidodactylus pulcher

Admiralty Islands Scaly-toed Gecko

Admiralty-Schuppenfingergecko

Admiralty-skælfingergekko

1885 Lepidodactylus pulcher Boulenger

Distribution: Papua New Guinea (Bismarck Archipelago [Admiralty Islands], Eastern New Guinea).


Lepidodactylus pumilus

Torres Strait Scaly-toed Gecko, Slender Chained Gecko, Torres Strait Chained Gecko

Torres-Schuppenfingergecko

Torres-skælfingergekko

1885 Gecko pumilus Boulenger
Lepidodactylus pumilus Boulenger 1898
Gekko pumilus Loveridge 1948
Lepidodactylus pumilus Kluge 1968

Distribution: Australia (Queensland [incl. Torres Strait Islands]), Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).


Lepidodactylus ranauensis

Kinabalu Scaly-toed Gecko, Kinabalu Mourning Gecko

Ranau-Schuppenfingergecko

Kinabalu-skælfingergekko

1988 Lepidodactylus ranauensis Ota & Hikida

Distribution: Malaysia (Sabah).


Lepidodactylus sacrolineatus

Keki Scaly-toed Gecko

Keki-Schuppenfingergecko

Keki-skælfingergekko

2020 Lepidodactylus sacrolineatus Kraus & Oliver

Distribution: Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).





Lepidodactylus shebae

Guadalcanal Scaly-toed Gecko

Guadalcanal-Schuppenfingergecko

Guadalcanal-skælfingergekko

1949 Pseudogekko shebae Brown & Tanner
Lepidodactylus shebae Kluge 1968

Distribution: Solomon Islands (Guadalcanal).


Lepidodactylus tepukapili

Funafuti Scaly-toed Gecko, Tuvalu Forest Gecko

Funafuti-Schuppenfingergecko

Funafuti-skælfingergekko

2003 Lepidodactylus tepukapili Zug, Watling, Alefaio, Alefaio & Ludescher

Distribution: Tuvalu (Funafuti Atoll).


Lepidodactylus vanuatuensis

Vanuatu Scaly-toed Gecko, Vanuatu Forest Gecko

Vanuatu-Schuppenfingergecko

Vanuatu-skælfingergekko

1998 Lepidodactylus vanuatuensis Ota, Fischer, Ineich, Case, Radtkey & Zug

Distribution: Vanuatu (Aneityum, Efate, Espiritu Santo).


Lepidodactylus woodfordi

Fauro Island Scaly-toed Gecko, (Woodford's Scaly-toed Gecko)

Fauro-Schuppenfingergecko

Fauro-skælfingergekko

1887 Lepidodactylus woodfordi Boulenger

Remarks: Sometimes regarded as a synonym of lugubris (e.g., Brown & Parker 1977; Kluge 2001), however, woodfordi is a bisexual species, whereas lugubris is unisexual (McCoy 2006). Philippine records refer to lugubris (Brown & Alcala 1978). A Bornean record (Beutelschiess & Beutelschiess 1994) probably refer to ranauensis (Das 2007c).
Distribution: Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea), Solomon Islands.


Lepidodactylus yami

Lanyu Scaly-toed Gecko

Lanyu-Schuppenfingergecko

Lanyu-skælfingergekko

1987 Lepidodactylus yami Ota

Distribution: Taiwan (Lanyu Island).


Lepidodactylus zweifeli

Wanuma Scaly-toed Gecko

Wanuma-Schuppenfingergecko

Wanuma-skælfingergekko

2019 Lepidodactylus zweifeli Kraus

Distribution: Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).