Reptiles of
Fiji  

Related checklists:  Lau Islands - Lomaiviti Islands - Rotuma - Vanua Levu - Viti Levu

Bibliography of the reptiles of Fiji Taxonomic history of the reptiles of Fiji Introduced species
Home - Taxonomy - Geography - Biodiversity - Literature - Purchase RepFocus Recent updates

© Rune Midtgaard


Reptile biodiversity of
Fiji

excl. introduced, extinct, unconfirmed, and unnamed species
See complete statistics for
families and genera

Families

Endemic
families

Endemism
(families)

Genera

Endemic
genera

Endemism
(genera)

Species

Endemic
species

Endemism
(species)

Species in %
of total
Lizards (Sauria) 3 0 0.0 % 10 1 10.0 % 26 15 57.7 % 66.7 %
Snakes (Serpentes) 3 0 0.0 % 6 1 16.7 % 8 1 12.5 % 20.5 %
Turtles (Testudines) 2 0 0.0 % 5 0 0.0 % 5 0 0.0 % 12.8 %
Total 8 0 0.0 % 21 2 9.5 % 39 16 41.0 % 100.0 %

Checklist
General remarks: The list includes only formally described species. Newly discovered, but still unnamed species are excluded. However, unnamed species or species unassigned to species level are included, if they are the only representatives of their genus in the region. Species counts exclude extinct and introduced species. Doubtful records, typically older voucher specimens of uncertain origin, have been excluded if considered questionable, as are records based on sources considered unreliable.
Note: Your comments to the checklist (omissions, errors, etc.) are welcomed, preferably if they are provided with reliable references. If possible, please attach a pdf file of the relevant reference to an email addressed to:
Lizards (Sauria)
= endemicEX = extinct or assumed extinct

Species
References
 Family Gekkonidae (Typical Geckos)
Genus Gehyra (Four-clawed Geckos)
 
Gehyra mutilata

Common Four-clawed Gecko

Bauer 1994 Morrison 2003 Morrison 2003 [based on map] Zug 1991 Zug 2013 [as insulensis]
 
Gehyra oceanica

Oceanic Gecko

Bauer 1994 Morrison 2003 Morrison 2003 [based on map] Shea 1995 Zug 1991 Zug 1991 [based on map] Zug 2013
  *
Gehyra vorax

Eastern Giant Stump-toed Gecko

Bauer 1994 Beckon 1992 Morrison 2003 Morrison 2003 [based on map] Oliver, Clegg, Fisher, Richards, Taylor & Jocque 2016 Zug 1991 [based on map] Zug 2013
Genus Hemidactylus (Half-toed Geckos)
 
Hemidactylus garnotii

Fox Gecko

Bauer 1994 Morrison 2003 Zug 1991 Zug 2013
Genus Hemiphyllodactylus (Slender Geckos)
 
Hemiphyllodactylus typus

Indo-Pacific Slender Gecko

Bauer 1994 Grismer, Wood, Anuar, Muin, Quah, McGuire, Brown, Ngo & Pham 2013 Morrison 2003 Zug 1991 Zug 2010b Zug 2013
Genus Lepidodactylus (Scaly-toed Geckos)
  *
Lepidodactylus gardineri

Rotuma Scaly-toed Gecko

Bauer 1994 Brown & Parker 1977 Morrison 2003 Zug 1991 Zug 2013
 
Lepidodactylus lugubris

Common Mourning Gecko

Bauer 1994 Morrison 2003 Morrison 2003 [based on map] Shea 1995 Zug 1991 Zug 1991 [based on map] Zug 2013
  *
Lepidodactylus manni

Fiji Scaly-toed Gecko

Bauer 1994 Brown & Parker 1977 Morrison 2003 Morrison 2003 [based on map] Zug 1991 Zug 2013
Genus Nactus (Hook-toed Geckos)
 
Nactus pelagicus

Pacific Hook-toed Gecko

Bauer 1994 Morrison 2003 Morrison 2003 [based on map] Zug & Moon 1995 Zug 1985 Zug 1991 Zug 1991 [based on map] Zug 2013
 Family Iguanidae (Greater Iguanas)
Genus Brachylophus (Fiji Iguanas)
  *
Brachylophus bulabula

Fijian Red-eyed Iguana

Gibbons 1981 [as fasciatus] Keogh, Edwards, Fisher & Harlow 2008 Morrison 2003 [as fasciatus] Morrison 2003 [based on map] [as fasciatus] Zug 1991 [as fasciatus] Zug 1991 [based on map] [as fasciatus] Zug 2013
  *
Brachylophus fasciatus

Lau Banded Iguana

Keogh, Edwards, Fisher & Harlow 2008 Morrison 2003 Morrison 2003 [based on map] Zug 1991 [based on map] Zug 2013
  *
Brachylophus gau

Gau Iguana

Fisher, Niukula, Watling & Harlow 2017 Keogh, Edwards, Fisher & Harlow 2008 [as bulabula] Zug 1991 [based on map] [as fasciatus]
  *
Brachylophus vitiensis

Fijian Crested Iguana

Gibbons 1981 Morrison 2003 Zug 1991 Zug 1991 [based on map] Zug 2013
 Family Scincidae (Skinks)
Genus Cryptoblepharus (Indo-Pacific Snake-eyed Skinks)
  *
Cryptoblepharus eximius

Fiji Snake-eyed Skink

Horner 2007 Morrison 2003 Morrison 2003 [based on map] Rune Midtgaard [pers. obs., 1997] Zug 1991 [based on map] Zug 2013
Genus Emoia (Emo Skinks)
 
Emoia caeruleocauda

Pacific Blue-tailed Skink

Brown 1991 Morrison 2003 Zug 1991 Zug 2013
  *
Emoia campbelli

Fijian Montane Tree Skink

Brown 1991 Morrison 2003 Zug 1991 Zug 2013
  *
Emoia concolor

Fijian Green Tree Skink

Brown 1991 Morrison 2003 Morrison 2003 [based on map] Rune Midtgaard [pers. obs., 1997] Shea 1995 Zug 1991 Zug 1991 [based on map] Zug 2013
 
Emoia cyanura

White-bellied Copper-striped Skink

Bruna, Fisher & Case 1995 Morrison 2003 [based on map] Zug 1985 Zug 1991 Zug 1991 [based on map] Zug 2013
 
Emoia impar

Dark-bellied Copper-striped Skink

Bruna, Fisher & Case 1995 Morrison 2003 [based on map] Shea 1995 Zug 1991 [based on map] Zug 2013
  *
Emoia mokosariniveikau

Fijian Forest Skink

Morrison 2003 Zug & Ineich 1995 Zug 2013
 
Emoia nigra

South Pacific Black Skink

Brown 1991 Morrison 2003 Morrison 2003 [based on map] Zug 1991 Zug 1991 [based on map] Zug 2013
  *
Emoia oriva

Rotuma Barred Tree Skink

Brown 1991 [as trossula] Zug 1991 [as trossula] Zug 2012 Zug 2013
  *
Emoia parkeri

Fijian Copper-headed Skink

Brown 1991 Morrison 2003 Morrison 2003 [based on map] Zug 1991 Zug 2013
  *
Emoia trossula

Fijian Barred Tree Skink

Brown 1991 Clause, Thomas-Moko, Rasalato & Fisher 2018 Morrison 2003 Morrison 2003 [based on map] Shea 1995 Zug 1991 Zug 1991 [based on map] Zug 2013
Genus Leiolopisma (Indo-Pacific Ground Skinks)
  *
Leiolopisma alazon

Lauan Ground Skink

Morrison 2003 Zug 1991 Zug 2013
Genus Lipinia (Indo-Pacific Striped Skinks)
 
Lipinia noctua

Moth Skink

Morrison 2003 [based on map] Shea 1995 Zug 1991 Zug 1991 [based on map] Zug 2013

Snakes (Serpentes)
= endemicEX = extinct or assumed extinct

Species
References
 Family Boidae (Typical Boas)
Genus Candoia (Pacific Boas)
 
Candoia bibroni

South Pacific Tree Boa

McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999 McDowell 1979 Morrison 2003 Morrison 2003 [based on map] Stimson 1969 Zug 2013
 Family Elapidae [part 1: terrestrial species] (Cobras, Mambas, etc.)
Genus Ogmodon (Fijian Burrowing Snake)
  *
Ogmodon vitianus

Fijian Burrowing Snake

McDowell 1970 Morrison 2003 Zug & Ineich 1987 Zug 2013
 Family Elapidae [part 2: marine species] (Sea Snakes)
Genus Emydocephalus (Turtle-headed Sea Snakes)
 
Emydocephalus annulatus

Annulated Turtle-headed Sea Snake

Rasmussen & Ineich 2010
Genus Hydrophis (Typical Sea Snakes)
 
Hydrophis coggeri

Pacific Yellow-banded Sea Snake

Cogger 1992 Ineich & Laboute 2002 Morrison 2003 Zug 2013
 
Hydrophis platurus

Yellow-bellied Sea Snake

David & Ineich 1999 Morrison 2003 Morrison 2003 [based on map] Zug 2013
Genus Laticauda (Sea Kraits)
 
Laticauda colubrina

Yellow-lipped Sea Krait

Burt & Burt 1932 Cogger in Dunson (ed.) 1975 Gherghel, Papes, Brischoux, Sahlean & Strugariu 2016 Heatwole, Busack & Cogger 2005 Kharin, Rödel & Hallermann 2010 McCarthy 1986 Morrison 2003 Morrison 2003 [based on map] Smith 1926 Zug 2013
 
Laticauda laticaudata

Blue-lipped Sea Krait

Burt & Burt 1932 Cogger in Dunson (ed.) 1975 Kharin, Rödel & Hallermann 2010 McCarthy 1986 Morrison 2003 Morrison 2003 [based on map] Smith 1926 Zug 2013
 Family Typhlopidae (Typical Blind Snakes)
Genus Indotyphlops (South Asian Blind Snakes)
 
Indotyphlops braminus

Brahminy Blind Snake

Wallach 2009 Zug 2013

Turtles (Testudines)
= endemicEX = extinct or assumed extinct

Species
References
 Family Cheloniidae (Hard-shelled Sea Turtles)
Genus Caretta (Loggerhead Sea Turtle)
 
Caretta caretta

Loggerhead Sea Turtle

Morrison 2003 Morrison 2003 [based on map] Pritchard 1979 Pritchard 1982b (in Bjorndal, ed.) Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017 Zug 2013
Genus Chelonia (Green Sea Turtle)
 
Chelonia mydas

Green Sea Turtle

King & Burke 1989 Morrison 2003 Pritchard 1979 Pritchard 1982b (in Bjorndal, ed.) Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017 Zug 2013
Genus Eretmochelys (Hawksbill Sea Turtle)
 
Eretmochelys imbricata

Hawksbill Sea Turtle

King & Burke 1989 Morrison 2003 Pritchard 1979 Pritchard 1982b (in Bjorndal, ed.) Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017 Zug 2013
Genus Lepidochelys (Ridley Sea Turtles)
 
Lepidochelys olivacea

Olive Ridley Sea Turtle

Morrison 2003 Zug 2013
 Family Dermochelyidae (Leatherback Sea Turtle)
Genus Dermochelys (Leatherback Sea Turtle)
 
Dermochelys coriacea

Leatherback Sea Turtle

Morrison 2003 Morrison 2003 [based on map] Pritchard 1979 Pritchard 1982b (in Bjorndal, ed.) Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017 Zug 2013