Reptiles of
California  [USA]

Related checklists:  USA - Channel Islands

Bibliography of the reptiles of California Taxonomic history of the reptiles of California Introduced species
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© Rune Midtgaard


Reptile biodiversity of
California

excl. introduced, extinct, unconfirmed, and unnamed species
See complete statistics for
families and genera

Families

Endemic
families

Endemism
(families)

Genera

Endemic
genera

Endemism
(genera)

Species

Endemic
species

Endemism
(species)

Species in %
of total
Lizards (Sauria) 11 0 0.0 % 19 0 0.0 % 50 11 22.0 % 46.7 %
Snakes (Serpentes) 5 0 0.0 % 21 0 0.0 % 49 2 4.1 % 45.8 %
Turtles (Testudines) 4 0 0.0 % 7 0 0.0 % 8 0 0.0 % 7.5 %
Total 20 0 0.0 % 47 0 0.0 % 107 13 12.1 % 100.0 %

Checklist
General remarks: The list includes only formally described species. Newly discovered, but still unnamed species are excluded. However, unnamed species or species unassigned to species level are included, if they are the only representatives of their genus in the region. Species counts exclude extinct and introduced species. Doubtful records, typically older voucher specimens of uncertain origin, have been excluded if considered questionable, as are records based on sources considered unreliable.
Note: Your comments to the checklist (omissions, errors, etc.) are welcomed, preferably if they are provided with reliable references. If possible, please attach a pdf file of the relevant reference to an email addressed to:
Lizards (Sauria)
= endemicEX = extinct or assumed extinct

Species
References
 Family Anguidae (Slowworms, etc.)
Genus Elgaria (Western Alligator Lizards)
 
Elgaria coerulea

Northern Alligator Lizard

Behler & King 1979 Good 1988 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Lais 1976 Laudenslayer, Grenfell & Zeiner 1991 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972
 
Elgaria multicarinata

Southern Alligator Lizard

Behler & King 1979 Good 1988 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Lais 1976 Laudenslayer, Grenfell & Zeiner 1991 Mahoney, Parks & Fellers 2003 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972 Wermuth 1969
  *
Elgaria panamintina

Panamint Alligator Lizard

Banta, Mahrdt & Beaman 1996 Behler & King 1979 Good 1988 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Laudenslayer, Grenfell & Zeiner 1991 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972 Wermuth 1969
 Family Anniellidae (North American Legless Lizards)
Genus Anniella (North American Legless Lizards)
  *
Anniella alexanderae

Temblor Range Legless Lizard

Papenfuss & Parham 2013
  *
Anniella campi

Southern Sierra Legless Lizard

Papenfuss & Parham 2013
  *
Anniella grinnelli

Bakersfield Legless Lizard

Papenfuss & Parham 2013
  *
Anniella pulchra

Northern California Legless Lizard

Behler & King 1979 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Laudenslayer, Grenfell & Zeiner 1991 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972 Wermuth 1969
 
Anniella stebbinsi

Southern California Legless Lizard

Papenfuss & Parham 2013
 Family Crotaphytidae (North American Collared Lizards)
Genus Crotaphytus (Typical Collared Lizards)
 
Crotaphytus bicinctores

Great Basin Collared Lizard

Behler & King 1979 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 McGuire 1996 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012
 
Crotaphytus vestigium

Baja California Collared Lizard

Behler & King 1979 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 McGuire 1996 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012
Genus Gambelia (North American Leopard Lizards)
 
Gambelia copeii

Baja California Leopard Lizard

Behler & King 1979 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Mahrdt, McGuire & Beaman 2010 McGuire 1996 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012
  *
Gambelia sila

Blunt-nosed Leopard Lizard

Behler & King 1979 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Laudenslayer, Grenfell & Zeiner 1991 McGuire 1996 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012
 
Gambelia wislizenii

Long-nosed Leopard Lizard

Behler & King 1979 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Laudenslayer, Grenfell & Zeiner 1991 McGuire 1996 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012
 Family Eublepharidae (Eyelid Geckos)
Genus Coleonyx (Banded Eyelid Geckos)
 
Coleonyx switaki

Peninsular Barefoot Banded Gecko

Benes & Muth 1983 Fritts, Snell & Martin 1982 Grismer 1990 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Laudenslayer, Grenfell & Zeiner 1991 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1985
 
Coleonyx variegatus

Western Banded Gecko

Behler & King 1979 Dixon 1970 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Laudenslayer, Grenfell & Zeiner 1991 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972 Wermuth 1965
 Family Helodermatidae (Beaded Lizards)
Genus Heloderma (Beaded Lizards)
 
Heloderma suspectum

Gila Monster

Behler & King 1979 Campbell & Lamar 2004 Ernst 1992 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Laudenslayer, Grenfell & Zeiner 1991 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972
 Family Iguanidae (Greater Iguanas)
Genus Dipsosaurus (Desert Iguanas)
 
Dipsosaurus dorsalis

Common Desert Iguana

Behler & King 1979 Hulse 1992 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Laudenslayer, Grenfell & Zeiner 1991 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972
Genus Sauromalus (North American Chuckwallas)
 
Sauromalus ater

Common Chuckwalla

Behler & King 1979 [as obesus] Hollingsworth 1998 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Laudenslayer, Grenfell & Zeiner 1991 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012
 Family Phrynosomatidae (North American Lesser Iguanas)
Genus Callisaurus (Zebra-tailed Lizard)
 
Callisaurus draconoides

Zebra-tailed Lizard

Behler & King 1979 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Laudenslayer, Grenfell & Zeiner 1991 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972
Genus Petrosaurus (Baja California Rock Lizards)
 
Petrosaurus mearnsi

Long-nosed Rock Lizard

Behler & King 1979 Jennings 1990 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Laudenslayer, Grenfell & Zeiner 1991 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972
Genus Phrynosoma (Horned Lizards)
 
Phrynosoma blainvillii

Western Horned Lizard

Behler & King 1979 Jennings 1988 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Laudenslayer, Grenfell & Zeiner 1991 Montanucci 2004 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972 [as coronatum]
 
Phrynosoma douglasii

Pygmy Short-horned Lizard

Behler & King 1979 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Laudenslayer, Grenfell & Zeiner 1991 Montanucci 2015 Schmidt 1953 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Zamudio, Jones & Ward 1997
 
Phrynosoma mcallii

Flat-tailed Horned Lizard

Behler & King 1979 Funk 1981 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Laudenslayer, Grenfell & Zeiner 1991 Mulcahy, Spaulding, Mendelson & Brodie 2006 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972
 
Phrynosoma platyrhinos

Desert Horned Lizard

Behler & King 1979 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Laudenslayer, Grenfell & Zeiner 1991 Mulcahy, Spaulding, Mendelson & Brodie 2006 Pianka 1991 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972
Genus Sceloporus (Northern Spiny Lizards)
  *
Sceloporus becki

Island Fence Lizard

Behler & King 1979 Bell 2001 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012
 
Sceloporus graciosus

Common Sagebrush Lizard

Behler & King 1979 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Laudenslayer, Grenfell & Zeiner 1991 Schmidt 1953 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012
 
Sceloporus magister

Northern Desert Spiny Lizard

Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Laudenslayer, Grenfell & Zeiner 1991 Schmidt 1953 Schulte, Macey & Papenfuss 2006 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012
 
Sceloporus occidentalis

Western Fence Lizard

Behler & King 1979 Grismer & Mellink 1994 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Laudenslayer, Grenfell & Zeiner 1991 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972
 
Sceloporus orcutti

Granite Spiny Lizard

Behler & King 1979 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Laudenslayer, Grenfell & Zeiner 1991 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972 Weintraub 1980
 
Sceloporus uniformis

Yellow-backed Spiny Lizard

Behler & King 1979 [as transversus] Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Schulte, Macey & Papenfuss 2006
 
Sceloporus vandenburgianus

Southern Sagebrush Lizard

Behler & King 1979 Schmidt 1953 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012
Genus Uma (North American Fringe-toed Lizards)
  *
Uma inornata

Coachella Valley Fringe-toed Lizard

Behler & King 1979 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Laudenslayer, Grenfell & Zeiner 1991 Pough 1973 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972
 
Uma notata

Colorado Desert Fringe-toed Lizard

Behler & King 1979 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Laudenslayer, Grenfell & Zeiner 1991 Pough 1977 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972
 
Uma scoparia

Mojave Fringe-toed Lizard

Behler & King 1979 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Laudenslayer, Grenfell & Zeiner 1991 Pough 1974 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972
Genus Urosaurus (North American Tree Lizards)
 
Urosaurus graciosus

Long-tailed Brush Lizard

Behler & King 1979 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Laudenslayer, Grenfell & Zeiner 1991 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972 Vitt & Dickson 1988
 
Urosaurus microscutatus

Small-scaled Tree Lizard

Behler & King 1979 Laudenslayer, Grenfell & Zeiner 1991 Stebbins 1972
 
Urosaurus nigricaudus

Baja California Brush Lizard

Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012
 
Urosaurus ornatus

Common Tree Lizard

Behler & King 1979 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Laudenslayer, Grenfell & Zeiner 1991 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972
Genus Uta (Side-blotched Lizards)
 
Uta stansburiana

Common Side-blotched Lizard

Behler & King 1979 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Laudenslayer, Grenfell & Zeiner 1991 Mahoney, Parks & Fellers 2003 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972
 Family Phyllodactylidae (Leaf-toed Geckos)
Genus Phyllodactylus (American Leaf-toed Geckos)
 
Phyllodactylus nocticolus

Peninsular Leaf-toed Gecko

Behler & King 1979 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Laudenslayer, Grenfell & Zeiner 1991, as. P. xanti [as xanti] Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972 [as xanti] Wermuth 1965 Wilson & Johnson 2010
 Family Scincidae (Skinks)
Genus Plestiodon (Blue-tailed Skinks)
 
Plestiodon gilberti

North American Brown Skink

Behler & King 1979 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Jones 1985 Laudenslayer, Grenfell & Zeiner 1991 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972
 
Plestiodon skiltonianus

Western Skink

Behler & King 1979 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Laudenslayer, Grenfell & Zeiner 1991 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972 Tanner 1988
 Family Teiidae (Greater Tejus)
Genus Aspidoscelis (Northern Whiptails)
 
Aspidoscelis hyperythrus

Orange-throated Whiptail

Behler & King 1979 Grismer 1999 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Laudenslayer, Grenfell & Zeiner 1991 Maslin & Secoy 1986 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012
 
Aspidoscelis tigris

Tiger Whiptail

Behler & King 1979 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Laudenslayer, Grenfell & Zeiner 1991 Maslin & Secoy 1986 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972
 Family Xantusiidae (Night Lizards)
Genus Xantusia (Northern Night Lizards)
  *
Xantusia gracilis

Sandstone Night Lizard

Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 2003
 
Xantusia henshawi

Granite Night Lizard

Behler & King 1979 Bezy & Flores-Villela 1999 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 2003
  *
Xantusia riversiana

Island Night Lizard

Behler & King 1979 Bezy & Flores-Villela 1999 Fellers & Drost 1982 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 2003
  *
Xantusia sierrae

Sierra Night Lizard

Behler & King 1979 Bezy & Flores-Villela 1999 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012
 
Xantusia vigilis

Desert Night Lizard

Behler & King 1979 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Leavitt, Bezy, Crandall & Sites 2007 Scott, Bezy & Scott 1999 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012
 
Xantusia wigginsi

Baja California Night Lizard

Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Leavitt, Bezy, Crandall & Sites 2007 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012

Snakes (Serpentes)
= endemicEX = extinct or assumed extinct

Species
References
 Family Boidae (Typical Boas)
Genus Charina (Rubber Boas)
 
Charina bottae

Northern Rubber Boa

Behler & King 1979 Kluge 1993 [as bottae (part)] McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999 [as bottae (part)] Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972 Stewart 1977 [as bottae (part)] Stimson 1969 Wright & Wright 1952
  *
Charina umbratica

Southern Rubber Boa

Kluge 1993 [as bottae (part)] McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999 [as bottae (part)] Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stewart 1977 [as bottae (part)] Stimson 1969 Wright & Wright 1952
Genus Lichanura (Rosy Boas)
 
Lichanura orcutti

Northern Rosy Boa

Wood, Fisher & Reeder 2008
 
Lichanura trivirgata

Southern Rosy Boa

Behler & King 1979 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972 Stimson 1969 Wood, Fisher & Reeder 2008 Wright & Wright 1952 Yingling 1982
 Family Colubridae (Typical Snakes or Colubrids)
Genus Arizona (Glossy Snakes)
 
Arizona occidentalis

Western Glossy Snake

Behler & King 1979 Dixon & Fleet 1976 [as elegans] Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972 [as elegans] Wright & Wright 1952
Genus Bogertophis (Desert Rat Snakes)
 
Bogertophis rosaliae

Baja California Rat Snake

Price 1990 Schulz 1996 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012
Genus Coluber (North American Racer)
 
Coluber constrictor

North American Racer

Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972 Wilson 1978 Wright & Wright 1952
Genus Contia (Sharp-tailed Snakes)
 
Contia longicaudae

Forest Sharp-tailed Snake

Feldman & Hoyer 2010 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012
 
Contia tenuis

Common Sharp-tailed Snake

Feldman & Hoyer 2010 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Wright & Wright 1952
Genus Diadophis (Ring-necked Snake)
 
Diadophis punctatus

Ring-necked Snake

Behler & King 1979 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972 Wright & Wright 1952
Genus Hypsiglena (North American Night Snakes)
 
Hypsiglena chlorophaea

Desert Night Snake

Behler & King 1979 Mulcahy 2008 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Wright & Wright 1952
 
Hypsiglena ochrorhyncha

Coast Night Snake

Behler & King 1979 Mulcahy 2008 Schmidt 1953 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Wright & Wright 1952
Genus Lampropeltis (King Snakes & Milk Snakes)
 
Lampropeltis californiae

California Kingsnake

Markel 1990 Schmidt 1953 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972 [as getulus] Wright & Wright 1952
 
Lampropeltis zonata

California Mountain Kingsnake

Behler & King 1979 Markel 1990 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972 Wright & Wright 1952 Zweifel 1974
Genus Masticophis (North American Whip Snakes & Coachwhips)
 
Masticophis fuliginosus

Baja California Coachwhip

Behler & King 1979 Grismer 2002 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012
 
Masticophis lateralis

Pacific Striped Whip Snake

Behler & King 1979 Jennings 1983 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972 Wright & Wright 1952
 
Masticophis piceus

Western Coachwhip

Behler & King 1979 O'Connell & Smith 2018 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972 [as flagellum] Wilson 1973 [as flagellum] Wright & Wright 1952
 
Masticophis taeniatus

Western Striped Whip Snake

Camper & Dixon 1994 Parker 1982 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972 Wright & Wright 1952
Genus Phyllorhynchus (American Leaf-nosed Snakes)
 
Phyllorhynchus decurtatus

Spotted Leaf-nosed Snake

McCleary & McDiarmid 1993 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972 Wright & Wright 1952
Genus Pituophis (Bullsnakes, Pine Snakes & Gopher Snakes)
 
Pituophis catenifer

Gopher Snake

Behler & King 1979 Schmidt 1953 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972 [as melanoleucus] Sweet & Parker 1990 [as P. melanoleucus] Wright & Wright 1952
Genus Rhinocheilus (Long-nosed Snakes)
 
Rhinocheilus lecontei

Common Long-nosed Snake

Behler & King 1979 Manier 2004 Medica 1975 Medica 1980 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972 Wright & Wright 1952
Genus Salvadora (Patch-nosed Snakes)
 
Salvadora hexalepis

Western Patch-nosed Snake

Behler & King 1979 Cameron & Hansen 1994 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972 Wright & Wright 1952
Genus Sonora (North American Ground, Sand, and Shovel-nosed Snakes)
 
Sonora annulata

Southern Shovel-nosed Snake

Behler & King 1979 Cox, Davis Rabosky, Holmes, Reyes-Velasco, Roelke, Smith, Flores-Villela, McGuire & Campbell 2018 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Wright & Wright 1952
 
Sonora occipitalis

Northern Shovel-nosed Snake

Behler & King 1979 Cox, Davis Rabosky, Holmes, Reyes-Velasco, Roelke, Smith, Flores-Villela, McGuire & Campbell 2018 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Wright & Wright 1952
 
Sonora semiannulata

Western Ground Snake

Behler & King 1979 Cox, Davis Rabosky, Holmes, Reyes-Velasco, Roelke, Smith, Flores-Villela, McGuire & Campbell 2018 Frost 1983 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972 Wright & Wright 1952
Genus Tantilla (American Centipede Snakes)
 
Tantilla hobartsmithi

Southwestern Centipede Snake

Behler & King 1979 [as T. planiceps utahensis] Cole & Hardy 1981 Cole & Hardy 1983 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Tanner 1966b [as T. planiceps utahensis] Wilcox & Mata-Silva 2014 Wilson & Mata-Silva 2015 Wright & Wright 1952 [as T. utahiensis]
 
Tantilla planiceps

Western Centipede Snake

Behler & King 1979 Cole & Hardy 1981 Cole & Hardy 1983 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972 Tanner 1966b Wilcox & Mata-Silva 2014 Wilson & Mata-Silva 2015 Wright & Wright 1952
Genus Thamnophis (North American Garter Snakes & Ribbon Snakes)
 
Thamnophis atratus

Aquatic Garter Snake

Behler & King 1979 Rossman, Ford & Seigel 1996 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Wright & Wright 1952
 
Thamnophis couchii

Sierra Garter Snake

Behler & King 1979 Fitch 1984 Rossman, Ford & Seigel 1996 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972 Wright & Wright 1952
 
Thamnophis elegans

Terrestrial Garter Snake

Behler & King 1979 Fitch 1983 Rossman, Ford & Seigel 1996 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972 Wright & Wright 1952
  *
Thamnophis gigas

Giant Garter Snake

Behler & King 1979 Rossman, Ford & Seigel 1996 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Wright & Wright 1952
 
Thamnophis hammondii

Two-striped Garter Snake

Behler & King 1979 Rossman, Ford & Seigel 1996 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Wright & Wright 1952
 
Thamnophis marcianus

Checkered Garter Snake

Behler & King 1979 Rossman, Ford & Seigel 1996 Stebbins 1972 Wright & Wright 1952
 
Thamnophis ordinoides

Northwestern Garter Snake

Behler & King 1979 Kirk 1979 Rossman, Ford & Seigel 1996 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972 Wright & Wright 1952
 
Thamnophis sirtalis

Common Garter Snake

Behler & King 1979 Rossman, Ford & Seigel 1996 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972 Wright & Wright 1952
Genus Trimorphodon (Lyre Snakes)
 
Trimorphodon lambda

Sonoran Lyre Snake

Behler & King 1979 Devitt, LaDuc & McGuire 2008 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972 Wright & Wright 1952
 
Trimorphodon lyrophanes

Peninsular Lyre Snake

Behler & King 1979 Devitt, LaDuc & McGuire 2008 Gehlbach 1971 Scott & McDiarmid 1984 [as T. biscutatus] Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972 Wright & Wright 1952
 Family Elapidae [part 2: marine species] (Sea Snakes)
Genus Hydrophis (Typical Sea Snakes)
 
Hydrophis platurus

Yellow-bellied Sea Snake

Campbell & Lamar 2004 Ernst 1992 Ineich 1988 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012
 Family Leptotyphlopidae (Thread Snakes)
Genus Rena (Maroon Thread Snakes)
 
Rena humilis

Western Thread Snake

Behler & King 1979 Hahn 1980 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Wright & Wright 1952
 Family Viperidae (Vipers)
Genus Crotalus (Typical Rattlesnakes)
 
Crotalus atrox

Western Diamondback Rattlesnake

Behler & King 1979 Campbell & Lamar 2004 Ernst 1992 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972 Wright & Wright 1952
 
Crotalus cerastes

Sidewinder

Behler & King 1979 Campbell & Lamar 2004 Ernst 1992 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972 Wright & Wright 1952
 
Crotalus helleri

Southern Pacific Rattlesnake

Behler & King 1979 Campbell & Lamar 2004 Ernst 1992 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Wright & Wright 1952
 
Crotalus lutosus

Great Basin Rattlesnake

Behler & King 1979 Campbell & Lamar 2004 Ernst 1992 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Wright & Wright 1952
 
Crotalus oreganus

Northern Pacific Rattlesnake

Behler & King 1979 Ernst 1992 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Wright & Wright 1952
 
Crotalus pyrrhus

Southwestern Speckled Rattlesnake

Behler & King 1979 Campbell & Lamar 2004 Douglas, Douglas, Schuett, Porras & Thomason 2007 Ernst 1992 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 [as mitchelli] Stebbins 1972 [as mitchelli] Wright & Wright 1952
 
Crotalus ruber

Red Diamond Rattlesnake

Behler & King 1979 Campbell & Lamar 2004 Ernst 1992 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972 Wright & Wright 1952
 
Crotalus scutulatus

Mojave Rattlesnake

Behler & King 1979 Campbell & Lamar 2004 Ernst 1992 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972 Wright & Wright 1952
 
Crotalus stephensi

Panamint Rattlesnake

Behler & King 1979 Campbell & Lamar 2004 Douglas, Douglas, Schuett, Porras & Thomason 2007 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Wright & Wright 1952
 
Crotalus viridis

Prairie Rattlesnake

Stebbins 1972

Turtles (Testudines)
= endemicEX = extinct or assumed extinct

Species
References
 Family Cheloniidae (Hard-shelled Sea Turtles)
Genus Caretta (Loggerhead Sea Turtle)
 
Caretta caretta

Loggerhead Sea Turtle

Behler & King 1979 Márquez 1969 Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972
Genus Chelonia (Green Sea Turtle)
 
Chelonia mydas

Green Sea Turtle

Behler & King 1979 Iverson 1992 Smith & Houck 1984 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972
Genus Eretmochelys (Hawksbill Sea Turtle)
 
Eretmochelys imbricata

Hawksbill Sea Turtle

Behler & King 1979 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012
Genus Lepidochelys (Ridley Sea Turtles)
 
Lepidochelys olivacea

Olive Ridley Sea Turtle

Behler & King 1979 Smith & Houck 1984 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972
 Family Dermochelyidae (Leatherback Sea Turtle)
Genus Dermochelys (Leatherback Sea Turtle)
 
Dermochelys coriacea

Leatherback Sea Turtle

Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017 Smith & Houck 1984 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972
 Family Emydidae (Western Pond Turtles)
Genus Actinemys (Pacific Pond Turtles)
 
Actinemys marmorata

Northern Pacific Pond Turtle

Behler & King 1979 Grismer 2002 Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012
 
Actinemys pallida

Southern Pacific Pond Turtle

Behler & King 1979 Grismer 2002 Iverson 1992 Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 2003
 Family Kinosternidae (American Mud and Musk Turtles)
Genus Kinosternon (American Mud Turtles)
  EX
Kinosternon sonoriense

Sonora Mud Turtle

Behler & King 1979 Iverson 1992 Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017 Stebbins 1972
 Family Testudinidae (Tortoises)
Genus Gopherus (Gopher Tortoises)
 
Gopherus agassizii

Mohave Desert Tortoise

Iverson 1992 Murphy, Berry, Edwards, Leviton, Lathrop & Riedle 2011 Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017 Stebbins & McGinnis 2012 Stebbins 1972