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Citation: Midtgaard, Rune. RepFocus - A Survey of the Reptiles of the World. (www.repfocus.dk).
Latest update: December 31st, 2022.

Taxonomy of the family Cordylidae
Bibliography of the genus Chamaesaura
Biodiversity of the family Cordylidae


African Grass Lizards, South African Snake Lizards


Afrikanske Slangeøgler

1801 Chamaesaura Schneider (type species: Lacerta anguina Linnaeus 1758)
1820 Monodactylus Merrem (type species: Lacerta anguina Linnaeus 1758; syn. Wermuth 1968)
1832 Cricochalcis Wiegmann (type species: Cricochalcis aenea Fitzinger 1843; syn. Wermuth 1968)
1862 Mancus Cope (type species: Mancus macrolepis Cope 1862; syn. Wermuth 1968)
Contents: 5 species, none of which are endemic.
Endemism: 0% 100%
Remarks: Frost, Janies, Mouton & Titus (2001) regarded Chamaesaura as a synonym of Cordylus, followed by some authors (e.g., Bourquin 2004), but this taxonomical revision has received limited support (Stanley, Bauer, Jackman, Branch & Mouton 2011).
Distribution: Angola, Congo-Kinshasa, Eswatini, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, South Africa (Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Western Cape), Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Chamaesaura aenea

Coppery Grass Lizard, Transvaal Grass Lizard



1843 Cricochalcis aenea Fitzinger
Chamaesaura aenea Boulenger 1885
Cordylus aeneus Frost, Janies, Mouton & Titus 2001 [by implication]
1880 Chamaesaura miodactyla Günther (Boulenger 1885)

Distribution: Eswatini, South Africa (Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga).

Chamaesaura anguina

Southern Highland Grass Lizard, Cape Grass Lizard



1758 Lacerta anguina Linnaeus
Chalcides anguina Meyer 1795
Chamaesaura anguina Boulenger 1885
Cordylus anguinus Frost, Janies, Mouton & Titus 2001
1801 Chamaesaura anguinea Schneider [substitute name for Lacerta anguina Linnaeus 1758] (Wermuth 1968)
Monodactylus anguineus Merrem 1820
1768 Chalcides pinnata Laurenti (Boulenger 1885)
1802 Seps monodactylus Daudin [substitute name for Lacerta anguina Linnaeus 1758] (Wermuth 1968)
Chalcides monodactylus Oppel 1811
1890 Chamaesaura didactyla Boulenger (Loveridge 1944)
1899 Chamaesaura annectens Boulenger (Loveridge 1944)
1964 Chamaesaura anguina oligopholis Laurent

Remarks: Previously included tenuior.
Distribution: Angola, Congo-Kinshasa, Eswatini, South Africa (Eastern Cape, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Western Cape).

Chamaesaura macrolepis

Large-scaled Grass Lizard

Grossschuppige Schlangen-Gürtelechse

Storskællet Slangeøgle

1862 Mancus macrolepis Cope
Chamaesaura macrolepis Boulenger 1885
Chamaesaura macropholis [lapsus] Lawrence 1935
Cordylus macrolepis Frost, Janies, Mouton & Titus 2001 [by implication]

Remarks: Previously included miopropus.
Distribution: Eswatini, Mozambique, South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga), Zimbabwe.

Chamaesaura miopropus

Zambian Grass Lizard

Sambianische Schlangen-Gürtelechse

Zambiansk Slangeøgle

1894 Chamaesaura miopropus Boulenger
Chamaesaura macrolepis miopropus Branch 1988
Cordylus miopropus Frost, Janies, Mouton & Titus 2001 [by implication]

Remarks: Revalidated as a separate species by Haagner, Branch & Haagner (2000).
Distribution: Angola, Congo-Kinshasa, Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia.

Chamaesaura tenuior

East African Highland Grass Lizard, Uganda Snake Lizard

Ostafrikanische Schlangen-Gürtelechse

Østafrikansk Slangeøgle

1895 Chamaesaura tenuior Günther
Chamaesaura anguina tenuior Loveridge 1944

Remarks: Previously regarded as a subspecies of anguina (e.g., Loveridge 1944). Revalidated as a separate species by Stanley, Bauer, Jackman, Branch & Mouton (2011).
Distribution: Congo-Kinshasa, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda.