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Citation: Midtgaard, Rune. RepFocus - A Survey of the Reptiles of the World. (www.repfocus.dk).
Latest update: December 31st, 2022.

Taxonomy of the family Viperidae
Bibliography of the genus Metlapilcoatlus
Biodiversity of the family Viperidae


Northern Jumping Pitvipers

Nördliche Springlanzenottern

Nordlige Springhugorme

2019 Metlapilcoatlus Campbell, Frost & Castoe (type species: Atropos mexicanus Dumeril, Bibron & Dumeril 1854)
Contents: 6 species, of which 3 (50.0%) are endemic.
Endemism: 0% 100%
Remarks: The species of this genus were previously included in Bothrops, Porthidium, or, more recently, Atropoides.
Distribution: S. Mexico, Central America.
Reported from: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico (Chiapas, Hidalgo, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tabasco, Veracruz), Nicaragua, Panama.

Metlapilcoatlus borealis

Queretaro Jumping Pitviper



2021 Metlapilcoatlus borealis Tepos-Ramírez, Flores-Villela, Velasco, Pedraza Lara, García Rubio & Jadin

Remarks: Previously regarded as a population of nummifer.
Distribution: Mexico (Hidalgo, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Veracruz).

Metlapilcoatlus indomitus

Honduran Jumping Pitviper

Honduranische Springlanzenotter

Honduransk Springhugorm

2008 Atropoides indomitus Smith & Ferrari-Castro

Distribution: Honduras.

Metlapilcoatlus mexicanus

Central American Jumping Pitviper, (Mexican Jumping Pitviper)

Zentralamerikanische Springlanzenotter

Centralamerikansk Springhugorm

1854 Atropos mexicanus Dumeril, Bibron & Dumeril
Bothriopsis mexicanus Cope 1871
Bothrops mexicanus Müller 1880
Porthidium nummifer mexicanum Campbell & Lamar 1989
Atropoides nummifer mexicana Campbell & Brodie 1992
Atropoides mexicanum Campbell & Lamar 2004
1880 Bothriechis nummifera var. notata Fischer (Campbell & Lamar 2004)

Remarks: Revalidated as a separate species by Campbell & Lamar (2004), although specific validity was already suggested without formal revalidation by Castoe, Chippindale, Campbell, Ammerman & Parkinson (2003).
Distribution: Belize, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico (Chiapas, Tabasco), Nicaragua, Panama.

Metlapilcoatlus nummifer

Mexican Jumping Pitviper

Mexikanische Springlanzenotter

Mexicansk Springhugorm

1845 Atropos nummifer Ruppel
Trigonocephalus nummifer Jan 1859
Teleuraspis nummifer Cope 1860
Bothrops nummifer Jan & Sordelli 1875
Thanatos nummifer Posada-Arango 1889
Thanatophis nummifer Posada-Arango 1889
Bothriechis nummifera Günther 1895
Lachesis nummifer Boulenger 1896
Trimeresurus nummifer Dunn 1939
Porthidium nummifer Campbell & Lamar 1989
Atropoides nummifer Werman 1992
1950 Bothrops nummifer veraecrucis Burger (Campbell & Lamar 2004)

Remarks: Now restricted to Mexico. Previously included mexicanum, occiduum, and the populations now assigned to borealis. The type locality was restricted to Teapa, Tabasco, by Burger (1950).
Distribution: Mexico (Oaxaca, Puebla, Veracruz).

Metlapilcoatlus occiduus

Guatemalan Jumping Pitviper

Guatemalische Springlanzenotter

Guatemalansk Springhugorm

1868 Bothrops affinis Bocourt [not Bothrops affinis Gray 1849]
Bothriopsis affinis Cope 1871
1966 Bothrops nummifer occiduus Hoge "1965"
Porthidium nummifer occiduum Campbell & Lamar 1989
Atropoides nummifer occiduus Werman 1992
Atropoides occiduus Campbell & Lamar 2004

Remarks: Previously regarded as a subspecies of nummifer (e.g., Werman 1992). Separated from nummifer by Campbell & Lamar (2004), although specific validity was already suggested without formal revalidation by Castoe, Chippindale, Campbell, Ammerman & Parkinson (2003). Populations in Oaxaca (Mexico) and Baja Verapaz (Guatemala) formerly regarded as occiduum have been found to represent olmec (Castoe, Chippindale, Campbell, Ammerman & Parkinson 2003).
Distribution: El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico (Chiapas).

Metlapilcoatlus olmec

Tuxtlan Jumping Pitviper, Olmecan Jumping Pitviper



1985 Porthidium olmec Perez-Higareda, Smith & Julia-Zertuche
Atropoides olmec Werman 1992

Distribution: Guatemala, Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca, Veracruz).