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© Rune Midtgaard


Taxonomy of the family Colubridae
Bibliography of the genus Rhynchocalamus
Biodiversity of the family Colubridae








Genus
Rhynchocalamus

Middle East Black-headed Snakes

Schwarzkopf-Zwergnattern

Mellemøstlige Sorthovedsnoge

1864 Rhynchocalamus Günther (type species: Homalosoma melanocephalum Jan 1862)
Contents: 5 species, of which 2 (40.0%) are endemic.
Endemism: 0% 100%
Remarks: Previously included Muhtarophis barani.
Distribution: Discontinous: Middle East.
Reported from: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Cyprus, Egypt (Sinai), Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Oman, Syria, Turkey, Yemen.

Rhynchocalamus arabicus

South Arabian Black-headed Snake, Aden Black-headed Snake, Aden Kukri Snake

Südarabische Schwarzkopf-Zwergnatter, Aden-Schwarzkopf-Zwergnatter

Sydarabisk Sorthovedsnog

1933 Rhynchocalamus arabicus Schmidt

Distribution: Oman, Yemen.


Rhynchocalamus dayanae

Mount Negev Black-headed Snake, (Dayan's Kukri Snake)

Negev-Schwarzkopf-Zwergnatter

Negev-sorthovedsnog

2016 Rhynchocalamus dayanae Tamar, Smid, Göcmen, Meiri & Carranza

Distribution: Israel.


Rhynchocalamus levitoni

Iranian Yellow-headed Snake

Iranische Gelbkopf-Zwergnatter

Iransk Gulhovedet Snog

2017 Lytorhynchus levitoni Torki
Rhynchocalamus levitoni Rajabizadeh 2017; Kamali 2020
2017 Rhynchocalamus ilamensis Fathinia, Rastegar-Pouyani, Rastegar-Pouyani & Darvishnia (syn. Rajabizadeh 2017; Kamali 2020)

Other common names:
ilamensis: Ilam Black-headed Snake
Distribution: Iran.


Rhynchocalamus melanocephalus

Palestine Black-headed Snake, Black-headed Dwarf Snake, Black-headed Ground Snake, Palestine Kukri Snake

Palestinensische Schwarzkopf-Zwergnatter

Palestinensisk Sorthovedsnog

1862 Homalosoma melanocephalum Jan
Rhynchocalamus melanocephalus Günther 1864
Oligodon melanocephalus Boulenger 1894

Remarks: Previously included satunini. Records from eastern Turkey, Iraq, Iran, Armenia, and Azerbaijan refer to satunini. Presence in Saudi Arabia needs confirmation (Aloufi, Amr, Baker & Hamidan 2019). An old record from Cairo (Anderson 1898) has never been reconfirmed (Venchi & Sindaco 2007).
Distribution: Cyprus, Egypt (Sinai), Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey.


Rhynchocalamus satunini

Armenian Black-headed Snake, (Satunin's Snake)

Armenische Schwarzkopf-Zwergnatter

Armensk Sorthovedsnog

1899 Contia satunini Nikolsky
Rhynchocalamus melanocephalus satunini Welch 1983
Rhynchocalamus satunini Smíd, Martínez, Gebhart, Aznar, Gállego, Göcmen, Pous, Tamar & Carranza 2015
1905 Oligodon melanocephalus septentrionalis Werner (Leviton, Anderson, Adler & Minton 1992)

Distribution: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran, Iraq, Turkey.