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Citation: Midtgaard, Rune. RepFocus - A Survey of the Reptiles of the World. (www.repfocus.dk).
Latest update: December 31st, 2022.

Taxonomy of the family Gavialidae
Bibliography of the genus Tomistoma
Biodiversity of the family Gavialidae


Malayan Gharial



1846 Tomistoma Müller (type species: Crocodilus schlegelii Müller 1838)
1860 Rhynchosaurus Huxley (type species: Crocodilus schlegelii Müller 1838) (syn. Wermuth & Mertens 1977)

Contents: 1 species, which is not endemic.
Endemism: 0% 100%
Remarks: Based on molecular studies, the Malayan Gharial was transferred from the family Crocodylidae to the family Gavialidae by Willis, McAliley, Neeley & Densmore (2007).
Distribution: As for the single species.

Tomistoma schlegelii

Malayan Gharial, Sunda Gharial, False Gharial

Sunda-Gavial, Falscher Gavial, Sunda-Krokodil

Sundagavial, Falsk Gavial

1838 Crocodilus schlegelii Müller
  Tomistoma schlegelii Müller 1846

Remarks: There is a single, unvouchered report of a specimen from southern Vietnam dating back to 1967, but there is no other evidence of the presence of the Malayan Gharial in the country, neither has presence in Sabah (Malaysia) been confirmed (Stuebing, Bezuijen, Auliya & Voris 2006). Considered extinct in Thailand (Bezuijen, Shwedick, Sommerlad, Stevenson & Stuebing 2010).
Extinct in: Thailand.
Distribution: Brunei, Indonesia (Java, Kalimantan, Sumatra), Malaysia (Sarawak, West Malaysia).

Tomistoma schlegelii
© Rune Midtgaard