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Taxonomy of the family Scincidae
Bibliography of the genus Scincella
Biodiversity of the family Scincidae








Genus
Scincella

South Asian and American Ground Skinks, Smooth Skinks

Bodenskinke

Amerikansk-Asiatiske Jordskinker

1950 Scincella Mittleman (type species: Scincus lateralis Say 1823)
Contents: 37 species, of which 23 (62.2%) are endemic.
Remarks: Includes four New World species (assata, cherriei, incerta, rara), previously assigned variously to Leiolopisma, Lygosoma, or Sphenomorphus. Also includes devorator, formerly placed in Sphenomorphus. Previously included Lipinia inconspicua and the species now placed in Kaestlea.
Distribution: Discontinuous: North America, Central America, S. and SE. Asia, Sulawesi.
Reported from: Bangladesh, Belize, Cambodia, China (Anhui, Beijing, Chongqing, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Henan, Hong Kong [incl. Shek Kwu Chau Island], Hubei, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Liaoning, Macau, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang), Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras (incl. Islas de la Bahia: Cayos Cochinos: Cayo Cochino Pequeño), India (Nicobar Islands), Japan (Tsushima Islands, Ryukyu Islands [incl. Sakishima Islands (incl. Miyako Islands, Yaeyama Islands)]), Laos, Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Coahuila, Colima, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Michoacan, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatan), Myanmar, Nicaragua (incl. Islas del Maiz: Isla Grande del Maiz), North Korea, Panama, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand, USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Washington, D.C., West Virginia), Vietnam (incl. Cat Ba Island).

Scincella apraefrontalis

Huulien Ground Skink

Huulien-Bodenskink

Huulien-jordskink

2010 Scincella apraefrontalis Nguyen, Nguyen, Böhme & Ziegler

Distribution: Vietnam.


Scincella assata

Central American Ground Skink

Zentralamerikanischer Bodenskink

Centralamerikansk Jordskink

1864 Lampropholis assatus Cope
Lygosoma assatum Bocourt 1879
Leiolopisma assatum Burt 1935
Lygosoma assatum Stuart 1940
Scincella assata Mittleman 1950
Sphenomorphus assatus Greer 1974
1937 Leiolopisma assatum taylori Oliver
Scincella assata taylori Mittleman 1950
Sphenomorphus assatus taylori Liner 1994

Other common names:
assatus: Red Forest Skink
taylori: Taylor's Forest Skink
Remarks: Reassigned to the genus Scincella by Linkem, Diesmos & Brown (2011). Records from Belize refer to cherriei (Stafford & Meyer 2000). Records from Nicaragua are considered doubtful (Köhler 1999).
Distribution: El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico (Chiapas, Colima, Guerrero, Jalisco, Michoacan, Oaxaca).


Scincella badenensis

Ba Den Ground Skink

Ba-Den-Bodenskink

Ba Den-jordskink

2019 Scincella badenensis Nguyen, Nguyen, Nguyen & Murphy

Distribution: Vietnam.





Scincella barbouri

Yunnan Ground Skink

Yunnan-Bodenskink

Yunnan-jordskink

1925 Leiolopisma barbouri Stejneger
Scincella barbouri Mittleman 1952

Distribution: China (Yunnan).


Scincella boettgeri

Sakishima Ground Skink

Sakishima-Bodenskink

Sakishima-jordskink

1912 Leiolopisma laterale boettgeri Van Denburgh
Scincella boettgeri Greer 1974

Remarks: Validity confirmed by Chen, Ota & Hikida (2001).
Distribution: Japan (Ryukyu Islands: Sakishima Islands [incl. Miyako Islands, Yaeyama Islands]).


Scincella caudaequinae

Horsetail Falls Ground Skink

Nuevo-Leon-Bodenskink

Nuevo Leon-jordskink

1950 Leiolopisma caudaequinae Smith
Scincella caudaequinae Smith & Taylor 1950
Scincella silvicola caudaequinae Darling & Smith 1954

Remarks: Revalidated as a separate species by Linkem, Diesmos & Brown (2011), although not followed by some authors (e.g., Terán-Juárez, García-Padilla, Mata-Silva, Johnson & Wilson 2016).
Distribution: Mexico (Coahuila, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Nuevo Leon, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas).


Scincella cherriei

Central American Brown Forest Skink, (Striped Litter Skink, Litter Skink, Ground Skink)

Zentralamerikanischer Brauner Skovskink

Centralamerikansk Brun Skovskink

1893 Mocoa cherriei Cope
Lygosoma assatum cherriei Stuart 1940
Lygosoma cherriei Smith 1941
Leiolopisma cherriei Smith 1946
Scincella cherriei Mittleman 1950
Sphenomorphus cherriei Greer 1974
1903 Lygosoma assatum brevis Werner (Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970)
1940 Lygosoma assatum ixbaac Stuart (Smith & Taylor 1950)
Leiolopisma cherriei ixbaac Smith 1946
Scincella cherriei ixbaac Mittleman 1950
Sphenomorphus cherriei ixbaac Liner 1994
1941 Lygosoma cherriei stuarti Smith
Leiolopisma cherriei stuarti Smith 1946
Sphenomorphus cherriei stuarti Liner 1994
1956 Leiolopisma cherriei lampropholis Taylor

Other common names:
cherriei: Cope's Brown Forest Skink, Brown Ground Skink
ixbaac: Ixbaac Brown Forest Skink
stuarti: Stuart's Brown Forest Skink
Remarks: Lee (1996) tentatively regarded incerta as a synonym of cherriei.
Distribution: Belize, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras (incl. Islas de la Bahia: Cayos Cochinos: Cayo Cochino Pequeño), Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Oaxaca, Puebla, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Veracruz, Yucatan), Nicaragua (incl. Islas del Maiz: Isla Grande del Maiz), Panama.


Scincella darevskii

Dien Bien Ground Skink, (Darevsky's Ground Skink)

Dien-Bien-Bodenskink

Dien Bien-jordskink

2010 Scincella darevskii Nguyen, Ananjeva, Orlov, Rybaltovsky & Böhme

Distribution: Vietnam.


Scincella devorator

Grasshopper-eating Forest Skink, Devoured Forest Skink

Heuschrecke-Bodenskink

Græshoppe-jordskink

2004 Sphenomorphus devorator Darevsky, Orlov & Cuc
Scincella devorator Nguyen, Schmitz, Nguyen, Orlov, Böhme & Ziegler 2011

Distribution: Vietnam.


Scincella doriae

Burmese Ground Skink, (Doria’s Ground Skink, Doria's Smooth Skink, Marquis Doria’s Ground Skink)

Burmesischer Bodenskink

Burmesisk Jordskink

1887 Lygosoma doriae Boulenger
Leiolopisma doriæ Schmidt 1927
Scincella doriae Mittleman 1952

Distribution: China (Sichuan, Yunnan), Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam.


Scincella forbesorum

Hidalgan Forest Ground Skink, (Forbes's Forest Ground Skink)

Hidalgo-Bodenskink

Hidalgo-jordskink

1937 Leiolopisma forbesorum Taylor
Leiolopisma gemmingeri forbesorum Smith 1950
Scincella gemmingeri forbesorum Smith & Taylor 1950
Scincella forbesora Linkem, Diesmos & Brown 2011

Distribution: Mexico (Hidalgo, Nuevo Leon).


Scincella formosensis

Taiwanese Ground Skink

Taiwanischer Bodenskink

Taiwansk Jordskink

1912 Leiolopisma laterale formosensis Van Denburgh
Scincella formosensis Mittleman 1952
1912 Lygosoma laterale formosensis Thompson [not Leiolopisma laterale formosensis Van Denburgh 1912] (Zhao & Adler 1993)

Remarks: Regarded as a synonym of modesta by Ouboter (1986), but as a valid species by Zhao & Adler (1993). Validity confirmed by Chen, Ota & Hikida (2001).
Distribution: Taiwan.


Scincella gemmingeri

Mexican Forest Ground Skink, (Cope's Forest Ground Skink)

Mexicanischer Waldskink

Mexicansk Skovskink

1864 Oligosoma gemmingeri Cope
Lygosoma gemmingeri Bocourt 1881
Leiolopisma gemmingeri Taylor 1937
Scincella gemmingeri Smith & Taylor 1950

Remarks: Previously included forbesorum.
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Hidalgo, Oaxaca, Puebla, Tabasco, Veracruz).


Scincella huanrenensis

Liaoning Ground Skink

Liaoning-Bodenskink

Liaoning-jordskink

1982 Scincella huanrenensis Zhao & Huang

Distribution: China (Liaoning), South Korea.


Scincella incerta

Guatemalan Ground Skink, (Stuart's Forest Skink)

Guatemalischer Bodenskink

Guatemalansk Jordskink

1940 Lygosoma incertum Stuart
Leiolopisma incertum Smith 1946
Scincella incerta Mittleman 1952
Sphenomorphus incertus Greer 1974

Remarks: Lee (1996) tentatively regarded this species as a synonym of cherriei. Johnson, Mata-Silva, García-Padilla & Wilson (2015) may have shared this opinion, since they did not list incerta in their Chiapas checklist. Reassigned to the genus Scincella by Linkem, Diesmos & Brown (2011).
Distribution: Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico (Chiapas).


Scincella kikaapoa

Coahuila Ground Skink

Coahuila-Bodenskink

Coahuila-jordskink

2010 Scincella kikaapoa García-Vázquez, Canseco-Márquez & Nieto-Montes de Oca

Distribution: Mexico (Coahuila).


Scincella kohtaoensis

Kohtao Ground Skink

Kohtao-Bodenskink

Kohtao-jordskink

1927 Leiolopisma kohtaoensis Cochran
Scincella kohtaoensis Greer 1974
Scincella melanosticta kohtaoensis Ouboter 1986

Remarks: Regarded as a subspecies of melanosticta by Ouboter (1986) but as a separate species other authors (e.g., Taylor 1963; Greer 1974; David & Ineich 2009; Das 2010).
Distribution: Thailand.


Scincella lateralis

North American Ground Skink, Common Ground Skink, Little Brown Skink

Brauner Bodenskink

Nordamerikansk Jordskink

1823 Scincus lateralis Say in James
Tiliqua lateralis Gray 1831
Lygosoma lateralis Duméril & Bibron 1839
Mocoa lateralis Gray 1845
Oligosoma laterale Cope 1875
Leiolopisma laterale Jordan 1899
Scincella laterale Mittleman 1950
1825 Scincus unicolor Harlan (Harper 1942; Smith, Preston & Smith 1983)
Leiolopisma unicolor Stejneger & Barbour 1943

Introduced to: Puerto Rico.
Distribution: Mexico (Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo Leon), USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Washington, D.C., West Virginia).


Scincella macrotis

Nicobar Ground Skink

Nicobarischer Bodenskink

Nicobarisk Jordskink

1869 Euprepes macrotis Steindachner
Lygosoma mactrotis Boulenger 1887
Leiolopisma macrotis Smith 1935
Scincella macrota Mittleman 1952

Distribution: India (Nicobar Islands).


Scincella melanosticta

Black-spotted Ground Skink, Black-spotted Smooth Skink, Black Ground Skink

Schwarzfleckiger Bodenskink

Sortplettet Jordskink

1887 Lygosoma melanostictum Boulenger
Leiolopisma reevesi melanostictum Smith 1935
Scincella melanosticta Mittleman 1952
Leiolopisma melanostictum Taylor 1963
1958 Leiolopisma siamensis Taylor & Elbel (Ouboter 1986)
Scincella siamensis Greer 1974

Remarks: Previously included kohtaoensis and rupicola. Chan-ard, Seangthianchai & Makchai (2011) treated siamensis as a separate species, but without discussion.
Distribution: Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam (incl. Cat Ba Island).


Scincella modesta

Slender Ground Skink, Slender Forest Skink

Venus-Bodenskink

Venus-jordskink

1864 Eumeces modestus Günther
Leiolopisma modestum Schmidt 1927
Scincella modesta Mittleman 1952
1878 Mocoa exigua Anderson (status uncertain, Ouboter 1986)
1925 Leiolopisma septentrionalis Schmidt (Zhao & Adler 1993)
Scincella septentrionalis Greer 1974
Scincella modesta septentrionalis Zhao & Adler 1993
1987 Leiolopisma monticola pingliensis Song (Zhao & Adler 1993)

Remarks: Among other taxa, Ouboter (1986) included five forms (formosensis, monticola, potanini, schmidti, tsinlingensis) in the synonymy of modesta, however, Zhao & Adler (1993) retained them as valid species. A further species (vandenburghi) was subsequently also revalidated from the synonymy of modesta. Heimes (1996) and Shea & Greer (2002) listed septentrionalis as a valid species, but Jiang (2002) and Lu & Li (2002) treated it as a subspecies of modesta. Linkem, Diesmos & Brown (2011) did not mention the taxon. A record from Nepal is probably based on a misidentification (Kästle, Rai & Schleich 2013). Ouboter's (1986) record from Ryukyu Islands is regarded as doubtful.
Distribution: China (Anhui, Beijing, Chongqing, Fujian, Guangdong [incl. Nan Ao Island], Hebei, Henan, Hong Kong, Hubei, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Liaoning, Shaanxi, Shandong, Sichuan, Zhejiang).


Scincella monticola

Yunnan Mountain Ground Skink

Yunnan-Bjergskink

Yunnan-Bjergskink

1925 Leiolopisma monticola Schmidt
Scincella monticola Mittleman 1952

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of modesta (e.g., Ouboter 1986), but as a valid species in most recent works (e.g., Zhao & Adler 1993; Shea & Greer 2002; Nguyen, Nguyen & Orlov 2010).
Distribution: China (Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan), Vietnam.


Scincella nigrofasciata

Black-striped Ground Skink

Schwarzstreifen-Bodenskink

Sortstribet Jordskink

2018 Scincella nigrofasciata Neang, Chan & Poyarkov

Distribution: Cambodia.





Scincella ochracea

Tawny Ground Skink

Gelbbrauner Bodenskink

Gulbrun Jordskink

1937 Leiolopisma ochraceum Bourret
Scincella ochracea Greer 1974

Remarks: Regarded as a tentative synonym of reevesi by Ouboter (1986), but considered a valid species in most recent publications (e.g., Shea & Greer 2002; Eremchenko 2003; David & Ineich 2009; Das 2010; Nguyen, Nguyen, Böhme & Ziegler 2010).
Distribution: Laos, Vietnam.


Scincella pootipongi

Thai Ground Skink, (Pootipong's Smooth Skink)

Thailändischer Bodenskink

Thailandsk Jordskink

1962 Leiolopisma pootipongi Taylor
Scincella pootipongi Chan-Ard, Grossmann, Gumprecht & Schulz 1999

Remarks: Regarded as a tentative synonym of reevesi by Ouboter (1986), but as a valid species by Chan-Ard, Grossmann, Gumprecht & Schulz (1999).
Distribution: Thailand.


Scincella potanini

Sichuan Ground Skink

Sichuan-Bodenskink

Sichuan-jordskink

1896 Lygosoma potanini Günther
Scincella potanini Mittleman 1952

Remarks: Regarded as a synonym of modesta by Ouboter (1986), but as a valid species by Zhao & Adler (1993) and Shea & Greer (2002).
Distribution: China (Gansu, Guizhou, Sichuan).


Scincella przewalskii

Gansu Ground Skink

Gansu-Bodenskink

Gansu-jordskink

1912 Lygosoma przewalskii Bedriaga
Scincella przewalskii Wang & Zhao 1986

Distribution: China (Gansu).


Scincella punctatolineata

Spot-lined Ground Skink, Burmese Smooth Skink, Western Ground Skink

Fleckenstreifen-Bodenskink

Pletstribet Jordskink

1893 Lygosoma punctatolineatum Boulenger
Leiolopisma punctatolineatum Smith 1935
Scincella punctatolineata Mittleman 1952
1935 Leiolopisma tavesae Smith (Ouboter 1986)

Distribution: Myanmar, Thailand.


Scincella rara

Panamanian Ground Skink, Rare Forest Skink

Panamaischer Bodenskink

Panamansk Jordskink

1991 Sphenomorphus rarus Myers & Donnelly
Scincella rarus Linkem, Diesmos & Brown 2011

Distribution: Panama.


Scincella reevesii

Speckled Ground Skink, Speckled Leaf-litter Skink, Reeves' Smooth Skink, Reeve’s Ground Skink

Gesprenkelter Bodenskink, (Reeves' Glattskink)

Spættet Jordskink

1838 Tiliqua reevesii Gray
Eumeces reevesii Günther 1864
Leiolopisma reevesi Schmidt 1927
Lygosoma reevesi Smith 1937
Scincella reevesi Mittleman 1952
Sphenomorphus reevesi Das 1994
1878 Lygosoma nigropunctatum Bocourt (Ouboter 1986)
1887 Lygosoma kakhiensis Boulenger (Ouboter 1986)
1927 Leiolopisma eunice Cochran (Ouboter 1986)
Scincella eunicis [sic] Greer 1974
1941 Leiolopisma smithi Cochran [not Mocoa smithii Gray 1845] (Ouboter 1986)

Remarks: Previously included ochracea and pootipongi. Status of eunice is uncertain (David & Ineich 2009). Although reported from India (e.g., Das 1994, 1996), there are no confirmed records from the country (Venugopal 2010). A single record from Nepal (Shah & Giri 1991) needs confirmation, as it is far to the west of the remainder of the species' range (Schleich & Kästle (eds.) 2002; Kästle, Rai & Schleich 2013).
Distribution: Bangladesh, Cambodia, China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hong Kong [incl. Shek Kwu Chau Island], Macau, Shanxi, Yunnan), Laos, Myanmar, North Korea, South Korea, Thailand, Vietnam (incl. Cat Ba Island).


Scincella rufocaudata

Red-tailed Forest Skink, Red-tailed Ground Skink

Rotschwanz-Bodenskink

Rødhalet Jordskink

1983 Sphenomorphus rufocaudatus Darevsky & N. Van Sang
Scincella rufocaudatus Bobrov 1993

Remarks: Generic assigment of this species is uncertain (Nguyen, Ho & Nguyen 2009). Most recent publications place it in the genus Scincella (e.g., Bobrov 1993; Duckworth, Salter & Khounboline (eds.) 1999; David & Ineich 2009; Böhme 2010; Linkem, Diesmos & Brown 2011).
Distribution: Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam.


Scincella rupicola

Rock-dwelling Ground Skink, Violet-bellied Slender Skink

Violettbäuchiger Bodenskink

Violetbuget Jordskink

1916 Lygosoma rupicola Smith
Leiolopisma rupicola Smith 1935
Scincella rupicola Greer 1974

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of melanosticta (e.g., Ouboter 1986; Nguyen, Ho & Nguyen 2009). Considered a valid species in most recent publications (e.g., Teynié, David, Ohler & Luang-Lath 2004; David & Ineich 2009; Das 2010; Nguyen, Nguyen, Böhme & Ziegler 2010).
Distribution: Laos, Thailand, Vietnam.


Scincella schmidti

Mount Washan Ground Skink, (Schmidt's Ground Skink)

Washan-Bodenskink

Washan-jordskink

1927 Leiolopisma schmidti Barbour
Scincella schmidti Greer 1974

Remarks: Regarded as a synonym of modesta by Ouboter (1986), but as a valid species by Greer (1974), Zhao & Adler (1993), and Shea & Greer (2002).
Distribution: China (Sichuan).


Scincella silvicola

Veracruz Ground Skink, (Taylor's Ground Skink)

Veracruz-Bodenskink

Veracruz-jordskink

1937 Leiolopisma silvicolum Taylor
Scincella silvicola Mittleman 1952

Remarks: Previously included caudaequinae, although this former subspecies is still included in silvicola by some authors (e.g., Terán-Juárez, García-Padilla, Mata-Silva, Johnson & Wilson 2016). Northernmost populations refer to caudaequinae.
Distribution: Mexico (Hidalgo, Oaxaca, Puebla, Veracruz).


Scincella tsinlingensis

Shaanxi Ground Skink

Shaanxi-Bodenskink

Shaanxi-jordskink

1966 Leiolopisma tsinlingensis Hu & Zhao
Scincella tsinlingensis Greer 1974

Remarks: Regarded as a synonym of modesta by Ouboter (1986), but as a valid species by Zhao & Adler (1993) and Shea & Greer (2002).
Distribution: China (Gansu, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan).


Scincella vandenburghi

Tsushima Ground Skink

Tsushima-Bodenskink

Tsushima-jordskink

1927 Leiolopisma vandenburghi Schmidt
Scincella vandenburghi Chen, Hikida, Han, Shim, Oh & Ota 2001

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of modesta (e.g., Ouboter 1986). Revalidated by Chen, Hikida, Han, Shim, Oh & Ota (2001).
Distribution: Japan (Tsushima Islands), South Korea.


Scincella victoriana

Mount Victoria Ground Skink

Victoria-Bodenskink

Victoria-jordskink

1940 Lygosoma victorianum Shreve
Scincella victoriana Mittleman 1952

Distribution: Myanmar.