Reptiles of
Coahuila  [Mexico]

Related checklists:  Mexico

Bibliography of the reptiles of Coahuila Taxonomic history of the reptiles of Coahuila Introduced species
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© Rune Midtgaard


Reptile biodiversity of
Coahuila

excl. introduced; extinct; unconfirmed; and unnamed species
See complete statistics for
families and genera
Families Endemic
families
Endemism
(families)
Genera Endemic
genera
Endemism
(genera)
Species Endemic
species
Endemism
(species)
Species
in % of
region
Lizards (Sauria) 7 0 0.0 % 16 0 0.0 % 57 7 12.3 % 45.6 %
Snakes (Serpentes) 4 0 0.0 % 28 0 0.0 % 56 0 0.0 % 44.8 %
Turtles (Testudines) 4 0 0.0 % 6 0 0.0 % 12 3 25.0 % 9.6 %
Reptiles (Reptilia) 15 0 0.0 % 50 0 0.0 % 125 10 8.0 % 100.0 %

Checklist
General remarks: The list includes only formally described species. Newly discovered, but still unnamed species are excluded. However, unnamed species or species unassigned to species level are included, if they are the only representatives of their genus in the region. Species counts exclude extinct and introduced species. Doubtful records, typically older voucher specimens of uncertain origin, have been excluded if considered questionable, as are records based on sources considered unreliable.
Note: Your comments to the checklist (omissions, errors, etc.) are welcomed, preferably if they are provided with reliable references. If possible, please attach a pdf file of the relevant reference to an email addressed to:
Lizards (Sauria)
= endemicEX = extinct or assumed extinct

Species
References
 Family Anguidae (Slowworms, etc.)
Genus Barisia (Mexican Alligator Lizards)
 
Barisia ciliaris

Northern Mexican Alligator Lizard

Fugler & Webb 1956 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Smith & Taylor 1950 Wermuth 1969
Genus Gerrhonotus (Eastern Alligator Lizards)
 
Gerrhonotus infernalis

Texas Alligator Lizard

Good 1994 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Schmidt 1953 Smith & Taylor 1950 Wermuth 1969
 
Gerrhonotus lugoi

Coahuila Alligator Lizard

Bryson & Graham 2010 Good 1988 Good 1994 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 McCoy 1970
  *
Gerrhonotus mccoyi

Cuatro Ciénegas Alligator Lizard

García-Vázquez, Contreras-Arquieta, Trujano-Ortega & Nieto-Montes de Oca 2018
 
Gerrhonotus parvus

Pigmy Alligator Lizard

Banda-Leal, Lazcano, Barriga-Vallejo & Nevárez-de los Reyes 2018
 Family Crotaphytidae (North American Collared Lizards)
Genus Crotaphytus (Typical Collared Lizards)
  *
Crotaphytus antiquus

Venerable Collared Lizard

Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 McGuire 1996
 
Crotaphytus collaris

Common Collared Lizard

Auth, Smith, Brown & Lintz 2000 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 McGuire 1996
 
Crotaphytus reticulatus

Reticulate Collared Lizard

Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 McGuire 1996
Genus Gambelia (North American Leopard Lizards)
 
Gambelia wislizenii

Long-nosed Leopard Lizard

Chrapliwy & Fugler 1955 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007a Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 McGuire 1996
 Family Eublepharidae (Eyelid Geckos)
Genus Coleonyx (Banded Eyelid Geckos)
 
Coleonyx brevis

Texas Banded Gecko

Auth, Smith, Brown & Lintz 2000 Dixon 1970 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Liner, Johnson & Chaney 1977 Seufer, Kaverkin & Kirschner (eds.) 2005 Smith & Taylor 1950 Smith, Lemos-Espinal & Heimes 2005
 
Coleonyx reticulatus

Big Bend Banded Gecko

Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Seufer, Kaverkin & Kirschner (eds.) 2005
 Family Phrynosomatidae (North American Lesser Iguanas)
Genus Cophosaurus (Greater Earless Lizard)
 
Cophosaurus texanus

Greater Earless Lizard

Auth, Smith, Brown & Lintz 2000 Fugler & Webb 1956 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Smith & Taylor 1950
Genus Holbrookia (Lesser Earless Lizards)
 
Holbrookia approximans

Blue-bellied Earless Lizard

Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007a Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Smith & Taylor 1950
 
Holbrookia lacerata

Spot-tailed Earless Lizard

Axtell 1968 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Smith & Taylor 1950
Genus Phrynosoma (Horned Lizards)
 
Phrynosoma cornutum

Texas Horned Lizard

Auth, Smith, Brown & Lintz 2000 Chrapliwy & Fugler 1955 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Price 1990 Smith & Taylor 1950 Smith, Lemos-Espinal & Heimes 2005
 
Phrynosoma modestum

Round-tailed Horned Lizard

Chrapliwy & Fugler 1955 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Liner, Johnson & Chaney 1977 Smith & Taylor 1950
 
Phrynosoma orbiculare

Mountain Horned Lizard

Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Smith 1991
Genus Sceloporus (Northern Spiny Lizards)
 
Sceloporus bimaculosus

Twin-spotted Spiny Lizard

Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007a Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Smith, Lemos-Espinal & Heimes 2005
  *
Sceloporus caeruleus

Blue Ornate Spiny Lizard

Auth, Smith, Brown & Lintz 2000 Chrapliwy & Fugler 1955 Chrapliwy 1956 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Smith & Taylor 1950 Valdez-Lares, Muñiz-Martínez & García-Vázquez 2015
 
Sceloporus cautus

Shy Spiny Lizard

Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Smith & Taylor 1950
 
Sceloporus consobrinus

Prairie Lizard

Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016
 
Sceloporus couchii

Santa Catarina Spiny Lizard

Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Smith & Taylor 1950
 
Sceloporus cyanogenys

Blue-chinned Spiny Lizard

Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Mendoza Quijano, Liner, Montanucci & Gonzalez Alonso 1993
  *
Sceloporus cyanostictus

Eastern Blue-spotted Spiny Lizard

Axtell & Axtell 1971 Díaz-Cárdenas, Ruiz-Sanchez, Castro-Felix, Castañeda-Gaytán, Ruiz-Santana & Gadsden 2017 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016
 
Sceloporus edbelli

Durangan Undulate Spiny Lizard

Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007a Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 [as consobrinus (part)]
  *
Sceloporus gadsdeni

Western Blue-spotted Spiny Lizard

Díaz-Cárdenas, Ruiz-Sanchez, Castro-Felix, Castañeda-Gaytán, Ruiz-Santana & Gadsden 2017
 
Sceloporus goldmani

San Luis Potosí Bunchgrass Lizard

Carbajal-Márquez & Quintero-Díaz 2017 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Smith & Taylor 1950 Smith, Lemos-Espinal & Heimes 2005 Thomas & Dixon 1976
 
Sceloporus grammicus

Mesquite Lizard

Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Smith & Taylor 1950 Smith, Lemos-Espinal & Heimes 2005
 
Sceloporus lineolateralis

Durangan Lined Spiny Lizard

Castañeda-Gaytán, García-de la Peña, García-Vazquez & Arellano 2007 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 [as jarrovii (part)]
 
Sceloporus maculosus

Rio Nazas Spiny Lizard

Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016
 
Sceloporus merriami

Canyon Lizard

Conant & Collins 1991 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007a Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Olson 1979 Smith & Taylor 1950 Smith, Lemos-Espinal & Chiszar 2003 Smith, Lemos-Espinal & Heimes 2005
 
Sceloporus minor

Lesser Spiny Lizard

Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016
 
Sceloporus oberon

Royal Mountain Spiny Lizard

Auth, Smith, Brown & Lintz 2000 Chrapliwy 1956 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Smith & Taylor 1950 Smith, Lemos-Espinal & Heimes 2005
 
Sceloporus olivaceus

Texas Spiny Lizard

Chrapliwy 1956 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Kennedy 1973 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Smith & Taylor 1950
 
Sceloporus ornatus

Ornate Spiny Lizard

Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Smith & Taylor 1950
 
Sceloporus parvus

Blue-bellied Spiny Lizard

Auth, Smith, Brown & Lintz 2000 Chrapliwy 1956 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Smith & Taylor 1950 Smith, Lemos-Espinal & Heimes 2005
 
Sceloporus poinsettii

Northern Crevice Spiny Lizard

Auth, Smith, Brown & Lintz 2000 Chrapliwy & Fugler 1955 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Smith & Chrapliwy 1958 Smith & Taylor 1950 Smith, Lemos-Espinal & Heimes 2005
 
Sceloporus samcolemani

Nuevo Leon Bunchgrass Lizard

Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Smith, Lemos-Espinal & Heimes 2005
 
Sceloporus spinosus

Eastern Mexican Spiny Lizard

Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016
 
Sceloporus variabilis

Southern Rose-bellied Lizard

Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Smith & Taylor 1950 Smith, Pérez-Higareda & Chiszar 1993
Genus Uma (North American Fringe-toed Lizards)
  *
Uma exsul

Coahuila Fringe-toed Lizard

Adest 1977 Auth, Smith, Brown & Lintz 2000 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016
 
Uma paraphygas

Chihuahua Fringe-toed Lizard

Adest 1977 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007a Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016
Genus Urosaurus (North American Tree Lizards)
 
Urosaurus ornatus

Common Tree Lizard

Chrapliwy & Fugler 1955 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007a Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Stebbins 1985
Genus Uta (Side-blotched Lizards)
 
Uta stansburiana

Common Side-blotched Lizard

Auth, Smith, Brown & Lintz 2000 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007a Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Smith & Taylor 1950 Smith, Lemos-Espinal & Heimes 2005
 Family Scincidae (Skinks)
Genus Plestiodon (Blue-tailed Skinks)
 
Plestiodon brevirostris

Short-nosed Skink

Axtell 1960 Dixon 1969 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b
 
Plestiodon dicei

Tamaulipan Blue-tailed Skink

Brandley, Ota, Hikida, Montes de Oca, Fería-Ortíz, Guo & Wang 2012 Bryson, Linkem, Pavón-Vázquez, Nieto-Montes de Oca, Klicka & McCormack 2017 Fugler & Webb 1956 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016
 
Plestiodon obsoletus

Great Plains Skink

Hall 1976 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Smith & Taylor 1950
 
Plestiodon tetragrammus

North American Four-lined Skink

Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Lieb 1990 Liner, Johnson & Chaney 1977 Zweifel 1954a
Genus Scincella (South Asian and American Ground Skinks)
 
Scincella caudaequinae

Horsetail Falls Ground Skink

Garcia-Vazquez, Lazcano-Villarreal, Garcia-de la Peña & Castañeda 2005 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 [as silvicola]
  *
Scincella kikaapoa

Coahuila Ground Skink

García-Vázquez, Canseco-Márquez & Nieto-Montes de Oca 2010 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016
 
Scincella lateralis

North American Ground Skink

García-Vázquez, Canseco-Márquez & Nieto-Montes de Oca 2010 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016
 Family Teiidae (Greater Tejus)
Genus Aspidoscelis (Northern Whiptails)
 
Aspidoscelis gularis

Common Spotted Whiptail

Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Maslin & Secoy 1986 Smith, Lemos-Espinal & Heimes 2005 Walker 1981e Walker 1981f
 
Aspidoscelis inornatus

Lesser Striped Whiptail

Fugler & Webb 1956 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Maslin & Secoy 1986 Smith & Taylor 1950 Walker, Dixon, Axtell & Cordes 2009
 
Aspidoscelis marmoratus

Marbled Whiptail

Chrapliwy & Fugler 1955 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Maslin & Secoy 1986 Smith & Taylor 1950 Smith, Lemos-Espinal & Heimes 2005 Zweifel 1959b
 
Aspidoscelis scalaris

Plateau Spotted Whiptail

Chrapliwy & Fugler 1955 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007a Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 [as gularis (part)] Maslin & Secoy 1986 Smith & Taylor 1950 [as sackii semifasciatus] Walker 1981f
 
Aspidoscelis tessellatus

Common Checkered Whiptail

Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016
 Family Xantusiidae (Night Lizards)
Genus Xantusia (Northern Night Lizards)
 
Xantusia extorris

Durangan Night Lizard

Castañeda-Gaytán, Castañeda-Gaytán, Cano-Villegas & García-Vázquez 2013 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016

Snakes (Serpentes)
= endemicEX = extinct or assumed extinct

Species
References
 Family Colubridae (Typical Snakes or Colubrids)
Genus Arizona (Glossy Snakes)
 
Arizona elegans

Eastern Glossy Snake

Auth, Smith, Brown & Lintz 2000 Fouquette & Rossman 1963 Heimes 2016 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007a Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Smith & Taylor 1945 Smith, Lemos-Espinal & Heimes 2005
Genus Bogertophis (Desert Rat Snakes)
 
Bogertophis subocularis

Trans-Pecos Rat Snake

Dowling 1952 Heimes 2016 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007a Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Schulz 1996 Smith & Taylor 1945 Worthington 1980
Genus Coluber (North American Racer)
 
Coluber constrictor

North American Racer

Heimes 2016 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Smith 1971 Wilson 1978 Zweifel 1954a
Genus Diadophis (Ring-necked Snake)
 
Diadophis punctatus

Ring-necked Snake

Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016
Genus Drymarchon (Indigo Snakes & Cribos)
 
Drymarchon melanurus

Central American Indigo Snake

Heimes 2016 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Smith & Taylor 1945
Genus Gyalopion (Western Hook-nosed Snakes)
 
Gyalopion canum

Chihuahuan Hook-nosed Snake

Auth, Smith, Brown & Lintz 2000 Fouquette & Rossman 1963 Hardy 1975a Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016
Genus Heterodon (North American Hognose Snakes)
 
Heterodon kennerlyi

Mexican Hognose Snake

Auth, Smith, Brown & Lintz 2000 Heimes 2016 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Smith & Taylor 1945
Genus Hypsiglena (North American Night Snakes)
 
Hypsiglena janii

Chihuahuan Night Snake

Heimes 2016 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b [as chlorophaea] Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Smith & Taylor 1945 [as H. o. ochrorhyncha] Smith, Lemos-Espinal & Heimes 2005 [as ochrorhyncha chlorophaea]
Genus Lampropeltis (King Snakes & Milk Snakes)
 
Lampropeltis alterna

Grey-banded Kingsnake

Auth, Smith, Brown & Lintz 2000 Gehlbach & Baker 1962 Hansen & Salmon 2017 Heimes 2016 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Markel 1990 Smith & Taylor 1945
 
Lampropeltis annulata

Tamaulipan Milk Snake

Heimes 2016 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 [as triangulum] Liner, Johnson & Chaney 1977 Markel 1990 Smith & Taylor 1945
 
Lampropeltis gentilis

Northwestern Milk Snake

Baeza-Tarin, Hernandez, Giovanetto, Espinosa-Treviño, Lazcano & Graham 2018
 
Lampropeltis leonis

Nuevo Leon Kingsnake

Hansen & Salmon 2017 Heimes 2016 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 [as mexicana] Markel 1990 [as mexicana]
 
Lampropeltis splendida

Desert Kingsnake

Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 [as getula]
Genus Leptodeira (Typical Cat-eyed Snakes)
 
Leptodeira septentrionalis

Northern Cat-eyed Snake

Heimes 2016 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Liner, Johnson & Chaney 1977
Genus Masticophis (North American Whip Snakes & Coachwhips)
 
Masticophis flagellum

Common Coachwhip

Auth, Smith, Brown & Lintz 2000 Fugler & Webb 1956 Heimes 2016 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Smith & Taylor 1945 Smith, Lemos-Espinal & Heimes 2005
 
Masticophis schotti

Eastern Striped Whip Snake

Auth, Smith, Brown & Lintz 2000 Camper & Dixon 1994 Heimes 2016 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Smith & Taylor 1945
 
Masticophis taeniatus

Western Striped Whip Snake

Camper & Dixon 1994 Fugler & Webb 1956 Heimes 2016 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Parker 1982 Smith & Taylor 1945
Genus Nerodia (North American Water Snakes)
 
Nerodia erythrogaster

Plain-bellied Water Snake

Conant 1969 Heimes 2016 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Smith & Taylor 1945
 
Nerodia rhombifera

Diamondback Water Snake

Conant 1969 Gibbons & Dorcas 2004 Heimes 2016 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Smith & Taylor 1945
Genus Opheodrys (North American Green Snakes)
 
Opheodrys aestivus

Rough Green Snake

Heimes 2016 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Liner, Johnson & Chaney 1977
Genus Oxybelis (Neotropical Vine Snakes)
 
Oxybelis aeneus

Brown Vine Snake

Heimes 2016
Genus Pantherophis (North American Rat Snakes)
 
Pantherophis bairdi

Rio Grande Rat Snake

Heimes 2016 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Schulz 1996 Smith & Taylor 1945
 
Pantherophis emoryi

Great Plains Rat Snake

Chrapliwy & Fugler 1955 Heimes 2016 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b [as meahllmorum] Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Smith, Lemos-Espinal & Heimes 2005
Genus Pituophis (Bullsnakes, Pine Snakes & Gopher Snakes)
 
Pituophis catenifer

Gopher Snake

Auth, Smith, Brown & Lintz 2000 Bryson, García-Vázquez & Riddle 2011 Chrapliwy & Fugler 1955 Fugler & Webb 1956 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007a Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Smith & Taylor 1945 Smith, Lemos-Espinal & Heimes 2005 Sweet & Parker 1990 [as P. melanoleucus]
 
Pituophis deppei

Mexican Bullsnake

Bryson, García-Vázquez & Riddle 2011 Duellman 1960 Fugler & Webb 1956 Heimes 2016 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007a Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Smith & Taylor 1945
Genus Rhinocheilus (Long-nosed Snakes)
 
Rhinocheilus lecontei

Common Long-nosed Snake

Auth, Smith, Brown & Lintz 2000 Chrapliwy & Fugler 1955 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Manier 2004 Medica 1975 Medica 1980 Smith & Taylor 1945 Smith, Lemos-Espinal & Heimes 2005
Genus Salvadora (Patch-nosed Snakes)
 
Salvadora deserticola

Big Bend Patch-nosed Snake

Reyes, Lazcano & Espinosa-Treviño 2018
 
Salvadora grahamiae

Eastern Patch-nosed Snake

Auth, Smith, Brown & Lintz 2000 Heimes 2016 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Smith & Taylor 1945
Genus Sonora (North American Ground, Sand, and Shovel-nosed Snakes)
 
Sonora episcopa

Great Plains Ground Snake

Auth, Smith, Brown & Lintz 2000 [as semiannulata] Cox, Davis Rabosky, Holmes, Reyes-Velasco, Roelke, Smith, Flores-Villela, McGuire & Campbell 2018 Frost 1983 [as semiannulata] Heimes 2016 [as semiannulata] Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b [as s. semiannulata] Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 [as semiannulata] Liner, Johnson & Chaney 1977
Genus Storeria (North American Brown Snakes)
 
Storeria hidalgoensis

Mexican Yellow-bellied Brown Snake

Fugler & Webb 1956 Heimes 2016 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016
Genus Tantilla (American Centipede Snakes)
 
Tantilla atriceps

Mexican Black-headed Centipede Snake

Chrapliwy 1956 Cole & Hardy 1981 Cole & Hardy 1983 Heimes 2016 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Liner, Johnson & Chaney 1977 Smith & Taylor 1945 Wilcox & Mata-Silva 2014 Wilson & Mata-Silva 2015
 
Tantilla bocourti

Guanajuato Centipede Snake

Wilcox & Mata-Silva 2014 Wilson & Mata-Silva 2015
 
Tantilla gracilis

Flat-headed Centipede Snake

Heimes 2016 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Savitzky & Collins 1971 Wilcox & Mata-Silva 2014
 
Tantilla cucullata

Trans-Pecos Centipede Snake

Baeza-Tarin, Hernandez, Giovanetto, Espinosa-Treviño, Lazcano & Graham 2018
 
Tantilla hobartsmithi

Southwestern Centipede Snake

Cole & Hardy 1981 Cole & Hardy 1983 Heimes 2016 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Wilcox & Mata-Silva 2014 Wilson & Mata-Silva 2015
 
Tantilla nigriceps

Plains Centipede Snake

Heimes 2016 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007a Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Wilcox & Mata-Silva 2014
 
Tantilla wilcoxi

Chihuahuan Centipede Snake

Cole & Hardy 1981 Heimes 2016 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007a Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Smith & Taylor 1945 Wilcox & Mata-Silva 2014 Wilson & Mata-Silva 2015 Wilson 1983
Genus Thamnophis (North American Garter Snakes & Ribbon Snakes)
 
Thamnophis cyrtopsis

Black-necked Garter Snake

Chrapliwy & Fugler 1955 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Smith & Taylor 1945 Smith, Lemos-Espinal & Heimes 2005
 
Thamnophis exsul

Exiled Garter Snake

Heimes 2016 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Liner 1992 Rossman 1969 Rossman, Ford & Seigel 1996
 
Thamnophis marcianus

Checkered Garter Snake

Auth, Smith, Brown & Lintz 2000 Heimes 2016 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Smith & Taylor 1945 Smith, Lemos-Espinal & Heimes 2005
 
Thamnophis proximus

Western Ribbon Snake

Auth, Smith, Brown & Lintz 2000 Heimes 2016 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Rossman, Ford & Seigel 1996 Smith & Taylor 1945
Genus Trimorphodon (Lyre Snakes)
 
Trimorphodon vilkinsonii

Chihuahua Lyresnake

Baeza-Tarin, Hernandez, Giovanetto, Espinosa-Treviño, Lazcano & Graham 2018
 Family Elapidae [part 1: terrestrial species] (Cobras, Mambas, etc.)
Genus Micrurus (American Coral Snakes)
 
Micrurus tener

Texas Coral Snake

Campbell & Lamar 2004 Heimes 2016 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Roze 1996
 Family Leptotyphlopidae (Thread Snakes)
Genus Rena (Maroon Thread Snakes)
 
Rena dissecta

New Mexico Thread Snake

Hahn 1980 Heimes 2016 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Schmidt 1953 Smith & Taylor 1945
 
Rena dulcis

Texas Thread Snake

Heimes 2016 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016
 
Rena segrega

Trans-Pecos Thread Snake

Hahn 1980 Heimes 2016 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007a Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Smith & Taylor 1945 Webb 1982
 Family Viperidae (Vipers)
Genus Agkistrodon (American Copperheads, Cottonmouths, and Cantils)
 
Agkistrodon laticinctus

Broad-banded Copperhead

Campbell & Lamar 2004 [as contortrix pictigaster] Gloyd & Conant 1990 [as contortrix] Heimes 2016 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 [as contortrix]
Genus Crotalus (Typical Rattlesnakes)
 
Crotalus atrox

Western Diamondback Rattlesnake

Campbell & Lamar 2004 Chrapliwy & Fugler 1955 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Smith, Lemos-Espinal & Heimes 2005
 
Crotalus lepidus

Common Rock Rattlesnake

Heimes 2016 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016
 
Crotalus molossus

Western Black-tailed Rattlesnake

Campbell & Lamar 2004 Chrapliwy & Fugler 1955 Fugler & Webb 1956 Heimes 2016 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016
 
Crotalus morulus

Tamaulipan Rock Rattlesnake

Campbell & Lamar 2004 Heimes 2016 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b
 
Crotalus ornatus

Northeastern Black-tailed Rattlesnake

Anderson & Greenbaum 2012 Heimes 2016
 
Crotalus pricei

Twin-spotted Rattlesnake

Campbell & Lamar 2004 Heimes 2016 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016
 
Crotalus scutulatus

Mojave Rattlesnake

Auth, Smith, Brown & Lintz 2000 Campbell & Lamar 2004 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Liner 1964 Smith, Lemos-Espinal & Heimes 2005
 
Crotalus viridis

Prairie Rattlesnake

Campbell & Lamar 2004 Heimes 2016 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Lemos-Espinal, Chiszar & Smith 1994
Genus Sistrurus (Pygmy Rattlesnakes)
 
Sistrurus tergeminus

Western Massasauga

Campbell & Lamar 2004 [as catenatus] Ernst 1992 Heimes 2016 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 [as catenatus] McCoy & Minckley 1969

Turtles (Testudines)
= endemicEX = extinct or assumed extinct

Species
References
 Family Emydidae (Western Pond Turtles)
Genus Pseudemys (Cooter Turtles)
 
Pseudemys gorzugi

Rio Grande Cooter

Iverson 1992 Legler & Vogt 2013 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Pierce, Stuart, Ward & Painter 2016 Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017 Ward 1984
Genus Terrapene (American Box Turtles)
  *
Terrapene coahuila

Coahuilan Box Turtle

Auth, Smith, Brown & Lintz 2000 Fritz & Havas 2006 Howeth & Brown 2011 Iverson 1992 Legler & Vogt 2013 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017 Smith & Taylor 1950
 
Terrapene ornata

Ornate Box Turtle

Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017
Genus Trachemys (Slider Turtles)
 
Trachemys gaigeae

Big Bend Slider

Auth, Smith, Brown & Lintz 2000 Dijk 2013 Fritz & Havas 2006 Iverson 1992 Legler & Vogt 2013 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007a Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017 Smith & Taylor 1950 Stuart & Ward 2009
 
Trachemys scripta

Common Slider

Legler & Vogt 2013 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Smith & Taylor 1950
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Trachemys taylori

Cuatro Ciénagas Slider

Auth, Smith, Brown & Lintz 2000 Fritz & Havas 2006 Iverson 1992 Legler & Vogt 2013 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017 Wermuth & Mertens 1977
 Family Kinosternidae (American Mud and Musk Turtles)
Genus Kinosternon (American Mud Turtles)
 
Kinosternon durangoense

Durango Mud Turtle

Fritz & Havas 2006 Iverson 1992 Legler & Vogt 2013 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007a Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017
 
Kinosternon flavescens

Yellow Mud Turtle

Auth, Smith, Brown & Lintz 2000 Legler & Vogt 2013 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007a Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Liner, Johnson & Chaney 1977 Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017
  EX
Kinosternon hirtipes

Mexican Rough-footed Mud Turtle

Auth, Smith, Brown & Lintz 2000 Fritz & Havas 2006 Iverson 1992 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007a Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017
 Family Testudinidae (Tortoises)
Genus Gopherus (Gopher Tortoises)
 
Gopherus berlandieri

Texas Tortoise

Auffenberg & Franz 1978 Auth, Smith, Brown & Lintz 2000 Fritz & Havas 2006 Iverson 1992 Legler & Vogt 2013 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017 Smith & Taylor 1950 Wermuth & Mertens 1977
 
Gopherus flavomarginatus

Bolson Tortoise

Fritz & Havas 2006 Iverson 1992 Legler & Vogt 2013 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007a Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017 Wermuth & Mertens 1977
 Family Trionychidae (Softshell Turtles)
Genus Apalone (North American Softshell Turtles)
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Apalone atra

Black Spiny Softshell Turtle

Bonin, Devaux & Dupre 2006 Cerdá-Ardura, Soberón-Mobarak, McGaugh & Vogt 2008 Fritz & Havas 2006 Legler & Vogt 2013 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b McCord & Joseph-Ouni 2005a Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017
 
Apalone spinifera

Spiny Softshell Turtle

Auth, Smith, Brown & Lintz 2000 Bonin, Devaux & Dupre 2006 Fritz & Havas 2006 Iverson 1992 Legler & Vogt 2013 Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2007b Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2016 McCord & Joseph-Ouni 2005a Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017 Smith & Taylor 1950