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Taxonomy of the family Typhlopidae
Bibliography of the genus Xerotyphlops
Biodiversity of the family Typhlopidae








Genus
Xerotyphlops

Desert Blind Snakes

Wüsten-Blindschlangen*

Ørken-ormeslanger*

2014 Xerotyphlops Hedges, Marion, Lipp, Marin & Vidal (type species: Typhlops vermicularis Merrem 1820)
Contents: 6 species, of which 4 (66.7%) are endemic.
Remarks: The species of this genus were previously included in Typhlops (e.g., Hahn 1980).
Distribution: N. Africa, SE. Europe, Middle East.
Reported from: Afghanistan, Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Egypt (incl. Sinai), Georgia, Greece (incl. Aegean Islands [incl. Dodecanese Islands (incl. Rhodes)]), Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Mauritania, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Russia, Syria, Tajikistan, Turkey (incl. European Turkey), Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Yemen (Socotra Archipelago: Socotra).

Xerotyphlops etheridgei

Mauritanian Blind Snake*

Mauritanische Blindschlange*

Mauritansk Ormeslange*

2002 Typhlops etheridgei Wallach
Xerotyphlops etheridgei Hedges, Marion, Lipp, Marin & Vidal 2014

Distribution: Mauritania.


Xerotyphlops luristanicus

Lorestan Blind Snake, Laki Blind Snake

Lorestan-Blindschlange*

Luristan-ormeslange*

2002 Xerotyphlops luristanicus Torki

Distribution: Iran.


Xerotyphlops socotranus

Socotra Blind Snake*

Sokotra-Blindschlange*

Socotra-ormeslange*

1889 Typhlops socotranus Boulenger
Xerotyphlops socotranus Hedges, Marion, Lipp, Marin & Vidal 2014

Distribution: Yemen (Socotra Archipelago: Socotra).


Xerotyphlops syriacus

Syrian Worm Snake

Syrische Blindschlange, Blödauge

Syrisk Ormeslange

1864 Typhlops syriacus Jan
Xerotyphlops syriacus Kornilios, Jablonski, Sadek, Kumlutas, Olgun, Avci & Ilgaz 2020

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of vermicularis (e.g., Hahn 1980). Revalidated as a separate species by Kornilios, Jablonski, Sadek, Kumlutas, Olgun, Avci & Ilgaz (2020).
Distribution: Egypt (Sinai), Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria.





Xerotyphlops vermicularis

European Worm Snake, Eurasian Worm Snake, Vermiform Blind Snake, Greek Blind Snake

Europäische Blindschlange, Blödauge

Europæisk Ormeslange

1803 Anguis lumbricalis Daudin [not Anguis lumbricalis Linnaeus 1758]
Typhlops lumbricalis Schreiber 1875
1820 Typhlops vermicularis Merrem
Argyrophis vermicularis Gray 1845
Xerotyphlops vermicularis Hedges, Marion, Lipp, Marin & Vidal 2014
1833 Typhlops flavescens Bibron & Bory (Hahn 1980)
1864 Typhlops syriacus Jan (Hahn 1980)
1874 Typhlops persicus Blanford (Hahn 1980)

Remarks: Although vouchers from Croatia exist, presence of this species in the country is considered doubtful (Jelic 2014). Reported from Uttar Pradesh (India) by Yadav, Khan & Khan (2017), presumably based on a misidentification. No other publication supports the presence of this species so far east of the nearest known locality.
Distribution: (under revision): Afghanistan, Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Georgia, Greece (incl. Aegean Islands [incl. Dodecanese Islands (incl. Rhodes)]), Iran, Iraq, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Russia, Syria, Tajikistan, Turkey (incl. European Turkey), Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan.


Xerotyphlops wilsoni

Persian Blind Snake*

Persische Blindschlange*

Persisk Ormeslange*

1908 Typhlops wilsoni Wall
Xerotyphlops wilsoni Hedges, Marion, Lipp, Marin & Vidal 2014

Distribution: Iran.