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Taxonomy of the family Trionychidae
Bibliography of the genus Amyda
Biodiversity of the family Trionychidae








Genus
Amyda

Southeast Asian Softshell Turtles

Knorpel-Weichschildkröten

Sydøstasiatiske Plettede Blødskildpadder

1809 Amyda Geoffroy (type species: Amyda javanica Schweigger in Geoffroy Saint-Hillaire 1809 [nomen nudum] = Trionyx javanicus Geoffroy Saint-Hillaire 1809)
1843 Potamochelys Fitzinger (type species: Trionyx javanicus Geoffroy Saint-Hillaire 1809; syn. Fritz & Havas 2006)
1864 Aspilus Gray [not Aspilus Schaum 1848 (Coleoptera)] (type species: Trionyx cariniferus Gray 1856; syn. Fritz & Havas 2006)
1873 Ida Gray [not Ida Gray 1838 (Sauria); not Ida Gray 1840 (Gastropoda); not Ida Robineau-Desvoidy 1863 (Diptera)] (type species: Trionyx ornatus Gray 1861;

Contents: 2 species, none of which are endemic.
Endemism: 0% 100%
Remarks: Previously included in Trionyx (e.g., Wermuth & Mertens 1977).
Distribution: Bangladesh, Brunei, Cambodia, India (Assam, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura), Indonesia (Anambas Islands, Bali, Java, Kalimantan, Riau Islands, Sulawesi, Sumatra), Laos, Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak, West Malaysia [incl. Langkawi Archipelago]), Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam.

Amyda cartilaginea

Sunda Softshell Turtle

Sunda-Weichschildkröte

Sunda-blødskildpadde

1770 Testudo cartilaginea Boddaert
Gymnopus cartilaginea Cantor 1847
Trionyx cartilagineus Boulenger 1889
Aspidonectes cartilagineus Baur 1893
Amyda cartilaginea Barbour 1912
1787 Testudo boddaerti Schneider [substitute name for Testudo cartilaginea Boddaert 1770] (Fritz & Havas 2006)
1798 Testudo striata Suchow [in part; substitute name for Testudo cartilaginea Boddaert 1770 and Testudo triunguis Forsskål 1775] (Fritz & Havas 2006)
1809 Trionyx javanicus Geoffroy Saint-Hillaire (Fritz & Havas 2006)
Aspidonectes javanicus Wagler 1830
Gymnopus javanicus Duméril & Bibron 1835
Trionyx stellatus var. javanica Schlegel 1838
Aspilus javanicus Gray 1873
1809 Trionyx stellatus Geoffroy Saint-Hillaire [substitute name for Testudo cartilaginea Boddaert 1770] (Fritz & Havas 2006)
Potamochelys stellatus Gray 1864
1856 Trionyx cariniferus Gray (Fritz & Havas 2006)
Aspilus cariniferus Gray 1864
1864 Aspilus punctulatus Gray (Fritz & Havas 2006)
1869 Trionyx jeudi Gray (Fritz & Havas 2006)
1875 Trionyx ephippium Theobald (Fritz & Havas 2006)
1979 Trionyx nakornsrithammarajensis Nutaphand (Fritz & Havas 2006)
Amyda nakornsrithammarajensis Ernst & Barbour 1989
1990 Trionyx cartilagineus nakorn Nutaphand [substitute name for Trionyx nakornsrithammarajensis Nutaphand 1979] (Fritz & Havas 2006)
2014 Amyda cartilaginea maculosa Fritz, Gemel, Kehlmaier, Vamberger & Praschag

Other common names:
maculosa: Northern Sunda Softshell Turtle
cartilaginea: Southern Sunda Softshell Turtle
Remarks: Previously included ornata. Records from Lombok and Sulawesi are assigned to the subspecies cartilaginea, but most likely represent an introduction (Fritz, Gemel, Kehlmaier, Vamberger & Praschag 2014; Auliya, Dijk, Moll & Meylan 2016).
Introduced to: Indonesia (Lombok), Mauritius.
Distribution: Brunei, Indonesia (Anambas Islands, Bali, Java, Kalimantan, Riau Islands, Sulawesi, Sumatra), Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak).


Amyda ornata

Black-rayed Softshell Turtle, Southeast Asian Softshell Turtle, (Malayan Softshell Turtle)

Gewöhnliche Knorpel-Weichschildkröte

Sortstrålet Blødskildpadde

1861 Trionyx ornatus Gray
Aspilus ornatus Gray 1864
Ida ornata Gray 1873
Amyda ornata Fritz, Gemel, Kehlmaier, Vamberger & Praschag 2014
1868 Trionyx phayrei Theobald
Aspidonectes phayrei Baur 1893
Amyda ornata phayrei Fritz, Gemel, Kehlmaier, Vamberger & Praschag 2014
1889 Trionyx phayrii Boulenger [substitute name for Trionyx phayrei Theobald 1868]
Amyda phayrii Barbour 1912

Other common names:
ornata: Eastern Black-rayed Softshell Turtle
phayrei: Western Black-rayed Softshell Turtle
Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of cartilaginea (e.g., Fritz & Havas 2006). Revalidated as a separate species by Fritz, Gemel, Kehlmaier, Vamberger & Praschag (2014). Listed for China by Bain & Hurley (2011, as cartilaginea), but reports (from Yunnan) most likely represent introductions (Auliya, Dijk, Moll & Meylan 2016).
Introduced to: China (Yunnan).
Distribution: Bangladesh, Cambodia, India (Assam, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura), Laos, Malaysia (West Malaysia [incl. Langkawi Archipelago]), Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam.