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Taxonomy of the family Gekkonidae
Bibliography of the genus Chondrodactylus
Biodiversity of the family Gekkonidae








Genus
Chondrodactylus

Giant Ground Gecko and Thick-toed Geckos

Südafrikanischer Sandgecko und Dickfingergeckos

Sydafrikansk Sandgekko og Tykfingergekkoer

1864 Homodactylus Gray [not Homodactylus Fitzinger 1843 (Reptilia: Gerrhosauridae)] (type species: Homodactylus turneri Gray 1864; syn. Kluge 1991)
1870 Chondrodactylus Peters (type species: Chondrodactylus angulifer Peters 1870)
Contents: 6 species, none of which are endemic.
Endemism: 0% 100%
Remarks: Until recently regarded as a monotypic genus, containing only angulifer. Bauer & Lamb (2005) transferred the other species and subspecies from the genus Pachydactylus. The latter species are referred to as Thick-toed Geckos, as are the species belonging to Elasmodactylus and Pachydactylus.
Distribution: E. and S. Africa.
Reported from: Angola, Botswana, Eswatini, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, South Africa (Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West Province, Northern Cape, Western Cape), Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Chondrodactylus angulifer

Giant Ground Gecko, Sand Gecko

Südafrikanischer Sandgecko

Sydafrikansk Sandgekko

1870 Chondrodactylus angulifer Peters
1887 Chondrodactylus weirei Boulenger (Wermuth 1965)
1976 Chondrodactylus angulifer namibensis Haacke

Other common names:
angulifer: Common Giant Ground Gecko
namibensis: Namib Giant Ground Gecko
Distribution: Botswana, Namibia, South Africa (Northern Cape, Western Cape).


Chondrodactylus angulifer
© Henrik Bringsøe

Chondrodactylus bibronii

Tubercled Thick-toed Gecko, (Bibron's Thick-toed Gecko, Bibron's Tubercled Gecko, Bibron's Sand Gecko, Bibron's Gecko, Mozambique Thick-toed Gecko, Tete Thick-toed Gecko, Cape Button-scaled Gecko, Velvety Gecko)

Tuberkel-Dickfingergecko, (Bibrons Dickfingergecko)

Tuberkel-Tykfingergekko, (Bibrons Tykfingergekko)

1846 Tarentola bibronii Smith
Pachydactylus bibronii Smith 1849
Chondrodactylus bibronii Bauer & Lamb 2005

Remarks: Previously included laevigatus and turneri (e.g., Wermuth 1965). Now restricted to S. Botswana, S. Namibia and South Africa. Most of the former range of bibronii (e.g., Wermuth 1965) now represents the two species mentioned above.
Introduced to: USA (Florida).
Distribution: Botswana, Namibia, South Africa (Eastern Cape, Free State, Northern Cape, Western Cape).


Chondrodactylus fitzsimonsi

Kunene Thick-toed Gecko, (FitzSimons' Thick-toed Gecko)

Kunene-Dickfingergecko

Kunene-tykfingergekko

1938 Pachydactylus laevigatus tessellatus Fitzsimons [not Pachydactylus tessellatus Werner 1910]
1947 Pachydactylus laevigatus fitzsimonsi Loveridge [substitute name for Pachydactylus laevigatus tessellatus Loveridge 1938]
Pachydactylus fitzsimonsi Benyr 1995
Chondrodactylus fitzsimonsi Bauer & Lamb 2005

Distribution: Angola, Namibia.


Chondrodactylus laevigatus

Karas Thick-toed Gecko, (Button-scaled Gecko)

Karas-Dickfingergecko

Karas-tykfingergekko

1888 Pachydactylus laevigatus Fischer
Pachydactylus turneri laevigatus Griffin 2003
Chondrodactylus turneri laevigatus Bauer & Lamb 2005
Chondrodactylus laevigatus Marques, Cerķaco, Blackburn & Bauer 2018

Remarks: Benyr (1995) revalidated laevigatus from the synonymy of bibronii, including turneri as a subspecies, however, turneri has priority over laevigatus, so the latter should have been regarded as a subspecies of the former. Subsequently, laevigatus was revalidated as a separate species (Marques, Cerķaco, Blackburn & Bauer 2018). Kenya appears to be isolated from the remainder of the distribution of the species. It is unclear how widely distributed the species is in between these populations. Exact boundaries between the distributions of laevigatus and turneri are unclear. Part of the stated distribution of turneri may refer to laevigatus.
Distribution: Angola, Kenya, Namibia, South Africa (Northern Cape).





Chondrodactylus pulitzerae

Pico Azevedo Thick-toed Gecko, (Pulitzer's Thick-toed Gecko)

Pico-Azevedo-Dickfingergecko

Pico Azevedo-tykfingergekko

1933 Pachydactylus bibronii pulitzerae Schmidt
Pachydactylus laevigatus pulitzerae Benyr 1995
Pachydactylus turneri pulitzerae Kluge 2001
Chondrodactylus pulitzerae Heinz 2011

Remarks: Previously regarded as a subspecies of bibronii (e.g., Wermuth 1965) or, more recently, of turneri (e.g., Kluge 2001). Treated herein as a separate species, following Cerķaco, Bauer, Blackburn & Lavres (2014), who in turn referred to the unpublished M.S. thesis by Heinz (2011), but without including this publication in their reference list.
Distribution: Angola, Namibia.


Chondrodactylus turneri

Zambezi Thick-toed Gecko, Zambezi Gecko, Tropical Button-scaled Gecko, (Turner's Thick-toed Gecko)

Zambezi-Dickfingergecko

Zambezi-tykfingergekko

1864 Homodactylus turneri Gray
Pachydactylus bibronii turneri Parker 1936
Pachydactylus laevigatus turneri Benyr 1995
Pachydactylus turneri Branch 1998
Chondrodactylus turneri Bauer & Lamb 2005
1910 Pachydactylus bibronii stellatus Werner (Kluge 2001)

Remarks: Formerly regarded as a synonym of bibronii. Previously included pulitzerae. Benyr (1995) revalidated laevigatus from the synonymy of bibronii, including turneri as a subspecies, however, turneri has priority over laevigatus, so the latter should have been regarded as a subspecies of the former. Subsequently, laevigatus was revalidated as a separate species. Exact boundaries between the distributions of laevigatus and turneri are unclear. Part of the stated distribution of turneri (below) may refer to laevigatus.
Introduced to: New Zealand, USA (Florida).
Distribution: Botswana, Eswatini, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, South Africa (Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West Province, Northern Cape), Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Chondrodactylus turneri
© Henrik Bringsøe