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© Rune Midtgaard


Taxonomy of the family Geoemydidae
Bibliography of the genus Heosemys
Biodiversity of the family Geoemydidae








Genus
Heosemys

Forest Turtles

Asiatische Erdschildkröten

Asiatiske Skovskildpadder

1902 Heosemys Stejneger (type species: Emys spinosa Gray 1831)
1916 Hieremys Smith (type species: Cyclemys annandalii Boulenger 1903; syn. Diesmos, Parham, Stuart & Brown 2005; Fritz & Havas 2006)

Contents: 4 species, none of which are endemic.
Endemism: 0% 100%
Remarks: Formerly included in the genus Geoemyda. The relationships of these two genera has been discussed by Lorenz (1984) and Moll, Groombridge & Vijaya (1987). Previously included Vijayachelys silvatica.
Distribution: SE. Asia, Malay Archipelago.
Reported from: Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia (Bangka, Batu Islands, Kalimantan, Natuna Islands, Sumatra), Laos, Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak, West Malaysia [incl. Langkawi Archipelago]), Myanmar, Philippines (Sulu Islands [Siasi, Tawi-Tawi]), Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam.

Heosemys annandalii

Yellow-headed Temple Turtle

Tempelschildkröte

Gulhovedet Tempelskildpadde

1903 Cyclemys annandalii Boulenger
Hieremys annandalii Smith 1916
Heosemys annandalii Diesmos, Parham, Stuart & Brown 2005

Distribution: Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia (West Malaysia [incl. Langkawi Archipelago]), Thailand, Vietnam.


Heosemys annandalii
© Rune Midtgaard

Heosemys depressa

Arakan Forest Turtle

Flache Erdschildkröte

Arakan-skovskildpadde

1875 Geoemyda depressa Anderson
Heosemys depressa Siebenrock 1909
1876 Geoemyda arakana Theobald (Fritz & Havas 2006)

Distribution: Bangladesh, Myanmar.


Heosemys grandis

Giant Asian Pond Turtle, Asian Giant Terrapin, (Yellow-headed Temple Terrapin, Orange-headed Temple Terrapin)

Riesen-Erdschildkröte

Asiatisk Kæmpesumpskildpadde

1860 Geoemyda grandis Gray
Clemmys grandis Strauch 1862
Heosemys grandis Siebenrock 1909

Remarks: The Myanmar population may represent a distinct species (Iverson & McCord 2006).
Distribution: Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia (West Malaysia), Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam.


Heosemys grandis
© Rune Midtgaard

Heosemys spinosa

Spiny Turtle, Spiny Hill Turtle, Spiny Terrapin, Sunburst Turtle

Stachel-Erdschildkröte

Pigskildpadde, Tornet Sumpskildpadde

1831 Emys spinosa Gray
Geoemyda spinosa Gray 1834
Clemmys spinosa Fitzinger 1835
Heosemys spinosa Stejneger 1902

Remarks: Possibly a species complex (Spinks, Thomson, Hughes, Moxley, Brown, Diesmos & Shaffer 2012). Reports from Mindanao (Philippines) (e.g., Das 1996) are erroneous (Diesmos, Brown, Alcala & Sison 2008).
Distribution: Brunei, Indonesia (Bangka, Batu Islands, Kalimantan, Natuna Islands, Sumatra), Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak, West Malaysia), Myanmar, Philippines (Sulu Islands [Siasi, Tawi-Tawi]), Singapore, Thailand.