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Taxonomy of the family Elapidae [terrestrial species]
Bibliography of the genus Micrurus
Biodiversity of the family Elapidae [terrestrial species]








Genus
Micrurus

American Coral Snakes

Echte Korallenottern, Echte Korallenschlangen

Amerikanske Koralslanger

1801 Elaps Schneider (type species: Coluber lemniscatus Linnaeus 1758; see International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (1982): Opinion 1201 regarding nomenclatural priority)
1824 Micrurus Wagler (type species: Micrurus spixii Wagler 1824)
Contents: 81 species, of which 30 (37.0%) are endemic.
Remarks: Some authors have included Leptomicrurus in this genus.
Distribution: North America, Central America, South America.
Reported from: Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil (Acre, Alagoas, Amapa, Amazonas, Bahia, Ceara, Distrito Federal, Espirito Santo, Goias, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Para [incl. Marajo Island], Paraiba, Parana, Pernambuco, Piaui, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Norte, Rio Grande do Sul, Rondonia, Roraima, Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo [incl. Ilha de Alcatrazes, Sao Sebastiao, Vitoria], Sergipe, Tocantins), Colombia (incl. Gorgona Island), Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras (incl. Islas de la Bahia [Roatan]), Mexico (Aguascalientes, Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Distrito Federal, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Yucatan, Zacatecas), Nicaragua (incl. Islas del Maiz [Isla Grande del Maiz]), Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Surinam, Trinidad & Tobago (Trinidad), Uruguay, USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas), Venezuela (incl. Margarita).

Micrurus albicinctus

White-banded Coral Snake, White-ringed Coral Snake

Weißband-Korallenotter

Hvidbĺndet Koralslange

1925 Micrurus albicinctus Amaral
1938 Micrurus waehnerorum Meise (status uncertain, see Campbell & Lamar 2004)

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of ornatissimus (e.g., Campbell & Lamar 1989, Cunha & Nascimento 1982). Revalidated as a separate species by Cunha & Nascimento (1991). The type locality ("Mato Grosso") may refer to Rondonia (Vanzolini 1986), a territory included in Mato Grosso at the time of the original description of albicinctus.
Distribution: Brazil (Amazonas, Mato Grosso, Rondonia), Peru.


Micrurus alleni

Arrow-headed Coral Snake, (Allen's Coral Snake)

Pfeilkopf-Korallenotter

Pilehoved-koralslange

1936 Micrurus nigrocinctus alleni Schmidt
Micrurus alleni Taylor 1951
1942 Micrurus nigrocinctus yatesi Dunn (Campbell & Lamar 2004)
Micrurus alleni yatesi Roze 1967
1951 Micrurus alleni richardi Taylor (Campbell & Lamar 2004)

Remarks: The Pacific population of this species might represent a distinct species for which the name yatesi would be available (Sasa & Smith 2001; Campbell & Lamar 2004).
Distribution: Costa Rica, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama.


Micrurus altirostris

Uruguayan Coral Snake, (Southern Coral Snake)

Uruguayische Korallenotter

Uruguayisk Koralslange

1859 Elaps altirostris Cope
Micrurus frontalis altirostris Schmidt 1936
Micrurus altirostris Silva & Sites 1999
1877 Elaps heterochilus Mocquard (Campbell & Lamar 2004)
1944 Micrurus lemniscatus multicinctus Amaral (Campbell & Lamar 2004)
Micrurus frontalis multicinctus Azevedo 1960

Other common names:
multicinctus: Southern Many-banded Coral Snake
Distribution: Argentina, Brazil (Parana, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo), Paraguay, Uruguay.


Micrurus ancoralis

Regal Coral Snake, Anchor Coral Snake

König-Korallenotter

Kongekoralslange

1872 Elaps marcgravii var. ancoralis Jan
Elaps ancoralis Boulenger 1896
Micrurus ancoralis Amaral 1925
1898 Elaps rosenbergi Boulenger (Campbell & Lamar 2004)
1936 Micrurus ancoralis jani Schmidt

Other common names:
ancoralis: Ecuadorian Anchor Coral Snake
jani: Choco Anchor Coral Snake
Distribution: Colombia, Ecuador, Panama.


Micrurus annellatus

Annellated Coral Snake

Ringel-Korallenotter

Ring-koralslange

1871 Elaps annellatus Peters
Micrurus annellatus Schmidt 1954
1898 Elaps balzani Boulenger
Micrurus balzani Schmidt 1933
Micrurus annellatus balzani Roze 1967
1920 Elaps regularis Boulenger (Campbell & Lamar 2004)
1954 Micrurus annellatus montanus Schmidt (Campbell & Lamar 2004)
1967 Micrurus annellatus bolivianus Roze

Other common names:
annellatus: Common Annelated Coral Snake
balzani: Yungas Coral Snake
bolivianus: Bolivian Annelated Coral Snake, (Bolivian Coral Snake)
Distribution: Bolivia, Brazil (Acre, Amazonas), Colombia, Ecuador, Peru.


Micrurus averyi

Black-headed Coral Snake, (Avery's Coral Snake)

Schwarzkopf-Korallenotter

Sorthovedet Koralslange

1939 Micrurus averyi Schmidt

Distribution: Brazil (Amazonas, Para, Roraima), Guyana, Surinam.


Micrurus baliocoryphus

Mesopotamian Coral Snake

Mesopotamische Korallenotter

Mesopotamisk Koralslange

1859 Elaps baliocoryphus Cope
Micrurus frontalis baliocoryphus Hoge & Romano-Hoge 1981
Micrurus baliocoryphus Silva & Sites 1999
1967 Micrurus frontalis mesopotamicus Barrio & Miranda (Campbell & Lamar 2004)

Remarks: Although reported to occur in Brazil by several authors (e.g., Lema 2002, 2004; Giraudo & Scrocchi 2002), presence in the country needs confirmation (Costa & Bernils 2018, by implication).
Distribution: Argentina, Paraguay.


Micrurus bernadi

Blotched Coral Snake, Saddled Coral Snake

Sattel-Korallenotter

Saddel-koralslange

1887 Elaps bernadi Cope
Micrurus bernadi Schmidt 1933
Micrurus diastema bernadi Pérez-Higareda & Smith 1990

Remarks: Revalidated as a separate species by Roze (1996).
Distribution: Mexico (Hidalgo, Puebla, Veracruz).


Micrurus bocourti

Ecuadorian Coral Snake, False Triad Coral Snake, (Bocourt's Coral Snake)

Ecuadorianische Korallenotter

Ecuadoriansk Koralslange

1872 Elaps bocourti Jan
Micrurus bocourti Roze 1970
1936 Micrurus ecuadorianus Schmidt (Campbell & Lamar 2004)

Distribution: Ecuador, Peru.


Micrurus bogerti

Coastal Coral Snake, (Bogert's Coral Snake)

Küsten-Korallenotter

Kystkoralslange

1967 Micrurus bogerti Roze

Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca).


Micrurus boicora

Boicorá Coral Snake

Boicorá-Korallenotter

Boicorá-koralslange

2018 Micrurus boicora Bernarde, Turci, Abegg & Franco

Distribution: Brazil (Mato Grosso, Rondonia).





Micrurus brasiliensis

Brazilian Coral Snake, Brazilian Short-tailed Coral Snake

Brasilianische Korallenotter

Brasiliansk Koralslange

1967 Micrurus frontalis brasiliensis Roze
Micrurus brasiliensis Silva & Sites 1999

Distribution: Brazil (Bahia, Goias, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Minas Gerais, Tocantins).


Micrurus browni

Sierra Madre Coral Snake, (Brown's Coral Snake)

Sierra-Madre-Korallenotter

Sierra Madre-koralslange

1943 Micrurus browni Schmidt & Smith
Micrurus nigrocinctus browni Mittleman & Smith 1949
1943 Micrurus nuchalis taylori Schmidt & Smith
Micrurus browni taylori Roze 1967
1967 Micrurus browni importunus Roze

Other common names:
browni: Common Sierra Madre Coral Snake
importunus: Antigua Coral Snake
taylori: Acapulco Coral Snake
Remarks: Bahena-Basave's (1995) record from Quintana Roo refer to diastema (Campbell & Lamar 2004). Presence in Puebla is regarded as unconfirmed, although mentioned to occur in the state by Campbell & Lamar (2004), however, the authors did not plot any localities in their distribution map, and the species was not included for Puebla by Woolrich-Pińa, García-Padilla, DeSantis, Johnson, Mata-Silva & Wilson (2017) in their work on the herpetofauna of the state.
Distribution: Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico (Chiapas, Distrito Federal, Guerrero, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan, Nayarit, Oaxaca).


Micrurus camilae

Cordoba Coral Snake, (Camila's Coral Snake)

Cordoba-Korallenotter

Cordoba-koralslange

2003 Micrurus camilae Renjifo & Lundberg

Distribution: Colombia.


Micrurus carvalhoi

Brazilian Ribbon Coral Snake

Brasilianische Band-Korallenotter

Brasiliansk Bĺndkoralslange

1967 Micrurus lemniscatus carvalhoi Roze
Micrurus carvalhoi Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014

Remarks: Sometimes regarded as a subspecies of lemniscatus (e.g., Campbell & Lamar 2004; David, Dobiey & Vogel 2018). Regarded as a separate species herein, following Wallach, Williams & Boundy (2014). Records from Para are erroneous (Costa & Bérnils 2018).
Distribution: Argentina, Brazil (Alagoas, Bahia, Distrito Federal, Espirito Santo, Goias, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Paraiba, Parana, Pernambuco, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Norte, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo, Sergipe, Tocantins), Paraguay.


Micrurus catamayensis

Catamayo Coral Snake

Catamayo-Korallenotter

Catamayo-koralslange

1938 Micrurus ecuadorianus Parker [not Micrurus ecuadorianus Schmidt 1936]
1989 Micrurus catamayensis Roze

Distribution: Ecuador.


Micrurus circinalis

Trinidad Coral Snake, Trinidad Northern Coral Snake

Trinidad-Korallenotter

Trinidad-koralslange

1854 Elaps circinalis Dumeril, Bibron & Dumeril
Elaps corallinus circinalis Jan 1863
Micrurus circinalis Schmidt 1936
Micrurus psyches circinalis Roze 1967
1858 Elaps riisei Jan (Campbell & Lamar 2004)
Micrurus corallinus risei [sic] Amaral 1925
Micrurus psyches riesii [sic] Amaral 1931

Remarks: Revalidated as a separate species by Roze (1994). Records from Guyana (e.g., Roze 1996) are probably based on wrong locality data (Cole, Townsend, Reynolds, MacCulloch & Lathrop 2013).
Distribution: Trinidad & Tobago (Trinidad), Venezuela.


Micrurus clarki

Yavisa Coral Snake, (Clark's Coral Snake)

Yavisa-Korallenotter

Yavisa-koralslange

1936 Micrurus clarki Schmidt

Distribution: Colombia, Costa Rica, Panama.


Micrurus corallinus

Painted Coral Snake

Gemalte Korallenotter, (Schwarzkopf-Korallenotter)

Malet Koralslange

1820 Elaps corallinus Merrem
Micrurus corallinus Amaral 1925

Remarks: According to Campbell & Lamar (2004), the distribution in Brazil reaches as far north as Minas Gerais and Espirito Santo, however, their distribution map also showed localities farther to the northeast (probably Rio Grande do Norte).
Distribution: Argentina, Brazil (Alagoas, Bahia, Espirito Santo, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Parana, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Norte, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo [incl. Ilha de Alcatrazes, Sao Sebastiao, Vitoria]), Paraguay.


Micrurus decoratus

Decorated Coral Snake, (Brazilian Coral Snake)

Pracht-Korallenotter

Sydamerikansk Pragtkoralslange

1858 Elaps decoratus Jan
Micrurus decoratus Amaral 1926
1922 Elaps ezequieli Lutz & Mello (Campbell & Lamar 2004)
1922 Elaps fischeri Amaral "1921" (Campbell & Lamar 2004)
Micrurus fischeri Amaral 1930

Remarks: Records from Bahia and Rio Grande do Sul (e.g., Lema 1994, 2004; Roze 1996; Campbell & Lamar 2004) are regarded as doubtful (Gonzalez, Silva-Soares, Castro & Bérnils 2014). Also a record from Alagoas (Costa & Bérnils 2018) seems doubtful, considering the far distance to other records of the species.
Distribution: Brazil (Espirito Santo, Minas Gerais, Parana, Rio de Janeiro, Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo).


Micrurus diana

Santa Cruz Coral Snake, (Diana's Coral Snake)

Santa-Cruz-Korallenotter

Santa Cruz-koralslange

1983 Micrurus frontalis diana Roze
Micrurus diana Roze 1994

Distribution: Bolivia, Brazil (Mato Grosso).


Micrurus diastema

Variable Coral Snake, Diastema Coral Snake

Variable Korallenotter

Variabel Koralslange

1854 Elaps diastema Dumeril, Bibron & Dumeril
Elaps fulvius diastema Jan 1863
Micrurus diastema Schmidt 1933
1854 Elaps epistema Duméril, Bibron & Duméril (Campbell & Lamar 2004)
Elaps fulvius epistema Jan 1863
1858 Elaps affinis Jan
Elaps fulvius affinis Jan 1863
Micrurus affinis Schmidt 1933
Micrurus diastema affinis Roze 1967
1858 Elaps apiatus Jan
Elaps fulvius apiatus Jan 1863
Micrurus affinis apiatus Schmidt 1933
Micrurus diastema apiatus Smith & Taylor 1950
1860 Elaps aglaeope Cope
Micrurus affinis aglaeope Schmidt 1936
Micrurus diastema aglaeope Roze 1967
1863 Elaps fulvius hypostema Jan (Campbell & Lamar 2004)
1869 Elaps corallinus crebripunctatus Peters (Campbell & Lamar 2004)
1903 Elaps alienus Werner
Micrurus affinis alienus Schmidt 1936
Micrurus diastema alienus Roze 1967
1903 Elaps fulvius sapperi Werner
Micrurus diastema sapperi Roze 1967
1927 Elaps guatemalensis Ahl (Campbell & Lamar 2004)
1933 Micrurus affinis mayensis Schmidt (Campbell & Lamar 2004)
1933 Micrurus affinis stantoni Schmidt (Campbell & Lamar 2004)
1967 Micrurus diastema macdougalli Roze

Other common names:
affinis: Oaxacan Speckled Coral Snake, (Yucatan Coral Snake)
aglaeope: Splendid Coral Snake
alienus: (Many-ringed Coral Snake, Yucatan Coral Snake)
apiatus: Ringed Coral Snake, Spotted-nosed Coral Snake
diastema: Veracruz Coral Snake
macdougalli: MacDougall's Variable Coral Snake, MacDougall's Coral Snake
sapperi: Irregular Coral Snake, (Sapper's Variable Coral Snake, Many-ringed Coral Snake)
Remarks: Previously included bernadi.
Distribution: Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Hidalgo, Oaxaca, Puebla, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Veracruz, Yucatan).


Micrurus dissoleucus

Pygmy Coral Snake

Zwerg-Korallenotter

Dvćrgkoralslange

1859 Elaps dissoleucus Cope
Micrurus dissoleucus Amaral 1925
1858 Elaps marcgravi gravenhorsti Jan (Campbell & Lamar 2004)
1860 Elaps melanogenys Cope
Micrurus dissoleucus melanogenys Schmidt 1936
1916 Elaps hollandi Griffin (Campbell & Lamar 2004)
Micrurus hollandi Ruthven 1922
1923 Micrurus dunni Barbour
Micrurus dissoleucus dunni Schmidt 1936
1955 Micrurus dissoleucus nigrirostris Schmidt

Other common names:
dissoleucus: Venezuelan Pygmy Coral Snake
dunni: Panama Pygmy Coral Snake
melanogenys: Santa Marta Pygmy Coral Snake
nigrirostris: Barranquilla Pygmy Coral Snake
Remarks: Previously included meridensis.
Distribution: Colombia, Panama, Venezuela.


Micrurus distans

West Mexican Coral Snake, Sinaloan Coral Snake, Clear-banded Coral Snake

Westmexikanische Korallenotter

Vestmexicansk Koralslange

1860 Elaps distans Kennicott
Micrurus diastema distans Schmidt 1933
Micrurus distans Zweifel 1959
1891 Elaps distans michoacanensis Dugčs
Elaps michoacanensis Dugčs 1896
Micrurus diastema michoacanensis Smith 1943
Micrurus distans michoacanensis Zweifel 1959
1967 Micrurus distans olivieri Roze
1967 Micrurus distans zweifeli Roze

Other common names:
distans: Common West Mexican Coral Snake, Common Clear-banded Coral Snake
michoacanensis: Michoacan Clear-banded Coral Snake
oliveri: Colima Clear-banded Coral Snake, (Oliver's Coral Snake)
zweifeli: Zweifel's Coral Snake
Distribution: Mexico (Aguascalientes, Chihuahua, Colima, Guerrero, Jalisco, Michoacan, Nayarit, Sinaloa, Sonora, Zacatecas).


Micrurus diutius

Trinidad Ribbon Coral Snake

Trinidad-Band-Korallenotter

Trinidad-bĺndkoralslange

1955 Micrurus lemniscatus diutius Burger
Micrurus diutius Dijn, Molgo, Marty, Luger, Ringler, Crothers, Noonan & Fitzgerald 2007

Remarks: Previously regarded as a subspecies of lemniscatus (e.g., Burger 1955; Murphy 1997). Starace (1998) suggested that diutius represented a separate species, and it was treated as such by some authors (e.g., Dijn, Molgo, Marty, Luger, Ringler, Crothers, Noonan & Fitzgerald 2007; David, Dobiey & Vogel 2018). Validity supported by Jowers, Garcia, Mudarra, Charles & Murphy (2019).
Distribution: Trinidad & Tobago (Trinidad).





Micrurus dumerilii

Capuchin Coral Snake, (Dumeril's Coral Snake)

Kapuzen-Korallenotter

Hćttekoralslange

1858 Elaps dumerilii Jan
Micrurus dumerilii Ruthven 1922
Micrurus corallinus dumerilii Amaral 1925
Micrurus carinicauda dumerilii Roze 1967
1916 Elaps colombianus Griffin (Campbell & Lamar 2004)
Micrurus carinicauda colombianus Roze 1967
Micrurus dumerilii colombianus Roze 1970
1936 Micrurus carinicauda Schmidt (Campbell & Lamar 2004)
Micrurus dumerilii carinicauda Roze 1970
1936 Micrurus antioquiensis Schmidt (Campbell & Lamar 2004)
Micrurus carinicaudus antioquiensis Schmidt 1955
Micrurus dumerilii antioquiensis Roze 1970
1936 Micrurus transandinus Schmidt (Campbell & Lamar 2004)
Micrurus carinicaudus transandinus Schmidt 1955
Micrurus dumerilii transandinus Roze 1970
1989 Micrurus dumerilii venezuelensis Roze

Other common names:
antioquiensis: Antioquian Coral Snake
carinicauda: Intermediate Capuchin Coral Snake
colombianus: Santa Marta Capuchin Coral Snake
dumerilii: Common Capuchin Coral Snake
transandianus: Transandean Coral Snake
venezuelensis: Venezuelan Capuchin Coral Snake
Remarks: Although antioquiensis has been reported from Panama (Pérez-Santos, Moreno & Gearhart 1993), it has not been confirmed from the country (Solís, Ibáńez & Jaramillo 1996).
Distribution: Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Venezuela.


Micrurus elegans

Elegant Coral Snake

Venus-Korallenotter

Venuskoralslange

1858 Elaps elegans Jan
Micrurus elegans Amaral 1930
1933 Micrurus elegans verae-pacis Schmidt

Other common names:
elegans: Western Elegant Coral Snake
veraepacis: Verapaz Elegant Coral Snake, Guatemalan Elegant Coral Snake
Distribution: Guatemala, Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca, Puebla, Tabasco, Veracruz).


Micrurus ephippifer

Oaxacan Coral Snake, Double Black Coral Snake

Oaxaca-Korallenotter

Oaxaca-koralslange

1886 Elaps ephippifer Cope
Micrurus ephippifer Schmidt 1933
1989 Micrurus ephippifer zapotecus Roze

Other common names:
ephippifer: Tehuantepec Coral Snake
zapotecus: Zapotec Coral Snake
Distribution: Mexico (Oaxaca).


Micrurus filiformis

South American Slender Coral Snake, (Thread Coral Snake)

Faden-Korallenotter

Trĺdkoralslange

1859 Elaps filiformis Günther
Micrurus filiformis Amaral 1925
1967 Micrurus filiformis subtilis Roze

Distribution: Brazil (Amapa, Amazonas, Maranhao, Para [incl. Marajo Island], Rondonia), Colombia, Ecuador, Peru.


Micrurus frontalis

Cerrado Coral Snake, Brazilian Giant Coral Snake, Short-tailed Coral Snake, (Southern Coral Snake)

Kobra-Korallenotter

Cerrado-koralslange, (Brasiliansk Koralslange)

1854 Elaps frontalis Dumeril, Bibron & Dumeril
Micrurus frontalis Amaral 1925
Micrurus lemniscatus frontalis Amaral 1944

Remarks: Previously included altirostris, brasiliensis and pyrrhocryptus.
Distribution: Bolivia, Brazil (Bahia, Distrito Federal, Espirito Santo, Goias, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Parana, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo, Tocantins), Paraguay.


Micrurus frontifasciatus

Bolivian Ribbon Coral Snake

Bolivianische Band-Korallenotter

Boliviansk Bĺndkoralslange

1927 Elaps frontifasciatus Werner
Micrurus lemniscatus frontifasciatus Roze 1967
Micrurus frontifasciatus Roze 1983

Remarks: Sometimes treated as a synonym of lemniscatus (e.g., Harvey, James & Lucindo 2003; Campbell & Lamar 2004). Regarded as a separate species herein, following other authors (e.g., Roze 1983, 1996; Golay & al. 1993; David & Ineich 1999; Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014). A record from Para (Guedes 2000) is regarded as doubtful, being far from other records of the species.
Distribution: Bolivia, Peru.


Micrurus fulvius

Harlequin Coral Snake, Eastern Coral Snake, North American Coral Snake, Northern Coral Snake

Harlekin-Korallenotter

Nordamerikansk Koralslange, Harlekinslange

1766 Coluber fulvius Linnaeus
Elaps fulvius Daudin 1803
Vipera fulvia Harlan 1826
Micrurus fulvius Schmidt 1928
Micruroides fulvius Stickel 1952
1853 Elaps tristis Baird & Girard [part] (Campbell & Lamar 2004)
1928 Micrurus fulvius barbouri Schmidt (Campbell & Lamar 2004)

Remarks: Previously included tener and its subspecies.
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina).


Micrurus hemprichii

Worm-eating Coral Snake, (Eastern Worm-eating Coral Snake, Hemprich's Coral Snake)

Wurm-fressende Korallenotter

Ormećdende Koralslange

1858 Elaps hemprichii Jan
Micrurus hemprichii Amaral 1925

Remarks: Previously included ortoni.
Distribution: Brazil (Amapa, Amazonas, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Para [incl. Marajo Island], Roraima), Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Surinam, Venezuela.


Micrurus hippocrepis

Mayan Coral Snake, Belize Coral Snake

Maya-Korallenotter

Maya-koralslange

1862 Elaps hippocrepis Peters
Micrurus hippocrepis Schmidt 1933
Micrurus affinis hippocrepis Schmidt 1936

Distribution: Belize, Guatemala.


Micrurus ibiboboca

Caatinga Coral Snake, (Ibiboboca)

Caatinga-Korallenotter

Caatinga-koralslange

1820 Elaps ibiboboca Merrem
Micrurus lemniscatus ibiboboca Hoge 1953
1820 Elaps marcgravii Wied-Neuwied (Campbell & Lamar 2004)

Remarks: Often confused in the literature with lemniscatus. Disjunct populations in the Guiana region (French Guiana, Guyana, Surinam) refer to diutius (MacCulloch & Lathrop 2004). Campbell & Lamar (2004) included Goias in the distribution for the species, but accordig to their map, ibiboboca is not found anywhere near the state. They may have had Tocantins (formerly part of Goias) in mind.
Distribution: Brazil (Alagoas, Bahia, Ceara, Maranhao, Paraiba, Pernambuco, Piaui, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Norte, Sergipe).


Micrurus isozonus

Venezuelan Coral Snake, Equal-banded Coral Snake

Venezuelanische Korallenotter

Ensbĺndet Koralslange

1860 Elaps isozonus Cope
Micrurus isozonus Schmidt 1936
1920 Elaps omissus Boulenger (Campbell & Lamar 2004)

Distribution: Brazil (Roraima), Colombia, Guyana, Venezuela (incl. Isla Margarita).


Micrurus langsdorffi

Northwest Amazonian Coral Snake, Confused Coral Snake, (Langsdorff's Coral Snake)

Nordwestliche Amazonas-Korallenotter

Nordvestlig Amazonas-koralslange

1824 Micrurus Langsdorffi Wagler
Elaps langsdorffi Jan 1858
1868 Elaps Batesii Günther (Campbell & Lamar 2004)
1868 Elaps imperator Cope (Campbell & Lamar 2004)
1935 Micrurus mimosus Amaral (Campbell & Lamar 2004)

Remarks: See under albicinctus.
Distribution: Brazil (Amazonas), Colombia, Ecuador, Peru.


Micrurus laticollaris

Balsan Coral Snake, Double-collared Coral Snake

Balsas-Korallenotter

Balsas-koralslange

1869 Elaps marcgravii var. laticollaris Peters
Micrurus laticollaris Roze 1967
1967 Micrurus laticollaris maculirostris Roze

Other common names:
laticollaris: Eastern Double-collared Coral Snake
maculirostris: Western Double-collared Coral Snake, Colima Coral Snake
Distribution: Mexico (Colima, Guerrero, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla).


Micrurus latifasciatus

Broad-ringed Coral Snake, Long-ringed Coral Snake, Long-banded Coral Snake

Breitband-Korallenotter

Bredbĺndet Koralslange

1933 Micrurus latifasciatus Schmidt
1933 Micrurus nuchalis Schmidt (Campbell & Lamar 2004)

Distribution: Guatemala, Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca).


Micrurus lemniscatus

Northern Ribbon Coral Snake, South American Coral Snake, (Ibiboboca)

Nördliche Band-Korallenotter

Nordlig Bĺndkoralslange

1758 Coluber lemniscatus Linnaeus
Natrix lemniscata Laurenti 1768
Elaps lemniscatus Schneider 1801
Vipera lemniscata Daudin 1803
Micrurus lemniscatus Beebe 1919
1925 Micrurus helleri Schmidt & Schmidt
Micrurus lemniscatus helleri Roze 1967

Other common names:
helleri: Western Ribbon Coral Snake
lemniscatus: Eastern Ribbon Coral Snake, Guianan Ribbon Coral Snake
Remarks: Previously included carvalhoi, diutius, and frontifasciatus. Presence in Ceara (e.g., Loebmann 2009; Loebmann & Haddad 2010; Roberto & Loebmann 2016), Pernambuco (e.g., Oliveira, Muniz & Moura 2016), and Piaui (e.g., Casais e Silva 1996) is considered doubtful. None of these states were included by Costa & Bérnils (2018).
Distribution: Bolivia, Brazil (Acre, Amapa, Amazonas, Maranhao, Para, Rondonia, Roraima, Tocantins), Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Surinam, Venezuela.


Micrurus limbatus

Tuxtlan Coral Snake

Tuxtla-Korallenotter

Tuxtla-koralslange

1964 Micrurus limbatus Fraser
1990 Micrurus limbatus spilosomus Perez-Higareda & Smith

Other common names:
limbatus: Tuxtlan Banded Coral Snake
spilosomus: Tuxtlan Spotted Coral Snake
Distribution: Mexico (Veracruz).


Micrurus margaritiferus

Speckled Coral Snake

Südamerikanische Gesprenkelte Korallenotter

Sydamerikansk Spćttet Koralslange

1967 Micrurus margaritiferus Roze

Distribution: Ecuador, Peru.


Micrurus medemi

Villavicencio Coral Snake, (Medem's Coral Snake)

Villavicencio-Korallenotter

Villavicencio-koralslange

1967 Micrurus psyches medemi Roze
Micrurus medemi Roze 1994

Distribution: Colombia.


Micrurus meridensis

Mérida Pygmy Coral Snake

Mérida-Korallenotter

Mérida-koralslange

1989 Micrurus dissoleucus meridensis Roze
Micrurus meridensis Roze 1994

Distribution: Venezuela.


Micrurus mertensi

Pacasmayo Desert Coral Snake, (Peruvian Desert Coral Snake, Mertens' Coral Snake)

Pacasmayo-Korallenotter

Pacasmayo-řrkenkoralslange

1936 Micrurus mertensi Schmidt

Remarks: Feitosa, Silva, Pires, Zaher & Prudente (2015) listed records from Bolivia and Colombia. These records are considered doubtful herein, being far from all other records of this species in Ecuador and Peru.
Distribution: Ecuador, Peru.


Micrurus mipartitus

Red-tailed Coral Snake, Many-banded Coral Snake

Rotschwanz-Korallenotter

Rřdhalet Koralslange

1854 Elaps mipartitus Dumeril, Bibron & Dumeril
Micrurus mipartitus Ruthven 1922
1854 Elaps decussatus Duméril, Bibron & Duméril (Campbell & Lamar 2004)
Micrurus mipartitus decussatus Roze 1967
1896 Elaps anomalus Boulenger (Campbell & Lamar 2004)
Micrurus anomalus Amaral 1930
Micrurus mipartitus anomalus Roze 1967
1896 Elaps fraseri Boulenger (Campbell & Lamar 2004)
1896 Elaps mentalis Boulenger (Campbell & Lamar 2004)
1902 Elaps calamus Boulenger (Campbell & Lamar 2004)
1903 Elaps aequicinctus Werner (Campbell & Lamar 2004)
1913 Elaps microps Boulenger (Campbell & Lamar 2004)
1927 Elaps decipiens Werner (Campbell & Lamar 2004)
1990 Micrurus mipartitus popayanensis Ayerbe, Tidwell & Tidwell
1999 Micrurus mipartitus rozei Golay, Chiszar, Smith & Van Breukelen [substitute name for Elaps semipartitus Jan 1858 (nomen nudum)]

Other common names:
anomalus: Santa Marta Red-tailed Coral Snake
decussatus: Andean Red-tailed Coral Snake
mipartitus: Pacific Red-tailed Coral Snake
popayanensis: Popayán Coral Snake
rozei: Venezuelan Red-tailed Coral Snake
Remarks: Some authors regard multifasciatus as a synonym of mipartitus.
Distribution: Brazil (Rondonia), Colombia (incl. Gorgona Island), Costa Rica, Ecuador, Panama, Venezuela.


Micrurus mosquitensis

Misquito Coral Snake

Misquito-Korallenotter

Misquito-koralslange

1933 Micrurus nigrocinctus mosquitensis Schmidt
Micrurus mosquitensis Solórzano 2004

Remarks: Raised to species status by Solórzano (2004), although already Mudde & Dijk (1985) had regarded it as such. However, still regarded as a synonym of nigrocinctus by Wallach, Williams & Boundy (2014).
Distribution: Costa Rica, Panama.


Micrurus multifasciatus

Many-banded Coral Snake, Gargantilla

Vielbinden-Korallenotter

Mangebĺndet Koralslange

1858 Elaps multifasciatus Jan
Micrurus mipartitus multifasciatus Taylor 1951
Micrurus multifasciatus Roze 1983
1897 Elaps hertwigi Werner
Micrurus mipartitus hertwegi Roze 1967
Micrurus multifasciatus hertwegi Roze 1983

Other common names:
hertwegi: Costa Rican Many-banded Coral Snake
multifasciatus: Panamanian Many-banded Coral Snake
Remarks: Status uncertain. Regarded as a synonym of mipartitus by some authors (e.g., Savage 2002; Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014). Considered valid here, following Campbell & Lamar (2004).
Distribution: Colombia, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Panama.


Micrurus multiscutatus

Cauca Coral Snake

Cauca-Korallenotter

Cauca-koralslange

1940 Micrurus multiscutatus Rendahl & Vestergren

Remarks: Regarded as a synonym of mipartitus by Savage (2002), but as a valid species by others (e.g., Campbell & Lamar 2004; Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014).
Distribution: Colombia, Ecuador.


Micrurus nattereri

Venezuelan Aquatic Coral Snake, (Natterer's Coral Snake)

Venezuelanische Wasser-Korallenotter

Venezuelansk Vandkoralslange

1952 Micrurus surinamensis nattereri Schmidt
Micrurus nattereri Passos & Fernandes 2005

Distribution: Brazil (Amazonas), Colombia, Venezuela.


Micrurus nebularis

Cloud Forest Coral Snake, Ixtlán Coral Snake, Clouded Coral Snake, (Neblina Coral Snake)

Nebelwald-Korallenotter

Tĺgeskov-koralslange

1989 Micrurus nebularis Roze

Distribution: Mexico (Oaxaca, Puebla).


Micrurus nigrocinctus

Central American Coral Snake

Zentralamerikanische Korallenotter

Centralamerikansk Koralslange

1854 Elaps nigrocinctus Girard
Micrurus nigrocinctus Amaral 1927
1856 Elaps divaricatus Hallowell
Micrurus nigrocinctus divaricatus Schmidt 1933
1860 Elaps melanocephalus Hallowell [not Elaps melanocephalus Wagler 1824; not Elaps melanocephalus Gray & Neill in Eyre 1845] (Campbell & Lamar 2004)
Micrurus nigrocinctus melanocephalus Roze 1967
1932 Micrurus nigrocinctus zunilensis Schmidt
1936 Micrurus nigrocinctus coibensis Schmidt
1941 Micrurus nigrocinctus wagneri Mertens (Campbell & Lamar 2004)
1943 Micrurus nigrocinctus ovandoensis Schmidt & Smith (Campbell & Lamar 2004)
1951 Micrurus pachecoi Taylor (Campbell & Lamar 2004)
1967 Micrurus nigrocinctus babaspul Roze

Other common names:
babaspul: Babaspul
coibensis: Coiba Coral Snake
divaricatus: Honduras Coral Snake
nigrocinctus: Common Central American Coral Snake
zunilensis: Zunil Coral Snake, Black-ringed Coral Snake
Remarks: Previously included mosquitensis. Although included for Jalisco by Cruz-Sáenz, Guerrero, Lazcano & Télles-López (2009), presence in the state is considered undocumented herein, following Cruz-Sáenz, Muńoz-Nolasco, Mata-Silva, Johnson, García-Padilla & Wilson (2017), who did not list the species for Jalisco.
Distribution: Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca), Nicaragua (incl. Islas del Maiz [Isla Grande del Maiz]), Panama.


Micrurus obscurus

Western Amazonian Coral Snake, Black-necked Amazonian Coral Snake, Dark Amazonian Coral Snake

Schwarzhals-Korallenotter

Sorthalset Koralslange

1872 Elaps corallinus var. obscura Jan in Jan & Sordelli
Micrurus spixii obscura Schmidt & Walker 1943
Micrurus obscurus Harvey, Aparicio-E. & González-A. 2003
1905 Elaps princeps Boulenger (syn. Harvey, James & Lucindo 2003)
Micrurus spixi princeps Schmidt 1953

Other common names:
princeps: Bolivian Amazonian Coral Snake
Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of spixii (e.g., Campbell & Lamar 2004) or as a separate species (e.g., Duellman 2005; Rivas, Molina, Ugueto, Barros, Barrio-Amorós & Kok 2012; Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014). Validity as a separate species supported by Nascimento, Silva, Feitosa & Prudente (2019).
Distribution: Bolivia, Brazil (Acre, Amazonas, Rondonia), Colombia, Ecuador, Peru.





Micrurus oligoanellatus

Tambo Coral Snake

Tambo-Korallenotter

Tambo-koralslange

2002 Micrurus oligoanellatus Ayerbe & López

Distribution: Colombia.


Micrurus ornatissimus

Ornate Coral Snake

Ornament-Korallenotter

Ornament-koralslange

1858 Elaps ornatissimus Jan
Micrurus ornatissimus Schmidt 1936
Micrurus langsdorffi ornatissimus Roze 1967
1896 Elaps buckleyi Boulenger (Campbell & Lamar 2004)
Micrurus buckleyi Amaral 1930

Remarks: Revalidated as a separate species by Cunha & Nascimento (1982, 1991).
Distribution: Colombia, Ecuador, Peru.


Micrurus ortoni

Pebas Coral Snake, Western Worm-eating Coral Snake, Orange-ringed Coral Snake, (Orton's Coral Snake)

Pebas-Korallenotter

Pebas-koralslange

1953 Micrurus hemprichii ortoni Schmidt
Micrurus ortoni Valencia, Garzón-Tello & Barragán-Paladines 2016
1990 Micrurus rondonianus Roze & Silva (syn. Valencia, Garzón-Tello & Barragán-Paladines 2016)
Micrurus hemprichii rondonianus Roze 1994

Other common names:
rondonianus: Rondonian Worm-eating Coral Snake
Remarks: Previously regarded as a subspecies of hemprichii. Raised to species status by Valencia, Garzón-Tello & Barragán-Paladines (2016), followed by Bernarde, Turci, Abegg & Franco (2018). Costa & Bérnils (2018) listed ortoni for Roraima, presumably in error. Pefaur (1992) and Roze (1996) listed the species from Venezuela, presumably also in error. Bernarde, Turci, Abegg & Franco (2018) included no records from neither Roraima, nor Venezuela.
Distribution: Bolivia, Brazil (Acre, Amazonas, Rondonia), Colombia, Ecuador, Peru.





Micrurus pacaraimae

Pacaraima Coral Snake, Roraima Coral Snake

Pacaraima-Korallenotter

Pacaraima-koralslange

2002 Micrurus pacaraimae Morata de Carvalho

Distribution: Brazil (Roraima).


Micrurus pachecogili

Zapotitlán Coral Snake, Pueblan Coral Snake

Zapotitlán-Korallenotter

Zapotitlán-koralslange

2000 Micrurus pachecogili Campbell

Distribution: Mexico (Oaxaca, Puebla).


Micrurus paraensis

Pará Coral Snake

Pará-Korallenotter

Pará-koralslange

1973 Micrurus psiches paraensis Cunha & Nascimento
Micrurus paraensis Hoge & Romano-Hoge 1981
1976 Micrurus donosoi Hoge (Campbell & Lamar 2004)
Micrurus psyches donosoi Roze 1983
1987 Micrurus paraensis debruini Abuys (Campbell & Lamar 2004)

Remarks: Revalidated as a separate species by Roze (1994).
Distribution: Brazil (Amazonas, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Para, Rondonia), Surinam.


Micrurus peruvianus

Peruvian Coral Snake

Peruvianische Korallenotter

Peruviansk Koralslange

1936 Micrurus peruvianus Schmidt

Distribution: Ecuador, Peru.


Micrurus petersi

Mountain Coral Snake, (Peters' Coral Snake)

Gebirgs-Korallenotter

Bjergkoralslange

1967 Micrurus steindachneri petersi Roze
Micrurus petersi Roze 1983

Distribution: Ecuador.


Micrurus potyguara

Paraiba Coral Snake, Potyguara Coral Snake

Paraiba-Korallenotter

Paraiba-koralslange

2014 Micrurus potyguara Pires, Silva, Feitosa, Prudente, Filho & Zaher

Distribution: Brazil (Paraiba, Pernambuco, Rio Grande do Norte).


Micrurus proximans

Nayarit Coral Snake

Nayarit-Korallenotter

Nayarit-koralslange

1958 Micrurus proximans Smith & Chrapliwy
Micrurus proximans Roze 1967

Remarks: Smith & Chrapliwy's (1958) paratype of proximans from Jalisco has later been re-identified as M. distans zweifeli (J. Reyes-Velasco, pers. comm., Oct. 9, 2012). Moreover, Campbell & Lamar's (2004) inclusion of Jalisco in the distribution of this species is unverified, as it was based on unpublished material (Reyes-Velasco, Grünwald, Jones, Price & Fisher 2012). Consequently, the latter authors were the first to publish a record of proximans from Jalisco, based on a voucher specimen.
Distribution: Mexico (Colima, Jalisco, Nayarit).


Micrurus psyches

Carib Coral Snake, Northern Coral Snake, Guianas Coral Snake, (Daudin's Coral Snake)

Karibische Korallenotter

Caribisk Koralslange

1803 Vipera psyches Daudin
Elaps psyche [sic] Jan in Jan & Sordelli 1962
Micrurus psyches Roze 1967

Remarks: Previously included circinalis, medemi, paraensis, and remotus.
Distribution: Brazil (Amapa, Para), French Guiana, Guyana, Surinam, Venezuela.


Micrurus putumayensis

Putumayo Coral Snake, Sooty Coral Snake

Putumayo-Korallenotter

Putumayo-koralslange

1962 Micrurus schmidti Lancini [not Micrurus schmidti Dunn 1940]
1962 Micrurus putumayensis Lancini [substitute name for Micrurus schmidti Lancini 1962]

Distribution: Brazil (Amazonas), Colombia, Peru.


Micrurus pyrrhocryptus

Argentine Coral Snake, (Southern Coral Snake)

Argentinische Korallenotter

Argentinsk Koralslange

1862 Elaps pyrrhocryptus Cope
Micrurus pyrrhocryptus Schmidt 1936
Micrurus frontalis pyrrhocryptus Shreve 1953
1902 Elaps simonsii Boulenger (Campbell & Lamar 2004)
1956 Micrurus tricolor Hoge (syn. Harvey, James & Lucindo 2003; Campbell & Lamar 2004)
Micrurus frontalis tricolor Roze 1983
Micrurus pyrrhocryptus tricolor Roze 1994

Other common names:
tricolor: Pantanal Coral Snake
Remarks: Some authors have regarded tricolor as a separate species (e.g., Silva & Sites 1999; Souza, Uetanabaro, Landgref-Filho, Piatti & Prado 2010; David, Dobiey & Vogel 2018), but not all have followed this.
Distribution: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil (Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul), Paraguay.


Micrurus remotus

Neblina Coral Snake, Remote Coral Snake

Neblina-Korallenotter

Neblina-koralslange

1987 Micrurus psyches remotus Roze
Micrurus remotus Roze 1994

Remarks: Records from Acre (e.g., Bernarde, Machado & Turci 2011; Bernarde, Albuquerque, Miranda & Turci 2013; Feitosa, Silva, Pires, Zaher & Prudente 2015) refer to M. annellatus bolivianus (Costa & Bérnils 2018).
Distribution: Brazil (Amazonas, Rondonia, Roraima), Colombia, Venezuela.


Micrurus ruatanus

Roatán Coral Snake

Roatán-Korallenotter

Roatán-koralslange

1895 Elaps ruatanus Günther
Micrurus ruatanus Schmidt 1933
Micrurus nigrocinctus ruatanus Roze 1983

Distribution: Honduras (Islas de la Bahia: Roatan).


Micrurus sangilensis

Santander Coral Snake, San Gil Coral Snake

Santander-Korallenotter

Santander-koralslange

1942 Micrurus ecuadorianus sangilensis Niceforo Maria
Micrurus bocourti sangilensis Roze 1967
Micrurus sangilensis Roze 1983

Distribution: Colombia.


Micrurus serranus

Bolivian Mountain Coral Snake, (Bolivian Coral Snake)

Bolivianische Korallenotter

Boliviansk Koralslange

2003 Micrurus serranus Harvey, James & Lucindo

Remarks: A record from Para, Brazil, is almost certainly in error (Campbell & Lamar 2004).
Distribution: Bolivia.


Micrurus silviae

Passo Fundo Coral Snake, (Silvia's Coral Snake)

Passo-Fundo-Korallenotter

Passo Fundo-koralslange

2007 Micrurus silviae Di-Bernardo, Borges-Martins & Jorge da Silva

Distribution: Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul), Paraguay.


Micrurus spixii

Central Amazonian Coral Snake, Giant Coral Snake

Riesen-Korallenotter

Amazonas-koralslange, (Brasiliansk Koralslange)

1824 Micrurus spixii Wagler
Elaps spixii Boulenger 1896
1881 Elaps heterozonus Peters (syn. Campbell & Lamar 2004)
Micrurus heterozonus Amaral 1930
1926 Elaps ehrhardti Müller (syn. Campbell & Lamar 2004)
1953 Micrurus spixi martiusi Schmidt (syn. Harvey, James & Lucindo 2003; Campbell & Lamar 2004; Nascimento, Silva, Feitosa & Prudente 2019)

Other common names:
martiusi: Black-headed Amazonian Coral Snake
spixii: Common Central Amazonian Coral Snake
Remarks: Previously included obscurus.
Distribution: ### Bolivia, Brazil (Acre, Amazonas, Goias, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Para [incl. Marajo Island], Rondonia, Tocantins), Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela.


Micrurus spurrelli

Colombian Coral Snake, Butterfly-headed Coral Snake, (Spurrell's Coral Snake)

Kolumbianische Korallenotter

Colombiansk Koralslange

1914 Elaps spurrelli Boulenger
Micrurus spurelli Roze 1967
1955 Micrurus nicefori Schmidt (Campbell & Lamar 2004)

Distribution: Colombia.


Micrurus steindachneri

Piedmont Coral Snake, (Steindachner's Coral Snake)

Tiefland-Korallenotter

Lavlands-koralslange

1901 Elaps steindachneri Werner
Micrurus steindachneri Roze 1967
1927 Elaps fasslii Werner (Campbell & Lamar 2004)
1967 Micrurus steindachneri orcesi Roze

Other common names:
orcesi: Pastaza Piedmont Coral Snake
steindachneri: Santiago Piedmont Coral Snake
Distribution: Ecuador, Peru.


Micrurus stewarti

Panamanian Coral Snake

Panama-Korallenotter

Panama-koralslange

1928 Micrurus stewarti Barbour & Amaral
1940 Micrurus schmidti Dunn (Campbell & Lamar 2004)
Micrurus stewarti schmidti Smith 1958

Distribution: Panama.


Micrurus stuarti

Volcano Coral Snake, (Stuart's Coral Snake)

Vulkan-Korallenotter

Vulkan-koralslange

1967 Micrurus stuarti Roze

Distribution: Guatemala.


Micrurus surinamensis

Amazonian Aquatic Coral Snake

Amazonas-Wasser-Korallenotter

Amazonas-vandkoralslange

1817 Elaps surinamensis Cuvier
Micrurus surinamensis Beebe 1919

Remarks: Previously included nattereri. Records from Venezuela refer to nattereri.
Distribution: Bolivia, Brazil (Acre, Amapa, Amazonas, Goias, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Para [incl. Marajo Island], Rondonia, Roraima, Tocantins), Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Surinam.


Micrurus tamaulipensis

Tamaulipan Coral Snake

Tamaulipas-Korallenotter

Tamaulipas-koralslange

2004 Micrurus tamaulipensis Lavin-Murcio & Dixon
Micrurus tener tamaulipensis Heimes 2016

Remarks: Treated as a subspecies of tener by Heimes (2016), but without discussion.
Distribution: Mexico (Tamaulipas).


Micrurus tener

Texas Coral Snake

Texas-Korallenotter

Texas-koralslange

1853 Elaps tenere Baird & Girard
Elaps fulvius tener Cope 1875
Micrurus fulvius tenere Schmidt 1933
Micrurus tener Collins 1991
1853 Elaps tristis Baird & Girard [part] (Campbell & Lamar 2004)
1858 Elaps fitzingeri Jan
Micrurus fulvius fitzingeri Roze 1983
Micrurus tener fitzingeri Liner 1994
1942 Micrurus fitzingeri microgalbineus Brown & Smith
Micrurus tener microgalbineus Liner 1994
1967 Micrurus fulvius maculatus Roze
Micrurus tener maculatus Liner 1994

Other common names:
fitzingeri: Guanajuato Coral Snake, (Fitzinger's Coral Snake)
maculatus: Tampico Coral Snake, (Tamaulipan Coral Snake)
microgalbineus: San Luis Potosi Coral Snake, (Spotted Coral Snake)
tener: Texas Gulf Coast Coral Snake
Remarks: Records from Distrito Federal (Mexico), Mexico state, and Morelos may have been based on misidentified browni (Campbell & Lamar 2004). A record of fitzingeri from Michoacan refer to laticollaris (Smith & Flores-Villela 1994). Spelling of specific epithet (tener) according to Frost & Collins (1988).
Distribution: Mexico (Coahuila, Colima, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Mexico, Michoacan, Morelos, Nuevo Leon, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz), USA (Arkansas, Louisiana, Texas).


Micrurus tikuna

Tikuna Coral Snake

Tikuna-Korallenotter

Tikuna-koralslange

2015 Micrurus tikuna Feitosa, Silva, Pires, Zaher & Prudente
Micrurus tykuna [lapsus] Costa & Bérnils 2015

Distribution: Brazil (Amazonas), Colombia.


Micrurus tschudii

Desert Coral Snake

Wüsten-Korallenotter

Lima-řrkenkoralslange

1858 Elaps tschudii Jan
Micrurus tschudii Schmidt & Schmidt 1925
1925 Micrurus olssoni Schmidt
Micrurus tschudii olssoni Schmidt 1936

Other common names:
olssoni: Northern Desert Coral Snake
tschudii: Southern Desert Coral Snake
Distribution: Ecuador, Peru.