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Taxonomy of the family Colubridae
Bibliography of the genus Crotaphopeltis
Biodiversity of the family Colubridae








Genus
Crotaphopeltis

Herald Snakes

Heroldnattern*

Heroldsnoge*

1843 Crotaphopeltis Fitzinger (type species: Coluber rufescens Gmelin 1789)
1853 Heterurus Dumeril (type species: Coluber rufescens Gmelin 1789)
Contents: 6 species, none of which are endemic.
Distribution: SubSaharan Africa.
Reported from: Angola (incl. Cabinda), Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa, Equatorial Guinea (Rio Muni), Eritrea, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique (incl. Bazaruto Archipelago), Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa (Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West Province, Northern Cape, Western Cape), South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania (incl. Zanzibar), Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Crotaphopeltis barotseensis

Zambian Herald Snake, Barotse Water Snake, Barotse Cat Snake

Sambianische Heroldnatter*

Zambiansk Heroldsnog*

1968 Crotaphopeltis barotseensis Broadley

Distribution: Angola, Botswana, Zambia.


Crotaphopeltis braestrupi

Tana Herald Snake

Tana-Heroldnatter*

Tana-heroldsnog*

1985 Crotaphopeltis braestrupi Rasmussen

Distribution: Kenya, Somalia.


Crotaphopeltis degeni

Yellow-flanked Herald Snake*, Yellow-flanked Snake, (Degen's Herald Snake, Degen's Water Snake)

Gelbseiten-Heroldnatter*

Gulflanket Heroldsnog*

1906 Leptodira degeni Boulenger
Crotaphopeltis degeni Barbour & Amaral 1927
1907 Leptodira attarensis Werner (Loveridge 1957)

Remarks: Presence in Tanzania is based on a single report from southern Tanzania (Spawls, Howell, Hinkel & Menegon 2018), far from other records of the species, so presence in the country requires confirmation.
Distribution: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Ethiopia, Kenya, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda.


Crotaphopeltis hippocrepis

West African Herald Snake, Western Herald Snake

Westafrikanische Heroldnatter*

Vestafrikansk Heroldsnog*

1843 Dipsas hippocrepis Reinhardt
Heterurus hippocrepis Duméril & Bibron 1854
Leptodeira hippocrepis Gray 1858
Crotaphopeltis hippocrepis Rasmussen 1985
1974 Crotaphopeltis acarina Roman (Rasmussen 1985)

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of hotamboeia (e.g., Boulenger 1896; Loveridge 1957). Revalidated by Rasmussen (1985).
Distribution: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Mali, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Togo.


Crotaphopeltis hotamboeia

Common Herald Snake, Red-lipped Snake, Black-templed Cat Snake, Savanna White-lipped Snake, White-lipped Herald Snake, White-lipped Snake, White-lip

Afrikanische Weißlippenschlange, Rotlippenschlange

Rødlæbet Heroldsnog*

1768 Coronella hotamboeia Laurenti
Leptodira hotamboeia Boulenger 1896
Leptodeira hotamboeia Schmidt 1923
Crotaphopeltis hotamboeia Barbour & Amaral 1927
1768 Coronella virginica Laurenti (Broadley 1983)
1789 Coluber rufescens Gmelin (Largen & Rasmussen 1993)
1819 Coluber bicolor Leach (Rasmussen 1985)
Crotaphopeltis hotamboeia bicolor Laurent 1960
1833 Ophis albocinctus Duvernoy (Broadley 1983)
1833 Ophis heterurus Duvernoy (Broadley 1983)
1849 Dipsas inornatus Smith (Loveridge 1957)
1860 Oxyropus melanocrotaphos Cope (Broadley 1983)
1940 Tarbophis barnumbrowni Bogert (Broadley 1983)
1956 Crotaphopeltis hotamboeia ruziziensis Laurent

Remarks: Previously included hippocrepis.
Distribution: Angola (incl. Cabinda), Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa, Equatorial Guinea (Rio Muni), Eritrea, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique (incl. Bazaruto Archipelago), Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa (Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West Province, Northern Cape, Western Cape), South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania (incl. Zanzibar), Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Crotaphopeltis tornieri

Forest White-lipped Snake, Sylvicoline White-lipped Snake, (Tornier's Cat Snake)

Wald-Heroldnatter*

Skov-heroldsnog*

1908 Leptodira tornieri Werner
Crotaphopeltis hotamboeia tornieri Barbour & Loveridge 1928
Crotaphopeltis tornieri Broadley 1968

Distribution: Malawi, Tanzania.