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Taxonomy of the family Agamidae
Bibliography of the genus Draco
Biodiversity of the family Agamidae








Genus
Draco

Gliding Dragons, Flying Dragons, Flying Lizards, (Dracos)

Flugdrachen

Svæveagamer*, Flyveagamer, Flyvende Drager

1758 Draco Linnaeus (type species: Draco volans Linnaeus 1758)
1815 Draconus Rafinesque [substitute name for Draco Linnaeus 1758]
1834 Dracunculus Wiegmann [not Dracunculus Reichard 1759 (Nematoda)] (type species: Draco lineatus Daudin 1802; syn. Musters 1983)
1843 Dracontoides Fitzinger (type species: Draco lineatus Daudin 1802; syn. Musters 1983)
1843 Pleuropterus Fitzinger (type species: Draco haematopogon Gray 1831; syn. Musters 1983)
1843 Pterosaurus Fitzinger (type species: Draco dussumieri Dumeril & Bibron 1837; syn. Musters 1983)
1843 Rhacodracon Fitzinger (type species: Draco fimbriatus Kuhl 1820; syn. Musters 1983)
1845 Draconella Gray (type species: Draco dussumieri Dumeril & Bibron 1837; syn. Musters 1983)
Contents: 41 species, of which 25 (61.0%) are endemic.
Remarks: Presence in Nepal needs confirmation, although species of this genus have been observed by locals (Kästle, Rai & Schleich 2013). One species (bourouniensis, now a synonym of lineatus) was recorded from New Guinea (De Jong 1926), but probably in error (Musters 1983).
Distribution: S. Asia, Malay Archipelago.
Reported from: Bangladesh, Brunei, Cambodia, China, Fujian, Guangxi, Hainan, Tibet, Yunnan, East Timor, India (Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tamil Nadu, Indonesia (Adonara, Alor, Ambon, Anambas Islands, Babi, Bali, Banggai Islands, Bangka, Banyak Islands, Belitung, Buru, Buton, Enggano, Flores, Groot-Bastaard, Haruku, Hoga, Java, Kabaena, Kalimantan, Karimata Islands, Kisar, Komodo, Laut, Lembata, Lingga Islands, Lombok, Mentawai Islands, Siberut, Sipura, Muna, Natuna Islands, Bunguran, Nias, Peucang, Riau Islands, Rinca, Rote, Sangir Islands, Biaro, Sangir, Tahulandang Island, Saparua, Semau, Seram, Simeulue, Sula Islands, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Sumba, Sumbawa, Togian Islands, Batudaka Island, Weh, West Timor, Wetar, Laos, Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak, West Malaysia, Langkawi Archipelago, Penang Island, Perhentian Islands, Seribuat Archipelago, Tioman, Myanmar, Philippines (Agusan, Babuyan Islands, Babuyan Claro, Camiguin Norte, Bantayan, Batan Islands, Batan, Bohol, Boracay, Bunawan, Camiguin Sur, Camotes Islands, Ponson, Carabao, Catanduanes, Cebu, Dinagat, Dumaran, Guimaras, Inampulugan, Kalotkot, Lapinig Islands, Lapinig Chico, Leyte, Lubang, Luzon, Marinduque, Masbate, Mindanao, Mindoro, Negros, Palawan, Panaon, Panay, Polillo, Romblon, Samar, Semirara, Siargao, Sibuyan, Siquijor, Sulu Islands, Basilan, Bolipongpong, Bongao, Jolo, Lapac, Lugus, Sangasanga, Siasi, Sibutu, Simonor, Tawi-Tawi, Simunul, Tablas, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam, Cat Ba Island).

Draco abbreviatus

Orange-bearded Gliding Dragon, Short-pouched Gliding Dragon

Kurzbart-Flugdrache

Orangeskægget Svæveagam*

1827 Draco abbreviata Hardwicke & Gray

Remarks: Prevously regarded as a synonym of fimbriatus (e.g., Musters 1983; Das 2010). Revalidated by Manthey (2008). McGuire, Cotoras, O'Connell, Lawalata, Wang-Claypool, Stubbs, Huang, Wogan, Hykin, Reilly, Bi, Riyanto, Arida, Smith, Milne, Streicher, Iskandar (2018) regarded abbreviatus as a synonym of fimbriatus, based on "reasons we will describe in a subsequent paper". Pending the publication of this paper, abbreviatus is retained herein as a valid species. Present in the past, but not confirmed recently from Singapore (Baker & Lim 2008 [as fimbriatus]).
Extinct in: Singapore.
Distribution: Indonesia (Kalimantan, Natuna Islands [Bunguran], Siberut, Sumatra), Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak, West Malaysia [Penang Island, Seribuat Archipelago (Tioman)]), Thailand.


Draco beccarii

Kandari Gliding Dragon*, (Beccari's Gliding Dragon)

Beccaris Flugdrache

Kandari-svæveagam*

1878 Draco beccarii Peters & Doria
Draco lineatus beccarii Hennig 1983

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of lineatus (Inger 1983). Previously included walkeri. Records from Timor refer to walkeri. Revalidated as a separate species by McGuire & Kiew (2001).
Distribution: Indonesia (Buton, Kabaena, Muna, Sula Islands, Sulawesi).


Draco biaro

Biaro Gliding Dragon*

Biaro-Flugdrache

Biaro-svæveagam*

1987 Braco biaro Lazell

Distribution: Indonesia (Sangir Islands: Biaro).


Draco bimaculatus

Two-spotted Gliding Dragon

Zweifleckiger Flugdrache

Toplettet Svæveagam*

1864 Draco bimaculatus Günther
Draco lineatus bimaculatus Hennig 1936

Remarks: Regarded as a synonym of lineatus (e.g., Witte 1933) or a subspecies of same (Hennig 1936; Musters 1983), but as a valid species by most recent authors (e.g., Inger 1983; Ross & Lazell 1990; McGuire & Alcala 2000; McGuire & Kiew 2001; David, Pauwels, Lays & Lenglet 2006).
Distribution: Philippines (Agusan, Bohol, Bunawan, Camotes Islands [Ponson], Dinagat, Leyte, Mindanao, Panaon, Samar, Siargao, Sulu Islands [Basilan, Bolipongpong, Bongao, Jolo, Lapac, Lugus, Sangasanga, Siasi, Simonor, Tawi-Tawi]).


Draco blanfordii

Tavoy Gliding Dragon*, (Blanford's Gliding Dragon)

Tavoy-Flugdrache, (Blanfords Flugdrache)

Tavoy-svæveagam*

1885 Draco blanfordii Boulenger
1878 Draco major Blanford [not Draco major Laurenti 1768] (Musters 1983)
1908 Draco cyanolaemus Boulenger (Musters 1983)

Remarks: Previously included indochinensis and norvillii.
Distribution: China (Yunnan), Laos, Malaysia (West Malaysia [incl. Langkawi Archipelago]), Myanmar, Thailand.


Draco boschmai

Lesser Sundas Gliding Dragon*, (Boschma's Gliding Dragon)

Boschmas Flugdrache

Sunda-svæveagam*

1936 Draco volans boschmai Hennig
Draco boschmai McGuire & Kiew 2001

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of volans (Inger 1983).
Distribution: Indonesia (Adonara, Flores, Komodo, Lembata, Lombok, Rinca, Sulawesi, Sumba, Sumbawa).


Draco caerulhians

Blue-mouthed Gliding Dragon

Blaumaul-Flugdrache

Blåmundet Svæveagam*

1992 Draco caerulhians Lazell

Distribution: Indonesia (Sangir Islands: Sangir).


Draco cornutus

Horned Gliding Dragon, Cornuted Gliding Dragon

Horn-Flugdrache

Hornet Svæveagam*

1864 Draco cornutus Günther
Draco spilopterus cornutus Hennig 1936
1895 Draco affinis Bartlett (McGuire & Kiew 2001)
1903 Draco gracilis Barbour (Musters 1983)

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of volans by (e.g.; Inger 1983). Validity as a distinct species confirmed by Honda, Kobayashi, Yong, Ota & Hikida (1999). Status of affinis is uncertain; it is here regarded as a synonym of cornutus, following McGuire & Kiew (2001), Inger (1983) and Hikida & Ota (2005), pending further studies.
Distribution: Brunei, Indonesia (Java, Kalimantan, Natuna Islands [Bunguran], Sumatra), Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak).


Draco cristatellus

Crested Gliding Dragon

Leisten-Flugdrache

Kammet Svæveagam*

1872 Draco cristatellus Günther

Remarks: Regarded as a synonym of fimbriatus by Musters (1983), but as a valid species by most recent authors (e.g., Inger 1983; Denzer & Manthey 1991; Tan Fui Lian 1993; Chan-ard, Grossmann, Gumprecht & Schulz 1999; McGuire & Kiew 2001; Grismer 2008).
Distribution: Brunei, Indonesia (Kalimantan), Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak, West Malaysia).


Draco cyanopterus

Masked Gliding Dragon

Masken-Flugdrache

Maske-svæveagam*

1867 Draco reticulatus var. cyanopterus Peters
Draco cyanopterus McGuire & Alcala 2000
1885 Draco everetti Boulenger (McGuire & Alcala 2000)

Other common names:
everetti: Everett's Gliding Dragon
Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of volans (e.g., Hennig 1936; Wermuth 1967; Inger 1983; Musters 1983). Revalidated as a separate species by McGuire & Alcala (2000). Includes everetti Boulenger 1885, previously regarded as a synonym of volans (e.g., Hennig 1936, Inger 1983, Musters 1983, Wermuth 1967), but as a valid species by others (Alcala 1986; Ross & Lazell 1990).
Distribution: Philippines (Bohol, Camiguin Sur, Dinagat, Mindanao).


Draco dussumieri

South Indian Gliding Dragon, Western Ghats Gliding Dragon

West Ghats-Flugdrache

Sydindisk Svæveagam*

1837 Draco dussumieri Dumeril & Bibron

Distribution: India (Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu).


Draco fimbriatus

Fringed Gliding Dragon, Fimbriate Gliding Dragon, Java Fringed Gliding Dragon, (Orange-bearded Gliding Dragon)

Fransen-Flugdrache

Frynset Svæveagam*

1820 Draco fimbriatus Kuhl
1894 Draco grandis Bartlett (Musters 1983)
1983 Draco fimbriatus hennigi Musters
Draco hennigi McGuire, Cotoras, O'Connell, Lawalata, Wang-Claypool, Stubbs, Huang, Wogan, Hykin, Reilly, Bi, Riyanto, Arida, Smith, Milne, Streicher, Iskandar 2018

Remarks: Prevously included abbreviatus, cristatellus, and punctatus. Now restricted to Java and Bali (but see remarks under abbreviatus). McKay (2006) questioned the presence of the species in Bali, but it is included herein for the island, based on other authors (Witte 1933; repeated by Manthey 2008). Baker & Lim's (2008) statement that fimbriatus was present in the past, but not confirmed recently from Singapore surely refers to abbreviatus, whose type locality is Singapore. According to Manthey (2008), grandis is neither a synonym of fimbriatus, nor of abbreviatus, however, he did not formally revalidate the taxon as a separate species.
Distribution: Indonesia (Bali, Java).


Draco formosus

Malay Peninsula Dusky Gliding Dragon, Red-edged Gliding Dragon, Beautiful Gliding Dragon

Rotrand-Flugdrache

Rødrandet Svæveagam*

1900 Draco formosus Boulenger
Draco obscurus formosus Musters 1983

Remarks: Revalidated by McGuire & Kiew (2001). Restricted to the Malay Peninsula (Grismer 2008).
Distribution: Malaysia (West Malaysia [incl. Penang Island, Seribuat Archipelago]), Thailand.


Draco guentheri

Southern Philippine Gliding Dragon*, (Günther's Gliding Dragon)

Günthers Flugdrache

Sydfilippinsk Svæveagam*

1885 Draco guentheri Boulenger
1900 Draco rizali Wandolleck (McGuire & Alcala 2000)

Other common names:
rizali: Rizal's Gliding Dragon, Rizal's Gliding Dragon
Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of volans (e.g., Hennig 1936; Inger 1983; Musters 1983). Revalidated as a separate species by Alcala (1986) and McGuire & Alcala (2000). Includes rizali, previously regarded as a synonym of volans (e.g., Musters 1983) or as a valid species (e.g., Alcala 1986).
Distribution: Philippines (Mindanao, Sulu Islands [Basilan, Bongao, Jolo, Sangasanga, Siasi, Tawi-Tawi]).


Draco haematopogon

Red-bearded Gliding Dragon, Red-barbed Gliding Dragon, Yellow-bearded Gliding Dragon, Blood-bearded Gliding Dragon

Rotbart-Flugdrache

Rødskægget Svæveagam*

1831 Draco haematopogon Gray
1893 Draco microlepis Boulenger (Musters 1983)
Draco haematopogon microlepis Hennig 1936

Distribution: Indonesia (Java, Kalimantan, Peucang, Sipura, Sumatra), Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak, West Malaysia [incl. Seribuat Archipelago, incl. Tioman]), Singapore, Thailand.


Draco indochinensis

Indochinese Gliding Dragon

Indochinesischer Flugdrache

Indokinesisk Svæveagam*

1928 Draco indochinensis Smith
Draco taeniopterus indochinensis Hennig 1936
Draco blanfordii indochinensis Bourret 1943

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of blanfordi (Inger 1983). Revalidated as a distinct species by McGuire & Kiew (2001).
Distribution: Cambodia, Vietnam.


Draco iskandari

Tahulandang Gliding Dragon*, (Iskandar's Gliding Dragon)

Iskandars Flugdrache

Tahulandang-svæveagam*

2007 Draco iskandari McGuire, Brown, Mumpuni, Riyanto & Andayani

Distribution: Indonesia (Sangir Islands: Tahulandang Island).


Draco jareckii

Batan Gliding Dragon*, (Jarecki's Gliding Dragon)

Jareckis Flugdrache

Batan-svæveagam*

1992 Draco jareckii Lazell

Distribution: Philippines (Batan Islands: Batan).


Draco lineatus

Lineated Gliding Dragon, Lined Gliding Dragon, Zebra Gliding Dragon

Linierter Flugdrache

Stribet Svæveagam*

1802 Draco lineatus Daudin
Dracontoides lineatus Fitzinger 1843
Dracunculus lineatus Duméril & Duméril 1851
1834 Draco bourouniensis Lesson (McGuire, Brown, Riyanto & Andayani 2007)
Draco lineatus bourouniensis Hennig 1936
1834 Draco amboinensis Lesson (Musters 1983, as syn. of bourouniensis)
Draco lineatus amboinensis Hennig 1936
1834 Dracunculus personatus Wiegmann (Musters 1983)
1910 Draco ochropterus Werner (Musters 1983; McGuire, Brown, Riyanto & Andayani 2007)
Draco lineatus ochropterus Smith & Procter 1921
1926 Draco buruensis De Jong (Musters 1983)
1926 Draco toxopei De Jong (Musters 1983)

Remarks: The type locality is Java, but the species is not believed to occur in this island, and it is now restricted to the Maluku province of eastern Indonesia (McGuire, Brown, Riyanto & Andayani 2007). Previously included beccarii, bimaculatus, modiglianii, and rhytisma. McGuire & Kiew (2001) revalidated bourouniensis as a separate species, but the senior author later synonymized it again with lineatus (McGuire, Brown, Riyanto & Andayani 2007), as it had also been earlier (e.g., Inger 1983). Recorded from Kai Islands (e.g., Musters 1983; Wermuth 1967), Misool (e.g., Musters 1983), and New Guinea (Jong 1926), but probably all in error (Musters 1983; McGuire, Brown, Riyanto & Andayani 2007).
Distribution: Indonesia (Ambon, Buru, Haruku, Laut, Saparua, Seram).


Draco maculatus

Black-spotted Gliding Dragon, Orange-winged Gliding Dragon, (Naga Hill Gliding Dragon)

Gefleckter Flugdrache

Sortplettet Svæveagam*

1845 Dracunculus maculatus Gray
Draco maculatus Cantor 1847
1893 Draco haasei Boettger (Musters 1983)
Draco maculatus haasii [lapsus] Smith & Kloss 1915
1899 Draco whiteheadi Boulenger (Musters 1983)
Draco maculatus whiteheadi Hennig 1936
1934 Draco divergens Taylor (Musters 1983)
Draco maculatus divergens Bourret 1943

Remarks: Present in the past, but not confirmed recently from Singapore (Baker & Lim 2008).
Extinct in: Singapore.
Distribution: Bangladesh, Cambodia, China (Fujian, Guangxi, Hainan, Tibet, Yunnan), India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Mizoram, Nagaland), Laos, Malaysia (West Malaysia [incl. Langkawi Archipelago]), Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam (incl. Cat Ba Island).


Draco maximus

Giant Gliding Dragon, Large Gliding Dragon

Großer Flugdrache

Kæmpe-svæveagam*

1893 Draco maximus Boulenger
Draco maculatus maximus Bourret 1943
1910 Draco intermedius Werner (Musters 1983)
1912 Draco cryptotis Despax (Musters 1983)
Draco maximus cryptotis Hennig 1936

Distribution: Indonesia (Java, Kalimantan, Natuna Islands, Sumatra), Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak, West Malaysia).


Draco melanopogon

Black-bearded Gliding Dragon, Black-barbed Gliding Dragon

Gelbfleckiger Flugdrache

Sortskægget Svæveagam*

1887 Draco melanopogon Boulenger
1894 Draco nigriappendiculatus Bartlett (Musters 1983)
Draco melanopogon nigriappendiculatus Malkmus, Manthey, Vogel, Hoffmann & Kosuch 2002

Distribution: Brunei, Indonesia (Anambas Islands, Banyak Islands, Kalimantan, Natuna Islands [Bunguran], Sumatra), Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak, West Malaysia [incl. Langkawi Archipelago, Penang Island, Seribuat Archipelago (incl. Tioman)]), Myanmar, Singapore, Thailand.


Draco mindanensis

Mindanao Gliding Dragon

Mindanao-Flugdrache

Mindanao-svæveagam*

1908 Draco mindanensis Stejneger
Draco fimbriatus mindanensis Hennig 1936

Distribution: Philippines (Dinagat, Leyte, Mindanao, Samar).


Draco modiglianii

Enggano Gliding Dragon*, (Modigliani's Gliding Dragon)

Modiglianis Flugdrache

Enggano-svæveagam*

1892 Draco modiglianii Vinciguerra
Draco lineatus modiglianii Hennig 1936

Remarks: Revalidated as a distinct species by McGuire & Kiew (2001).
Distribution: Indonesia (Enggano).


Draco norvillii

Assam Gliding Dragon, Banded Gliding Dragon, (Norvill's Gliding Dragon)

Norvills Flugdrache

Assam-svæveagam*

1895 Draco norvillii Alcock
Draco blanfordii norvillii Bourret 1943

Remarks: Regarded as a subspecies of blanfordii by Musters (1983), but treated here as a separate species, following Manthey (2008) and several other authors (e.g., Smith 1935; Hennig 1936; Wermuth 1967; Jacobs 1983; Murthy 1990; Tikader & Sharma 1992; Sharma 2002; Dasgupta & Raha 2006; Mathew 2006).
Distribution: Bangladesh, India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland), Myanmar.


Draco obscurus

Bornean Dusky Gliding Dragon, Obscure Gliding Dragon, (Malayan Gliding Dragon)

Rotlappen-Flugdrache

Mørk Svæveagam*

1887 Draco obscurus Boulenger
Draco formosus obscurus Hennig 1936
1913 Draco affinis Baumann [not Draco affinis Bartlett 1894] (Musters 1983)
1936 Draco formosus laetepictus Hennig (Musters 1983)
Draco obscurus laetepictus Musters 1983

Other common names:
laetepictus: Painted Gliding Dragon
Remarks: Previously included formosus (e.g., Inger 1983; Musters 1983). Revalidated as a separate species by McGuire & Kiew (2001). Restricted to Borneo (Grismer 2008).
Distribution: Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak).


Draco ornatus

White-spotted Gliding Dragon, White-spotted Gliding Dragon, Ornate Gliding Dragon

Geschmückter Flugdrache

Hvidplettet Svæveagam*

1845 Dracunculus ornatus Gray
Draco ornatus Günther 1864

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of either spilopterus (e.g., Hennig 1936, Musters 1983, Wermuth 1967) or of volans (e.g., Inger 1983). Revalidated as a separate species by Ross & Lazell (1990). Validity confirmed by Gaulke (1994).
Distribution: Philippines (Bohol, Dinagat, Leyte, Mindanao, Panaon, Samar).


Draco palawanensis

Palawan Gliding Dragon

Palawan-Flugdrache

Palawan-svæveagam*

2000 Draco palawanensis McGuire & Alcala

Distribution: Philippines (Dumaran, Palawan).


Draco punctatus

Speckled Gliding Dragon*, Pointed Fringed Gliding Dragon

Gesprenkelte Flugdrache

Spættet Svæveagam*

1900 Draco punctatus Boulenger
Draco fimbriatus punctatus Manthey 2008

Remarks: Taxonomic history of this species has been turbulent. Prevously regarded as a valid species (e.g., Hennig 1936), a subspecies of fimbriatus (e.g., Manthey 2008), a synonym of same (e.g., Musters 1983), or a synonym of cristatellus (Inger 1983). Validity as a separate species confirmed by McGuire, Cotoras, O'Connell, Lawalata, Wang-Claypool, Stubbs, Huang, Wogan, Hykin, Reilly, Bi, Riyanto, Arida, Smith, Milne, Streicher, Iskandar (2018).
Distribution: Indonesia (Banyak Islands, Batu Islands, Sumatra), Malaysia (Sarawak, West Malaysia), Thailand.


Draco quadrasi

Sibuyan Gliding Dragon*, (Quadras' Gliding Dragon)

Quadras' Flugdrache

Sibuyan-svæveagam*

1893 Draco quadrasi Boettger

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of spilopterus (e.g., Musters 1983). Most recent authors have treated it as a separate species (e.g., Alcala 1986; McGuire & Alcala 2000).
Distribution: Philippines (Mindoro, Romblon, Semirara, Sibuyan).


Draco quinquefasciatus

Five-banded Gliding Dragon, Five-lined Gliding Dragon, (Six-lined Gliding Dragon)

Fünfband-Flugdrache

Fembåndet Svæveagam*

1827 Draco quinquefasciatus Hardwicke & Gray
Draco quinquefasciatus Duméril & Bibron 1837
Dracunculus quinquefasciatus Gray 1845
1936 Draco quinquefasciatus longibarba Hennig (Musters 1983)

Distribution: Brunei, Indonesia (Bangka, Belitung, Kalimantan, Karimata Islands, Lingga Islands, Natuna Islands, Sumatra), Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak, West Malaysia [incl. Langkawi Archipelago, Penang Island]), Singapore, Thailand.


Draco reticulatus

Reticulated Gliding Dragon

Netz-Flugdrache

Net-svæveagam*

1864 Draco reticulatus Günther
Draco volans reticulatus Hennig 1936

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of volans (e.g., Inger 1983) or a subspecies of same (Hennig 1936; Musters 1983). Revalidated as a separate species by McGuire & Alcala (2000).
Distribution: Philippines (Bohol, Lapinig Islands [Lapinig Chico], Leyte, Samar, Sulu Islands [Bongao, Jolo, Sangasanga, Siasi]).


Draco rhytisma

Banggai Gliding Dragon*, (Black-spotted Gliding Dragon)

Schwarzfleckiger Flugdrache

Banggai-svæveagam*

1983 Draco lineatus rhytisma Musters
Draco rhytisma McGuire & Kiew 2001

Distribution: Indonesia (Banggai Islands).


Draco spilonotus

Manado Gliding Dragon*, (Sulawesi Gliding Dragon)

Sulawesi-Flugdrache

Manado-svæveagam*

1872 Draco spilonotus Günther
Draco lineatus spilonotus Hennig 1936

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of lineatus (Inger 1983). Revalidated as a distinct species by McGuire & Kiew (2001).
Distribution: Indonesia (Sulawesi).


Draco spilopterus

Common Philippine Gliding Dragon

Philippinen-Flugdrache

Almindelig Filippinsk Svæveagam*

1834 Dracunculus spilopterus Wiegmann
Draco spilopterus Duméril & Bibron 1837
1864 Draco rostratus Günther (Musters 1983)

Remarks: Regarded as a synonym of volans by Inger (1983), but as a valid species by Musters (1983) and McGuire & Alcala (2000). Previously included ornatus.
Distribution: Philippines (Bantayan, Boracay, Carabao, Catanduanes, Cebu, Guimaras, Inampulugan, Kalotkot, Lubang, Luzon, Marinduque, Masbate, Negros, Panay, Polillo, Siquijor, Tablas).


Draco sumatranus

Sumatran Gliding Dragon, (Common Gliding Dragon)

Sumatra-Flugdrache

Sumatra-svæveagam*

1844 Draco viridis var. sumatrana Schlegel
Draco volans sumatranus Musters 1983
Draco sumatranus McGuire & Kiew 2001

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of volans (Inger 1983).
Distribution: Brunei, Indonesia (Anambas Islands, Babi, Bangka, Belitung, Enggano, Kalimantan, Natuna Islands, Nias, Riau Islands, Siberut, Simeulue, Sipura, Sumatra, Weh), Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak, West Malaysia [incl. Penang Island, Perhentian Islands, Seribuat Archipelago (incl. Tioman)]), Singapore, Thailand.


Draco supriatnai

Togian Gliding Dragon*, (Supriatna's Gliding Dragon)

Supriatnas Flugdrache

Togian-svæveagam*

2007 Draco supriatnai McGuire, Brown, Mumpuni, Riyanto & Andayani

Distribution: Indonesia (Togian Islands: Batudaka Island).


Draco taeniopterus

Narrow-lined Gliding Dragon, Barred Gliding Dragon, Banded-winged Gliding Dragon

Gebänderter Flugdrache

Smalstribet Svæveagam*

1861 Draco taeniopterus Günther

Remarks: A single, probably erroneous record from Borneo (Musters 1983; Das 2007c).
Distribution: Cambodia, Malaysia (West Malaysia [incl. Langkawi Archipelago]), Myanmar, Thailand.


Draco timoriensis

Timor Gliding Dragon

Timor-Flugdrache

Timor-svæveagam*

1820 Draco timoriensis Kuhl
Draco viridis timoriensis Schlegel 1844
Draco volans timoriensis Hennig 1936

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of volans (Inger 1983). Revalidated as a distinct species by McGuire & Kiew (2001).
Distribution: East Timor, Indonesia (Alor, Groot-Bastaard, Kisar, Rote, Semau, West Timor, Wetar).


Draco volans

Javanese Gliding Dragon, Blue-necked Gliding Dragon, (Common Gliding Dragon, Malayan Gliding Dragon)

Gewöhnlicher Flugdrache

Javansk Svæveagam*

1758 Draco volans Linnaeus
1766 Draco praepos Linnaeus (Musters 1983)
1768 Draco major Laurenti (Musters 1983)
1768 Draco minor Laurenti (Musters 1983)
1802 Draco fuscus Daudin (Musters 1983)
1802 Draco viridis Daudin (Musters 1983)
1837 Draco daudinii Duméril & Bibron (Musters 1983)
1844 Draco viridis var. javanica Schlegel (Musters 1983)
1844 Draco viridis var. samaoensis Schlegel (Musters 1983)

Remarks: Now restricted to Bali and Java. Previously included boschmai, cornutus, cyanopterus, guentheri, ornatus, reticulatus, spilopterus, sumatranus, and timoriensis. Many older records of volans refer to these species (Honda, Kobayashi, Yong, Ota & Hikida 1999; McGuire & Alcala 2000).
Distribution: Indonesia (Bali, Java).


Draco walkeri

Sulawesi Gliding Dragon*, (Walker's Gliding Dragon)

Walkers Flugdrache

Sulawesi-svæveagam*

1891 Draco walkeri Boulenger

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of beccari (e.g., Musters 1983). Revalidated as a separate species and restricted to Sulawesi by McGuire, Brown, Mumpuni; Riyanto & Andayani (2007), who noted that the type locality ("Koepang, Timor") is in error. Reports from Timor (e.g., Musters 1983) refer to timoriensis (Kaiser, Carvalho, Ceballos, Freed, Heacox, Lester, Richards, Trainor, Sanchez & O'Shea 2011).
Distribution: Indonesia (Sulawesi).