Agamas and Dragons
512 species of which 310 (60.5%) are endemic -
60 genera of which 26 (43.3%) are endemic
(as of December 31st, 2018).
Frost & Etheridge (1989) united the families Agamidae and Chamaeleonidae in one family, Chamaeleonidae, comprising three subfamilies: Agaminae (including all genera until then assigned to Agamidae, except Leiolepis and Uromastyx), Chamaeleoninae (including all genera until then assigned to Chamaeleonidae in the strict sense), and Leiolepidinae (including Leiolepis and Uromastyx). This arrangement has not been generally accepted, and is not followed here.
Böhme (1982) and Moody (1983) separated the genera
Leiolepis from the family Agamidae and revalidated the family name
Uromastycidae for that purpose.
Borsuk-Bialynicka & Moody (1984) reduced this group to subfamily status within the Agamidae.
Leiolepididae has priority over Uromastycidae (Grismer 2008),
but Leiolepis and
Uromastyx are not even sister taxa
(Macey & al. 2000; Townsend, Larson, Louis & Macey 2004), so if these genera were to be separated from the remaining agamid genera,
it would have to be in two separate families, i.e., Leiolepididae for
Leiolepis, and Uromastycidae for
(including the subsequently revalidated genus Saara) (Grismer 2008).
Although there is no consensus, some authors recognize Leiolepididae (e.g., Grismer 2008) and/or Uromastycidae (e.g., Das & Norsham 2007).
The common name "Dragon" is mainly used for Australian members of the family.
Africa, SE. Europe, Middle East, Asia, Malay Archipelago, Australia, W. Pacific.
Central African Republic,
Papua New Guinea,
United Arab Emirates,