Taxonomy: families
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Snakes (Serpentes)

   Genera


Aipysurus
Olive Sea Snakes


Emydocephalus
Turtle-headed Sea Snakes


Ephalophis
Broome Thick-tailed Sea Snake


Hydrelaps
Port Darwin Smooth Sea Snake


Hydrophis
Typical Sea Snakes


Kolpophis
Granular Sea Snake


Laticauda
Sea Kraits


Microcephalophis
Small-headed Sea Snakes


Parahydrophis
Arafura Smooth Sea Snake


Thalassophis
Scale-snouted Sea Snake




Biodiversity of the family Elapidae
(part 2: marine species)
Bibliography of the family Elapidae
(part 2: marine species)

Elapidae
(part 2: marine species)
Sea Snakes
Seeschlangen     Havslanger




Contents:
  71 species of which 18 (25.4%) are endemic - 10 genera of which 1 (10.0%) is endemic (as of December 31st, 2018).

Remarks: The sea snakes are now considered part of the family Elapidae (e.g., Goin, Goin & Zug 1978; Vitt & Caldwell 2014). They were previously regarded as one or two separate families, Hydrophiidae (e.g., Smith 1926) and (or including) the sea kraits, Laticaudidae (or Laticaudinae). The sea kraits have been regarded as a separate family, Laticaudidae, by some authors (Burger & Natsuno 1974; Kharin & Czeblukov 2006). See further remarks under the family Elapidae.

Distribution:  Indian and Pacific Oceans.

Reported from:
American Samoa, Australia, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Brunei, Cambodia, China, Clipperton, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Colombia, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Djibouti, East Timor, Easter Island, Ecuador (incl. Galapagos Islands), El Salvador, Fiji, French Polynesia, Guatemala, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Japan, Kenya, Kermadec Islands, Kiribati, Kuwait, Madagascar, Malaysia, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niue, North Korea, Northern Mariana Islands, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Seychelles, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tonga, Tuvalu, United Arab Emirates, USA, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Wallis & Futuna, Western Samoa, Yemen.