Home - Taxonomy - Geography - Biodiversity - Literature - Purchase RepFocus Recent updates

© Rune Midtgaard


Taxonomy of the family Scincidae
Bibliography of the genus Trachylepis
Biodiversity of the family Scincidae








Genus
Trachylepis

African-American Grass and Forest Skinks, (Rainbow Skinks, Typical Skinks)

Afrikanisch-Amerikanische Gras- und Waldskinke

Afrikansk-Amerikanske Græs- og Skovskinker

1843 Trachylepis Fitzinger (type species: Euprepes savignyi Peters 1854)
1843 Oxytropis Fitzinger (type species: Euprepes merremii Dumeril & Bibron 1839; syn. Loveridge 1957)
1846 Xystrolepis Tschudi (type species: Trachylepis punctata Tschudi 1845; syn. Miralles, Chaparro & Harvey 2009)
1925 Mabuiopsis Angel (type species: Mabuia jeanneli Angel 1923; syn. Loveridge 1957)
1965 Oelofsia Steyn & Mitchell (type species: Mabuia laevis Boulenger 1907; syn. Mertens 1971)
Contents: 91 species, of which 37 (40.7%) are endemic.
Remarks: Previously included the species now assigned to Heremites. Formerly regarded as a synonym of Mabuya (e.g., Smith 1935; Loveridge 1957). Revalidated by Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha (2002) as Euprepis, but Bauer (2003) later showed that the valid name for this genus is Trachylepis.
Distribution: Africa, Madagascar, W. Indian Ocean, Middle East, C. Asia, Fernando do Noronha [Brazil].
Reported from: Algeria, Angola (incl. Cabinda), Benin, Botswana, Brazil (Pernambuco: Fernando do Noronha), Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoro Islands (Anjouan, Grande Comoro, Moheli), Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa, Djibouti, Egypt (incl. Sinai), Equatorial Guinea (Annobon, Bioko, Rio Muni), Eritrea, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Europa Island, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau (incl. Bijagos Archipelago), Ivory Coast, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar (incl. Nosy Be), Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mayotte, Mozambique (incl. Bazaruto Archipelago [incl. Benguerua, Santa Carolina], Casuarina Island), Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Rwanda, São Tomé & Príncipe (Príncipe, Rolas Island, São Tomé, Tinhosa Grande Islet), Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles (incl. Praslin), Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa (Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West Province, Northern Cape, Western Cape), South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania (incl. Mafia, Pemba, Zanzibar), Togo, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Yemen (incl. Socotra Archipelago [Abd al Kuri, Darsa, Samha, Socotra]), Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Trachylepis acutilabris

Wedge-snouted Skink

Keilschnauzen-Skink

Kilesnudet Skink

1862 Euprepes acutilabris Peters
Mabuia acutilabris Boulenger 1887
Euprepis acutilabris Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis acutilabris Bauer 2003 [by implication]

Remarks: An old record from Little Namaqualand (Northern Cape, South Africa) needs confirmation (Branch 1998).
Distribution: Angola (incl. Cabinda), Congo-Kinshasa, Namibia.


Trachylepis adamastor

Adamastor Skink

Adamastor-Skink

Adamastor-skink

2015 Trachylepis adamastor Ceriaco

Distribution: São Tomé & Príncipe (Tinhosa Grande Islet).


Trachylepis affinis

Lesser Brown-flanked Skink, Little Brown-flanked Skink, Striped Forest Skink, (Brown Skink, Senegal Skink)

Kleiner Brauseitiger Skink

Lille Brunsidet Skink

1839 Tiliqua affinis Gray
Mabuia affinis Boulenger 1887
Euprepis affinis Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Euprepis affinis Mausfeld-Lafdhiya, Schmitz, Ineich & Chirio 2004
Trachylepis affinis Bauer 2003 [by implication]
1844 Euprepes blandingi Hallowell (Hoogmoed 1974)
1845 Euprepes raddoni Gray (Hoogmoed 1974)
1864 Euprepes aeneofuscus Peters (Hoogmoed 1974)

Introduced to: São Tomé & Príncipe (Príncipe).
Distribution: Angola (incl. Cabinda), Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo-Brazzaville, Equatorial Guinea (Bioko, Rio Muni), Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau (incl. Bijagos Archipelago), Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo.


Trachylepis albilabris

African White-lipped Forest Skink

Afrikanischer Weißlippen-Waldskink

Afrikansk Hvidlæbet Skovskink

1857 Euprepes albilabris Hallowell
Mabuia albilabris Boulenger 1905
Euprepis albilabris Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis albilabris Bauer 2003 [by implication]

Remarks: Previously included aureogularis. Records from West Africa refer to aureogularis (Trape, Trape & Chirio 2012).
Distribution: Cameroon, Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa, Equatorial Guinea (Rio Muni), Gabon, Uganda.


Trachylepis albopuntata

White-spotted Savanna Skink

Weissflecken-Savannenskink

Hvidplettet Savanneskink

1867 Euprepes olivieri var. albopunctatus Bocage
Trachylepis albopunctatus Weinell & Bauer 2018

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of varia (e.g., Loveridge 1957). Marques, Ceríaco, Blackburn & Bauer (2018) referred to Angolan specimens as "T. cf. albopunctata", but at the same time stressed the need for further studies. The species is provisionally considered valid herein, following Weinell & Bauer (2018). The exact eastern boundaries of the distribution is unclear (Marques, Ceríaco, Blackburn & Bauer 2018).
Distribution: Angola, Congo-Kinshasa, Zambia.





Trachylepis albotaeniata

Pemba Speckled-lipped Skink

Lippenfleckiger Pemba-skink

Pemba-pletlæbeskink

1913 Mabuia albotaeniata Boettger
Mabuya albotaeniata Pakenham 1947
Mabuya maculilabris albotaeniata Loveridge 1957
Euprepis albotaeniatus Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis albotaeniata Bauer 2003 [by implication]

Remarks: Previously included in maculilabris (e.g., Barbour & Loveridge 1928). Elevated to full species status by Broadley (2000), although already Pakenham (1947) regarded it as a separate species.
Distribution: Tanzania (Pemba).


Trachylepis atlantica

Fernando do Noronha Skink

Fernando-do-Noronha-Skink

Fernando do Noronha-skink

1839 Tiliqua punctata Gray [not Lacerta punctata Linnaeus 1758]
Mabuya punctata Travassos 1946
1874 Mabouya punctatissima O'Shaughnessy [not Euprepes punctatissimus Smith 1849]
1945 Mabuya atlantica Schmidt [substitute name for Tiliqua punctata Gray 1839]
Euprepis atlanticus Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002
Trachylepis atlantica Bauer 2003 [by implication]

Remarks: Nomenclature of this species has been confused (see Mausfeld & Vrcibradic 2002 for details). It has been referred to as Mabuya punctata (e.g., Boulenger 1887; Dunn 1935; Travassos 1946) and M. maculata (e.g., Andersson 1900; Travassos 1948; Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970), however, the former name is preoccupied and thus unavailable, the latter represents a species of uncertain type locality, which is distinct from atlantica.
Distribution: Brazil (Pernambuco: Fernando do Noronha).


Trachylepis aureogularis

Orange-throated Skink

Goldkehliger Skink

Guldstrubet Skink

1885 Euprepes aureogularis Müller
Trachylepis aureogularis Trape, Trape & Chirio 2012

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of albilabris (e.g., Hoogmoed 1974). Revalidated as a separate species by Trape, Trape & Chirio (2012).
Distribution: Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Togo.


Trachylepis aureopunctata

Madagascar Golden-spotted Skink

Madagassischer Goldenfleckiger Skink

Madagassisk Gyldenplettet Skink

1867 Euprepes aureo-punctatus Grandidier
Mabuia aureopunctata Boulenger 1887
Euprepis aureopunctatus Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis aureopunctata Bauer 2003 [by implication]

Distribution: Madagascar.


Trachylepis bayonii

Equatorial Mountain Grass Skink, (Bayon's Skink)

Äkvatorialer Gebirgs-Grasskink

Ækvatorial Bjerg-græsskink

1872 Euprepes bayonii Bocage
Mabuia bayonii Boulenger 1887
Euprepis bayonii Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis bayonii Bauer 2003 [by implication]
1956 Mabuya bayonii keniensis Loveridge
1964 Mabuya bayoni huilensis Laurent

Other common names:
keniensis: Eastern Bayon's Skink
Distribution: Angola, Congo-Kinshasa, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda.


Trachylepis bensonii

Liberian Forest Skink, (Benson's Skink)

Liberianischer Waldskink

Liberiansk Skovskink

1867 Euprepes bensonii Peters
Mabuya bensonii Greer, Arnold & Arnold 2000
Euprepis bensoni Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis bensonii Bauer 2003 [by implication]

Distribution: Guinea, Liberia.


Trachylepis betsileana

Betsileo Skink

Bestsileo-Skink

Bestsileo-skink

1906 Mabuia betsileana Mocquard
Euprepis betsileana Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis betsileana Bauer 2003 [by implication]

Remarks: Only known from the type specimen. Presence in Madagascar needs confirmation (Brygoo 1984; Glaw & Vences 1994).
Distribution: Madagascar.


Trachylepis binotata

Ovambo Tree Skink, Giant Tree Skink, (Mopane Skink)

Ovambo-Baumskink

Ovambo-træskink

1867 Euprepes binotatus Bocage
Mabuia quinquetaeniata binotata Sternfeld 1917
Mabuya striata binotata Hewitt 1935
Mabuya binotata Parker 1936
Euprepis binotatus Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis binotata Bauer 2003 [by implication]

Distribution: Angola, Namibia.


Trachylepis bocagii

African Three-striped Skink, (Bocage's Skink)

Afrikanischer Dreistreifen-Skink

Afrikansk Trestribet Skink

1887 Mabuia bocagii Boulenger
Euprepis bocagii Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis bocagii Bauer 2003 [by implication]

Remarks: Previously included mlanjensis.
Distribution: Angola, Malawi.


Trachylepis boehmei

Amhara Skink

Amhara-Skink

Amharaskink

2020 Trachylepis boehmei Koppetsch

Distribution: Ethiopia.





Trachylepis boettgeri

Eastern Madagascar Highland Skink

Ostmadagassischer Hochlandskink

Østmadagassisk Højlandsskink

1887 Mabuia boettgeri Boulenger
Euprepis boettgeri Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis boettgeri Bauer 2003 [by implication]

Distribution: Madagascar.


Trachylepis boulengeri

Lindi Speckled-lipped Skink, Makonde Spotted-lip Skink, (Boulenger's Skink)

Lippenfleckiger Lindi-skink

Lindi-pletlæbeskink

1911 Mabuia boulengeri Sternfeld
Mabuya maculilabris boulengeri Loveridge 1942
Euprepis boulengeri Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis boulengeri Bauer 2003 [by implication]

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of maculilabris (e.g., Barbour & Loveridge 1928) or a subspecies of same (e.g., Loveridge 1942). Elevated to full species status by Broadley (1974).
Distribution: Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zimbabwe.


Trachylepis brauni

Ukinga Mountain Skink, Montane Three-striped Skink

Ukinga-Gebirgsskink

Ukinga-bjergskink

1902 Mabuia brauni Tornier
Mabuya varia brauni Loveridge 1957
Euprepis brauni Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis brauni Bauer 2003 [by implication]
1953 Mabuia hildae Loveridge (Meerman 1984)
Mabuya brauni hildae Broadley 1977

Distribution: Malawi, Tanzania.


Trachylepis brevicollis

Short-necked Skink, Ethiopian Skink, (Sudan Mabuya)

Äthiopischer Kurzhals-Skink

Etiopisk Korthalset Skink

1837 Euprepis brevicollis Wiegmann
Mabuia brevicollis Anderson 1896
Mabuya brevicollis Loveridge 1936
Trachylepis brevicollis Bauer 2003 [by implication]
1837 Euprepis pyrrhocephalus Wiegmann (Arnold 1986)
1856 Tiliqua burtoni Blyth (Lanza 1990)
1893 Mabuya chanleri Stejneger (Lanza 1990)
1893 Mabuya pulchra Matschie (Arnold 1986)
1905 Mabuia rothschildi Mocquard (Lanza 1990)
1915 Mabuia somalica Calabresi (Lanza 1990)

Remarks: Previously confused with dichroma (see remarks under that species). On the basis of Arnold (1986) and Schätti & Gasperetti (1994), Arabian records of somalica (Lanza 1983) are referred to brevicollis.
Distribution: Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen.


Trachylepis buettneri

Togo Savanna Skink, (Buettner's Savanna Skink)

Togoanischer Savanneskink

Togoansk Savanneskink

1893 Mabuia büttneri Matschie
Euprepis buettneri Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis buettneri Bauer 2003 [by implication]
1919 Mabuya sudanensis Schmidt (Hoogmoed 1974)

Distribution: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo-Kinshasa, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Togo.


Trachylepis capensis

Cape Skink, Cape Three-striped Skink, (Three-lined Skink)

Kap-Skink

Kapskink

1830 Tiliqua capensis Gray
Mabuya capensis Hewitt 1937
Euprepis capensis Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis capensis Bauer 2003 [by implication]
1829 Scincus trivittatus Cuvier [not Hardwicke & Gray 1827] (Broadley 2000)
1838 Tiliqua ascensionis Gray (Fitzsimons 1943)
1839 Euprepes merremii Duméril & Bibron (Fitzsimons 1943)

Distribution: Botswana, Eswatini, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa (Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West Province, Northern Cape, Western Cape), Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Trachylepis casuarinae

Casuarina Island Skink

Casuarina-Skink

Casuarina-skink

1974 Mabuya maculilabris casuarinae Broadley
Mabuya casuarinae Broadley 2000
Euprepis casuarinae Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis casuarinae Bauer 2003 [by implication]

Remarks: Mausfeld-Lafdhiya, Schmitz, Ineich & Chirio (2004) questioned the validity of casuarinae, but without making taxonomic conclusions.
Distribution: Mozambique (Casuarina Island).


Trachylepis chimbana

Chimba Skink

Chimba-Skink

Chimba-skink

1887 Mabuia chimbana Boulenger
Mabuya striata chimbana Laurent 1964
Mabuya chimbana Branch 1988
Euprepis chimbana Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis chimbana Bauer 2003 [by implication]
1872 Euprepes affinis Bocage [not Tiliqua affinis Gray 1839] (Broadley 1975)

Distribution: Angola, Namibia.


Trachylepis comorensis

Comoro Speckled-lipped Skink

Lippenfleckiger Komoren-Skink

Comorisk Pletlæbeskink

1854 Euprepes comorensis Peters
Mabuya comorensis Boulenger 1887
Mabuya maculilabris comorensis Loveridge 1942
Euprepis comorensis Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis comorensis Bauer 2003 [by implication]
1882 Euprepes angasijanus Peters (Brygoo 1981)

Remarks: Revalidated as a separate såecies by Brygoo (1981). Previously confused with maculilabris. Older litterature records from the African mainland (e.g., Barbour & Loveridge 1928; Loveridge 1929, 1933, 1936, 1942, 1953, 1957) refer to maculilabris. Records from Europa Island (off Mozambique) refer to infralineata, originally described as a subspecies and later considered a synonym of comorensis. Mausfeld-Lafdhiya, Schmitz, Ineich & Chirio (2004) questioned the validity of comorensis, but without making taxonomic conclusions.
Distribution: Comoro Islands (Anjouan, Grande Comoro, Moheli), Madagascar, Mayotte.


Trachylepis cristinae

Abd al Kuri Rock Skink

Abd-al-Kuri-Felsenskink

Abd al Kuri-klippeskink

2012 Trachylepis cristinae Sindaco, Metallinou, Pupin, Fasola & Carranza

Distribution: Yemen (Socotra Archipelago: Abd al Kuri).


Trachylepis damarana

Damara Variable Skink, Kalahari Variable Skink

Damara-Savannenskink

Damara-savanneskink

1869 Euprepes damaranus Peters
Mabuya varia damaranus Loveridge 1936
Mabuya damarana Fitzsimons 1943
Trachylepis damarana Weinell & Bauer 2018

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of varia (e.g., Broadley 2000). Revalidated by Weinell & Bauer (2018).
Distribution: Angola, Botswana, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa (Limpopo, Mpumalanga), Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Trachylepis depressa

Eastern Coastal Skink, Eastern Sand Skink

Ostafrikanischer Küstenskink

Østafrikansk Kystskink

1854 Euprepes depressus Peters
Mabuya homalocephala depressa FitzSimons 1943
Mabuya depressa Broadley 2000
Euprepis depressus Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis depressa Bauer 2003 [by implication]

Distribution: Mozambique (incl. Bazaruto Archipelago [incl. Benguerua]), South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga), Zimbabwe.


Trachylepis dichroma

Tanzanian Short-necked Skink

Tansanianischer Kurzhals-Skink

Tanzaniansk Korthalset Skink

2005 Trachylepis dichroma Guenther, Whiting & Bauer

Remarks: Previously confused with brevicollis. The distribution is not yet clarified, since some older records of brevicollis refer to dichroma (Spawls, Howell, Hinkel & Menegon 2018).
Distribution: Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania.


Trachylepis dumasi

Amboanemba Forest Skink

Amboanemba-Waldskink

Amboanemba-skovskink

1995 Mabuya dumasi Nussbaum & Raxworthy
Euprepis dumasi Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis dumasi Bauer 2003 [by implication]

Distribution: Madagascar.


Trachylepis elegans

Toliara White-spotted Skink

Toliara-Skink

Toliara-skink

1854 Euprepes elegans Peters
Mabuia elegans Boulenger 1887
Mabuya elegans Barbour 1918
Euprepis elegans Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis elegans Bauer 2003 [by implication]
1872 Euprepes sakalava Grandidier (Brygoo 1984)
Mabuia sakalava Mocquard 1909
1983 Mabuya elegans delphinensis Brygoo

Distribution: Madagascar (incl. Nosy Be).


Trachylepis ferrarai

Southern Somali Savanna Skink

Südsomalischer Savannenskink

Sydsomalisk Savanneskink

1978 Mabuya ferrarai Lanza
Euprepis ferrarai Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis ferrarai Bauer 2003 [by implication]

Distribution: Somalia.


Trachylepis gonwouoi

Turquoise-bellied Skink, (Gonwouo's Skink)

Türkisbauch-Skink

Turkis-buget Skink

2017 Trachylepis gonwouoi Allen, Tapondjou, Welton & Bauer

Distribution: Cameroon, Congo-Brazzaville.


Trachylepis gravenhorstii

Greater Madagascar Skink

Großer Madagascarskink

Stor Madagascarskink

1839 Gongylus gravenhorstii Dumeril & Bibron
Euprepes gravenhorstii Gravenhorst 1851
Mabuia gravenhorstii Boulenger 1887
Mabuya gravenhorstii Barbour 1918
Euprepis gravenhorstii Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis gravenhorstii Bauer 2003 [by implication]
1869 Euprepes bilineatus Grandidier (Angel 1942)
1881 Tiliqua bistriatus Gray [not Scincus bistriatus Spix 1825] (Brygoo 1984)
Euprepis bistriatus Gray 1845
Euprepes bistriatus Peters 1880

Distribution: Madagascar (incl. Nosy Be).


Trachylepis hemmingi

Northern Somali Savanna Skink

Nordsomalischer Savannenskink

Nordsomalisk Savanneskink

1965 Mabuya hemmingi Laurent & Gans
Euprepis hemmingi Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis hemmingi Bauer 2003 [by implication]

Distribution: Somalia.


Trachylepis hildebrandtii

Barawa Skink, (Hildebrandt's Skink)

Barawa-Skink

Barawa-skink

1874 Euprepes hildebrandtii Peters
Mabuia hildebrandtii Boulenger 1896
Mabuya varia hildebrandtii Scortecci 1929
Mabuya hildebrandtii Parker 1942
Euprepis hildebrandtii Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis hildebrandtii Bauer 2003 [by implication]

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of varia (e.g., Waal 1978).
Distribution: Ethiopia, Somalia.


Trachylepis hoeschi

Western Rock Skink, (Hoesch's Skink)

Südwestafrikanischer Felsenskink

Sydvestafrikansk Klippeskink

1954 Mabuya hoeschi Mertens
Euprepis hoeschi Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis hoeschi Bauer 2003 [by implication]

Distribution: Angola, Namibia.


Trachylepis homalocephala

Red-sided Skink, Speckled Skink

Rotseitiger Skink

Rødsidet Skink

1828 Scincus homalocephalus Wiegmann
Euprepes homalocephalus Peters 1864
Mabuia homalocephala Boulenger 1887
Euprepis homalocephalus Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis homalocephala Bauer 2003 [by implication]
1838 ? Tiliqua subrufa Gray (Fitzsimons 1943)
1845 Euprepis smithii Gray (Fitzsimons 1956)
Mabuya homalocephala smithii FitzSimons 1943
1888 Mabuia peringueyi Boulenger (Mertens 1955)
Mabuya homalocephala peringueyi FitzSimons 1943
Trachylepis peringueyi Portik, Bauer & Jackman 2010

Remarks: Previously included depressa. Portik, Bauer & Jackman (2010) listed peringueyi as a separate species.
Distribution: Lesotho, South Africa (Eastern Cape, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Northern Cape, Western Cape).


Trachylepis infralineata

Europa Island Skink

Europa-Island-Skink

Europa Island-skink

1913 Mabuia comorensis infralineata Boettger
Mabuya infralineata Brygoo 1981
Euprepis infralineatus Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis infralineata Bauer 2003 [by implication]

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of comoroensis (e.g., Barbour & Loveridge 1928; Loveridge 1957).
Distribution: Europa Island.


Trachylepis irregularis

Alpine Meadow Skink

Afrikanischer Alpenskink

Afrikansk Alpinskink

1922 Mabuia irregularis Lönnberg
Euprepis irregularis Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis irregularis Bauer 2003 [by implication]
1923 Mabuia jeanneli Angel (Loveridge 1957)

Distribution: Kenya, Uganda.


Trachylepis isselii

Eritrean Mountain Grass Skink, (Issel's Skink)

Eritreischer Gebirgs-Grasskink

Eritreisk Bjerg-græsskink

1871 Euprepes Isselii Peters
Mabuya varia isselii Loveridge 1923
Mabuya isselii Largen 1997
Euprepis isselii Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis isselii Bauer 2003 [by implication]

Remarks: Regarded variously as a subspecies or synonym of varia by some authors (e.g., Waal 1978, Lanza 1990), or as a separate species by others (e.g., Largen 1997; Largen & Spawls 2006). Weinell & Bauer (2018) retained isselii as part of varia, but suggested that it is probably a valid species. It is provisionally treated as such herein, due to its isolated distribution and morphological distinctiveness.
Distribution: Eritrea, Ethiopia.


Trachylepis keroanensis

Kerouané Skink

Kerouané-Skink

Kerouané-skink

1921 Mabuia perroteti keroanensis Chabanaud
Trachylepis keroanensis Böhme, Rödel, Brede & Wagner 2011

Distribution: Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Mali.


Trachylepis lacertiformis

Bronze Rock Skink, Lizard-like Skink

Bronze-Felsenskink

Bronze-klippeskink

1854 Euprepes lacertiformis Peters
Mabuia lacertiformis Boulenger 1887
Euprepis lacertiformis Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis lacertiformis Bauer 2003 [by implication]
1960 Mabuya damarana rhodesiana Broadley (Broadley 1975)

Distribution: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe.


Trachylepis laevigata

Limpopo Variable Skink

Limpopo-Savannenskink

Limpopo-savanneskink

1869 Euprepes laevigatus Peters
Trachylepis laevigata Weinell & Bauer 2018

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of varia (e.g., Loveridge 1957). Revalidated by Weinell & Bauer (2018).
Distribution: South Africa (Limpopo).


Trachylepis laevis

Angolan Blue-tailed Skink, Flat Rock Skink

Angolischer Blauschwanzskink

Angolansk Blåhaleskink

1907 Mabuia laevis Boulenger
Oelofsia laevis Steyn & Mitchell 1965
Euprepis laevis Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis laevis Bauer 2003 [by implication]

Distribution: Angola, Namibia.


Trachylepis lavarambo

Madagascar Long-tailed Skink

Madagassischer Langschwanzskink

Madagassisk Langhaleskink

1998 Mabuya lavarambo Nussbaum & Raxworthy
Euprepis lavarambo Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis lavarambo Bauer 2003 [by implication]

Distribution: Madagascar (incl. Nosy Be).


Trachylepis loluiensis

Lolui Island Skink

Lolui-Skink

Lolui-skink

2010 Trachylepis loluiensis Kingdon & Spawls

Distribution: Uganda.


Trachylepis maculata

(no common name)

-

-

1839 Tiliqua maculata Gray
Trachylepis maculata Miralles, Chaparro & Harvey 2009

Remarks: Status uncertain. Although previously regarded as synonymous with atlantica (e.g., Boulenger 1887; Travassos 1946, 1948), it is distinct from that species (Mausfeld & Vrcibradic 2002; Miralles, Chaparro & Harvey 2009). The type locality is Demerara, Guyana, but maculata does not correspond to any species presently known to occur in that country or anywhere else in the New World. If the specimens were actually collected in Guyana, they may have been introduced from the Afro-Malagasy region during the transatlantic slave trade period, which would better explain the allocation of maculata to the mainly Afro-Malagasy genus Trachylepis, although the genus has managed to cross the Atlantic (see atlantica). It is unknown whether maculata is synonymous with a species from the Afro-Malagasy region (Miralles, Chaparro & Harvey 2009).
Distribution: Unknown.


Trachylepis maculilabris

Common Speckled-lipped Skink, Speckled-lipped Forest Skink, Spotted-lipped Skink, White-lipped Skink

Gewöhnlicher Lippenfleckiger Skink

Almindelig Pletlæbeskink

1845 Euprepis maculilabris Gray
Mabuia maculilabris Boulenger 1887
Trachylepis maculilabris Bauer 2003 [by implication]
1866 Euprepes anchietae Bocage (Loveridge 1957)
1879 Euprepes notabilis Peters (Loveridge 1957)
1912 ? Mabuia maculilabris major Sternfeld (Loveridge 1957)
1912 Mabuia maculilabris bergeri Sternfeld (Loveridge 1957)
1912 Mabuia maculilabris graueri Sternfeld (Loveridge 1957)
1912 Mabuia maculilabris kwidjwiensis Sternfeld (Loveridge 1957)
1912 Mabuia maculilabris rorhbecki Sternfeld (Loveridge 1957)
1912 Mabuia maculilabris schubotzi Sternfeld (Loveridge 1957)
1912 Mabuia maculilabris wauensis Sternfeld (Loveridge 1957)

Remarks: Previously included albotaeniata, boulengeri, casuarinae, comorensis, infralineata, and the populations now assigned to principensis and thomensis. Now restricted to continental Africa. Records from the Comoro Islands (e.g., Cheke 1984) refer to comorensis (Brygoo 1981). Records from Príncipe and São Tomé (incl. satellites) refer to principensis and thomensis, respectively (Ceríaco, Marques & Bauer 2016).
Distribution: Angola (incl. Cabinda), Benin, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa, Equatorial Guinea (Rio Muni), Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia.


Trachylepis madagascariensis

Central Madagascar Mountain Skink

Centralmadagassischer Gebirgsskink

Centralmadagassisk Bjergskink

1908 Mabuya madagascariensis Mocquard
Euprepis madagascariensis Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis madagascariensis Bauer 2003 [by implication]

Distribution: Madagascar.


Trachylepis makolowodei

Bélemboké Skink, (Makolowode's Skink)

Bélemboké-skink

Bélemboké-skink

2008 Trachylepis makolowodei Chirio, Ineich, Schmitz & LeBreton

Distribution: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa, Gabon.


Trachylepis margaritifer

African Rainbow Skink, Pearly Skink, Southeastern Five-lined Skink

Afrikanischer Regenbogenskink

Afrikansk Regnbueskink

1854 Euprepes margaritifer Peters
Mabuya quinquetaeniata margaritifer FitzSimons 1943
Mabuia margaritifer Bocage 1896
Euprepis margaritifer Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis margaritifer Bauer 2003 [by implication]
1864 Euprepis kirkii Gray (Broadley & Bauer 1998)
1917 Mabuia quinquetaeniata hildebrandti Sternfeld [not Euprepes hildebrandtii Peters 1874] (Broadley & Bauer 1998)

Remarks: Revalidated as a separate species by Broadley & Bauer (1998). The correct spelling of the specific name is margaritifer, not margaritifera (Broadley 1999).
Distribution: Botswana, Eswatini, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa (Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga), Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Trachylepis megalura

Grass-top Skink, (Grass Skink), (Long-tailed Skink)

Afrikanischer Grasbüschelskink

Afrikansk Græstueskink

1878 Euprepes megalura Peters
Mabuia megalura Loveridge 1920
Mabuya megalura Laurent 1964
Euprepis megalura Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis megalura Bauer 2003 [by implication]
1884 Eumeces massaianus Fischer (Loveridge 1957; Broadley 2000)

Distribution: Angola, Burundi, Congo-Kinshasa, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia.


Trachylepis mekuana

Bamboutos Mountain Grass Skink

Bamboutos-Grasskink

Bamboutos-græsskink

2000 Mabuya mekuana Chirio & Ineich
Euprepis mekuana Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis mekuana Bauer 2003 [by implication]

Distribution: Cameroon.


Trachylepis mlanjensis

Mulanje Skink

Mulanje-Skink

Mulanje-skink

1953 Mabuya bocagii mlanjensis Loveridge
Mabuya gruetzneri mlanjensis Stevens 1974
Mabuya mlanjensis Broadley 2000
Euprepis mlanjensis Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis mlanjensis Bauer 2003 [by implication]

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of punctatissima (e.g., Broadley 1977).
Distribution: Malawi, Mozambique.


Trachylepis monardi

Angolan Striped Skink, (Monard's Skink)

Angolischer Streifenskink

Angola-stribeskink

1937 Mabuya striata angolensis Monard [not Euprepes angolensis Bocage 1872]
Mabuya angolensis Laurent 1964
Euprepis angolensis Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis angolensis Bauer 2003 [by implication]
2018 Trachylepis monardi Marques, Ceríaco, Blackburn & Bauer [substitute name for Mabuya striata angolensis Monard 1937]

Distribution: Angola.





Trachylepis nancycoutuae

Isalo Rock Skink

Isalo-Felsenskink

Isalo-klippeskink

1998 Mabuya nancycoutuae Nussbaum & Raxworthy
Euprepis nancycoutuae Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis nancycoutuae Bauer 2003 [by implication]

Distribution: Madagascar.


Trachylepis nganghae

Mount Ngang-Ha Grass Skink

Ngang-Ha-Grasskink

Ngang-Ha-græsskink

2004 Trachylepis nganghae Ineich & Chirio

Distribution: Cameroon.


Trachylepis occidentalis

Western Three-striped Skink, Western Ground Skink

Südwestafrikanischer Dreistreifen-Skink

Sydvestafrikansk Trestribet Skink

1862 Euprepes vittatus var. australis Peters [not Tiliqua australis Gray 1838] (Broadley 2000)
1867 Euprepes occidentalis Peters
Mabuia occidentalis Boulenger 1887
Mabuya trivittata occidentalis Power 1939
Mabuya occidentalis Fitzsimons 1943
Euprepis occidentalis Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis occidentalis Bauer 2003 [by implication]
1910 Mabuia calaharica Werner (Broadley 2000 [transferred from the synonymy of capensis by Mertens (1955)])

Distribution: Angola, Botswana, Namibia, South Africa (Eastern Cape, Free State, Northern Cape, Western Cape).


Trachylepis ozorii

Annobon Forest Skink

Annobon-Waldskink

Annobon-skovskink

1893 Mabuia ozorii Bocage
Euprepis ozorii Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis ozorii Bauer 2003 [by implication]

Distribution: Equatorial Guinea (Annobon).


Trachylepis paucisquamis

Western Forest Skink

Westafrikanischer Waldskink

Vestafrikansk Skovskink

1974 Mabuya polytropis occidentalis Hoogmoed [not Euprepes occidentalis Peters 1867] (Hoogmoed 1978)
1978 Mabuya polytropis paucisquamis Hoogmoed [substitute name for Mabuya polytropis occidentalis Hoogmoed 1974]
Trachylepis polytropis paucisquamis Bauer 2003 [by implication]
Trachylepis paucisquamis Trape, Trape & Chirio 2012

Distribution: Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Sierra Leone.


Trachylepis pendeana

Pende River Skink

Pende-Skink

Pende-skink

2000 Mabuya pendeana Ineich & Chirio
Euprepis pendeana Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis pendeana Bauer 2003 [by implication]

Distribution: Central African Republic.


Trachylepis perrotetii

Orange-flanked Skink, Spotted Savanna Skink, West African Skink, (Perrotet's Skink)

Rotflankenskink, Togoskink

Orangesidet Skink

1839 Euprepis perrotetii Dumeril & Bibron
Mabuia perroteti Tornier 1901
Trachylepis perroteti Bauer 2003 [by implication]
1864 Euprepes pleurostictus Peters (Reptile Database, viewed 16 Jan 2014)
1908 Mabuia mongallensis Werner (Reptile Database, viewed 16 Jan 2014)
Mabuia perroteti mongallensis Werner 1919
1933 Mabuya perroteti spatzi Ahl (Loveridge 1952)
1940 Mabuya guineensis Monard (Trape, Trape & Chirio 2012)
1956 Mabuya breviparietalis Grandison (Böhme 1978)

Remarks: Previously included keroanensis and upembae.
Introduced to: USA (Florida).
Distribution: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo-Kinshasa, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau (incl. Bijagos Archipelago), Ivory Coast, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Togo, Uganda.


Trachylepis planifrons

Teita Skink, (Tree Skink)

Teita-Skink

Teita-skink

1878 Euprepes planifrons Peters
Mabuya planifrons Parker 1942
Euprepis planifrons Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis planifrons Bauer 2003 [by implication]
1878 Euprepes taitanus Peters (Loveridge 1957)
1911 Mabuia diesneri Sternfeld (Loveridge 1957)

Distribution: Congo-Kinshasa, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Somalia, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia.


Trachylepis polytropis

Greater Forest Skink, Large Forest Skink, Multicarinated Skink

Vielkieliger Waldskink

Mangekølet Skovskink

1903 Mabuia polytropis Boulenger
Euprepis polytropis Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis polytropis Bauer 2003 [by implication]

Remarks: Previously included paucisquamis.
Distribution: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo-Kinshasa, Equatorial Guinea (Bioko, Rio Muni), Gabon, Nigeria, Togo.


Trachylepis principensis

Príncipe Forest Skink, Príncipe Skink

Príncipe-Waldskink

Príncipe-skovskink

2016 Trachylepis principensis Ceríaco, Marques & Bauer

Remarks: Previously regarded as a population of maculilabris (Ceríaco, Marques & Bauer 2016).
Distribution: São Tomé & Príncipe (Príncipe).


Trachylepis pulcherrima

Upemba Five-lined Skink

Fünfstreifiger Upemba-Skink

Femstribet Upemba-skink

1953 Mabuya quinquetaeniata pulcherrima De Witte
Mabuya pulcherrima Broadley & Bauer 1998
Euprepis pulcherrimus Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis pulcherrima Bauer 2003 [by implication]

Distribution: Congo-Kinshasa.


Trachylepis punctatissima

Montane Speckled Skink, Speckled Rock Skink, Southern Striped Skink

Gesprenkelter Bergskink

Spættet Bjergskink

1849 Euprepes punctatissimus Smith
Mabuya striata punctatissimus Broadley 1977
Mabuya punctatissima Broadley 2000
Euprepis punctatissimus Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis punctatissima Bauer 2003 [by implication]
1849 Euprepes sunderallii [sic] Smith (Broadley 1977, 2000)
1869 Euprepes grützneri Peters (Broadley 1977, 2000)
Mabuia grützneri Boulenger 1887
Mabuia striata gruetzneri Sternfeld 1911

Distribution: Botswana, Eswatini, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa (Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West Province, Northern Cape), Zimbabwe.


Trachylepis punctulata

Eastern Variegated Skink, Speckled Sand Skink, Angolan Spotted Skink, Long-lobed Skink

Südafrikanischer Gesprenkelter Skink

Sydafrikansk Spættet Skink

1872 Euprepes punctulatus Bocage
Mabuya punctulata FitzSimons 1943
Mabuya variegata punctulata Broadley 1975
Euprepis punctulatus Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis punctulata Bauer 2003 [by implication]
1954 Mabuya longiloba triebneri Mertens (Broadley 2000)

Remarks: Revalidated as a separate species by Broadley (1980).
Distribution: Angola, Botswana, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa (Free State, Limpopo, North West Province, Northern Cape), Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Trachylepis quinquetaeniata

African Five-lined Skink, Rainbow Skink, Five-striped Savanna Skink, Rainbow Rock Skink, African Blue-tailed Skink, Bean Skink, Pearly Bushveld Skink, Blue-tailed Koppie Skink

Afrikanischer Fünfstreifenskink, Afrikanischer Blauschwanzskink

Afrikansk Femstribet Skink

1823 Scincus quinquetaeniata Lichtenstein
Mabuya quinquetaeniata Fitzinger 1826
Euprepes quinquetaeniatus Gray 1845
Euprepis quinquetaeniatus Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis quinquetaeniata Bauer 2003 [by implication]
1839 Euprepes savignyi Duméril & Bibron (Bauer 2003)
1864 Euprepis gularis Gray (Broadley & Bauer 1998)
1913 Mabuia obsti Werner (Broadley & Bauer 1998)
1917 Mabuia intermedia Chabanaud (Loveridge 1952)
1917 Mabuia quinquetaeniata langheldi Sternfeld
Trachylepis langheldi Böhme 2010
1917 Mabuia quinquetaeniata riggenbachi Sternfeld
1917 Mabuia quinquetaeniata scharica Sternfeld (Broadley & Bauer 1998)
Euprepis quinquetaeniatus scharica Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis quinquetaeniata scharica Bauer
Trachylepis quinquetaeniata scharica Böhme 2010
1917 Mabuia semicollaris Werner (Parker 1942)

Other common names:
obsti?: Tanzania Five-lined Skink
Remarks: Previously included margaritifer. Records from Libya are regarded as erroneous (Schleich, Kästle & Kabisch 1996). A single record from Saudi Arabia (Farag & Banaja 1980) undoubtedly refers to brevicollis (Schätti & Gasperetti 1994). Böhme (2010) listed langheldi as a separate species. Angolan records refer to binotata or bocagii (Marques, Ceríaco, Blackburn & Bauer 2018).
Introduced to: Egypt (Sinai), USA (Florida).
Distribution: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa, Djibouti, Egypt (African part), Equatorial Guinea (Rio Muni), Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda.


Trachylepis raymondlaurenti

Cangandala Long-tailed Skink

Cangandala-Skink

Cangandala-skink

2019 Trachylepis raymondlaurenti Marques, Ceríaco, Bandeira, Pauwels & Bauer

Distribution: Angola, Congo-Kinshasa.





Trachylepis rodenburgi

Ghanese Savanna Skink, (Rodenburg's Skink)

Ghanesischer Savannenskink

Ghanesisk Savanneskink

1974 Mabuya rodenburgi Hoogmoed
Euprepis rodenburgi Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis rodenburgi Bauer 2003 [by implication]

Distribution: Ghana, Nigeria.


Trachylepis sechellensis

Lesser Seychelles Skink

Kleiner Seychellenskink

Lille Seychellerskink

1839 Euprepes sechellensis Dumeril & Bibron
Mabuia sechellensis Tornier 1901
Mabuya sechellensis Brygoo 1981
Euprepis sechellensis Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis sechellensis Bauer 2003 [by implication]
1939 Mabuya wrightii ilotensis Rendahl (Gerlach 2005)

Distribution: Seychelles (incl. Praslin).


Trachylepis socotrana

Socotra Rock Skink

Sokotra-Felsenskink

Socotra-klippeskink

1882 Euprepes socotranus Peters
Mabuia socotrana Boulenger 1887
Euprepis socotranus Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis socotranus Bauer 2003 [by implication]

Remarks: Records from Abd al Kuri refer to cristinae (Sindaco, Metallinou, Pupin, Fasola & Carranza 2012).
Distribution: Yemen (Socotra Archipelago [Darsa, Samha, Socotra]).


Trachylepis sparsa

Karasburg Tree Skink, Southwestern Striped Skink, Black Tree Skink

Südwestafrikanischer Baumskink

Sydvestafrikansk Træskink

1954 Mabuya striata sparsa Mertens
Mabuya sparsa Broadley 2000
Trachylepis sparsa Bauer 2003 [by implication]

Distribution: Botswana, Namibia, South Africa (Northern Cape).


Trachylepis spilogaster

Namibian Tree Skink, Kalahari Tree Skink, Speckled-bellied Skink

Namibischer Baumskink

Namibisk Træskink

1882 Euprepes striatus var. spilogaster Peters
Mabuya striata spilogaster Mertens 1955
Mabuya spilogaster Brain 1969
Euprepis spilogaster Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis spilogaster Bauer 2003 [by implication]

Distribution: Angola, Botswana, Namibia, South Africa (Free State, North West Province, Northern Cape).


Trachylepis striata

Eastern Striped Skink, (African Striped Skink, Common Striped Skink, Common Two-striped Skink)

Afrikanischer Streifenskink

Østafrikansk Stribeskink

1844 Tropidolepisma striatum Peters
Euprepes striatus Peters 1882
Mabuya striata Boulenger 1887
Euprepis striatus Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis striata Bauer 2003 [by implication]
1864 Euprepes grantii Gray (Broadley 2000)

Remarks: Previously included angolensis, binotata, chimbana, mlanjensis, punctatissima, sparsa, spilogaster, and wahlbergi. Angolan records refer to spilogaster or wahlbergii (Marques, Ceríaco, Blackburn & Bauer 2018).
Introduced to: Comoro Islands (Anjouan).
Distribution: Botswana, Burundi, Congo-Kinshasa, Djibouti, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique (incl. Bazaruto Archipelago [incl. Santa Carolina]), Namibia, Rwanda, Somalia, South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga), South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania (incl. Mafia, Pemba, Zanzibar), Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Trachylepis sulcata

Koppie Skink, (Western Rock Skink)

Westlicher Felsenskink

Koppie-skink

1867 Euprepes sulcatus Peters
Mabuia sulcata Boulenger 1887
Euprepis sulcatus Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis sulcata Bauer 2003 [by implication]
1862 Euprepes olivaceus Peters [not Dasia olivacea Gray 1839] (Broadley 2000)
1907 Mabuia ansorgii Boulenger
Mabuya sulcata ansorgei [lapsus?] Laurent 1964
1915 Mabuia sulcata nigra Werner (Portik, Bauer & Jackman 2010)

Distribution: Angola, Namibia, South Africa (Eastern Cape, Free State, Northern Cape, Western Cape).


Trachylepis tandrefana

Madagascar West Coast Skink

Westmadagassischer Küstenskink

Vestmadagassisk Kystskink

1999 Mabuya tandrefana Nussbaum, Raxworthy & Ramanamanjato
Euprepis tandrefana Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis tandrefana Bauer 2003 [by implication]

Distribution: Madagascar.


Trachylepis tavaratra

Mount Ambre Skink

Ambre-Skink

Ambre-skink

1999 Mabuya tavaratra Ramanamanjato, Nussbaum & Raxworthy
Euprepis tavaratra Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis tavaratra Bauer 2003 [by implication]

Distribution: Madagascar.


Trachylepis tessellata

Tessellated Skink, Tessellated Mabuya

Südarabischer Skink

Sydarabisk Skink

1895 Mabuya tessellata Anderson
Euprepis tessellatus Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis tessellata Bauer 2003 [by implication]

Distribution: Oman, United Arab Emirates, Yemen.


Trachylepis thomensis

São Tomé Forest Skink, São Tomé Skink

São-Tomé-Waldskink

São Tomé-skovskink

2016 Trachylepis thomensis Ceríaco, Marques & Bauer

Remarks: Previously regarded as a population of maculilabris (Ceríaco, Marques & Bauer 2016).
Distribution: São Tomé & Príncipe (Rolas Island, São Tomé).


Trachylepis tschudii

(no common name)

-

-

1845 Trachylepis punctata Tschudi [not Lacerta punctata Linnaeus 1758; not Tiliqua punctata Gray 1839]
2009 Trachylepis tschudii Miralles, Chaparro & Harvey [substitute name for Trachylepis punctata Tschudi 1845]

Remarks: Status uncertain. The only known specimen was allegedly collected in Amazonian Peru. Believed to be a synonym of atlantica by Travassos (1946) and Miralles, Chaparro & Harvey (2009), suggesting that the specimen may have been mislabelled.
Distribution: Unknown.


Trachylepis upembae

Upemba Orange-flanked Skink

Orangeseitiger Upemba-skink

Orangesidet Upemba-skink

1953 Mabuya perrotetii upembae De Witte
Trachylepis perrotetii upembae Bauer 2003 [by implication]
Trachylepis upembae Broadley & Cotterill 2004

Distribution: Congo-Kinshasa.


Trachylepis varia

Savanna Variable Skink, Variable Skink, (Common Variegated Skink)

Ostafrikanischer Savannenskink

Østafrikansk Savanneskink

1867 Euprepes varius Peters
Mabuia varia Boulenger 1887
Euprepis varius Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis varia Bauer 2003 [by implication]
1872 Euprepes angolensis Bocage (Loveridge 1957)
1953 Mabuya varia nyikae Loveridge (Broadley 2000)

Other common names:
nyikae: Nyika Variable Skink
varia: Common Variable Skink, Tete Variable Skink
Remarks: Previously included albopunctata, brauni, damarana, hildebrandtii, isselii, and laevigata. See further remarks under isselii regarding its status. Also nyikae may prove to be a separate species (Weinell & Bauer 2018). The map shows the restricted distribution of varia (excluding the species above), which is still considered an unresolved species complex (see Weinell & Bauer 2018). Hence, more species are likely to be revalidated from the synonymy or described as new species from the complex in the future, thus restricting the distribution of varia further.
Distribution: Burundi, Congo-Kinshasa, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique (incl. Bazaruto Archipelago [incl. Benguerua]), Rwanda, Somalia, South Africa (Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West Province, Northern Cape), South Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Trachylepis variegata

Western Variegated Skink, Variegated Sand Skink

Damara-Sandskink

Damara-sandskink

1869 Euprepes variegatus Peters
Mabuya variegata Broadley 1975
Euprepis variegatus Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis variegata Bauer 2003 [by implication]
1914 Mabuya varia var. longiloba Methuen & Hewitt (Broadley 2000)
Mabuya longiloba Mertens 1955

Remarks: Previously included punctulata.
Distribution: Angola, Namibia, South Africa (Eastern Cape, Free State, North West Province, Northern Cape, Western Cape), Zambia.


Trachylepis vato

White-spotted Rock Skink, Boulder Skink

Weißfleckiger Felsenskink

Hvidplettet Klippeskink

1994 Mabuya vato Nussbaum & Raxworthy
Euprepis vato Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis vato Bauer 2003 [by implication]

Distribution: Madagascar.


Trachylepis vezo

Lavenombato White-spotted Skink

Lavenombato-Skink

Lavenombato-skink

1999 Mabuya vezo Ramanamanjato, Nussbaum & Raxworthy
Euprepis vezo Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis vezo Bauer 2003 [by implication]

Distribution: Madagascar.


Trachylepis volamenaloha

Madagascar Golden-headed Skink

Goldkopf-Skink

Gyldenhovedet Skink

1999 Mabuya volamenaloha Nussbaum, Raxworthy & Ramanamanjato
Euprepis volamenaloha Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis volamenaloha Bauer 2003 [by implication]

Distribution: Madagascar.


Trachylepis wahlbergii

Mopane Skink, (Wahlberg's Striped Skink)

Mopane-Skink

Mopane-skink

1869 Euprepes wahlbergii Peters
Mabuia wahlbergii Boulenger 1887
Mabuya striata wahlbergi Broadley 1971
Mabuya wahlbergi Broadley 2000
Euprepis wahlbergi Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis walbergii Bauer 2003 [by implication]
1917 Mabuya ellenbergeri Chabanaud (Broadley 1977, 2000)

Distribution: Angola, Botswana, Congo-Kinshasa, Mozambique, Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Trachylepis wingatii

Sudan Grass Skink, (Wingate's Skink)

Sudanischer Grasskink

Sudansk Græsskink

1908 Mabuya wingatii Werner
Euprepis wingatii Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis wingatii Bauer 2003 [by implication]

Distribution: Ethiopia, South Sudan.


Trachylepis wrightii

Greater Seychelles Skink

Großer Seychellenskink

Stor Seychellerskink

1887 Mabuia wrightii Boulenger
Euprepis wrightii Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002 [by implication]
Trachylepis wrightii Bauer 2003 [by implication]

Distribution: Seychelles.