Taxonomy
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Amphisbaenidae
Typical Worm Lizards


Bipedidae
Two-legged Worm Lizards


Blanidae
Mediterranean Worm Lizards


Cadeidae
Cuban Worm Lizards


Rhineuridae
Florida Worm Lizard


Trogonophidae
Short-headed Worm Lizards




Bibliography of Worm Lizards (Amphisbaenia) Biodiversity of Worm Lizards (Amphisbaenia)

Worm Lizards
(Amphisbaenia)
Doppelschleichen, Wurmschleichen, Ringelschleichen, Ringelechsen     Orme°gler




Contents:  212 species of which 147 (69.3%) are endemic - 24 genera of which 8 (33.3%) are endemic - 6 families of which 3 (50.0%) are endemic.

Remarks: Recent phylogenetic studies have showed the Worm Lizards (Amphisbaenia) to be nested within the Scaly Reptiles (Squamata), not outside, as previously thought (Zhou, Li, Han, Bauer & Feng 2006).

Introduced to: Grenada, Saint Lucia.

Distribution:  North America, Panama, South America, West Indies, S. Europe, Africa, Middle East.


Reported from: Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Bahrain, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, British Virgin Islands, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Colombia, Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea, Eswatini, Ethiopia, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Gibraltar, Greece, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Iran, Iraq, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Kuwait, Lebanon, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mexico, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Surinam, Syria, Tanzania, Togo, Trinidad & Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, U.S. Virgin Islands, United Arab Emirates, Uruguay, USA, Venezuela, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe,.