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Taxonomy of the family Colubridae
Bibliography of the genus Oligodon
Biodiversity of the family Colubridae








Genus
Oligodon

Kukri Snakes

Kukrinattern

Kukrisnoge

1826 Oligodon Boie (type species: Oligodon bitorquatus Boie 1827)
1826 Calamaria Boie in Schlegel (type species: Calamaria linnaei = Coluber calamarius Linnaeus 1758)
1853 Simotes Dumeril [not Simotes Fischer-Waldheim 1817 (Mammalia); not Simotes Blyth 1846 (Aves)] (type species: Coluber russellii Daudin = Coluber arnensis Shaw 1802; syn. Williams & Wallach 1989)
1886 Holarchus Cope (type species: Simotes formosanus Günther 1872; syn. Williams & Wallach 1989)
1886 Tripeltis Cope (type species: Oligodon brevicauda Günther 1862)
1893 Dicraulax Cope (type species: Holarchus trinolatus = Xenodon purpurascens Schlegel 1837)
Contents: 81 species, of which 48 (59.3%) are endemic.
Remarks: Oligodon sauteri Steindachner 1913 is now considered a member of the genus Sinomicrurus of the family Elapidae_1 (Slowinski, Boundy & Lawson 2001). Previously included also Lycodon multizonatus and Stichophanes ningshaanensis.
Distribution: S. Asia, Malay Archipelago.
Reported from: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, China (Anhui, Chongqing, Fujian, Guangdong [incl. Nan Ao Island], Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Henan, Hong Kong [incl. Shek Kwu Chau Island], Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Macau, Sichuan, Tibet, Yunnan, Zhejiang), India (Andaman & Nicobar Islands [Nicobar Islands], Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Odisha, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal), Indonesia (Babar Islands, Bali, Bangka, Belitung, Buton, Damar, Java, Kabaena, Kalimantan, Kangean Islands, Karimata Islands, Muna, Natuna Islands, Nias, Panaitan, Riau Islands, Sula Islands [Sanana], Siberut, Sipura, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Sumbawa, Tanimbar Islands [Yamdena], Weh), Iran, Laos, Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak, West Malaysia [incl. Seribuat Archipelago (incl. Tioman)]), Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines (Balabac, Calamian Islands [Busuanga, Calauit, Culion], Luzon, Mindanao, Mindoro, Negros, Palawan, Panay, Samar, Sulu Islands [Bongao, Jolo, Papahag, Sibutu, Tawi-Tawi], Tablas), Singapore, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkmenistan, Vietnam (incl. Cat Ba Island, Con Dao Islands [Con Son]).

Oligodon affinis

Western Kukri Snake

Westliche Kukrinatter

Vestlig Kukrisnog

1862 Oligodon affinis Günther

Distribution: India (Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu).


Oligodon albocinctus

White-barred Kukri Snake, Light-barred Kukri Snake, White-striped Kukri Snake, Ladderback

Weißflecken-Kukrinatter

Hvidbåndet Kukrisnog

1839 Coronella albocincta Cantor
Simotes albocinctus Boulenger 1890
Holarchus albocinctus Pope 1935
Oligodon albocinctus Wall 1923
1853 Coronella puncticulatus Gray (Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014)
1864 Simotes punctulatus Günther (Iskandar & Colijn 2001)
1868 Simotes amabilis Günther (Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014)

Remarks: A record from Tibet represents an uidentified species (Zhang, Jang, Li, Hou & Rao 2011).
Distribution: Bangladesh, Bhutan, China (Yunnan), India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, West Bengal), Myanmar, Nepal, Vietnam.


Oligodon ancorus

Luzon Kukri Snake

Luzon-Kukrinatter

Luzon-kukrisnog

1857 Xenodon ancorus Girard
Holarchus ancorus Taylor 1918
Oligodon ancorus Leviton 1963
1860 Simotes aphanospilus Cope (Leviton 1963)
1860 Simotes phaenochalinus Cope (Leviton 1963)
1863 Simotes ancoralis Jan (Iskandar & Colijn 2001)
1918 Holarchus burksi Taylor (Leviton 1963)
1924 Oligodon rhombifer Werner (Tillack 2008)

Remarks: The type locality of the synonym rhombifer, "Padang" (Sumatra), is regarded as erroneous (Tillack 2008). Leviton, Siler, Weinell & Brown (2018) did not include Samar in the distribution of the species.
Distribution: Philippines (Luzon, Mindoro, Samar).


Oligodon annamensis

Annam Kukri Snake, (Leviton's Kukri Snake)

Annam-Kukrinatter

Annam-kukrisnog

1953 Oligodon annamensis Leviton

Distribution: Cambodia, Vietnam.


Oligodon annulifer

Indonesian Spotted Kukri Snake, Ring-spotted Kukri Snake

Indonesische Gefleckte Kukrinatter

Indonesisk Plettet Kukrisnog

1893 Simotes annulifer Boulenger
Holarchus annulifer Barbour 1912
Oligodon annulifer Wall 1923

Remarks: Now restricted to Borneo. Records from Sumatra refer to petronellae and signatus (Tillack & Günther 2009).
Distribution: Brunei, Indonesia (Kalimantan), Malaysia (Sabah).


Oligodon arenarius

Dune Kukri Snake

Dünen-Kukrinatter

Sand-kukrisnog

2015 Oligodon arenarius Vassilieva

Distribution: Vietnam.


Oligodon arnensis

Russet Kukri Snake, Common Kukri Snake, (Banded Kukri Snake)

Kastanienbraune Kukrinatter

Rødbrun Kukrisnog

1802 Coluber arnensis Shaw
Simotes arnensis Boulenger 1890
Oligodon arnensis Wall 1921
1803 Coluber russelius Daudin (Smith 1943)
1839 Coluber monticolus Cantor (status uncertain; Smith 1943)
1864 Simotes albiventer Günther (Smith 1943)
Oligodon arnensis albiventer Deraniyagala 1936

Distribution: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India (Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal), Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka.


Oligodon barroni

Chonburi Kukri Snake, (Barron’s Kukri Snake)

Chonburi-Kukrinatter

Chonburi-kukrisnog

1916 Simotes barroni Smith
Holarchus barroni Bourret 1936
Oligodon barroni Smith 1943
1934 Holarchus taeniatus caudaensis Bourret (Smith 1943; David, Vogel & Rooijen 2008)

Distribution: Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam.


Oligodon bitorquatus

Javanese Mountain Kukri Snake, (Boie's Kukri Snake)

Java-Kukrinatter

Javansk Bjerg-kukrisnog

1827 Oligodon bitorquatus Boie
1837 Calamaria oligodon Schlegel (Iskandar & Colijn 2001)
1854 Oligodon subquadratum Duméril, Bibron & Duméril (Iskandar & Colijn 2001)
1860 Rhabdosoma amboinense Bleeker (Iskandar & Colijn 2001)

Remarks: Claimed presence in Sumatra was previously considered erroneous (e.g., David & Vogel 1996; Tillack & Günther 2009), but the species was confirmed from the island by David & Vogel (2012). Records from Ambon are regarded as erroneous (Mertens 1930).
Distribution: Indonesia (Bali, Java, Panaitan, Sumatra, Sumbawa).


Oligodon booliati

Tioman Kukri Snake, (Boo Liat's Kukri Snake)

Tioman-Kukrinatter

Tioman-kukrisnog

2004 Oligodon booliati Leong & Grismer

Distribution: Malaysia (West Malaysia: Seribuat Archipelago: Tioman).


Oligodon brevicauda

Short-tailed Kukri Snake, (Striped Kukri Snake)

Kurzschwanz-Kukrinatter

Korthalet Kukrisnog

1862 Oligodon brevicauda Günther

Distribution: India (Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu).


Oligodon calamarius

Reed-like Kukri Snake, (Templeton's Kukri Snake)

Ried-Kukrinatter

Rør-kukrisnog

1758 Coluber calamarius Linnaeus
Oligodon calamarius Smith 1943
1862 Oligodon templetoni Günther (Smith 1943)

Distribution: India, Sri Lanka.


Oligodon catenatus

Chain-banded Kukri Snake, Assam Kukri Snake, Northeastern Kukri Snake, (Blyth's Kukri Snake)

Assam-Kukrinatter

Assam-kukrisnog

1854 Calamaria catenata Blyth
Oligodon catenata Smith 1940
1905 Oligodon herberti Boulenger (Smith 1943)

Remarks: Presence in Cambodia needs confirmation (Saint Girons 1972), although recorded previously from the country (Werner 1924; Smith 1943; Nguyen, Ho & Nguyen 2009 [probably a repetition of the former references]). Some authors regard eberhardti as a synonym of catenatus.
Distribution: China (Guangdong), India, Laos, Myanmar, Vietnam.


Oligodon cattienensis

Cat Tien Kukri Snake

Cat-Tien-Kukrinatter

Cat Tien-kukrisnog

2013 Oligodon cattienensis Vassilieva, Geissler, Galoyan, Poyarkov, Devender & Böhme

Distribution: Vietnam.


Oligodon chinensis

Chinese Kukri Snake

Chinesische Kukrinatter

Kinesisk Kukrisnog

1888 Simotes chinensis Günther
Holarchus chinensis Pope 1935
Oligodon chinensis Schmidt 1927
1903 Simotes longicauda Boulenger (Smith 1943)
1936 Holarchus violaceus longicauda Bourret [not Simotes longicauda Boulenger 1903] (Smith 1943)

Distribution: China (Anhui, Chongqing, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Henan, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Yunnan, Zhejiang), Vietnam (incl. Cat Ba Island).


Oligodon cinereus

Black-barred Kukri Snake, Black-striped Kukri Snake, Grey Kukri Snake, Ashy Kukri Snake, Golden Kukri Snake

Schwarzband-Kukrinatter

Sortbåndet Kukrisnog

1864 Simotes cinereus Günther
Oligodon cinereus Smith 1940
1864 Simotes swinhonis Günther (Smith 1943)
Holarchus violaceus swinhonis Mell 1931
Oligodon cinereus swinhonis Taylor 1965
1865 Simotes multifasciatus Jan & Sordelli (David, Das & Vogel 2011)
Oligodon cinereus multifasciatus Taylor 1965
1871 Simotes semifasciatus Anderson (Smith 1943)
1894 Holarchus dolleyanus Cope (Smith 1943)
1901 Simotes violaceus fasciatus Wall & Evans (Iskandar & Colijn 2001)
1934 Simotes violaceus pallidocinctus Bourret (Smith 1943)
Holarchus violaceus pallidocinctus Deuve 1970
Oligodon cinereus pallidocinctus Luu, Nguyen, Pham, Dang, Vu, Miskovic, Bonkowski & Ziegler 2013
1935 Holarchus violaceus tamdaoensis Bourret
Oligodon cinereus tamdaoensis Zhao & Adler 1993
1937 Holarchus lightfooti Rendahl (Iskandar & Colijn 2001)
1939 Holarchus violaceus poilani Bourret (Iskandar & Colijn 2001)
1941 Holarchus violaceus plurimaculatus Bourret (Iskandar & Colijn 2001)

Remarks: Currently considered monotypic (Wagner 1975; David, Cox, Pauwels, Chanhome & Thirakhupt 2004), although swinhonis was previously regarded as a valid subspecies (e.g., Taylor 1965). However, pallidocinctus has recently been considered valid (Luu, Nguyen, Pham, Dang, Vu, Miskovic, Bonkowski & Ziegler 2013). Thai records of multifasciatus and swinhonis (Taylor 1965) refer to joynsoni (David, Das & Vogel 2011).
Distribution: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hong Kong, Yunnan), India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Uttar Pradesh), Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam (incl. Con Dao Islands: Con Son).


Oligodon condaoensis

Con Dao Kukri Snake

Con-Dao-Kukrinatter

Con Dao-kukrisnog

2016 Oligodon condaoensis Nguyen, Nguyen, Le & Murphy

Distribution: Vietnam (Con Dao Islands).


Oligodon cruentatus

Pegu Kukri Snake

Pegu-Kukrinatter

Pegu-kukrisnog

1868 Simotes cruentatus Günther
Oligodon cruentatus Wall 1923

Distribution: Myanmar.


Oligodon culaochamensis

Cu Lao Cham Kukri Snake

Cu-Lao-Cham-Kukrinatter

Cu Lao Cham-kukrisnog

2017 Oligodon culaochamensis Nguyen, Nguyen, Nguyen, Phan, Jiang & Murphy

Distribution: Vietnam (Cu Lao Cham Islands).


Oligodon cyclurus

Northeast Indian Kukri Snake, (Cantor's Kukri Snake)

Variable Kukrinatter

Nordøstindisk Kukrisnog

1839 Coronella cyclura Cantor
Simotes cyclurus Boulenger 1890
Holarchus cyclurus Smith 1920
Oligodon cyclurus Smith 1943
1839 Coronella violacea Cantor (Smith 1943; Pauwels & David 2005)
Simotes violaceus Boulenger 1890
Holarchus violaceus Stejneger 1907
1864 Simotes bicatenatus Günther (Smith 1943)
1864 Simotes cochinchinensis Günther (Smith 1943)

Remarks: Now restricted to Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burma, and India (David, Vogel & Pauwels 2008; Mitra 2009; David, Das & Vogel 2011). Previously included dorsolateralis, kheriensis, smithi, and superfluens. The two former are now considered separate species, whereas the two latter forms are regarded as synonyms of fasciolatus. Records from China refer to fasciolatus (Zhang, Jang, Li, Hou & Rao 2011). Although cyclurus, according to David, Cox, Pauwels, Chanhome & Thirakhupt (2004), is restricted to Bangladesh, India, and Burma (subsequently recorded also in Bhutan), they nevertheless listed the species in their checklist of snakes found in Thailand, presumably either representing dorsolateralis, which they considered a synonym of cyclurus, or based on the invalid designation of a neotype from Bangkok by Campden-Main (1970), which was discussed by David, Das & Vogel (2011), who also designated a new neotype, thus correcting Campden-Main's error.
Distribution: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India (Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Mizoram, West Bengal), Myanmar.


Oligodon deuvei

Orange-striped Kukri Snake, (Deuve's Kukri Snake)

Orangestreifen-Kukrinatter

Orangestribet Kukrisnog

2008 Oligodon deuvei David, Vogel & van Rooijen

Distribution: Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam.


Oligodon dorsalis

Spot-tailed Kukri Snake, Red-tailed Kukri Snake

Fleckenschwanz-Kukrinatter

Plethalet Kukrisnog

1835 Elaps dorsalis Gray & Hardwicke
Oligodon dorsalis Günther 1858

Distribution: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India (Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland), Myanmar, Thailand.


Oligodon dorsolateralis

Side-striped Kukri Snake

Seitenstreifen-Kukrinatter

Sidestribet Kukrisnog

1910 Simotes albocinctus dorsolateralis Wall
Oligodon dorsolateralis Taylor 1965

Remarks: Status uncertain. Regarded as a valid species by Whitaker & Captain (2004), but as a synonym of cyclurus by others (e.g., Smith 1943; Wagner 1975; David, Das & Vogel 2011) or of fasciolatus (e.g., Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014). Records from Thailand (e.g., Taylor 1965) refer to fasciolatus (Cox, Hoover, Chanhome & Thirakhupt 2012).
Distribution: India (West Bengal).


Oligodon eberhardti

Tam Dao Kukri Snake, (Eberhardt's Kukri Snake)

Tam-Dao-Kukrinatter

Tam Dao-kukrisnog

1910 Oligodon Herberti var. Eberhardti Pellegrin
Oligodon eberhardti Pope 1935
1931 Macrocalamus wongii Fan (Zhao & Adler 1993)

Remarks: Regarded as a synonym of catenatus by some authors (e.g., Smith 1943; and presumably Zhang, Jang, Li, Hou & Rao (2011), who did not include eberhardti as a Chinese species), but treated as a valid species by others (e.g., Nguyen, Ho & Nguyen 2009; Reptile Database).
Distribution: Cambodia, China (Fujian, Guangxi), Laos, Vietnam.


Oligodon erythrogaster

Red-bellied Kukri Snake

Rotbauch-Kukrinatter

Rødbuget Kukrisnog

1907 Oligodon erythrogaster Boulenger

Distribution: India (Sikkim, West Bengal), Nepal.


Oligodon erythrorhachis

Red-striped Kukri Snake

Rotstreifen-Kukrinatter

Rødstribet Kukrisnog

1910 Oligodon erythrorhachis Wall

Distribution: India (Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland).


Oligodon everetti

Jewelled Kukri Snake

Everetts Kukrinatter

Juvel-kukrisnog

1893 Oligodon everetti Boulenger

Distribution: Indonesia (Kalimantan), Malaysia (Sabah).


Oligodon fasciolatus

Small-banded Kukri Snake, Fasciolated Kukri Snake, (Banded Kukri Snake)

Kleinbändige Kukrinatter

Småbåndet Kukrisnog

1864 Simotes fasciolatus Günther
Oligodon fasciolatus Cox, van Dijk, Nabhitabhata & Thirakhupt 1998
1925 Simotes smithi Werner (David, Cox, Pauwels, Chanhome & Thirakhupt 2004)
Oligodon cyclurus smithi Taylor 1965
1965 Oligodon cyclurus superfluens Taylor (David, Cox, Pauwels, Chanhome & Thirakhupt 2004)

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of cyclurus (e.g., Smith 1943; Iskandar & Colijn 2001). See notes under cyclurus.
Distribution: Cambodia, China (Yunnan), Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam.


Oligodon forbesi

Tanimbar Striped Kukri Snake

Gestreifte Tanimbar-Kukrinatter

Stribet Tanimbar-kukrisnog

1883 Simotes forbesi Boulenger
Oligodon forbesi Brongersma 1933

Distribution: Indonesia (Babar Islands, Damar, Tanimbar Islands [Yamdena]).


Oligodon formosanus

Taiwanese Kukri Snake, Beautiful Kukri Snake

Taiwanische Kukrinatter

Taiwansk Kukrisnog

1872 Simotes formosanus Günther
Holarchus formosanus Stejneger 1907
Oligodon formosanus Smith 1943
1863 Simotes swinhonis Swinhoe (Iskandar & Colijn 2001)
1894 Simotes hainanensis Boettger (Smith 1943)
Holarchus formosanus hainanensis Barbour 1909
1908 Holarchus nesiotus Barbour (Smith 1943)
1930 Holarchus formosanus brunnea Mell (Smith 1943)
1930 Holarchus formosanus violaceoides Mell (Smith 1943)

Distribution: China (Fujian, Guangdong [incl. Nan Ao Island], Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hong Kong [incl. Shek Kwu Chau Island], Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Macau, Yunnan, Zhejiang), Taiwan, Vietnam.


Oligodon hamptoni

Sagaing Kukri Snake, (Hampton's Kukri Snake)

Sagaing-Kukrinatter

Sagaing-kukrisnog

1918 Oligodon hamptoni Boulenger

Distribution: Myanmar.


Oligodon huahin

Hua Hin Kukri Snake

Hua-Hin-Kukrinatter

Hua Hin-kukrisnog

2017 Oligodon huahin Pauwels, Larsen, Suthanthangjai, David & Sumontha

Distribution: Thailand.


Oligodon inornatus

Southeast Asian Plain Kukri Snake, Inornate Kukri Snake, Unicoloured Kukri Snake

Südostasiatische Schmucklose Kukrinatter

Sydøstasiatisk Prydløs Kukrisnog

1914 Simotes inornatus Boulenger
Oligodon inornatus Cox, van Dijk, Nabhitabhata & Thirakhupt 1998

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of cinereus (e.g., Smith 1943).
Distribution: Cambodia, Laos, Thailand.


Oligodon jintakunei

Krabi Kukri Snake, (Jintakune's Kukri Snake)

Krabi-Kukrinatter

Krabi-kukrisnog

2002 Oligodon jintakunei Pauwels, Wallach, David & Chanhome

Distribution: Thailand.


Oligodon joynsoni

Grey Kukri Snake, (Joynson's Kukri Snake)

Graue Kukrinatter

Grå Kukrisnog

1917 Simotes longicauda joynsoni Smith
Oligodon joynsoni Smith 1943

Remarks: Records from Guangxi refer to nagao (Jiang, Chen, David, Vogel, Hou, Yuan, Meng & Che 2012).
Distribution: China (Yunnan), Laos, Thailand.


Oligodon juglandifer

Darjeeling Kukri Snake, Walnut Kukri Snake

Darjeeling-Kukrinatter

Darjeeling-kukrisnog

1909 Simotes albocinctus var. juglandifer Wall
Simotes juglandifer Wall 1911
Oligodon juglandifer Wall 1923
Holarchus juglandifer Pope 1935

Remarks: Regarded as a synonym of albocinctus by Iskandar & Colijn (2001).
Distribution: Bhutan, India (West Bengal).


Oligodon kampucheaensis

Phnom Samkos Kukri Snake

Phnom-Samkos-Kukrinatter

Phnom Samkos-kukrisnog

2012 Oligodon kampucheaensis Neang, Grismer & Daltry

Distribution: Cambodia.


Oligodon kheriensis

Coral Kukri Snake

Korallenrote Kukrinatter

Koral-kukrisnog

1936 Oligodon kheriensis Acharji & Ray

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of cyclurus (e.g., Smith 1943). Regarded as a valid species in most recent works (e.g., Das 1994, 1996, 2003; Schleich & Kästle (eds.) 2002; Whitaker & Captain 2004). Validity confirmed by David, Das & Vogel (2011).
Distribution: India (Assam, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal), Nepal.


Oligodon lacroixi

Lao Cai Kukri Snake, (Lacroix' Kukri Snake)

Lao-Cai-Kukrinatter

Lao Cai-kukrisnog

1933 Oligodon lacroixi Angel & Bourret

Distribution: China (Yunnan), Vietnam.


Oligodon lungshenensis

Longsheng Kukri Snake

Longsheng-Kukrinatter

Longsheng-kukrisnog

1978 Oligodon lungshenensis Zheng & Huang
1979 Oligodon guizhouensis Li (Zhao & Adler 1993)

Distribution: China (Chongqing, Guizhou).


Oligodon macrurus

Long-tailed Kukri Snake

Langschwanz-Kukrinatter

Langhalet Kukrisnog

1927 Simotes violaceus macrurus Angel
Holarchus violaceus macrurus Bourret 1936
Oligodon macrurus Smith 1943

Distribution: Vietnam.


Oligodon maculatus

Philippine Spotted Kukri Snake, Barred Short-headed Snake

Philippinische Gefleckte Kukrinatter

Filippinsk Plettet Kukrisnog

1918 Holarchus maculatus Taylor
Oligodon maculatus Leviton 1963

Distribution: Philippines (Mindanao).


Oligodon mcdougalli

Arakan Kukri Snake

Arakan-Kukrinatter

Arakan-kukrisnog

1905 Oligodon mcdougalli Wall

Distribution: Myanmar.


Oligodon melaneus

Black Kukri Snake

Schwarze Kukrinatter

Sort Kukrisnog

1909 Oligodon melaneus Wall

Distribution: India (West Bengal).


Oligodon melanozonatus

Adi Kukri Snake, (Wall's Kukri Snake)

Adi-Kukrinatter

Adi-kukrisnog

1922 Oligodon melanozonatus Wall

Remarks: Occasionally misspelled melazonotus (e.g., Smith 1943).
Distribution: China (Tibet), India (Arunachal Pradesh).


Oligodon meyerinkii

Sulu Kukri Snake, (Meyerink's Kukri Snake)

Sulu-Kukrinatter

Sulu-kukrisnog

1891 Simotes meyerinkii Steindachner
Oligodon meyerinkii Leviton 1963

Remarks: Presence in Borneo was regarded as uncertain by Stuebing, Inger & Lardner (2014).
Distribution: Malaysia (Sabah), Philippines (Sulu Islands [Bongao, Jolo, Papahag, Sibutu, Tawi-Tawi]).


Oligodon modestus

Spotted-bellied Kukri Snake, Spotted-bellied Short-headed Snake, Western Visayan Kukri Snake

Bauchflecken-Kukrinatter

Pletbuget Kukrisnog

1864 Oligodon modestum Günther

Distribution: Philippines (Luzon, Mindanao, Negros, Panay, Tablas).


Oligodon moricei

Khanh Hoa Kukri Snake, (Morice's Kukri Snake)

Khanh-Hoa-Kukrinatter

Khanh Hoa-kukrisnog

2008 Oligodon moricei David, Vogel & van Rooijen

Distribution: Vietnam.


Oligodon mouhoti

Cambodian Kukri Snake, (Mouhot's Kukri Snake)

Kambodschanische Kukrinatter

Cambodiansk Kukrisnog

1914 Simotes tæniatus var. mouhoti Boulenger
Holarchus taeniatus mouhoti Cochran 1930
Oligodon mouhoti Campden-Main 1969

Remarks: Previously regarded as a subspecies of taeniatus (e.g., Smith 1943; Taylor 1965). Revalidated by Campden-Main (1969). The species does not occur in Vietnam (David, Vogel & Rooijen 2008), although reported from the country (e.g., Campden-Main 1970; Nguyen, Ho & Nguyen 2009). Records from Laos refer to deuvei (Teynié & David 2010).
Distribution: Cambodia, Thailand.


Oligodon nagao

Lang Son Kukri Snake, Nagao Kukri Snake

Lang-Son-Kukrinatter

Lang Son-kukrisnog

2012 Oligodon nagao David, Nguyen, Nguyen, Jiang, Chen, Teynié & Ziegler

Distribution: China (Guangxi), Laos, Vietnam.


Oligodon nikhili

Kodaikanal Kukri Snake, (Nikhil's Kukri Snake)

Kodaikanal-Kukrinatter

Kodaikanal-kukrisnog

1982 Oligodon nikhili Whittaker & Dattatri

Distribution: India (Tamil Nadu).


Oligodon notospilus

Palawan Kukri Snake

Palawan-Kukrinatter

Palawan-kukrisnog

1873 Oligodon notospilus Günther
Oligodon vertebralis notospilus Leviton 1963
1895 Oligodon schadenbergi Boettger (Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014)
1909 Oligodon iwahigensis Griffin (Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014)

Remarks: Previously treated as a subspecies of vertebralis (e.g., Leviton 1963). Now regarded as a separate species again (e.g., David & Vogel 2012; Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014). The type locality (Mindanao) is believed to be in error. The species is known only from islands in the Palawan Archipelago (Leviton, Siler, Weinell & Brown 2018).
Distribution: Philippines (Balabac, Calamian Islands [Busuanga, Calauit], Palawan).


Oligodon ocellatus

Ocellated Kukri Snake, Eyed Kukri Snake

Argus-Kukrinatter

Argus-kukrisnog

1867 Simotes brevicauda Steindachner [not Oligodon brevicauda Günther 1862]
1875 Simotes ocellatus Morice
Oligodon ocellatus Nguyen & Ho 1996
1970 Oligodon analepticos Campden-Main [substitute name for Simotes brevicauda Steindachner 1867]

Distribution: Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam.


Oligodon octolineatus

Eight-lined Kukri Snake, (Striped Kukri Snake)

Achtstreifen-Kukrinatter

Ottestribet Kukrisnog

1801 Elaps octolineatus Schneider
Coluber octolineatus Shaw 1802
Coronella octolineata Boie 1837
Simotes octolineatus Duméril & Bibron 1854
Holarchus octolineatus Barbour 1912
Oligodon octolineatus Wall 1923

Remarks: Presence in Sulawesi needs confirmation, since only a single, possibly introduced, voucher specimen is available from the island (Iskandar & Tjan 1996; Lang & Vogel 2005; Koch 2012).
Introduced to: Indonesia (Sulawesi).
Distribution: Brunei, Indonesia (Bali, Bangka, Belitung, Java, Kalimantan, Nias, Riau Islands, Sumatra), Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak, West Malaysia), Singapore.


Oligodon ornatus

Chinese Ornate Kukri Snake

Chinesische Pracht-Kukrinatter

Kinesisk Pragt-kukrisnog

1910 Oligodon ornatus Van Denburgh
Holarchus ornatus Mell 1931
Oligodon ornatus Pope 1935
1910 Holarchus torquatus konishii Oshima (Zhao & Adler 1993)
1919 Simotes musyi Roux
Holarchus musyi Pope 1929
Holarchus ornatus musyi Mell 1931
Oligodon ornatus musyi Pope 1935

Distribution: China (Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Zhejiang), Taiwan.


Oligodon perkinsi

Culion Kukri Snake, (Perkins' Kukri Snake)

Culion-Kukrinatter

Culion-kukrisnog

1925 Holarchus perkinsi Taylor
Oligodon perkinsi Leviton 1963

Distribution: Philippines (Calamian Islands: Culion).


Oligodon petronellae

Sumatra Ornate Kukri Snake, (Petronella's Kukri Snake)

Sumatranische Pracht-Kukrinatter

Sumatransk Pragt-kukrisnog

1914 Oligodon ornatus Roux [not Oligodon ornatus Van Denburgh 1909]
1917 Oligodon petronellae Roux in de Rooij [substitute name for Oligodon ornatus Roux 1914]
1921 Oligodon rouxi Ruthven [substitute name for Oligodon ornatus Roux 1914] (Iskandar & Colijn 2001)
1924 Oligodon annulifer confluens Werner (Tillack & Günther 2009)

Distribution: Indonesia (Sumatra).


Oligodon planiceps

Flat-headed Kukri Snake

Flachkopf-Kukrinatter

Fladhovedet Kukrisnog

1888 Simotes planiceps Boulenger
Oligodon planiceps Wall 1923
Holarchus planiceps Pope 1935

Distribution: Myanmar.


Oligodon praefrontalis

Weh Island Kukri Snake

Weh-Kukrinatter

Weh-kukrisnog

1913 Oligodon praefrontalis Werner

Remarks: Status uncertain (Tillack & Günther 2009).
Distribution: Indonesia (Weh).


Oligodon propinquus

Javanese Kukri Snake

Java-Kukrinatter

Javansk Kukrisnog

1862 Oligodon propinquus Jan

Distribution: Indonesia (Java).


Oligodon pseudotaeniatus

Khorat Kukri Snake, False Striped Kukri Snake

Khorat-Kukrinatter

Khorat-kukrisnog

2008 Oligodon pseudotaeniatus David, Vogel & van Rooijen

Distribution: Thailand.


Oligodon pulcherrimus

Padang Kukri Snake

Padang-Kukrinatter

Padang-kukrisnog

1909 Oligodon pulcherrimus Werner
1912 Oligodon annulifer bipartita Despax (Tillack & Günther 2009)
Simotes bipartita Leviton 1963
1913 Oligodon durheimi Baumann (Tillack & Günther 2009)

Other common names:
durheimi: Durheim's Kukri Snake
Remarks: Range uncertain. Known from only the type locality, "Pudang", which most likely refer to Padang on Sumatra (Tillack & Günther 2009). Wallach, Williams & Boundy (2014) listed durheimi as a valid species, but without discussion.
Distribution: Indonesia (Sumatra).


Oligodon purpurascens

Purple Kukri Snake, Brown Kukri Snake

Purpur-Kukrinatter

Purpur-kukrisnog

1837 Xenodon purpurascens Schlegel
Simotes purpurascens Bleeker 1857
Dicraulax purpurascens Cope 1895
Holarchus purpurascens Barbour 1912
Oligodon purpurascens Wall 1923
1854 Simotes albocinctus Duméril, Bibron & Duméril [not Simotes albocinctus Cantor 1839]
Simotes purpurascens albocinctus Jan & Sordelli 1865
1854 Simotes tri-notatus Duméril, Bibron & Duméril (Iskandar & Colijn 2001)
Dicraulax purpurascens trinotatus Cope 1895
1864 Simotes labuanensis Günther (Iskandar & Colijn 2001)
Simotes purpurascens labuanensis Boettger 1898
1868 Simotes crassus Theobald (Iskandar & Colijn 2001)
1868 Simotes obscurus Theobald (Iskandar & Colijn 2001)
1873 Oligodon catenifer Stoliczka (Iskandar & Colijn 2001)
Oligodon purpurascens catenifer Haas 1950
1881 Simotes dennysi Blanford (Iskandar & Colijn 2001)
1885 Simotes affinis Fischer (Iskandar & Colijn 2001)
1959 Oligodon purpurascens kangeanicus Mertens

Remarks: According to David, Vogel & Pauwels (2008), purpurascens does not occur north of southern Thailand. The species has be reported from Nias (e.g., Rooij 1917; Haas 1950; Iskandar & Colijn 2001), however, David & Vogel (2012) did not include it in their list of Oligodon species present in the island.
Distribution: Brunei, Indonesia (Bangka, Java, Kalimantan, Kangean Islands, Karimata Islands, Natuna Islands, Riau Islands, Sipura, Sumatra, Weh), Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak, West Malaysia [incl. Seribuat Archipelago (incl. Tioman)]), Singapore, Thailand.


Oligodon rostralis

Long-snouted Kukri Snake

Langschnauzen-Kukrinatter

Spidssnudet Kukrisnog

2020 Oligodon rostralis Nguyen, Tran, Nguyen, Neang, Yushchenko & Poyarkov

Distribution: Vietnam.





Oligodon saintgironsi

Dong Nai Blotched Kukri Snake, (Saint Girons' Kukri Snake)

Dong-Nai-Kukrinatter

Dong Nai-kukrisnog

2008 Oligodon saintgironsi David, Vogel & Pauwels

Distribution: Cambodia, Vietnam.


Oligodon saiyok

Sai Yok Kukri Snake

Sai-Yok-Kukrinatter

Sai Yok-kukrisnog

2017 Oligodon saiyok Sumontha, Kunya, Dangsri & Pauwels

Distribution: Thailand.


Oligodon signatus

Barred Kukri Snake

Gebänderte Kukrinatter

Båndet Kukrisnog

1864 Simotes signatus Günther
Holarchus signatus Barbour 1912
Oligodon signatus Wall 1923
1872 Simotes subcarinatus Günther (Tillack & Günther 2009)
Holarchus subcarinatus Babrbour 1912
Oligodon subcarinatus Wall 1923
1922 Simotes annulifer annulata Lidth de Jeude (Tillack & Günther 2009)
Oligodon annulifer annulata Haas 1950

Other common names:
subcarinatus: Half-keeled Kukri Snake
Distribution: Indonesia (Sumatra), Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak, West Malaysia [incl. Seribuat Archipelago (incl. Tioman)]), Singapore.


Oligodon splendidus

Splendid Kukri Snake

Burmesische Pracht-Kukrinatter

Burmesisk Pragt-kukrisnog

1875 Simotes splendidus Günther
Oligodon splendidus Wall 1925

Distribution: Myanmar.


Oligodon sublineatus

Streaked Kukri Snake, (Dumeril's Kukri Snake)

Srilankanische Gestreifte Kukrinatter

Srilankansk Stribet Kukrisnog

1854 Oligodon sublineatum Dumeril, Bibron & Dumeril

Distribution: Sri Lanka.


Oligodon taeniatus

Striped Kukri Snake

Indochinesische Gestreifte Kukrinatter

Indokinesisk Stribet Kukrisnog

1861 Simotes taeniatus Günther
Oligodon taeniatus Smith 1943
1866 Simotes quadrilineatus Jan & Sordelli (Boulenger 1914; David, Vogel & Rooijen 2008; David, Vogel, Rooijen & Pierre 2011)
Oligodon quadrilineatus Smith 1943
1991 Oligodon taeniurus Nutphand (David, Cox, Pauwels, Chanhome & Thirakhupt 2004)

Other common names:
quadrilineatus: Four-lined Kukri Snake
Remarks: Previously included mouhoti. Some authors have regarded quadrilineatus as a valid species (e.g., Zug, Win, Thin, Min, Lhon & Kyaw 1998; Chan-Ard, Grossmann, Gumprecht & Schulz 1999; Nabhitabhata, Chan-ard & Chuaynkern 2004; Das 2010). A record of quadrilineatus from Burma (Zug, Win, Thin, Min, Lhon & Kyaw 1998) refer to theobaldi (David, Vogel & Rooijen 2008). Records from China represent cinereus (Zhang, Jang, Li, Hou & Rao 2011).
Distribution: Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam.


Oligodon taeniolatus

Variegated Kukri Snake, (Russell's Kukri Snake, Streaked Kukri Snake)

Bunte Kukrinatter

Broget Kukrisnog

1853 Coronella taeniolata Jerdon [nomen protectum]
Oligodon taeniolatus Wall 1921
1853 Xenodon dubium Jerdon (Smith 1943)
1854 Oligodon subgriseum Duméril & Bibron (Smith 1943)
1864 Oligodon elliotti Günther (Smith 1943)
1864 Oligodon fasciatus Günther (Smith 1943)
Oligodon taeniolatus fasciatus Whitaker & Captain 2004
Oligodon striatus [lapsus?] Sharma, Rathor, Chawda & Patel 2001
1864 Oligodon spilonotus Günther (Smith 1943)
1897 Oligodon subgriseus alternans Bethancourt-Ferreira (Smith 1943)
1903 Contia transcaspica Nikolsky (Terentjev & Chernov 1949)
1921 Oligodon tæniolatus ceylonicus Wall (Smith 1943)

Other common names:
fasciatus: Indian Streaked Kukri Snake
Distribution: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India (Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal), Iran, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Turkmenistan.


Oligodon theobaldi

Mandalay Kukri Snake, Burmese Kukri Snake, (Theobald’s Kukri Snake)

Mandalay-Kukrinatter

Mandalay-kukrisnog

1868 Simotes theobaldi Günther
Oligodon theobaldi Wall 1923
1890 Simotes beddomii Boulenger (Smith 1943)

Distribution: Bangladesh, India (Meghalaya, Nagaland), Myanmar, Thailand.


Oligodon torquatus

Garlanded Kukri Snake

Bhamo-Kukrinatter

Bhamo-kukrisnog

1888 Simotes torquatus Boulenger
Oligodon torquatus Wall 1923

Distribution: Myanmar.


Oligodon travancoricus

Travancore Kukri Snake

Travancore-Kukrinatter

Travancore-kukrisnog

1877 Oligodon travancoricum Beddome

Distribution: India (Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Tamil Nadu).


Oligodon trilineatus

Three-lined Kukri Snake

Dreistreifen-Kukrinatter

Trestribet Kukrisnog

1854 Simotes trilineatus Dumeril, Bibron & Dumeril
Oligodon trilineatus Fischer 1885

Distribution: Indonesia (Nias, Sumatra).


Oligodon unicolor

Tanimbar Plain Kukri Snake

Einfarbige Tanimbar-Kukrinatter

Ensfarvet Tanimbar-kukrisnog

1926 Simotes unicolor Kopstein
Oligodon unicolor Haas 1950

Distribution: Indonesia (Tanimbar Islands: Yamdena).


Oligodon venustus

Black-spotted Kukri Snake

Schwarzflecken-Kukrinatter

Sortplettet Kukrisnog

1853 Xenodon venustum Jerdon
Simotes venustus Günther 1864
Oligodon venustus Boulenger 1890
1854 Simotes binotatus Duméril, Bibron & Duméril (David, Vogel & Pauwels 2008)

Distribution: India (Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu).


Oligodon vertebralis

Dark-spined Kukri Snake

Rückenstreifen-Kukrinatter

Rygstribet Kukrisnog

1865 Simotes vertebralis Günther
Oligodon vertebralis Boulenger 1894

Remarks: Previously included notospilus. Records from the Philippines refer to notospilus. Das & Yaakob (2007) listed vertebralis for West Malaysia, but not for Sabah, which apparently must have been in error, since the first author later regarded the species to be endemic to Borneo (Das 2010), and since no other works have reported the species from West Malaysia.
Distribution: Indonesia (Kalimantan), Malaysia (Sabah).


Oligodon waandersi

Sulawesi Kukri Snake, (Bleeker's Kukri Snake)

Sulawesi-Kukrinatter

Sulawesi-kukrisnog

1860 Rhabdion waandersi Bleeker
Oligodon waandersii Günther 1865
1895 Oligodon taeniurus Müller (Iskandar & Colijn 2001)

Distribution: Indonesia (Buton, Kabaena, Muna, Sula Islands [Sanana], Sulawesi).


Oligodon wagneri

Nias Kukri Snake

Nias-Kukrinatter

Nias-kukrisnog

2012 Oligodon wagneri David & Vogel

Distribution: Indonesia (Nias).


Oligodon woodmasoni

Yellow-striped Kukri Snake

Gelbstreifen-Kukrinatter

Gulstribet Kukrisnog

1891 Simotes woodmasoni Sclater
Oligodon woodmasoni Wall 1923

Distribution: India (Nicobar Islands).