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Citation: Midtgaard, Rune. RepFocus - A Survey of the Reptiles of the World. (www.repfocus.dk).
Latest update: May 12th, 2024.

Taxonomy of the family Scincidae
Bibliography of the genus Eumeces
Biodiversity of the family Scincidae


Afro-Asian Long-legged Skinks


Afro-Asiatiske Langbenede Skinker

1834 Eumeces Wiegmann (type species: Scincus pavimentatus Geoffroy 1827)
2000 Novoeumeces Griffith, Ngo & Murphy (type species: Scincus pavimentatus Geoffroy Saint Hilaire 1827)
Contents: 9 species, of which 3 (33.3%) are endemic.
Endemism: 0% 100%
Remarks: Previously included the species now assigned to Eurylepis, Mesoscincus, and Plestiodon.
Distribution: N. Africa, Middle East, SW. and C. Asia.
Reported from: Afghanistan, Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Cyprus, Egypt (incl. Sinai), Georgia, India (Gujarat), Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Pakistan, Russia, Saudi Arabia (incl. Farasan Islands), Syria, Tajikistan, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan.

Eumeces algeriensis

Algerian Long-legged Skink, Algerian Skink, Algerian Orange-tailed Skink, Berber Skink



1864 Eumeces pavimentatus var. algeriensis Peters
Eumeces algeriensis Boulenger 1887
Eumeces schneiderii algeriensis Mertens 1920
Novoeumeces algeriensis Griffith, Ngo, & Murphy 2000
1900 Eumeces algeriensis meridionalis Doumergue (Joger 1998)
Eumeces schneideri meridionalis Eiselt 1940
Novoeumeces meridionalis Griffith, Ngo, & Murphy 2000

Remarks: Caputo, Odierna, Aprea & Capriglione (1993) confirmed algeriensis as a valid species. Status of meridionalis is uncertain; Schleich, Kästle & Kabisch (1996) tentatively recognized it as a valid species, and Griffith, Ngo, & Murphy (2000) listed it as potentially valid, but without making conclusions.
Distribution: Algeria, Morocco.

Eumeces blythianus

Afghan Long-legged Skink, (Orange-tailed Skink)

Afghanischer Tüpfelskink

Afghansk Langbenet Skink

1871 Mabouia blythiana Anderson
Eumeces blythianus Taylor 1935
Eumeces schneideri blythianus Eiselt 1940
Novoeumeces blythianus Griffith, Ngo, & Murphy 2000

Remarks: Status uncertain. Regarded by some as a subspecies of schneiderii (e.g., Eiselt 1940). Griffith, Ngo, & Murphy (2000) listed blythianus as a potentially valid species, but without making conclusions. Lieb (1985) tentatively recognized it as a valid species. Others have also listed it as a valid species (e.g., Leviton & Anderson 1970; Khan & Khan 1997; Sharma 2002; Khan 2006; Nadeem, Asif & Mehmood 2009; Venugopal 2010; Masroor 2012). The type specimen of blythianus was purchased in Amritsar, Punjab, India (Smith 1935), but the type locality is unknown. Presence of blythianus in India therefore needs confirmation (Venugopal 2010), although listed for the country by several authors (e.g., Darevsky 1981; Das 1996; Sharma 2002; Sindaco & Jeremchenko 2008).
Distribution: Afghanistan, Pakistan.

Eumeces cholistanensis

Cholistan Long-legged Skink, Cholistan Desert Striped Skink



2009 Eumeces cholistanensis Masroor

Distribution: Pakistan.

Eumeces indothalensis

Thal Long-legged Skink, Thal Mole Skink



1997 Eumeces indothalensis Khan & Khan
Novoeumeces indothalensis Griffith, Ngo, & Murphy 2000

Distribution: Pakistan.

Eumeces pavimentatus

Levant Long-legged Skink

Levantischer Tüpfelskink

Levantisk Langbenet Skink

1827 Scincus pavimentatus Geoffroy
Eumeces pavimentatus Boettger 1883
Eumeces schneiderii pavimentatus Mertens 1924
Novoeumeces pavimentatus Griffith, Ngo & Murphy 2000
1883 Eumeces pavimentatus syriaca Boettger (Taylor 1935)

Distribution: Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey.

Eumeces persicus

Persian Long-legged Skink

Persischer Tüpfelskink

Persisk Langbenet Skink

2017 Eumeces persicus Faizi, Rastegar-Pouyani, Rastegar-Pouyani, Nazarov, Heidari, Zangi, Orlova & Poyarkov

Distribution: Iran.

Eumeces princeps

Southwest Asian Long-legged Skink, Red-marked Skink

Südwestasiatischer Tüpfelskink

Sydvestasiatisk Langbenet Skink

1839 Euprepes princeps Eichwald
Eumeces schneideri princeps Mertens 1920
Eumeces princeps Taylor 1935
Novoeumeces princeps Griffith, Ngo & Murphy 2000

Remarks: Not mentioned for Saudi Arabia by Aloufi, Amr, Baker & Hamidan (2019).
Distribution: Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan.

Eumeces schneiderii

Golden Long-legged Skink, Gold Skink, (Schneider's Long-legged Skink, Schneider's Skink)

Goldener Tüpfelskink

Gylden Langbenet Skink

1802 Scincus schneiderii Daudin
Eumeces schneideri Boulenger 1887
Novoeumeces schneideri Griffith, Ngo, & Murphy 2000
1829 Scincus cyprius Cuvier (Taylor 1935)
1831 Tiliqua cyprinus Gray (Taylor 1935)
1839 Plestiodon aldrovandii Duméril & Bibron (Böhme (ed.) 1981)
Eumeces schneiderii aldrovandii Mertens 1946
1939 Eumeces schneideri variegatus Schmidt (Böhme (ed.) 1981)
2007 Eumeces schneiderii barani Kumlutas, Arikan, Ilgaz & Kaska

Remarks: Several species of this genus (algeriensis, blythianus, pavimentatus, princeps, zarudnyi) have previously been regarded as subspecies of schneiderii (e.g., Eiselt 1940; Mertens 1946), and some authors still regard blythianus, pavimentatus, and princeps as such (e.g., Baha el Din 2006; Carranza, Arnold, Geniez, Roca & Mateo 2007 ["2008"]; Faizi, Rastegar-Pouyani, Rastegar-Pouyani, Nazarov, Heidari, Zangi, Orlova & Poyarkov 2017). Lieb (1985) tentatively recognized all these forms as valid species. Records from Gujarat, India, are considered erroneous and furthermore assumed to refer to zarudnyi, the distribution of which would otherwise split schneiderii in populations separated by a large distance.
Distribution: Algeria, Cyprus, Egypt (incl. Sinai), Israel, Jordan, Libya, Saudi Arabia (incl. Farasan Islands), Tunisia, Turkey.

Eumeces schneiderii
© Rune Midtgaard

Eumeces zarudnyi

Bazman Long-legged Skink, (Zarudny's Skink, Zarudny's Red-striped Skink)



1900 Eumeces zarudnyi Nikolsky
Eumeces schneiderii zarudnyi Mertens 1946
Novoeumeces zarudnyi Griffith, Ngo, & Murphy 2000
Novoeumeces schneiderii zarudnyi Khan 2004

Remarks: Previously regarded as a subspecies of schneideri (e.g., Böhme (ed.) 1981). Revalidated as a separate species by Faizi, Rastegar-Pouyani, Rastegar-Pouyani, Nazarov, Heidari, Zangi, Orlova & Poyarkov (2017), although regarded as such already in some previous works (e.g., Khan & Khan 1997). Also Griffith, Ngo, & Murphy (2000) listed it as a potentially valid species. Presence in Gujarat is considered erroneous (Patel & Vyas 2019, as schneiderii).
Distribution: Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan.