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Citation: Midtgaard, Rune. RepFocus - A Survey of the Reptiles of the World. (www.repfocus.dk).
Latest update: October 31st, 2023.

Taxonomy of the family Lamprophiidae
Bibliography of the genus Psammophylax
Biodiversity of the family Lamprophiidae


Skaapstekers, African Grass Snakes


Afrikanske Græssnoge

1843 Psammophylax Fitzinger (type species: Coluber rhombeatus Linnaeus 1758)
1847 Trimerorhinus Smith (type species: Coluber rhombeatus Linnaeus 1758)
Contents: 6 species, of which 2 (33.3%) are endemic.
Endemism: 0% 100%
Remarks: Previously included the species now assigned to Kladirostratus.
Distribution: SubSaharan Africa.
Reported from: Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Congo-Kinshasa, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, South Africa (Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West Province, Northern Cape, Western Cape), South Sudan, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Psammophylax kellyi

Tanzanian Skaapsteker



2019 Psammophylax kellyi Conradie, Keates & Edwards in Keates, Conradie, Greenbaum & Edwards

Remarks: Previously regarded as a population of multisquamis.
Distribution: Tanzania.

Psammophylax multisquamis

Kenyan Striped Skaapsteker, Many-scaled Grass Snake, Northern Grey-bellied Skaapsteker

Kleinschuppiger Skaapsteker

Finskællet Græssnog

1932 Trimerorhinus tritaeniatus multisquamis Loveridge
Cerastes tritaeniatus multisquamis Bogert 1940
Psammophylax tritaeniatus multisquamis Laurent 1956
Psammophylax variabilis multisquamis Broadley 1976
Psammophylax multisquamis Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002

Remarks: Previously included the population now assigned to kellyi. A record from South Sudan (Owen 1956) needs confirmation (Spawls, Mazuch & Mohammad 2023). Status of records from Congo-Kinshasa, Rwanda, and Tanzania is unclear. Keates, Conradie, Greenbaum & Edwards (2019) suggested that multisquamis is likely to be restricted to Ethiopia and Kenya.
Distribution: Congo-Kinshasa, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania.

Psammophylax ocellatus

Huila Skaapsteker



1873 Psammophylax ocellatus Bocage
Psammophylax rhombeatus ocellatus Broadley 1976

Remarks: Previously regarded as a subspecies of rhombeatus (e.g., Broadley 1976). Revalidated as a separate species by Branch (2018), supported by Branch, Baptista, Keates & Edwards (2019).
Distribution: Angola, Namibia.

Psammophylax rhombeatus

Spotted Skaapsteker, Rhombic Skaapsteker, Rhombic Grass Snake, Spotted Grass Snake

Gefleckte Skaapsteker

Plettet Græssnog

1758 Coluber rhombeatus Linnaeus
Coronella rhombeata Boie 1827
Coelopeltis rhombeata Wagler 1830
Psammophylax rhombeatus Fitzinger 1843
Trimerorhinus rhombeatus Smith 1847
Dipsas rhombeatus Duméril & Bibron 1854
Cerastes rhombeatus Fejervary 1923
1768 Coronella tigrina Laurenti (Broadley 1976)
Coluber tigrinus Gmelin 1788
1883 Psammophylax rhombeatus trilineata Boettger (Broadley 1976)
1892 Psammophylax rhombeatus biseriata Müller (Broadley 1976)
1907 Psammophis longementalis Roux (Broadley 1976)

Remarks: Previously included ocellatus.
Distribution: Eswatini, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa (Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West Province, Northern Cape, Western Cape).

Psammophylax tritaeniatus

Southern Striped Skaapsteker, Striped Grass Snake, Three-lined Grass Snake, White-bellied Grass Snake

Gestreifte Skaapsteker

Stribet Græssnog

1868 Rhagerrhis tritaeniata Günther
Coronella tritaeniata Günther 1881
Psammophylax tritaeniatus Peters 1869
Trimerorhinus tritaeniatus Boulenger 1896
Trimerorhinus rhombeatus tritaeniatus Monard 1937
Cerastes tritaeniatus Mertens 1930
1956 Psammophylax tritaeniatus subniger Laurent (Keates, Conradie, Greenbaum & Edwards 2019)
1960 Psammophylax tritaeniatus fitzgeraldi Broadley

Remarks: Previously included multisquamis and variabilis.
Distribution: Angola, Botswana, Congo-Kinshasa, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa (Free State, Gauteng, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West Province, Northern Cape), Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Psammophylax variabilis

Grey-bellied Skaapsteker, Grey-bellied Grass Snake, Montane Grass Snake, Striped Grass Snake, Common Skaapsteker, (Striped Skaapsteker)

Graubäuchige Skaapsteker

Gråbuget Græssnog

1893 Psammophylax variabilis Günther
Trimerorhinus variabilis Boulenger 1896
Psammophylax tritaeniatus variabilis Loveridge 1953
1956 Psammophylax tritaeniatus festivus Laurent (Broadley 1976)
1956 Psammophylax tritaeniatus vanoyei Laurent (Broadley 1976)
Psammophylax variabilis vanoyei Broadley 1976

Remarks: Previously included multisquamis.
Distribution: Botswana, Burundi, Congo-Kinshasa, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, Tanzania, Zambia.