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Taxonomy of the family Agamidae
Bibliography of the genus Agama
Biodiversity of the family Agamidae








Genus
Agama

Typical Agamas

Eigentliche Agamen

Egentlige Agamer

1802 Agama Daudin (type species: Agama colonorum Daudin 1802)
1833 Cyclosaura Wagler (type species: Agama orbicularis Wagler [=Lacerta hispida Linnaeus 1758, fide Wermuth 1967]; syn. Wermuth 1967)
1833 Saura Wagler (type species: Saura spinalis Wagler 1833 + Saura colonorum Wagler [=Lacerta agama Linnaeus 1758, fide Wermuth 1967]; syn. Wermuth 1967)
1843 Phrynopsis Fitzinger [not Phrynopsis Rafinesque 1815 (Arachnida)] (type species: Agama atra Daudin 1802; syn. Wermuth 1967)
1843 Podorrhoa Fitzinger (type species: Lacerta agama Linnaeus 1758; syn. Wermuth 1967)
1843 Psammorrhoa Fitzinger (type species: Agama aculeata Merrem 1820; syn. Wermuth 1967)
1858 Oreodeira Girard (type species: Oreodeira gracilipes Girard 1857; syn. Moody 1988)
Contents: 51 species, of which 16 (31.4%) are endemic.
Remarks: The genera Acanthocercus, Laudakia, Pseudotrapelus, Trapelus, and Xenagama were formerly regarded as synonyms of Agama (e.g., Wermuth 1967). Previously included Calotes minor.
Members of the A. agama complex have been introduced to Italy (mainland, Sicily), but the specific identity of these individuals is uncertain.
Distribution: Africa.
Reported from: Algeria, Angola (incl. Cabinda), Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa, Djibouti, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea (Bioko, Rio Muni), Eritrea, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau (incl. Bijagos Archipelago), Ivory Coast, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa (Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West Province, Northern Cape, Western Cape), South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Western Sahara, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Agama aculeata

Kalahari Spiny Agama, Tropical Spiny Agama, Common Ground Agama

Kalahari-Stachelagame

Kalahari-tornagam

1820 Agama aculeata Merrem
Agama hispida aculeata Boulenger & Power 1921
1833 Saura spinalis Wagler [part; substitute name for Agama atra Daudin 1802 and Agama aculeata Merrem 1820] (Wermuth 1967)
1877 Agama infralineata Peters (Wermuth 1967)
1896 Agama pulchella Bocage (Wermuth 1967)
1902 Agama distanti Boulenger (McLachlan 1981)
Agama hispida distanti Boulenger & Power 1921
Agama aculeata distanti McLachlan 1981

Other common names:
aculeata: Western Ground Agama
distanti: Eastern Ground Agama
Remarks: Includes two subspecies (aculeata, distanti), previously regarded as subspecies of hispida (e.g., Wermuth 1967). Also armata was previously regarded as a subspecies of hispida and, more recently, of aculeata (e.g., McLachlan 1981), but raised to specific status by Jacobsen (1992).
Distribution: Angola, Botswana, Eswatini, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa (Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West Province, Northern Cape, Western Cape).


Agama africana

West African Rainbow Agama, West African Rainbow Lizard, Forest Agama

Westafrikanische Siedleragame

Vestafrikansk Regnbueagam

1844 Tropidolepis africanus Hallowell
Agama agama africana Loveridge 1941
Agama africana Mediannikov, Trape & Trape 2012
1884 Agama savattieri Rochebrune [part] (Mediannikov, Trape & Trape 2012)
1981 Agama sylvanus Macdonald (Mediannikov, Trape & Trape 2012)
Agama paragama sylvanus Böhme & Schneider 1987

Remarks: Previously regarded as a subspecies of agama (e.g., Wermuth 1967). Revalidated as a separate species by Mediannikov, Trape & Trape (2012).
Distribution: Cameroon, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone.


Agama agama

Central African Rainbow Agama, Red-headed Rock Agama, Orange-headed Agama, (Common African Agama, Common Rock Agama, African Rainbow Lizard)

Zentralafrikanische Siedleragame

Centralafrikansk Regnbueagam

1758 Lacerta agama Linnaeus
Trapelus agama Wagler 1830
Agama agama Loveridge 1936
1802 Agama colonorum Daudin [substitute name for Lacerta agama Linnaeus 1758] (Mediannikov, Trape & Trape 2012)
1831 Agama occipitalis Gray (Wermuth 1967)
1857 Oreodeira gracilipes Girard (Moody 1988)
1884 Agama savattieri Rochebrune [part] (Mediannikov, Trape & Trape 2012)
Agama agama savattieri Loveridge 1936
2012 Agama wagneri Trape, Mediannikov & Trape (Leache, Wagner, Linkem, Böhme, Papenfuss, Chong, Lavin, Bauer, Nielsen, Greenbaum, Rödel, Schmitz, LeBreton, Ineich, Chirio, Ofori-Boateng, Eniang, Baha el Din, Lemmon & Burbrink 2014)

Remarks: Now restricted to Cameroon and possibly adjacent areas in neighboring countries (Leaché, Grummer, Miller, Krishnan, Fujita, Böhme, Schmitz, LeBreton, Ineich, Chirio, Ofori-boateng, Eniang, Greenbaum, Rödel & Wagner 2016). Previously included africana, caudospinosa, congica, dodomae, doriae, kaimosae, lionotus (incl. usambarae), mwanzae, mucosoensis, picticauda, smithi, spinosa, and turuensis, as well as populations now assigned to finchi, lanzai, lebretoni, parafricana, paragama, somalica, and tassiliensis. Records of agama from East Africa refer to some of these other species (Wagner, Freund, Modry, Schmitz & Böhme 2011; Auliya, Wagner & Böhme 2012). Records from Ethiopia (e.g., Lanza 1972; Largen 1997; Largen & Spawls 2006, 2010) refer to A. finchi leucerythrolaema (Wagner, Freund, Modry, Schmitz & Böhme 2011). Records from Uganda (e.g., Loveridge 1957; Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002) refer to lionotus (Wagner, Freund, Modry, Schmitz & Böhme 2011). Records from Gabon (e.g., Pauwels, Garff, Ineich, Carlino, Melcore, Boundenga, Vigna, Stévart, Jeffery, Orbell, Squarcini, Vande weghe & White 2016) refer to picticauda (Pauwels, Essono, Carlino, Chirio, Huijbregts, Leuteritz, Rousseaux, Tobi, Vigna & Neer 2017). Central Saharan records of agama or impalearis (S. Algeria, N. Chad, N. Mali, S. Libya, N. Niger) refer to tassiliensis (Geniez, Padial & Crochet 2011). Somali records may refer to smithi (Wagner, Leaché, Mazuch & Böhme 2013).
Members of the A. agama complex have been introduced to several countries outside the natural range of the genus, but the specific identity of these individuals is uncertain.
Distribution: Cameroon.

Agama anchietae

Western Rock Agama, (Anchieta's Agama, Anchieta's Desert Agama)

Anchieta-Agame

Sydvestafrikansk Klippeagam

1896 Agama anchietae Bocage
1910 Agama namaquensis Werner (Wagner, Bauer, Wilms, Barts & Böhme 2012)
1921 Agama anchietae var. methueni Boulenger & Power
1902 Agama mehelyi Tornier (Wagner, Barej & Schmitz 2009)

Other common names:
mehelyi: Mehely's Agama
Remarks: The only known specimen of mehelyi came from Bipindihof, Cameroon. This locality is probably erroneous (Wagner, Barej & Schmitz 2009). A record from Western Cape and another one from the southern part of Northern Cape need confirmation (Bates, Branch, Bauer, Burger, Marais, Alexander & Villiers [eds.] 2014).
Distribution: Angola, Congo-Kinshasa, Namibia, South Africa (Northern Cape).


Agama armata

Zambezi Spiny Agama, Northern Ground Agama, Armoured Agama, Eastern Tropical Spiny Agama, (Peters' Ground Agama)

Zambezi-Bodenagame

Zambezi-tornagam

1854 Agama armata Peters [not Agama armata Hardwicke & Gray 1827]
Agama hispida armata Boulenger & Power 1921
Agama aculeata armata McLachlan 1981
Agama armata Jacobsen 1992
1967 Agama hispida mertensi Wermuth [substitute name for Agama armata Peters 1854]

Distribution: Botswana, Congo-Kinshasa, Eswatini, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa (Limpopo), Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Agama atra

Southern Rock Agama, Southern Mountain Agama, Black Agama

Schwarzschwanz-Agame, Südliche Felsenagame

Sydafrikansk Klippeagam

1802 Agama atra Daudin
Phrynopsis atra Fitzinger 1843
1827 Agama subspinosa Gray (Wermuth 1967)
1827 Trapelus subhispidus Kaup (Wermuth 1967)
1833 Saura spinalis Wagler [part; substitute name for Agama atra Daudin 1802 and Agama aculeata Merrem 1820] (Wermuth 1967)
1891 Agama micropholis Matschie (Wermuth 1967)
1896 Agama holubi Bocage (Wermuth 1967)
1896 Agama microterolepis Boulenger (Wermuth 1967)
1921 Agama atra var. rudis Boulenger & Power

Remarks: Previously included knobeli.
Distribution: Botswana, Eswatini, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa (Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West Province, Northern Cape, Western Cape).


Agama bocourti

Casamance Agama, (Bocourt's Agama)

Casamance-Agame

Casamance-agam

1884 Agama bocourti Rochebrune

Remarks: Status uncertain (Wagner, Ineich, Leache, Wilms, Trape, Böhme & Schmitz 2009). The type locality (Gambie, Casamance, Mélacoreé) is ambiguous, suggesting both Gambia and Senegal (Casamance is a part of southern Senegal). It has not been possible to locate any Mélacoreé in Gambia or Senegal. Wermuth (1967) only included Senegal in the distribution, whereas the Reptile Database (accessed 10 April 2011) included both Gambia and Senegal. However, the species was not listed for Senegal by Cisse & Karns (1978), nor was it listed for Gambia by Håkansson (1981). Trape, Trape & Chirio (2012) did not mention the species. Until further information is available, both Gambia and Senegal are tentatively included in the distribution, following the Reptile Database.
Distribution: Gambia, Senegal.


Agama boensis

Boé Agama

Boé-Agame

Boé-agam

1940 Agama boensis Monard

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of sankaranica (e.g., Grandison 1968). Revalidated as a separate species by Mediannikov, Trape & Trape (2012).
Distribution: Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Senegal.


Agama bottegi

Lugh Agama, (Somali Agama)

Lugh-Agame

Lugh-agam

1897 Agama bottegi Boulenger

Remarks: Status uncertain (Wagner, Ineich, Leache, Wilms, Trape, Böhme & Schmitz 2009).
Distribution: Ethiopia, Somalia.


Agama boueti

Mali Agama, (Bouet's Agama)

Malische Agame

Malisk Agam

1917 Agama boueti Chabanaud
2005 Agama castroviejoi Padial (Geniez, Padial & Crochet 2011; Goncalves, Brito, Crochet, Geniez, Padial & Harris 2012)

Other common names:
castroviejoi: Castroviejo's Agama
Distribution: Algeria, Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal.


Agama boulengeri

West African Desert Agama, (Boulenger's Agama)

Westafrikanische Wüstenagame

Vestafrikansk Ørkenagam

1886 Agama boulengeri Lataste

Distribution: Mali, Mauritania.


Agama caudospinosa

Elmenteita Rock Agama, (Spiny-tailed Agama)

Elmenteita Felsenagame

Elmenteita-klippeagam

1910 Agama caudospinosa Meek
Agama agama caudospina [lapsus] Loveridge 1929
Agama planiceps caudospinosa Loveridge 1936
Agama caudospina [lapsus] Spawls & Rotich 1997
2010 Agama caudospinosa spawlsi Wagner

Remarks: Previously included kaimosae (e.g., Wermuth 1967). Revalidated as a separate species by Wermuth (1967).
Distribution: Kenya.


Agama congica

Cabinda Rainbow Agama, Congo Agama

Cabinda-Siedleragame

Cabinda-regnbueagam

1877 Agama colonorum var. congica Peters
Agama congica Ceríaco, Bauer, Blackburn & Lavres 2014

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of A. a. agama (e.g., Wermuth 1965). Tentatively regarded as a separate species herein, following Ceríaco, Bauer, Blackburn & Lavres (2014).
Distribution: Angola (incl. Cabinda).


Agama cristata

African Crested Agama

Afrikanische Kamm-Agame

Afrikansk Kamagam

1905 Agama cristata Mocquard
2008 Agama maria Barabanov [substitute name for Agama cristata Mocquard 1905] (Wagner, Ineich, Leaché, Wilms, Trape, Böhme & Schmitz 2009)

Remarks: Regarded as a possible synonym of sankaranica by some authors (e.g., Barts & Wilms 1997; Barabanov 2008). Not mentioned by Joger & Lambert (1996). Barabanov (2008) pointed out the need for a substitute name for this species, until then known as Agama cristata, for which purpose he proposed A. maria. However, this name is considered invalid (Wagner, Ineich, Leaché, Wilms, Trape, Böhme & Schmitz 2009; Böhme, Rödel, Brede & Wagner 2011). A. insularis has previously been considered a synonym of cristata, but Trape (2011) confirmed the validity of cristata and insularis as separate species. Barabanov's (2009) suggestion that the type locality ("Pays Sankaran") is in Mali and not Guinea, was refuted by Böhme, Rödel, Brede & Wagner (2011).
Distribution: Guinea, Mali.


Agama dodomae

Dodoma Rock Agama

Dodoma-Felsenagame

Dodoma-klippeagam

1923 Agama lionotus var. dodomae Loveridge
Agama agama dodomae Loveridge 1957
Agama dodomae Leache, Wagner, Linkem, Böhme, Papenfuss, Chong, Lavin, Bauer, Nielsen, Greenbaum, Rödel, Schmitz, LeBreton, Ineich, Chirio, Ofori-Boateng, Eniang, Baha el Din, Lemmon & Burbrink 2014
1932 Agama agama ufipae Loveridge (Wagner 2014)
Agama lionotus ufipae Böhme, Wagner, Malonza, Lötters & Köhler 2005
Agama dodoma ufipae Wagner 2014

Other common names:
ufipae: Ufipa Rock Agama
Remarks: Previously regarded as a subspecies of lionotus (e.g., Loveridge 1923; Böhme, Wagner, Malonza, Lötters & Köhler 2005) or of agama (e.g., Loveridge 1957).
Distribution: Tanzania.


Agama doriae

Nigerian Agama, (Doria's Agama)

Nigerianische Agame

Nigeriansk Agam

1887 Agama doriae Boulenger
Agama agama doriae Flower 1933
1914 Agama sennariensis Werner (Moody & Böhme 1984)
1929 Agama cordofanensis Werner (Moody & Böhme 1984)
1951 Agama agama benueensis Monard (Moody & Böhme 1984)
Agama benueensis Grandison 1968

Other common names:
benueensis: Bénoué Agama
Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym or subspecies of hartmanni (e.g., Anderson 1898; Wermuth 1967) or of agama (e.g., Flower 1933). Revalidated by Moody & Böhme (1984). The subspecies benueensis Monard 1951 has been regarded both as a synonym of agama (e.g., Wermuth 1967), and as a distinct species (e.g., Grandison 1968).
Distribution: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Nigeria, Sudan.


Agama etoshae

Etosha Agama

Etosha-Agame

Etosha-agam

1981 Agama etoshae McLachlan

Remarks: Previously regarded as a disjunct population of makarikarika. May occur in Angola (Griffin 2003).
Distribution: Namibia.


Agama finchi

West Kenyan Rainbow Agama

Westkenianische Siedleragame

Vestkenyansk Regnbueagam

2005 Agama finchi Böhme, Wagner, Malonza, Lötters & Köhler
2011 Agama finchi leucerythrolaema Wagner, Freund, Modry, Schmitz & Böhme

Distribution: Congo-Kinshasa, Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda.


Agama gracilimembris

Lesser Ground Agama, Little Ground Agama

Kleine Bodenagame

Lille Jordagam

1918 Agama gracilimembris Chabanaud

Distribution: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Ghana, Guinea, Mali, Nigeria, Togo.


Agama hartmanni

Dongola Agama, (Hartmann's Agama)

Dongola-Agame

Dongola-agam

1869 Agama hartmanni Peters
1928 Agama cornii Scortecci (Wagner & Bauer 2011)

Remarks: Previously included doriae (e.g., Anderson 1898; Wermuth 1967). Largen (1997) included Egypt in the range of the species, but Baha el Din (2006) and Wagner & Bauer (2011) did not.
Distribution: Eritrea, South Sudan, Sudan.


Agama hispida

Southern Spiny Agama, Cape Spiny Agama, Bristly Agama

Südliche Stachelagame

Sydlig Tornagam

1758 Lacerta hispida Linnaeus
Trapelus hispida Wagler 1830
Agama hispida Gray 1845
1837 Agama spinosa Duméril & Bibron (Wermuth 1967)
1885 Agama brachyura Boulenger (McLachlan 1981)
Agama hispida brachyura Fitzsimons 1943

Remarks: Previously included aculeata and makarikarika. Two isolated populations in the Free State may represent an undescribed species (Bates, Branch, Bauer, Burger, Marais, Alexander & Villiers [eds.] 2014).
Distribution: Malawi, Namibia, South Africa (Free State, Northern Cape, Western Cape).


Agama hulbertorum

Ngong Hills Rock Agama

Ngong-Felsenagame

Ngong-klippeagam

2014 Agama hulbertorum Wagner

Distribution: Kenya.


Agama impalearis

Atlas Agama

Atlasagame

Atlasagam

1851 Agama bibronii Dumeril & Bibron in Dumeril & Dumeril [not Trapelus bibronii Fitzinger 1843] (Wermuth 1967; Joger 1998)
1874 Agama colonorum var. impalearis Boettger
Agama impalearis Mertens 1955
1874 Agama colonorum fritschi Boettger (Wermuth 1967)

Other common names:
bibroni: Bibron's Agama
Remarks: Now restricted to NW. Algeria, Morocco, N. Western Sahara, and Mauritania (Padial 2006; Sindaco & Jeremchenko 2008). Central Saharan records of impalearis or agama (S. Algeria, N. Chad, N. Mali, S. Libya, N. Niger) refer to tassiliensis (Geniez, Padial & Crochet 2011). Records from Tunisia (e.g., Papenfuss 1969; Wermuth 1967) are regarded as erroneous.
Distribution: Algeria, Mauritania, Morocco, Western Sahara.


Agama insularis

Los Islands Agama, Island Agama

Los-Inselagame

Los-agam

1918 Agama insularis Chabanaud

Remarks: This species was synonymized with cristata by Wagner, Ineich, Leaché, Wilms, Trapé, Böhme & Schmitz (2009), however, some of the same authors (Böhme, Rödel, Brede & Wagner 2011) later retained both species as valid without comments. Trape (2011) confirmed the validity of cristata and insularis as separate species.
Distribution: Guinea.


Agama kaimosae

Kaimosi Agama

Kaimosi-Agame

Kaimosi-regnbueagam

1935 Agama agama kaimosae Loveridge
Agama kaimosae Wagner, Burmann & Böhme 2008

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of caudospinosa (e.g., Wermuth 1967). Revalidated by Wagner, Burmann & Böhme (2008).
Distribution: Kenya, Tanzania.


Agama kirkii

Zambesi Rock Agama, (Kirk's Rock Agama)

Kirks Felsenagame

Zambezi-klippeagam

1885 Agama kirkii Boulenger
1950 Agama kirkii fitzsimonsi Loveridge

Distribution: Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Agama knobeli

Namibian Black Agama, (Knobel's Agama)

Namibische Schwarze Agame

Namibisk Sort Agam

1921 Agama anchietae knobeli Boulenger & Power
Agama atra knobeli Mertens 1955
Agama knobeli Matthee & Flemming 2002
Agama knobeli Wagner, Ineich, Leaché, Wilms, Trapé, Böhme & Schmitz 2009

Distribution: Namibia, South Africa (Northern Cape, Western Cape).


Agama lanzai

Bari Agama

Bari-Agame

Bari-agam

2013 Agama lanzai Wagner, Leaché, Mazuch & Böhme

Distribution: Somalia.


Agama lebretoni

Cameroon Rainbow Agama, (LeBreton's Agama)

Kamerunische Siedleragame

Camerounsk Regnbueagam

2009 Agama lebretoni Wagner, Barej & Schmitz

Remarks: This species was previously regarded as populations of agama (Wagner, Barej & Schmitz 2009).
Distribution: Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea (Bioko), Gabon, Nigeria.


Agama lionotus

Kenyan Rock Agama

Kenianische Felsenagame

Kenyansk Regnbueagam

1896 Agama lionotus Boulenger
Agama agama lionotus Loveridge 1936
1922 Agama elgonis Lönnberg
Agama agama elgonis Loveridge 1957
Agama lionotus elgonis Böhme, Wagner, Malonza, Lötters & Köhler 2005
1928 Agama colonorum usambarae Barbour & Loveridge (Wagner 2007)
Agama agama usambarae Loveridge 1936
Agama lionotus usambarae Böhme, Wagner, Malonza, Lötters & Köhler 2005

Other common names:
elgonis: Elgon Rock Agama
usambarae: Usambara Rock Agama
Remarks: Revalidated as a separate species by Böhme, Wagner, Malonza, Lötters & Köhler (2005). Previously included dodomae (incl. ufipae) and turuensis.
Distribution: Kenya, Tanzania.


Agama lucyae

Wollega Agama

Wollega-Agame

Wollega-agam

2011 Agama lucyae Wagner & Bauer

Distribution: Ethiopia.


Agama makarikarica

Makgadikgadi Spiny Agama

Makgadikgadi-Stachelagame

Makgadikgadi-tornagam

1932 Agama hispida makarikarica Fitzsimons
Agama makarikarica Broadley 1966

Remarks: Older records from Namibia refer to etoshae, previously regarded as a disjunct population of makarikarica.
Distribution: Botswana.


Agama montana

Montane Rock Agama

Gebirgs-Felsenagame

Bjerg-klippeagam

1928 Agama mossambica montana Barbour & Loveridge
Agama montana Moody 1981

Distribution: Tanzania.


Agama mossambica

Mozambique Agama

Mosambik-Agame

Mozambiquisk Agam

1854 Agama mossambica Peters
1874 Agama cariniventris Peters (Wermuth 1967)
1946 Agama pawlowskii Chernov & Dubinin (Ananjeva & Peters 1981)

Distribution: Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zimbabwe.


Agama mucosoensis

Mucoso Agama

Mucoso-Agame

Mucoso-regnbueagam

1957 Agama agama mucosoensis Hellmich
Agama mucosoensis Böhme 2010

Remarks: Validity as a separate species confirmed by Wagner, Bauer, Wilms, Barts & Böhme (2012).
Distribution: Angola.


Agama mwanzae

Mwanza Rock Agama, Mwanza Flat-headed Agama

Mwanza-Felsenagame

Mwanza-regnbueagam

1923 Agama lionotus var. mwanzae Loveridge
Agama agama mwanzae Loveridge 1933
Agama planiceps mwanzae Loveridge 1957
Agama mwanzae Moody 1981

Distribution: Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania.


Agama parafricana

Lesser African Forest Agama, Small Forest Agama

Kleine Waldagame

Lille Regnbueagam

2012 Agama parafricana Trape, Mediannikov & Trape

Distribution: Benin, Cameroon, Ghana, Togo.


Agama paragama

West African Tree Agama, False Agama

Westafrikanische Baumagame

Vestafrikansk Træagam

1968 Agama paragama Grandison

Remarks: Previously included sylvanus (e.g., Böhme & Schneider 1987), now considered a synonym of africana. Records from Gabon refer to lebretoni (Pauwels, Carlino, Chirio & Albert 2016).
Distribution: Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria.


Agama persimilis

Somali Painted Agama

Gemalte Somaliagame

Somalisk Malet Agam

1942 Agama persimilis Parker

Distribution: Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania,


Agama picticauda

Ada Foah Agama, (West African Agama)

Ada Foah-Agame

Ada Foah-regnbueagam

1877 Agama picticauda Peters

Remarks: Previously regarded as a tentative synonym of agama (e.g., Wermuth 1967). Now considered a valid species (e.g., Auliya, Wagner & Böhme 2012; Leache, Wagner, Linkem, Böhme, Papenfuss, Chong, Lavin, Bauer, Nielsen, Greenbaum, Rödel, Schmitz, LeBreton, Ineich, Chirio, Ofori-Boateng, Eniang, Baha el Din, Lemmon & Burbrink 2014; Leaché, Grummer, Miller, Krishnan, Fujita, Böhme, Schmitz, LeBreton, Ineich, Chirio, Ofori-boateng, Eniang, Greenbaum, Rödel & Wagner 2016). Not mentioned by Trape, Trape & Chirio (2012).
Introduced to: USA (Florida).
Distribution: Benin, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, South Sudan, Sudan, Togo.


Agama planiceps

Damara Rock Agama, Namibian Rock Agama

Namibia-Felsenagame, Heldenagame

Damara-klippeagam

1862 Agama planiceps Peters

Remarks: Previously included schacki.
Introduced to: South Africa (Western Cape).
Distribution: Angola, Namibia.


Agama robecchii

Somaliland Agama, (Robecchi's Agama)

Somaliland-Agame

Somaliland-agam

1892 Agama robecchii Boulenger

Distribution: Ethiopia, Somalia.


Agama rueppelli

Arboreal Agama, (Rüppell's Agama)

Ostafrikanische Baumagame

Østafrikansk Træagam

1882 Agama rueppelli Vaillant
Agama rueppelli Boulenger 1885 [emendation]
1895 Agama vaillanti Boulenger (Wagner & Bauer 2011)
1932 Agama rueppelli occidentalis Parker
1932 Agama rueppelli septentrionalis Parker

Other common names:
occidentalis: Western Arboreal Agama
rueppelli: Northern Arboreal Agama
septentrionalis: Southern Arboreal Agama
Remarks: Records from Djibouti refer to spinosa (Ineich 1999).
Distribution: Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda.


Agama sankaranica

Sankaranian Agama

Sankaran-Agame

Sankaran-agam

1918 Agama sankaranica Chabanaud

Remarks: Previously included boensis.
Distribution: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Togo.


Agama schacki

Benguela Rock Agama, (Schack's Rock Agama)

Benguela-Felsenagame

Benguela-klippeagam

1938 Agama planiceps schacki Mertens
Agama schacki Marques, Ceríaco, Blackburn & Bauer 2018

Distribution: Angola.





Agama smithi

Shebeli Agama

Shebeli-Siedleragame

Shebeli-regnbueagam

1896 Agama smithi Boulenger

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of spinosa (e.g., Parker 1932; Wermuth 1967) or agama (e.g., Largen & Spawls 2006). Revalidated by Wagner, Leaché, Mazuch & Böhme (2013).
Distribution: Ethiopia.


Agama somalica

Las Geel Agama

Las Geel-Agame

Las Geel-agam

2013 Agama somalica Wagner, Leaché, Mazuch & Böhme

Distribution: Somalia.


Agama spinosa

Egyptian Agama, Spiny Agama, (Gray's Agama)

Ägyptische Stachelagame

Nordøstafrikansk Regnbueagam

1831 Agama spinosa Gray
Agama agama spinosa Loveridge 1942

Remarks: Previously included smithi. Formerly regarded as a subspecies of agama. Revalidated as a separate species by Lanza (1978). Records from Somalia refer to somalica (Wagner, Leaché, Mazuch & Böhme 2013).
Distribution: Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan.


Agama tassiliensis

Tassili Agama

Tassili-Agame

Tassili-agam

2011 Agama tassiliensis Geniez, Padial & Crochet

Remarks: This species was previously regarded as populations of agama or impalearis (Geniez, Padial & Crochet 2011).
Distribution: Algeria, Chad, Libya, Mali, Niger.


Agama turuensis

Tanzanian Rainbow Agama

Tansanianische Siedleragame

Tanzaniansk Regnbueagam

1932 Agama agama turuensis Loveridge
Agama turuensis Wagner, Krause & Böhme 2008

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of lionotus elgonis (e.g., Wermuth 1967).
Distribution: Tanzania.


Agama weidholzi

Senegal Agama, (Weidholz's Agama)

Senegal-Agame

Senegalesisk Agam

1932 Agama weidholzi Wettstein

Distribution: Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Senegal.