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Taxonomy of the family Colubridae
Bibliography of the genus Dendrelaphis
Biodiversity of the family Colubridae








Genus
Dendrelaphis

Bronzebacks, Bronzeback Tree Snakes, Bronzy Tree Snakes

Bronzenattern

Bronzesnoge

1843 Dendrophis Wagler in Fitzinger [not Dendrophis Boie in Fitzinger (Serpentes)] (type species: Coluber pictus Gmelin 1789)
1890 Dendrelaphis Boulenger (type species: Ahaetulla caudolineata Gray 1834)
1934 Tachyophis Mertens (type species: Coluber pictus Gmelin 1789)
Contents: 48 species, of which 28 (58.3%) are endemic.
Remarks: Savage (1952) clarified the status of the names Ahaetulla, Dendrelaphis, Leptophis, and their synonyms.
Distribution: S. Asia, Malay Archipelago, Australia, SW. Pacific Ocean.
Reported from: Australia (New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland [incl. Fraser Island, Torres Strait Islands (incl. Prince of Wales Island)], Western Australia), Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Hong Kong [incl. Shek Kwu Chau Island], Tibet, Yunnan), East Timor, India (Andaman & Nicobar Islands [Andaman Islands, Nicobar Islands], Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Nagaland, Odisha, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal), Indonesia (Alor, Ambon, Aru Islands, Babar Islands, Babi, Bacan, Bali, Bangka, Banyak Islands, Batanta, Batu Islands, Bawean Islands, Belitung, Biak, Bisa, Boano, Buru, Buton, Ende, Flores, Halmahera, Java, Kabaena, Kai Islands, Kalimantan, Kangean Islands, Karimunjawa Islands, Kasiruta, Komodo, Lembata, Lombok, Madura, Manipa, Misool, Morotai, Natuna Islands, Nias, Numfoor, Padar, Pantar, Penida, Peucang, Riau Islands, Rinca, Rote, Salawati, Sangir Islands, Saparua, Savu, Semau, Seram, Siberut, Sipura, Sula Islands [Sanana], Sulawesi, Sumatra, Sumba, Sumbawa, Supiori, Tanimbar Islands [Maru, Yamdena], Ternate, Togian Islands, Waigeo, Weh, West Timor, Western New Guinea, Wetar, Yapen), Laos, Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak, West Malaysia [incl. Langkawi Archipelago, Seribuat Archipelago (incl. Tioman)]), Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Palau, Papua New Guinea (Bismarck Archipelago [Duke of York, New Britain, New Ireland], d'Entrecasteaux Islands [Fergusson, Normanby], Eastern New Guinea, Louisiade Archipelago [Misima, Rossel, Sudest], North Solomon Islands [Bougainville, Buka], Trobriand Islands, Woodlark), Philippines (Babuyan Islands [Calayan, Camiguin Norte, Dalupiri, Fuga], Balabac, Bantayan, Bohol, Calamian Islands [Busuanga, Calauit, Culion], Camiguin Sur, Candaraman, Carabao, Catanduanes, Cebu, Dinagat, Dumaran, Guimaras, Kalotkot, Leyte, Luzon, Masbate, Mindanao, Mindoro, Negros, Palawan, Panay, Polillo, Samar, Siargao, Siquijor, Sulu Islands [Basilan, Bongao, Bubuan, Jolo, Lapac, Sangasanga, Sibutu, Sitanki, Simunul, Tawi-Tawi], Surigao, Tablas), Singapore, Solomon Islands (incl. Guadalcanal, Santa Cruz Islands), Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam (incl. Cat Ba Island).

Dendrelaphis andamanensis

Andaman Painted Bronzeback

Andamanische Gemalte Bronzenatter

Andamansk Malet Bronzesnog

1871 Dendrophis picta var. andamanensis Anderson
Dendrophis boiga andamanensis Stejneger 1933
Ahaetulla ahaetulla andamanensis Smith 1943
Dendrelaphis ahaetulla andamanensis Biswas & Sanyal 1980
Dendrelaphis pictus andamanensis Welch 1988

Remarks: Although andamanensis was previously regarded as endemic to the Nicobar Islands (Das 1999; Whitaker & Captain 2004), it is in fact endemic to the Andaman Islands (Vijayakumar & David 2006; Vogel & Rooijen 2011). Records from the Nicobar Islands (e.g., Biswas & Sanyal 1977, 1980; Das 1999; Whitaker & Captain 2004) refer to humayuni (Vijayakumar & David 2006).
Distribution: India (Andaman Islands).


Dendrelaphis ashoki

Anaimalai Bronzeback

Anaimalai-Bronzenatter

Anaimalai-bronzesnog

2011 Dendrelaphis ashoki Vogel & Rooijen 2011

Remarks: Previously regarded as populations of pictus (e.g., Smith 1943; Whitaker & Captain 2004). All records of pictus from western India are here tentatively regarded as ashoki, based on Vogel & Rooijen (2011b). Suggested presence of pictus in Gujarat needs confirmation (Vyas 2001, 2008), and will, if confirmed, presumably represent ashoki.
Distribution: India (Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu).


Dendrelaphis bifrenalis

Black-striped Bronzeback, (Boulenger's Bronzeback)

Schwarzstreifige Bronzenatter

Sortstribet Bronzesnog

1890 Dendrophis bifrenalis Boulenger
Dendrophis boiga bifrenalis Meise & Henning 1932
Ahaetulla bifrenalis Smith 1943
Dendrelaphis bifrenalis Murthy 1985

Remarks: Reports from India (e.g., Smith 1943; Murthy 1985; Palot & Radhakrishnan 2003) refer to girii (Vogel & Rooijen 2011a).
Distribution: Sri Lanka.


Dendrelaphis biloreatus

Himalayan Bronzeback, (Gore's Bronzeback)

Himalaya-Bronzenatter

Himalaya-bronzesnog

1908 Dendrelaphis biloreatus Wall
1910 Dendrophis gorei Wall (Vogel & Rooijen 2011)
Ahaetulla gorei Smith 1943
Dendrelaphis gorei Tian & Jiang 1986

Distribution: China (Tibet), India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Nagaland, West Bengal), Myanmar.


Dendrelaphis calligaster

Northern Australian Bronzeback, Northern Tree Snake, (Northern Green Tree Snake)

Nordaustralische Bronzenatter

Nordaustralsk Bronzesnog

1867 Dendrophis calligastra Günther
Dendrelaphis calligaster Meise & Hennig 1932
Ahaetulla calligaster Loveridge 1948
1872 Dendrophis salomonis Günther (Rooijen & Vogel 2016)
Ahaetulla calligastra salomonis Schmidt 1932
Dendrelaphis calligaster salomonis Meise & Hennig 1932
Dendrelaphis salomonis McDowell 1984
1874 Dendrophis aruensis Doria (Rooijen, Vogel & Somaweera 2015)
1877 Dendrophis darnleyensis Macleay (Rooijen, Vogel & Somaweera 2015)
1877 Dendrophis katowensis Macleay (Rooijen, Vogel & Somaweera 2015)
1894 Dendrophis culligaster Boulenger [emendation] (Cogger, Cameron & Cogger 1983)
1898 Dendrelaphis schlenckeri Ogilby (Rooijen, Vogel & Somaweera 2015)
Dendrophis calligastra schlenckeri Meise & Hennig 1932
Ahaetulla calligaster schlenckeri Loveridge 1948
1932 Dendrophis calligaster distinguendus Meise & Hennig (Rooijen & Vogel 2016)
Ahaetulla calligaster distinguendus Loveridge 1948

Other common names:
salomonis: Solomon Islands Tree Snake
Remarks: Previously included keiensis.
Distribution: Australia (Queensland [incl. Torres Strait Islands]), Indonesia (Aru Islands, Batanta, Biak, Misool, Morotai, Numfoor, Supiori, Waigeo, Western New Guinea, Yapen), Papua New Guinea (Bismarck Archipelago [New Britain, New Ireland], d'Entrecasteaux Islands [Fergusson, Normanby], Eastern New Guinea, Louisiade Archipelago [Misima, Sudest], North Solomon Islands [Bougainville, Buka], Woodlark), Solomon Islands (incl. Guadalcanal, Santa Cruz Islands).


Dendrelaphis caudolineatus

Malayan Stripe-tailed Bronzeback, (Stripe-tailed Bronzeback, Striped Bronzeback, Günther's Bronzeback)

Gestreifte Bronzenatter

Malaysisk Stribehalet Bronzesnog

1834 Ahaetulla caudolineata Gray
Leptophis caudolineatus Cantor 1847
Dendrophis caudolineatus Günther 1864
Dendrelaphis caudolineatus Boulenger 1890
1854 Dendrophis octolineata Duméril, Bibron & Duméril (Iskandar & Colijn 2001)
1888 Dendrophis gregorii Haly (Smith 1943)
1909 Dendrelaphis caeruleatus Griffin (Iskandar & Colijn 2001)
1909 Dendrophis effrenis Werner (Smith 1943)

Remarks: Previously included flavescens, fuliginosus, modestus, luzonensis, philippinensis, terrificus, and populations now known as levitoni (Van Rooijen & Vogel 2012). Presence in Java is regarded as doubtful (Van Rooijen & Vogel 2012). A report from Saipan, Northern Mariana Islands, refer to philippinensis (Buden, Queiroz, Rooijen, Stinson, Wiles & Robert 2014).
Distribution: Brunei, Indonesia (Babi, Bangka, Banyak Islands, Batu Islands, Belitung, Kalimantan, Kangean Islands, Natuna Islands, Nias, Riau Islands, Siberut, Sipura, Sumatra), Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak, West Malaysia [incl. Langkawi Archipelago, Seribuat Archipelago (incl. Tioman)]), Myanmar, Singapore, Thailand.


Dendrelaphis caudolineolatus

Sri Lanka Stripe-tailed Bronzeback, (Stripe-tailed Bronzeback, Striped Bronzeback)

Srilankanische Streifenschwanz-Bronzenatter

Srilankansk Stribehalet Bronzesnog

1869 Dendrophis caudolineolatus Günther
Ahaetulla caudolineolata Smith 1943
Dendrelaphis caudolineolatus Murthy 1985

Remarks: Reported from India by some sources (e.g., Smith 1943; Murthy 1985; Welch 1988; Palot & Radhakrishnan 2003; Aengals 2009), however, Whitaker & Captain (2004) did not consider it an Indian species.
Distribution: Sri Lanka.


Dendrelaphis chairecacos

Karnataka Bronzeback

Karnataka-Bronzenatter

Karnataka-bronzesnog

1827 Dendrophis chairecacos Boie
Dendrelaphis chairecacos Rooijen & Vogel 2009

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of tristis (e.g., Smith 1943; Rooijen & Vogel 2008). Revalidated by Rooijen & Vogel (2009).
Distribution: India (Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu).


Dendrelaphis cyanochloris

Green Bronzeback, Blue Bronzeback

Blaue Bronzenatter

Grøn Bronzesnog

1921 Dendrophis pictus var. cyanochloris Wall
Dendrophis boiga cyanochloris Meise & Hennig 1932
Ahaetulla cyanochloris Smith 1940
Dendrelaphis cyanochloris Murthy 1985

Remarks: Previously confused with kopsteini. According to Vogel & Rooijen (2007) cyanochloris has only been recorded as far south as peninsular Thailand, although the authors examined some specimens of uncertain status from Java. Although reported from the Andaman & Nicobar Islands (e.g., Smith 1943; Biswas & Sanyal 1980; Murthy 1985; Das 1999), the species does not occur there (Harikrishnan, Vasudevan & Choudhury 2010).
Distribution: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Nagaland, West Bengal), Laos, Malaysia (West Malaysia), Myanmar, Thailand.


Dendrelaphis flavescens

Yellow-banded Bronzeback, Sulu Islands Tree Snake

Gelbbändige Bronzenatter

Gulbåndet Bronzesnog

1994 Dendrelaphis caudolineatus flavescens Gaulke
Dendrelaphis flavescens Van Rooijen & Vogel 2012

Distribution: Philippines (Sulu Islands [Basilan, Bongao, Bubuan, Jolo, Sangasanga, Sibutu, Sitanki, Simunul, Tawi-Tawi]).


Dendrelaphis formosus

Elegant Bronzeback, Malayan Bronzeback, Beautiful Bronzeback

Elegante Bronzenatter

Broget Bronzesnog

1827 Dendrophis formosus Boie
Leptophis formosus Jan 1863
Ahaetulla formosa Kopstein 1928
Dendrelaphis formosus Mertens 1934

Remarks: Some populations of formosus have recently been described as a separate species, kopsteini. Records from Brunei (Das 2007a) refer to kopsteini (Das 2007b).
Distribution: Indonesia (Bangka, Belitung, Java, Kalimantan, Riau Islands, Siberut, Sipura, Sumatra), Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak, West Malaysia [incl. Langkawi Archipelago, Seribuat Archipelago (incl. Tioman)]), Myanmar, Singapore, Thailand.


Dendrelaphis fuliginosus

Negros Bronzeback, Philippime Lamp-black Tree Snake

Negros-Bronzenatter

Negros-bronzesnog

1909 Dendrelaphis fuliginosus Griffin

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of modestus (e.g., Taylor 1922) or, more recently, terrificus (e.g., Leviton 1968). Revalidated by Van Rooijen & Vogel (2012).
Distribution: Philippines (Masbate, Mindoro, Negros, Panay).


Dendrelaphis gastrostictus

Papuan Montane Bronzeback, Montane Tree Snake

Papuanische Gebirgs-Bronzenatter

Papuansk Bjergbronzesnog

1894 Dendrophis gastrostictus Boulenger
Dendrelaphis gastrostictus Welch 1988
1895 Dendrophis meeki Boulenger (Rooijen & Vogel 2016)
Dendrelaphis meeki Parker 1936
Ahaetulla meeki Loveridge 1948
1911 Dendrelaphis nouhuysi Lidth de Jeude (Rooijen, Vogel & Somaweera 2015)
2012 Charlespiersonserpens gastrostictus tyeipperae Hoser

Distribution: Indonesia (Western New Guinea), Papua New Guinea (d'Entrecasteaux Islands [Fergusson, Normanby], Eastern New Guinea).


Dendrelaphis girii

Belgaum Bronzeback

Belgaum-Bronzenatter

Belgaum-bronzesnog

2011 Dendrelaphis girii Vogel & Van Rooijen

Distribution: India (Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu).


Dendrelaphis grandoculis

Indian Large-eyed Bronzeback, Large-eyed Brown Bronzeback

Indische Großaugen-Bronzenatter

Indisk Storøjet Bronzesnog

1890 Dendrophis grandoculis Boulenger
Dendrophis formosus grandoculis Meise & Hennig 1932
Ahaetulla grandoculis Smith 1943
Dendrelaphis grandoculis Murthy 1985

Distribution: India (Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu).


Dendrelaphis grismeri

Central Moluccan Bronzeback

Zentralmolukkanische Bronzenatter

Centralmolukkansk Bronzesnog

2008 Dendrelaphis grismeri Vogel & Van Rooijen

Remarks: Represents populations previously included in pictus.
Distribution: Indonesia (Ambon, Boano, Manipa, Misool, Seram).


Dendrelaphis haasi

Greater Sundas Bronzeback, (Haas' Bronzeback)

Malaiische Bronzenatter

Malay-bronzesnog

2008 Dendrelaphis haasi Van Rooijen & Vogel

Distribution: Indonesia (Belitung, Java, Nias, Sumatra), Malaysia (Sarawak, West Malaysia [incl. Seribuat Archipelago (incl. Tioman)]), Myanmar, Singapore.


Dendrelaphis hollinrakei

Hong Kong Bronzeback

Hong-Kong-Bronzenatter

Hong Kong-bronzesnog

2002 Dendrelaphis hollinrakei Lazell

Distribution: China (Hong Kong: Shek Kwu Chau Island).


Dendrelaphis humayuni

Nicobar Bronzeback

Nicobarische Bronzenatter

Nicobarisk Bronzesnog

1973 Dendrelaphis humayuni Tiwari & Biswas

Distribution: India (Nicobar Islands).


Dendrelaphis inornatus

Lesser Sundas Painted Bronzeback

Südindonesische Bronzenatter

Sydindonesisk Bronzesnog

1897 Dendrelaphis inornatus Boulenger
Dendrophis pictus inornatus Meise & Hennig 1932
Dendrelaphis pictus inornatus Mertens 1934
Ahaetulla picta inornata Haas 1950
1927 Ahaetulla boiga intermedia Mertens [not Ahaetulla boiga intermedia Lidth de Jeude 1890] (How, Schmitt & Maharadatunkamsi 1996; Iskandar & Colijn 2001)
Dendrophis pictus intermedius Meise & Hennig 1932
Dendrelaphis pictus intermedius Mertens 1934
Ahaetulla boiga intermedia Mertens 1937
Ahaetulla picta intermedia Haas 1950
1927 Dendrelaphis pictus timorensis Smith (How, Schmitt & Maharadatunkamsi 1996)
Dendrelaphis inornatus timorensis Lang 2011

Other common names:
inornatus: Western Lesser Sundas Bronzeback
timorensis: Eastern Lesser Sundas Bronzeback, Timor Bronzeback
Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym or subspecies of pictus. Revalidated as a separate species by How, Schmitt & Maharadatunkamsi (1996).
Distribution: East Timor, Indonesia (Alor, Ende, Flores, Komodo, Lembata, Padar, Pantar, Penida, Rinca, Rote, Savu, Semau, Sumba, Sumbawa, West Timor, Wetar).


Dendrelaphis keiensis

Southern Moluccan Bronzeback

Südmolukkanische Bronzenatter

Sydmolukkansk Bronzesnog

1926 Dendrophis calligastra keiensis Mertens
Dendrelaphis calligaster keiensis Meise & Hennig 1932
Ahaetulla calligaster keiensis Loveridge 1948
Dendrelaphis keiensis Rooijen, Vogel & Somaweera 2015

Distribution: Indonesia (Ambon, Babar Islands, Boano, Buru, Kai Islands, Manipa, Saparua, Seram, Tanimbar Islands [Maru, Yamdena]).


Dendrelaphis kopsteini

Red-necked Bronzeback, (Kopstein's Bronzeback)

Rothals-Bronzenatter

Rødhalset Bronzesnog

2007 Dendrelaphis kopsteini Vogel & van Rooijen

Distribution: Brunei, Indonesia (Sumatra), Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak, West Malaysia [incl. Langkawi Archipelago, Seribuat Archipelago (incl. Tioman)]), Singapore, Thailand.


Dendrelaphis levitoni

Palawan Stripe-tailed Bronzeback, (Leviton's Bronzeback)

Palawanische Streifenschwanz-Bronzenatter

Palawansk Stribehalet Bronzesnog

2012 Dendrelaphis levitoni Van Rooijen & Vogel

Distribution: Philippines (Balabac, Calamian Islands [Busuanga], Candaraman, Palawan).


Dendrelaphis lineolatus

Papuan Striped Bronzeback

Papuanische Gestreifte Bronzenatter

Papuansk Stribet Bronzesnog

1853 Dendrophis lineolata Jacquinot & Guichenot
Dendrelaphis lineolatus Meise & Hennig 1932
Dendrelaphis punctulatus lineolatus Mertens 1934
Ahaetulla punctulata lineolata Loveridge 1948
1874 Dendrophis punctulatus atrostriata Meyer (Rooijen, Vogel & Somaweera 2015)
1874 Dendrophis punctulatus fasciata Meyer (Rooijen, Vogel & Somaweera 2015)
1891 Dendrophis elegans Ogilby (Rooijen, Vogel & Somaweera 2015)

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of calligaster (e.g., Cogger, Cameron & Cogger 1983) or punctulatus (e.g., McDowell 1984; Iskandar & Colijn 2001). Revalidated as a separate species by Rooijen, Vogel & Somaweera (2015). Records from Palau (e.g., Dryden & Taylor 1969) refer to striolatus.
Distribution: Indonesia (Aru Islands, Biak, Misool, Numfoor, Salawati, Supiori, Waigeo, Western New Guinea, Yapen), Papua New Guinea (Bismarck Archipelago [New Britain, New Ireland], d'Entrecasteaux Islands [Fergusson], Eastern New Guinea, Woodlark).


Dendrelaphis lorentzii

Lorentz River Bronzeback, Lorentz River Tree Snake

Lorentz-River-Bronzenatter

Lorentz River-bronzesnog

1911 Dendrophis lorentzii Lidth de Jeude
Dendrelaphis lorentzii Rooij 1917
2012 Charlespiersonserpens jackyhoserae Hoser (Kaiser, Crother, Kelly, Luiselli, O'Shea, Ota, Passos, Schleip & Wüster 2013)

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of calligaster (e.g., Meise & Hennig 1932; Haas 1950). Revalidated by McDowell (1984).
Distribution: Indonesia (Salawati, Western New Guinea), Papua New Guinea (d'Entrecasteaux Islands [Normanby], Eastern New Guinea).


Dendrelaphis luzonensis

Luzon Stripe-tailed Bronzeback, Luzon Bronzeback

Nordphilippinische Streifenschwanz-Bronzenatter

Nordfilippinsk Stribehalet Bronzesnog

1961 Dendrelaphis caudolineatus luzonensis Leviton
Dendrelaphis luzonensis Van Rooijen & Vogel 2012

Distribution: Philippines (Babuyan Islands [Calayan, Camiguin Norte, Dalupiri, Fuga], Luzon).


Dendrelaphis macrops

Papuan Large-eyed Bronzeback

Papuanische Großaugen-Bronzenatter

Papuansk Storøjet Bronzesnog

1877 Dendrophis macrops Günther
Dendrelaphis macrops Rooijen, Vogel & Somaweera 2015
1877 Dendrophis breviceps Macleay (Rooijen, Vogel & Somaweera 2015)
Dendrelaphis breviceps Wells & Wellington 1985
1891 Dendrophis papuae Ogilby (Rooijen, Vogel & Somaweera 2015)

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of punctulatus (e.g., Iskandar & Colijn 2001). Revalidated as a separate species by Rooijen, Vogel & Somaweera (2015).
Distribution: Indonesia (Numfoor, Western New Guinea), Papua New Guinea (Bismarck Archipelago [Duke of York, New Britain, New Ireland], d'Entrecasteaux Islands [Fergusson, Normanby], Eastern New Guinea).


Dendrelaphis marenae

Philippine Painted Bronzeback, Sulawesi Bronzeback, (Maren's Bronzeback, Gaulke's Bronzeback)

Philippinische Gemalte Bronzenatter

Filippinsk Malet Bronzesnog

2008 Dendrelaphis marenae Vogel & Van Rooijen

Remarks: Represents populations previously included in pictus. Status of records of pictus from Cagayancillo, Jolo, and Lapac in the Sulu Islands, Philippines, is uncertain. They may represent marenae (Vogel & Rooijen 2008).
Distribution: Indonesia (Buton, Sula Islands, Sulawesi), Philippines (Balabac, Bantayan, Bohol, Calamian Islands [Busuanga, Calauit, Culion], Camiguin Sur, Candaraman, Carabao, Catanduanes, Cebu, Guimaras, Kalotkot, Leyte, Luzon, Masbate, Mindanao, Mindoro, Negros, Palawan, Panay, Polillo, Samar, Siargao, Siquijor, Sulu Islands [Basilan, Bongao], Surigao, Tablas).


Dendrelaphis modestus

Northern Moluccan Bronzeback

Nordmolukkanische Bronzenatter

Nordmolukkansk Bronzesnog

1894 Dendrelaphis modestus Boulenger
Dendrophis caudolineatus modestus Meise & Hennig 1932
Dendrelaphis caudolineatus modestus Welch 1988
Ahaetulla caudolineata modesta Haas 1950

Remarks: Previously regarded as a subspecies of caudolineatus. Revalidated as a separate species by Van Rooijen & Vogel (2012).
Distribution: Indonesia (Bacan, Bisa, Halmahera, Kasiruta, Morotai, Ternate).


Dendrelaphis ngansonensis

Nganson Bronzeback

Nganson-Bronzenatter

Nganson-bronzesnog

1935 Dendrophis pictus ngansonensis Bourret
Dendrelaphis ngansonensis Ziegler & Vogel 1999

Distribution: Cambodia, China (Hainan, Yunnan), Laos, Thailand, Vietnam (incl. Cat Ba Island).


Dendrelaphis nigroserratus

Umphang Bronzeback, Saw-tooth-necked Bronzeback

Umphang-Bronzenatter

Umphang-bronzesnog

2012 Dendrelaphis nigroserratus Vogel, Van Rooijen & Hauser

Distribution: Myanmar, Thailand.


Dendrelaphis olivieri

Trincomalee Bronzeback, (Oliver's Bronzeback)

Trincomalee-Bronzenatter

Trincomalee-bronzesnog

1950 Ahaetulla olivieri Taylor
Dendrelaphis olivieri Murthy 1985

Distribution: Sri Lanka.


Dendrelaphis papuensis

Eastern Papuan Bronzeback, Papuan Tree Snake

Ostpapuanische Bronzenatter

Østpapuansk Bronzesnog

1895 Dendrelaphis papuensis Boulenger
Dendrelaphis calligaster papuensis Meise & Hennig 1932
Ahaetulla calligaster papuensis Loveridge 1948
2012 Charlespiersonserpens papuensis lizelliottae Hoser

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of calligaster (e.g., Cogger, Cameron & Cogger 1983). Revalidated by McDowell (1984).
Distribution: Papua New Guinea (d'Entrecasteaux Islands [Fergusson], Eastern New Guinea, Louisiade Archipelago [Rossel, Sudest], Trobriand Islands, Woodlark).


Dendrelaphis philippinensis

Mindanao Stripe-tailed Bronzeback, (Philippine Bronzeback)

Südphilippinische Streifenschwanz-Bronzenatter

Sydfilippinsk Stribehalet Bronzesnog

1879 Dendrophis philippinensis Günther
Dendrelaphis philippinensis Van Rooijen & Vogel 2012

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of caudolineatus (e.g., Iskandar & Colijn 2001). Revalidated by Van Rooijen & Vogel (2012).
Introduced to: Northern Mariana Islands.
Distribution: Philippines (Bohol, Camiguin Sur, Catanduanes, Cebu, Dinagat, Kalotkot, Leyte, Luzon, Mindanao, Polillo, Samar, Siargao, Sulu Islands [Basilan]).


Dendrelaphis pictus

Southern Painted Bronzeback, (Painted Bronzeback, Common Bronzeback, Eastern Bronzeback, Black Tree Snake, Himalo-Malayan Bronzeback)

Gefleckte Bronzenatter

Sydlig Malet Bronzesnog

1789 Coluber pictus Gmelin
Dendrophis picta Boie 1827
Leptophis pictus Cantor 1847
Ahaetulla picta Cope 1860
Dendrelaphis pictus Mertens 1934
1789 Coluber boiga Lacepede (ICZN 1958: Opinion 525)
Ahætulla boiga Schmidt 1927
Dendrophis boiga Stejneger 1933
Dendrelaphis boiga Savage 1952
1802 Coluber decorus Shaw (Rooijen & Vogel 2008a)
1834 Ahætulla bellii Hardwicke & Gray (Rooijen & Vogel 2008a)
1890 Ahaetulla boiga intermedia Lidth de Jeude (Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014)

Remarks: Previously included andamanensis and proarchos, and populations now assigned to grismeri, haasi, humayuni, and marenae. Records from the Andaman Islands refer to andamanensis, and records from western India refer ashoki (Vogel & Rooijen 2011). All records of pictus from China, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar, northern Laos and Vietnam, and northeastern India are herein tentatively referred to proarchos, based on Vogel & Rooijen (2011b). Records from the Indonesian islands Ambon, Boano, Manipa, Misool, and Seram refer to grismeri (Vogel & Rooijen 2008). Records from Buton and Sulawesi, Indonesia, and most of the Philippines refer to marenae (Vogel & Rooijen 2008). Records of pictus from Cagayancillo, and from Jolo and Lapac in the Sulu Islands, Philippines, are of uncertain status. Also these records may represent marenae (Vogel & Rooijen 2008). Referred to as Ahaetulla ahaetulla in older literature (e.g., Smith 1943). See account of taxonomic history and confusion in Savage (1952).
Distribution: Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia (Bali, Bangka, Bawean Islands, Belitung, Buru, Halmahera, Java, Kabaena, Kalimantan, Kangean Islands, Karimunjawa Islands, Lombok, Madura, Natuna Islands, Nias, Penida, Peucang, Riau Islands, Sangir Islands, Siberut, Sula Islands [Sanana], Sumatra, Ternate, Togian Islands), Laos, Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak, West Malaysia [incl. Langkawi Archipelago, Seribuat Archipelago (incl. Tioman)]), Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam.


Dendrelaphis proarchos

Northern Painted Bronzeback

Nördliche Gemalte Bronzenatter

Nordlig Malet Bronzesnog

1909 Dendrophis proarchos Wall
Dendrophis proarchus [sic] Wall 1921
Dendrelaphis proarchos Vogel & Rooijen 2011

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of pictus (e.g., Smith 1943). Revalidated by Vogel & Rooijen (2011b). All records of pictus from China, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burma, northern Laos and Vietnam, and northeastern India are here tentatively regarded as proarchos, based on Vogel & Rooijen (2011b). Although reported from Nepal (as pictus) presence in the country needs confirmation (Kästle, Rai & Schleich 2013).
Distribution: Bangladesh, Bhutan, China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Hong Kong, Yunnan), India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Nagaland, Sikkim, West Bengal), Laos, Myanmar, Vietnam.


Dendrelaphis punctulatus

Common Australian Bronzeback, Common Australian Tree Snake, (Golden Tree Snake, Green Tree Snake)

Gepunktete Bronzenatter

Almindelig Australsk Bronzesnog

1827 Leptophis punctulatus Gray
Dendrophis punctulata Günther 1858
Dendrelaphis punctulatus Mertens 1934
Ahaetulla punctulata Haas 1950
1841 Elaps lewisii Gray (Iskandar & Colijn 2001)
1842 Dendrophis olivacea Gray (Rooijen, Vogel & Somaweera 2015)
1858 Dendrophis prasinus Girard (Rooijen, Vogel & Somaweera 2015)
Dendrelaphis prasinus Wells & Wellington 1984
1863 Dendrophis fuscus Jan (Rooijen, Vogel & Somaweera 2015)
1875 Dendrophis gracilis Macleay (Rooijen, Vogel & Somaweera 2015)
Dendrelaphis gracilis Wells & Wellington 1985
1878 Dendrophis olivacea Macleay [not Dendrophis olivacea Gray 1842] (Rooijen, Vogel & Somaweera 2015)
1884 Dendrophis bilorealis Macleay (Rooijen, Vogel & Somaweera 2015)

Remarks: Previously included gastrostictus, lineolatus, macrops and striolatus. Now restricted to Australia. Reports from New Guinea are tentatively referred to macrops, following Rooijen, Vogel & Somaweera (2015).
Introduced to: New Zealand.
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland [incl. Fraser Island, Torres Strait Islands (incl. Prince of Wales Island)], Western Australia).


Dendrelaphis schokari

Common Sri Lanka Bronzeback

Gewöhnliche Srilankanische Bronzenatter

Almindelig Srilankansk Bronzesnog

1820 Dipsas schokari Kuhl
Dendrelaphis schokari Rooijen & Vogel 2008
1892 Dendrophis helena Werner (Rooijen & Vogel 2008)

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of tristis (e.g., Boulenger 1894). Revalidated by Rooijen & Vogel (2008c). Restricted to Sri Lanka (Rooijen & Vogel 2009).
Distribution: Sri Lanka.


Dendrelaphis sinharajensis

Sinharaja Bronzeback

Sinharaja-Bronzenatter

Sinharaja-bronzesnog

2016 Dendrelaphis sinharajensis Wickramasinghe

Distribution: Sri Lanka.


Dendrelaphis striatus

Banded Bronzeback, Barred Bronzeback, Striated Bronzeback, (Cohn's Bronzeback)

Gebänderte Bronzenatter

Båndet Bronzesnog

1905 Dendrophis pictus striata Cohn
Ahaetulla boiga striata Ladiges 1939
Ahaetulla striata Tweedie 1950
Dendrelaphis striata Savage 1952

Distribution: Indonesia (Kalimantan, Nias, Riau Islands, Sumatra, Weh), Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak, West Malaysia [incl. Seribuat Archipelago (incl. Tioman)]), Myanmar, Thailand.


Dendrelaphis striolatus

Palau Bronzeback, Palau Tree Snake

Palau-Bronzenatter

Palau-bronzesnog

1867 Dendrophis striolatus Peters
Dendrelaphis lineolatus striolatus Meise & Hennig 1932
Dendrelaphis punctulatus striolatus Mertens 1934
Dendrelaphis striolatus Zug 2013

Remarks: Previously regarded as a subspecies or synonym of punctulatus (e.g., Iskandar & Colijn 2001; Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014). Tentatively regarded as a separate species by Zug (2013). Validity confirmed by Rooijen, Vogel & Somaweera (2015).
Introduced to: Micronesia (Pohnpei).
Distribution: Palau.


Dendrelaphis subocularis

Burmese Mountain Bronzeback, Burmese Green Snake

Burmesische BjergBronzenatter

Burmesisk Bjergbronzesnog

1888 Dendrophis subocularis Boulenger
Dendrelaphis subocularis Boulenger 1894
Dendrophis tristis subocularis Meise & Hennig 1932
Ahaetulla subocularis Smith 1943

Distribution: Cambodia, China (Yunnan), India, Indonesia (Java), Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam.


Dendrelaphis terrificus

Sulawesi Stripe-tailed Bronzeback, (Terrifying Striped Bronzeback)

Sulawesi-Bronzenatter

Sulawesi-bronzesnog

1872 Dendrophis terrificus Peters
Dendrophis caudolineatus terrificus Meise & Hennig 1932
Ahaetulla caudolineata terrifica Haas 1950
Dendrelaphis caudolineatus terrificus Welch 1988
Dendrelaphis terrificus Van Rooijen & Vogel 2012

Remarks: Now restricted to Sulawesi. Records from the Philippines refer to caudolineatus, flavescens, fuliginosus, or philippinensis (Rooijen & Vogel 2012).
Distribution: Indonesia (Sulawesi).


Dendrelaphis tristis

Common Indian Bronzeback, (Common Bronzeback)

Gewöhnliche Indische Bronzenatter

Almindelig Indisk Bronzesnog

1803 Coluber tristis Daudin
Dendrelaphis tristis Boulenger 1894
Ahaetulla tristis Smith 1943
1827 Dendrophis scandens Boie (Rooijen & Vogel 2008)
1836 Chrysopelea boiei Smith (Rooijen & Vogel 2008)
1921 Dendrelaphis tristis taprobanensis Wall (Iskandar & Colijn 2001)

Remarks: Previously included chairecacos and schokari. Masroor (2011) confirmed the presence of the species in Pakistan. Until then, there had only been a single record from the country (Khan 1982) with a doubtful locality, but allegedly from Sindh, near the border to Gujarat, India (Masroor 2011).
Distribution: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India (Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal), Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka.


Dendrelaphis underwoodi

Javanese Bronzeback, (Underwood's Bronzeback)

Java-Bronzenatter

Java-bronzesnog

2008 Dendrelaphis underwoodi Van Rooijen & Vogel

Distribution: Indonesia (Java).


Dendrelaphis vogeli

Yunnan Bronzeback

Yunnan-Bronzenatter

Yunnan-bronzesnog

2020 Dendrelaphis vogeli Jiang, Ren, Guo, Wang, Ding & Li

Distribution: China (Yunnan).





Dendrelaphis walli

Southern Burmese Bronzeback

Südburmesische Bronzenatter

Sydburmesisk Bronzesnog

2011 Dendrelaphis walli Vogel & Rooijen

Remarks: Previously regarded as populations of gorei (now biloreatus).
Distribution: Myanmar.


Dendrelaphis wickrorum

Punduloya Bronzeback, (Wickramasinghes' Bronzeback)

Punduloya-Bronzenatter

Punduloya-bronzesnog

2020 Dendrelaphis wickrorum Danushka, Kanishka, Amarasinghe, Vogel & Seneviratne

Distribution: Sri Lanka.