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Taxonomy of the family Dactyloidae
Bibliography of the genus Dactyloa
Biodiversity of the family Dactyloidae








Genus
Dactyloa

Fringe-toed Anoles

Breitzehen-Anolis

Bredtåede Anoler

1830 Dactyloa Wagler (type species: Anolis gracilis Wied 1821)
1833 Phalangoptyon Wagler (type species: Lacerta roquet Lacepede 1788; syn. Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012)
1843 Ctenodeira Fitzinger (type species: Anolis richardi Dumeril & Bibron 1837; syn. Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012)
1843 Eudactylus Fitzinger (type species: Anolis goudotii Dumeril & Bibron 1837; syn. Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012)
1843 Eunotus Fitzinger (type species: Anolis gracilis Wied 1821; syn. Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012)
1843 Ptychonotus Fitzinger (type species: Anolis alligator Dumeril & Bibron 1837; syn. Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012)
1845 Rhinosaurus Gray (type species: Anolis nasicus Dumeril & Bibron 1837; syn. Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012)
1876 Scytomycterus Cope (type species: Scytomycterus laevis Cope 1876; syn. Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012)
1920 Phenacosaurus Barbour (type species: Anolis heterodermus Dumeril 1851; syn. Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012)
1923 Diaphoranolis Barbour (type species: Diaphoranolis brooksi Barbour 1923; syn. Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012)
1939 Mariguana Dunn (type species: Anolis agassizi Stejneger 1900; syn. Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012)
Contents: 95 species, of which 67 (70.5%) are endemic.
Endemism: 0% 100%
Other common names:
Phenacosaurus: Andean Anoles
Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of Anolis (e.g., Savage & Guyer 2004). Revalidated by Savage & Guyer (1989) and Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage (2012).
Distribution: Central America, South America, West Indies.
Reported from: Barbados, Bolivia, Bonaire, Brazil (Acre, Alagoas, Amapa, Amazonas, Bahia, Espirito Santo, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Minas Gerais, Para [incl. Marajo Island], Paraiba, Pernambuco, Rio de Janeiro [incl. Ilha Grande Island], Rondonia, Roraima, Sao Paulo, Sergipe), Colombia (incl. Gorgona Island, Malpelo), Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Grenada, Guyana, Martinique, Panama, Peru, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent & the Grenadines (incl. Union Island, Saint Vincent), Surinam, Trinidad & Tobago (Trinidad), Venezuela (incl. Blanquilla).

Dactyloa aenea

Grenada Bush Anole, Marbled Anole

Grenada-Buschanolis

Grenada-buskanole

1840 Anolis aeneus Gray
Anolis roquet aeneus Fugler 1968
Dactyloa aenea Schwartz & Henderson 1988
1887 Anolis gentilis Garman (Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970)
1888 Anolis roquet cinereus Garman (Schwartz & Henderson 1988)

Introduced to: Guyana, Trinidad & Tobago (Trinidad).
Distribution: Grenada, Saint Vincent & the Grenadines (incl. Union Island).


Dactyloa aequatorialis

Equatorial Anole

Äkvatorial-Anolis

Ækvatorialanole

1894 Anolis aequatorialis Werner
Dactyloa aequatorialis Savage & Guyer 1989

Remarks: Colombian records of aequatorialis refer to dracula (Yánez-Muñoz, Reyes-Puig, Reyes-Puig, Velasco, Ayala-Varela & Torres-Carvajal 2018).
Distribution: Ecuador.


Dactyloa agassizi

Malpelo Island Anole

Malpelo-Anolis

Malpelo-anole

1900 Anolis agassizi Stejneger
Dactyloa (?) agassizi Savage & Guyer 1989

Distribution: Colombia (Malpelo).


Dactyloa anatoloros

San Isidro Anole

San-Isidro-Anolis

San Isidro-anole

2007 Anolis anatoloros Ugueto, Rivas Fuenmayor, Barros, Sánchez-Pacheco & García-Pérez 2007
Dactyloa anatolorus [sic] Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012

Distribution: Venezuela.


Dactyloa anchicayae

Anchicayá Anole

Anchicayá-Anolis

Anchicayá-anole

2009 Anolis anchicayae Poe, Velasco, Miyata & Williams
Dactyloa anchicayae Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012

Remarks: Although Ayala (1986) listed a species of the same name, this species was not formally described until Poe, Velasco, Miyata & Williams (2009).
Distribution: Colombia, Ecuador.


Dactyloa anoriensis

Anori Anole

Anori-Anolis

Anori-anole

2010 Anolis anoriensis Velasco, Gutierrez-Cardenas & Quintero-Angel
Dactyloa anoriensis Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012

Remarks: Already mentioned as A. "anoriensis" by Molina-Zuluaga & Gutiérrez-Cárdenas (2007), but without a formal description.
Distribution: Colombia.


Dactyloa antioquiae

Antioquia Anole

Antioquia-Anolis

Antioquia-anole

1985 Anolis antioquiae Williams
Dactyloa antioquiae Savage & Guyer 1989

Distribution: Colombia.


Dactyloa apollinaris

Bogotá Anole

Bogotá-Anolis

Bogotá-anole

1919 Anolis apollinaris Boulenger
Norops apollinaris Savage & Guyer 1989
Dactyloa apollinaris Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012

Distribution: Colombia, Venezuela.


Dactyloa bellipeniculus

Cerro Yaví Anole

Yaví-Anolis

Yaví-anole

1996 Phenacosaurus bellipeniculus Myers & Donnelly
Anolis bellipeniculus Poe 1998
Dactyloa bellipeniculus Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012

Distribution: Venezuela.


Dactyloa blanquillana

Blanquilla Anole, (Hummelinck's Anole)

Blanquilla-Anolis

Blanquilla-anole

1940 Anolis bonairensis blanquillanus Hummelinck
Anolis blanquillanus Gorman & Stamm 1975
Dactyloa blanquillanus Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012

Distribution: Venezuela (Blanquilla).


Dactyloa boettgeri

Oxapampa Anole

Oxapampa-Anolis

Oxapampa-anole

1911 Anolis boettgeri Boulenger
Dactyloa boettgeri Savage & Guyer 1989
1991 Anolis albimaculatus Henle & Ehrl (Poe, Yañez-Miranda & Lehr 2008)

Distribution: Peru.


Dactyloa bonairensis

Bonaire Anole, (Ruthven's Anole)

Bonaire-Anolis

Bonaire-anole

1923 Anolis bonairensis Ruthven
Dactyloa bonarensis [sic] Savage & Guyer 1989

Remarks: Previously included blanquillanus. A single specimen has been reported from Las Aves Archipelago (Meek 1910, as alligator), but presence there needs to be confirmed by additional specimens (Rivas, Molina, Ugueto, Barros, Barrio-Amorós & Kok 2012).
Distribution: Bonaire.


Dactyloa brooksi

Mount Sapo Giant Anole

Mount-Sapo-Riesenanolis

Mount Sapo-kæmpeanole

1923 Diaphoranolis brooksi Barbour
Anolis brooksi Poe & Ryan 2017
Dactyloa brooksi Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2018

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of microtus (e.g., Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970) or of insignis (Savage & Talbot 1978). Revalidated as a separate species by Poe & Ryan (2017).
Distribution: Panama.


Dactyloa calimae

Calima Anole

Calima-Anolis

Calima-anole

1983 Anolis calimae Ayala, Harris & Williams
Dactyloa calimae Savage & Guyer 1989

Distribution: Colombia.


Dactyloa caquetae

Caquetá Anole

Caquetá-Anolis

Caquetá-anole

1974 Anolis caquetae Williams
Dactyloa caquetae Savage & Guyer 1989

Distribution: Colombia.


Dactyloa carlostoddi

Abacaba Tepui Anole

Abacaba-Anolis

Abacaba-anole

1996 Phenacosaurus carlostoddi Williams, Praderio & Gorzula
Anolis carlostoddi Poe 1998
Dactyloa carlostoddi Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012

Distribution: Venezuela.


Dactyloa casildae

Panamanian Giant Anole, (Giant Anole)

Panamaischer Riesenanolis

Panamansk Kæmpeanole

1992 Anolis casildae Arosemena, Ibanez & de Sousa
Dactyloa casildae Köhler 2003

Distribution: Panama.


Dactyloa chloris

Cauca Green Anole, (Boulenger's Green Anole)

Grüner Cauca-Anolis

Grøn Cauca-anole

1898 Anolis chloris Boulenger
Dactyloa chloris Savage & Guyer 1989
1908 Anolis palmeri Boulenger (Vanzolini 1978)

Distribution: Colombia, Ecuador, Panama.


Dactyloa chocorum

Choco Green Anole

Grüner Choco-Anolis

Grøn Choco-anole

1967 Anolis chocorum Williams & Duellman
Dactyloa chocorum Savage & Guyer 1989

Remarks: Not mentioned by Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage (2018).
Distribution: Colombia, Panama.


Dactyloa cuscoensis

Cusco Anole

Cusco-Anolis

Cusco-anole

2008 Anolis cuscoensis Poe, Yañez-Miranda & Lehr
Dactyloa cuscoensis Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012

Distribution: Peru.


Dactyloa danieli

Urrao Anole

Urrao-Anolis

Urrao-anole

1988 Anolis danieli Williams
Dactyloa danieli Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012

Remarks: Formally described as a new species by Williams (1988), although listed already by Ayala (1986).
Distribution: Colombia.


Dactyloa deltae

Orinoco Delta Anole

Orinoco-Anolis

Orinoco-anole

1974 Anolis deltae Williams
Dactyloa deltae Savage & Guyer 1989

Remarks: Not mentioned by Poe, Nieto-Montes de Oca, Torres-Carvajal, Queiroz, Velasco, Truett, Gray, Ryan, Köhler, Ayala-Varela & Latella (2017).
Distribution: Venezuela.


Dactyloa dissimilis

Itahuania Anole

Itahuania-Anolis

Itahuania-anole

1965 Anolis dissimilis Williams
Dactyloa dissimilis Savage & Guyer 1989

Distribution: Brazil (Acre), Peru.


Dactyloa dracula

Dracula Anole

Dracula-Anolis

Dracula-anole

2018 Dactyloa dracula Yánez-Muñoz, Reyes-Puig, Reyes-Puig, Velasco, Ayala-Varela & Torres-Carvajal

Remarks: Colombian records of aequatorialis refer to dracula (Yánez-Muñoz, Reyes-Puig, Reyes-Puig, Velasco, Ayala-Varela & Torres-Carvajal 2018).
Distribution: Colombia, Ecuador.





Dactyloa eulaema

Las Pavas Anole, (Good Anole)

Las-Pavas-Anolis

Las Pavas-anole

1908 Anolis eulaemus Boulenger
Dactyloa eulaema Savage & Guyer 1989

Distribution: Colombia.


Dactyloa euskalerriari

Turik Mesa Anole

Turik-Anolis

Turik-anole

1996 Phenacosaurus euskalerriari Barros, Williams & Viloria
Anolis euskalerriari Poe 1998
Dactyloa euskalerriari Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012

Distribution: Colombia, Venezuela.


Dactyloa extrema

Barbados Anole

Barbados-Anolis

Barbados-anole

1888 Anolis roquet var. extremus Garman
Anolis roquet extremus Underwood 1964
Dactyloa extrema Schwartz & Henderson 1988

Remarks: Records from Guyana (e.g., Underwood 1964; Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970) are considered representing aenea, following Cole, Townsend, Reynolds, MacCulloch & Lathrop (2013), but the latter authors stressed the need for clarification of the taxonomic status of aenea vs. extrema, both in Guyana and in the native distribution of the two species. This might also be the case with Venezuelan populations of extrema.
Introduced to: Bermuda, Guyana, Saint Lucia, Trinidad & Tobago (Trinidad), Venezuela.
Distribution: Barbados.


Dactyloa fasciata

Banded Anole

Gebänderter Anolis

Båndet Anole

1885 Anolis fasciatus Boulenger
Dactyloa fasciata Savage & Guyer 1989
1898 Anolis elegans Boulenger (Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970)

Distribution: Ecuador.


Dactyloa festae

Balzar Anole

Balzar-Anolis

Balzar-anole

1904 Anolis festae Peracca
Dactyloa festae Savage & Guyer 1989

Distribution: Colombia, Ecuador, Peru.


Dactyloa fitchi

Napo Anole

Napo-Anolis

Napo-anole

1984 Anolis fitchi Williams & Duellman
Dactyloa fitchi Savage & Guyer 1989

Distribution: Colombia, Ecuador.


Dactyloa fraseri

Hippie Anole, Ecuadorian Andes Anole

Hippie-Anole, (Ecuadorianischer Anolis)

Hippieanole, (Ecuadoriansk Anole)

1859 Anolis fraseri Günther
Dactyloa fraseri Savage & Guyer 1989
1880 Anolis de villei Boulenger (Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970)

Distribution: Colombia, Ecuador.


Dactyloa frenata

Bridled Anole, (Giant Anole)

Zügel-Anolis

Tøjle-anole

1899 Anolis frenatus Cope
Dactyloa frenata Savage & Guyer 1989

Distribution: Colombia, Costa Rica, Panama.


Dactyloa gemmosa

Andean Gem Anole

Juwel-Anolis

Juvelanole

1875 Anolis gemmosus O'Shaughnessy
Dactyloa gemmosa Savage & Guyer 1989
1885 Anolis andianus Boulenger (Williams & Duellman 1984)

Distribution: Colombia, Ecuador.


Dactyloa ginaelisae

Kankintú Anole

Kankintú-Anolis

Kankintú-anole

2013 Dactyloa ginaelisae Lotzkat, Hertz, Bienentreu & Köhler

Distribution: Panama.


Dactyloa gorgonae

Gorgona Blue Anole

Blauer Gorgona-Anolis

Blå Gorgona-anole

1905 Anolis gorgonae Barbour
Anolis chloris gorgonae Ayala 1986
Dactyloa gorgonae Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012

Distribution: Colombia (Gorgona Island).


Dactyloa grisea

Saint Vincent Tree Anole

Saint-Vincent-Baumanolis

Saint Vincent-træanole

1888 Anolis griseus Garman
Dactyloa grisea Schwartz & Henderson 1988

Distribution: Saint Vincent & the Grenadines (Saint Vincent).


Dactyloa heteroderma

Andean Flat Anole, Flat Andes Anole

Flacher Andes-Anolis

Flad Andes-anole

1851 Anolis heterodermus Dumeril
Phenacosaurus heterodermus Barbour 1920
Dactyloa heterodermus Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012
1944 Phenacosaurus richteri Dunn (Lazell 1969)
1949 Phenacosaurus paramoensis Hellmich (Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970)

Distribution: Colombia, Ecuador.


Dactyloa huilae

Huila Anole

Huila-Anolis

Huila-anole

1982 Anolis huilae Williams
Dactyloa huilae Savage & Guyer 1989

Distribution: Colombia.


Dactyloa hyacintogularis

Ecuadorian Blue-throated Anole, Blue Dewlap Anole

Ecuadorianischer Blaukehl-Anolis

Ecuadoriansk Blåstrubet Anole

2017 Anolis hyacintogularis Torres-Carvajal, Ayala-Varela, Lobos, Poe & Narváez
Dactyloa hyacintogularis Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2018

Distribution: Ecuador.





Dactyloa ibanezi

Coclé Anole

Coclé-Anolis

Coclé-anole

2009 Anolis ibanezi Poe, Latella, Ryan & Schaad
Dactyloa ibanezi Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012

Distribution: Costa Rica, Panama.


Dactyloa inderenae

Colombian Giant Anole

Kolumbianischer Riesenanolis

Colombiansk Kæmpeanole

1988 Phenacosaurus inderenae Rueda & Hernandez-Camacho
Anolis iderenae Poe 1998
Dactyloa iderenae Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012

Distribution: Colombia.


Dactyloa insignis

Short-legged Giant Anole

Kurzfuß-Riesenanolis

Kortbenet Kæmpeanole

1871 Anolis insignis Cope
Dactyloa insignis Savage & Guyer 1989

Remarks: Now restricted to northern and central Costa Rica. Previously included brooksi and populations now assigned to savagei (Poe & Ryan 2017). Older records from southern Costa Rica refer to savagei. Older records from Panama refer to brooksi.
Distribution: Costa Rica.


Dactyloa jacare

Jacare Anole

Jacare-Anolis

Jacare-anole

1903 Anolis jacare Boulenger
Dactyloa jacare Savage & Guyer 1989
1974 Anolis nigropunctatus Williams (Ugueto, Fuenmayor, Barros, Sánchez-Pacheco & García-Pérez 2007)
Dactyloa nigropunctata Savage & Guyer 1989

Distribution: Colombia, Venezuela.


Dactyloa kathydayae

Las Cruces Giant Anole

Las-Cruces-Riesenanolis

Las Cruces-kæmpeanole

2017 Anolis kathydayae Poe & Ryan
Dactyloa kathydayae Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2018

Distribution: Panama.


Dactyloa kunayalae

Kuna Yala Anole

Kuna-Yala-Anolis

Kuna Yala-anole

2007 Anolis kunayalae Hulebak, Poe, Ibáñez & Williams
Dactyloa kunayalae Köhler 2008

Distribution: Panama.


Dactyloa laevis

Peruvian Smooth Anole

Peruvianischer Seiden-Anolis

Peruviansk Silkeanole

1876 Scytomycterus laevis Cope
Anolis laevis Boulenger 1885
Dactyloa laevis Savage & Guyer 1989

Distribution: Peru.


Dactyloa lamari

Meta Anole

Meta-Anolis

Meta-anole

1992 Anolis lamari Williams
Dactyloa lamari Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012

Remarks: Formally described as a new species by Williams (1992), although listed already by Ayala (1986).
Distribution: Colombia.


Dactyloa latifrons

Popeyan Anole, (Giant Anole)

Popeyan-Anolis

Popeyan-anole

1846 Anolis latifrons Berthold
Dactyloa latifrons Savage & Guyer 1989

Distribution: Colombia, Panama.


Dactyloa limon

Lemon Anole

Zitronen-Anolis

Citronanole

2014 Anolis limon Velasco & Hurtado-Gómez
Dactyloa limon Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2018

Distribution: Colombia.


Dactyloa lososi

Romerillos Alto Anole, Losos' Anole

Romerillos-Alto-Anolis

Romerillos Alto-anole

2017 Anolis lososi Torres-Carvajal, Ayala-Varela, Lobos, Poe & Narváez
Dactyloa losoi [lapsus] Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2018

Distribution: Ecuador.





Dactyloa luciae

Saint Lucia Anole

Saint-Lucia-Anolis

Saint Lucia-anole

1888 Anolis luciae Garman
Anolis roquet luciae Barbour 1937
Dactyloa luciae Schwartz & Henderson 1988
1959 Anolis trinitatis procuratoris Underwood (Schwartz & Henderson 1988)

Distribution: Saint Lucia.


Dactyloa maculigula

Belén Anole

Belén-Anolis

Belén-anole

1984 Anolis maculigula Williams
Dactyloa maculigula Savage & Guyer 1989

Distribution: Colombia.


Dactyloa maia

Nurra Anole

Nurra-Anolis

Nurra-anole

2015 Dactyloa maia Batista, Veselý, Mebert, Lotzkat & Köhler

Remarks: Not mentioned by Poe, Nieto-Montes de Oca, Torres-Carvajal, Queiroz, Velasco, Truett, Gray, Ryan, Köhler, Ayala-Varela & Latella (2017).
Distribution: Panama.


Dactyloa megalopitheca

Frontino Anole

Frontino-Anolis

Frontino-anole

1989 Anolis megalopithecus Rueda Almonacid
Dactyloa megalopithecus Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012

Distribution: Colombia.


Dactyloa menta

Magdalena Anole, (Mixed Anole)

Magdalena-Anolis

Magdalena-anole

1983 Anolis menta Ayaly, Harris & Williams
Dactyloa menta Savage & Guyer 1989

Distribution: Colombia.


Dactyloa microtus

Costa Rican Tiny Anole, (Giant Anole)

Costaricanischer Zwerganolis

Costaricansk Dværganole

1871 Anolis microtus Cope
Dactyloa microtus Savage & Guyer 1989

Remarks: Previously included brooksi.
Distribution: Costa Rica, Panama.


Dactyloa mira

San Juan River Anole

San-Juan-Wasseranolis

San Juan-vandanole

1963 Anolis mirus Williams
Dactyloa mirus Savage & Guyer 1989

Distribution: Colombia.


Dactyloa nasofrontalis

Espirito Santo Snouted Anole

Espirito-Santo-Schnauzenanolis

Espirito Santo-snudeanole

1933 Anolis nasofrontalis Amaral
Dactyloa nasofrontalis Savage & Guyer 1989

Distribution: Brazil (Espirito Santo).


Dactyloa neblinina

Cerro de la Neblina Anole

Neblina-Anolis

Neblina-anole

1993 Phenacosaurus neblininus Myers, Williams & McDiarmid
Anolis neblininus Poe 1998
Dactyloa neblinina Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012

Distribution: Venezuela.


Dactyloa neglecta

Teresópolis Anole

Teresópolis-Anolis

Teresópolis-anole

2020 Anolis neglectus Prates, Melo-Sampaio, Queiroz, Carnaval, Rodrigues & Oliveira Drummond
Dactyloa neglecta Midtgaard 2020 (www.repfocus.dk)

Distribution: Brazil (Rio de Janeiro).





Dactyloa nemonteae

Star Anole

Sternen-Anolis

Stjerneanole

2021 Anolis nemonteae Ayala-Varela, Valverde, Poe, Narváez, Yánez-Muñoz & Torres-Carvajal

Distribution: Ecuador.





Dactyloa nicefori

Pamplona Anole

Pamplona-Anolis

Pamplona-anole

1944 Phenacosaurus nicefori Dunn
Anolis nicefori Poe 1998
Dactyloa nicefori Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012

Remarks: Not to be confused with Anolis incompertus nicefori Barbour 1932.
Distribution: Colombia, Venezuela.


Dactyloa nigrolineata

Machala Anole

Machala-Anolis

Machala-anole

1965 Anolis nigrolineatus Williams
Dactyloa nigrolineata Savage & Guyer 1989

Remarks: Not mentioned by Poe, Nieto-Montes de Oca, Torres-Carvajal, Queiroz, Velasco, Truett, Gray, Ryan, Köhler, Ayala-Varela & Latella (2017).
Distribution: Ecuador.


Dactyloa orcesi

Mount Sumaco Anole

Sumaco-Anolis

Sumaco-anole

1969 Phenacosaurus orcesi Lazell
Anolis orcesi Poe 1998
Dactyloa orcesi Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012

Distribution: Ecuador, Peru.


Dactyloa otongae

Otonga Forest Anole

Otonga-Waldanolis

Otonga-skovanole

2010 Anolis otongae Ayala-Varela & Velasco
Dactyloa otongae Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012

Distribution: Ecuador.


Dactyloa paravertebralis

Santa Maria Anole

Santa-Maria-Anolis

Santa Maria-anole

2005 Anolis paravertebralis Carlo & Roze
Dactyloa paravertebralis Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012

Distribution: Colombia.


Dactyloa parilis

Rio Baba Anole

Rio-Baba-Anolis

Rio Baba-anole

1975 Anolis parilis Williams
Dactyloa parilis Savage & Guyer 1989

Distribution: Ecuador.


Dactyloa peraccae

Chimbo Anole

Chimbo-Anolis

Chimbo-anole

1898 Anolis peraccae Boulenger
Dactyloa peraccae Savage & Guyer 1989
1901 Anolis irregularis Werner (Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970)

Distribution: Colombia, Ecuador.


Dactyloa peruensis

Esperanza Anole

Esperanza-Anolis

Esperanza-anole

2015 Anolis peruensis Poe, Latella, Ayala-Varela, Yañez-Miranda & Torres-Carvajal
Dactyloa peruensis Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2018

Remarks: Not mentioned by Poe, Nieto-Montes de Oca, Torres-Carvajal, Queiroz, Velasco, Truett, Gray, Ryan, Köhler, Ayala-Varela & Latella (2017).
Distribution: Peru.


Dactyloa phyllorhina

Leaf-nosed Anole

Blattnasen-Anolis

Bladnæseanole

1945 Anolis phyllorhinus Myers & Carvalho
Dactyloa phyllorhinus Savage & Guyer 1989

Distribution: Brazil (Amazonas, Mato Grosso, Para).


Dactyloa podocarpus

Podocarpus Anole

Podocarpus-Anolis

Podocarpus-anole

2010 Anolis podocarpus Ayala-Varela & Torres-Carvajal
Dactyloa podocarpus Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012

Distribution: Ecuador.


Dactyloa poei

Telimbela Anole

Telimbela-Anolis

Telimbela-anole

2014 Anolis poei Ayala-Varela, Troya-Rodriguez, Talero-Rodriguez & Torres-Carvajal
Dactyloa poei Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2018

Distribution: Ecuador.


Dactyloa princeps

Paramba Anole, (First Anole)

Paramba-Anolis

Paramba-anole

1902 Anolis princeps Boulenger
Dactyloa princeps Savage & Guyer 1989

Distribution: Colombia (incl. Gorgona Island), Ecuador.


Dactyloa proboscis

Horned Anole, Pinocchio Anole

Gehörnter Anolis

Horn-anole

1956 Anolis proboscis Peters & Orces
Dactyloa proboscis Savage & Guyer 1989

Distribution: Ecuador.


Dactyloa propinqua

Rio Calima Anole

Rio-Calima-Anolis

Rio Calima-anole

1984 Anolis propinquus Williams
Dactyloa propinqua Savage & Guyer 1989

Distribution: Colombia.


Dactyloa pseudotigrina

Rio Doce Anole

Rio-Doce-Anolis

Rio Doce-anole

1933 Anolis pseudotigrinus Amaral
Dactyloa pseudotigrina Savage & Guyer 1989

Distribution: Brazil (Espirito Santo).


Dactyloa punctata

Blue-spotted Green Anole, Amazon Green Anole, Spotted Anole, Large Pug-nosed Anole

Blaufleckiger Grüne Anolis

Blåplettet Grøn Anole

1802 Anolis punctatus Daudin
Dactyloa punctata Savage & Guyer 1989
1821 Anolis gracilis Wied (Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970)
1821 Anolis viridis Wied (Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970)
1823 Anolis bullaris Raddi [not Lacerta bullaris Linnaeus 1758] (Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970)
1823 Anolis viridissimus Raddi (Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970)
1825 Anolis violaceus Spix (Avila-Pires 1995)
1837 Anolis nasicus Duméril & Bibron (Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970)
1881 Anolis boulengeri O'Shaughnessy (Williams & Vanzolini 1980)
Anolis punctatus boulengeri Peters 1967
1925 Anolis catenifer Ahl (Avila-Pires 1995)
1933 Anolis transfasciatus Amaral (Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970)
1988 Anolis philopunctatus Rodrigues (Prates, Rodrigues, Melo-Sampaio & Carnaval 2015)
Dactyloa philopunctata Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012

Remarks: Presence in Roraima, Brazil, is regarded as doubtful (Avila-Pires 1995). Although previously questioned (Avila-Pires 1995), presence in Venezuela was confirmed by Molina, Señaris & Marca (2003). Some authors regard philopunctata as a valid species (e.g., Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2018; Colli, Fenker, Tedeschi, Bataus, Uhlig & al. 2020).
Distribution: Bolivia, Brazil (Acre, Alagoas, Amapa, Amazonas, Bahia, Espirito Santo, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Minas Gerais, Para [incl. Marajo Island], Paraiba, Pernambuco, Rio de Janeiro [incl. Ilha Grande Island], Rondonia, Roraima, Sao Paulo, Sergipe), Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Surinam, Venezuela.


Dactyloa purpurescens

Purple Anole

Purpur-Anolis

Purpur-anole

1899 Anolis purpurescens Cope
Dactyloa purpurescens Savage & Guyer 1989

Remarks: Records from Costa Rica refer to frenatus (Savage 2002). Not mentioned by Poe, Nieto-Montes de Oca, Torres-Carvajal, Queiroz, Velasco, Truett, Gray, Ryan, Köhler, Ayala-Varela & Latella (2017).
Distribution: Colombia, Ecuador, Panama.


Dactyloa richardii

Grenada Tree Anole

Grenada-Baumanolis

Grenada-træanole

1837 Anolis richardii Dumeril & Bibron
Dactyloa richardi Schwartz & Henderson 1988
1840 Anolis occipitalis Gray (Schwartz & Henderson 1988)
1840 Anolis stenodactylus Gray (Schwartz & Henderson 1988)
1888 Anolis trossulus Garman (Schwartz & Henderson 1988)

Introduced to: Surinam, Trinidad & Tobago (Tobago).
Distribution: Grenada, Saint Vincent & the Grenadines.


Dactyloa roquet

Martinique Anole

Martinique-Anolis

Martinique-anole

1989 Lacerta roquet Bonnaterre
Anolis roquet Ruthven 1923
Dactyloa roquet Schwartz & Henderson 1988
1798 Anolis martinicensis Suckow (Schwartz & Henderson 1988)
1820 Anolis cepedii Merrem (Schwartz & Henderson 1988)
1837 Anolis alligator Duméril & Bibron (Schwartz & Henderson 1988)
1837 Anolis goudotii Duméril & Bibron (Schwartz & Henderson 1988)
1972 Anolis roquet caracoli Lazell
Dactyloa roquet caracoli Schwartz & Henderson 1988
1972 Anolis roquet majolgris Lazell
Dactyloa roquet majolgris Schwartz & Henderson 1988
Dactyloa roquet majogris [sic] Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012
1972 Anolis roquet salinei Lazell
Dactyloa roquet salinei Schwartz & Henderson 1988
1972 Anolis roquet summus Lazell
Dactyloa roquet summa Schwartz & Henderson 1988
1972 Anolis roquet zebrilus Lazell
Dactyloa roquet zebrilus Schwartz & Henderson 1988
Dactyloa roquet zebrila Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012

Remarks: Reports from Venezuela refer to extremus, which has been introduced to the country (Rivas, Molina, Ugueto, Barros, Barrio-Amoros & Kok 2012). Records from Guyana also refer to the former subspecies extrema, but are currently assigned to aenea (Cole, Townsend, Reynolds, MacCulloch & Lathrop (2013). This might also be the case with Venezuelan populations of extrema.
Distribution: Martinique.


Dactyloa roquet
© Rune Midtgaard

Dactyloa ruizii

Boyacá Anole

Boyacá-Anolis

Boyacá-anole

1986 Anolis ruizii Rueda & Williams
Dactyloa ruizii Savage & Guyer 1989

Remarks: Formally described as a new species by Rueda & Williams (1986), although listed already by Ayala (1986).
Distribution: Colombia.


Dactyloa santamartae

Santa Marta Anole

Santa-Marta-Anolis

Santa Marta-anole

1982 Anolis santamartae Williams
Dactyloa santamartae Savage & Guyer 1989

Distribution: Colombia.


Dactyloa savagei

Fortuna Pass Giant Anole

Fortuna-Pass-Riesenanolis

Fortuna Pass-kæmpeanole

2017 Anolis savagei Poe & Ryan
Dactyloa savagei Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2018

Distribution: Costa Rica.


Dactyloa soinii

San Martin Anole

San-Martin-Anolis

San Martin-anole

2008 Anolis soinii Poe & Yañez-Miranda
Dactyloa soinii Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012

Distribution: Ecuador, Peru.


Dactyloa solitaria

Solitary Anole

Solitär-Anolis

Solitær-anole

1916 Anolis solitarius Ruthven
Dactyloa solitaria Savage & Guyer 1989

Distribution: Colombia.


Dactyloa squamulata

Small-scaled Anole

Venezuelanischer Kleinschuppiger Anolis

Venezuelansk Finskællet Anole

1863 Anolis squamulatus Peters
Dactyloa squamulata Savage & Guyer 1989

Distribution: Venezuela.


Dactyloa tetarii

Tetari Anole

Tetari-Anolis

Tetari-anole

1996 Phenacosaurus tetarii Barros, Williams & Viloria
Anolis tetarii Poe 1998
Dactyloa tetarii Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012

Distribution: Venezuela.


Dactyloa tigrina

Tiger Anole

Tiger-Anolis

Tiger-anole

1863 Anolis tigrinus Peters
Dactyloa tigrina Savage & Guyer 1989

Distribution: Venezuela.


Dactyloa transversalis

Banded Tree Anole

Gebänderter Baumanolis

Båndet Træanole

1851 Anolis transversalis Dumeril
Dactyloa transversalis Savage & Guyer 1989
1880 Anolis buckleyi O'Shaughnessy (Avila-Pires 1995)

Remarks: A Venezuelan record (Donoso-Barros 1968) needs confirmation (Avila-Pires 1995).
Distribution: Bolivia, Brazil (Acre, Amazonas, Mato Grosso, Rondonia), Colombia, Ecuador, Peru.


Dactyloa trinitatis

Saint Vincent Bush Anole, Vincentian Anole

Saint-Vincent-Buschanolis

Saint Vincent-buskanole

1863 Anolis trinitatis Reinhardt & Lütken
Dactyloa trinitatis Schwartz & Henderson 1988
1888 Anolis vincentii Garman (Schwartz & Henderson 1988)

Introduced to: Trinidad & Tobago (Trinidad), USA (Florida).
Distribution: Saint Vincent & the Grenadines (Saint Vincent).


Dactyloa umbrivaga

Perdida Anole

Perdida-Anolis

Perdida-anole

2005 Anolis umbrivagus Carlo & Roze
Dactyloa umbrivaga Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012

Distribution: Colombia.


Dactyloa vanzolinii

Sucumbíos Anole

Sucumbíos-Anolis

Sucumbíos-anole

1996 Phenacosaurus vanzolinii Williams, Orces-V., Matheus & Bleiweiss
Anolis vanzolinii Poe 1998
Dactyloa vanzolinii Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012

Distribution: Ecuador.


Dactyloa vaupesiana

Vaupes Anole

Vaupes-Anolis

Vaupes-anole

1982 Anolis vaupesianus Williams
Dactyloa vaupesiana Savage & Guyer 1989

Distribution: Colombia.


Dactyloa ventrimaculata

Speckled Anole

Gesprenkelter Saumfinger

Spættet Anole

1911 Anolis ventrimaculatus Boulenger
Dactyloa ventrimaculata Savage & Guyer 1989

Distribution: Colombia, Ecuador.


Dactyloa williamsmittermeierorum

Venceremos Anole

Venceremos-Anolis

Venceremos-anole

2007 Anolis williamsmittermeierorum Poe & Yañez-Miranda
Dactyloa williamsmittermeierorum Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012

Distribution: Ecuador, Peru.