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Citation: Midtgaard, Rune. RepFocus - A Survey of the Reptiles of the World. (www.repfocus.dk).
Latest update: December 31st, 2022.

Taxonomy of the family Colubridae
Bibliography of the genus Dendrophidion
Biodiversity of the family Colubridae


Forest Racers



1843 Dendrophidion Fitzinger (type species: Herpetodryas dendrophis Schlegel 1837)
1895 Cacocalyx Cope (type species: Drymobius percarinatus Cope 1893)
Contents: 15 species, of which 5 (33.3%) are endemic.
Remarks: Grammatical gender of Dendrophidion is neuter (Lieb 1991).
Distribution: S. Mexico, Central America, South America.
Reported from: Belize, Bolivia, Brazil (Acre, Alagoas, Amapa, Amazonas, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Para, Pernambuco, Rondonia), Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca, Tabasco, Veracruz), Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Surinam, Venezuela.

Dendrophidion apharocybe

Central American Barred Forest Racer

Zentralamerikanische Gebänderte Waldzornnatter

Centralamerikansk Båndet Skovpilsnog

2012 Dendrophidion apharocybe Cadle

Remarks: Although reported (as vinitor) from Colombia (e.g., Pérez-Santos & Moreno 1989; Lieb 1991), presence in the country needs confirmation (Cadle 2012).
Distribution: Costa Rica, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama.

Dendrophidion atlantica

Atlantic Forest Racer

Ostbrasilianische Waldzornnatter

Østbrasiliansk Skovpilsnog

2010 Dendrophidion atlantica Freire, Caramaschi & Goncalves

Distribution: Brazil (Alagoas, Paraiba, Pernambuco).

Dendrophidion bivittatum

Two-lined Forest Racer, Colombian Forest Racer

Zweistreifige Waldzornnatter

Tostribet Skovpilsnog

1854 Leptophis bi-vittatus Dumeril, Bibron & Dumeril
Dendrophidion bivittatus Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970
1865 Tropidonotus subradiatus Jan (Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)
1872 Herpetodryas tetrataenia Günther (Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)

Distribution: Colombia, Ecuador.

Dendrophidion bivittatum
© Henrik Bringsøe

Dendrophidion boshelli

Cundinamarca Forest Racer



1944 Dendrophidion boshelli Dunn

Distribution: Colombia.

Dendrophidion brunneum

Brown Forest Racer, Interandean Forest Racer

Braune Waldzornnatter

Brun Skovpilsnog

1858 Herpetodryas brunneus Günther
Dendrophidion brunneum Peters 1960

Distribution: Ecuador, Peru.

Dendrophidion clarkii

Panamanian Black-naped Forest Racer, Rainbow Forest Racer

Panamaische Schwarznacken-Waldzornnatter

Panamansk Sortnakket Skovpilsnog

1933 Dendrophidion clarkii Dunn

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of nuchale (e.g., Lieb 1988). Revalidated as a separate species by McCranie (2011). Cadle & Savage (2012) subsequently split nuchale into two different species, nuchale (in restricted sense) and rufiterminorum. Older records from Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and some from Costa Rica, refer to rufiterminorum.
Distribution: Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Panama.

Dendrophidion clarkii
© Henrik Bringsøe

Dendrophidion crybelum

Costa Rican Barred Forest Racer

Costaricanische Waldzornnatter

Costaricansk Båndet Skovpilsnog

2012 Dendrophidion crybelum Cadle

Distribution: Costa Rica.

Dendrophidion dendrophis

Tawny Forest Racer, Olive Forest Racer

Gelbbraune Waldzornnatter

Gulbrun Skovpilsnog

1837 Herpetodryas dendrophis Schlegel
Dendrophidion dendrophis Fitzinger 1843
1847 Herpetodryas aestivus Berthold (Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)
1854 Herpetodryas Poitei Duméril, Bibron & Duméril (Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)

Distribution: Bolivia, Brazil (Acre, Amapa, Amazonas, Mato Grosso, Para [incl. Marajo Island], Rondonia), Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Surinam, Venezuela.

Dendrophidion graciliverpa

El Oro Forest Racer, Slender Forest Racer


El Oro-skovpilsnog

2012 Dendrophidion graciliverpa Cadle

Distribution: Ecuador.

Dendrophidion nuchale

Venezuelan Black-naped Forest Racer, Pink-tailed Forest Racer

Venezuelanische Schwarznacken-Waldzornnatter

Venezuelansk Sortnakket Skovpilsnog

1864 Herpetodryas nuchalis Peters
Dendrophidion nuchalis Lieb 1988

Remarks: Now restricted to Venezuela. Records from Central America, Colombia and Ecuador refer to clarkii and rufiterminorum (McCranie 2011; Cadle & Savage 2012). Previously regarded as a synonym of dendrophis (e.g., Boulenger 1894). Revalidated by Lieb (1988).
Distribution: Venezuela.

Dendrophidion paucicarinatum

Talamanca Forest Racer



1894 Drymobius paucicarinatus Cope
Dendrophidion paucicarinatus Stuart 1933

Distribution: Costa Rica, Panama.

Dendrophidion percarinatum

South American Forest Racer

Südamerikanische Waldzornnatter

Sydamerikansk Skovpilsnog

1893 Drymobius percarinatus Cope
Cacocalyx percarinatus Cope 1895
Dendrophidion percarinatus Stuart 1932

Remarks: Records from Ecuador (e.g., Pérez-Santos & Moreno 1991; Almendáriz 1992) refer to graciliverpa or prolixum (Cadle 2012).
Distribution: Colombia, Costa Rica, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Venezuela.

Dendrophidion percarinatum
© Henrik Bringsøe

Dendrophidion prolixum

Cauca Forest Racer



2012 Dendrophidion prolixum Cadle

Distribution: Colombia, Ecuador.

Dendrophidion rufiterminorum

Red-headed Forest Racer

Rotköpfige Waldzornnatter

Rødhovedet Skovpilsnog

2012 Dendrophidion rufiterminorum Cadle & Savage

Distribution: Belize, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua.

Dendrophidion vinitor

Northern Barred Forest Racer, Barred Forest Racer, Barred Keeled Racer, Lowland Forest Racer

Nördliche Gebänderte Waldzornnatter

Nordlig Båndet Skovpilsnog

1941 Dendrophidion vinitor Smith

Remarks: Now restricted to Mexico, Belize, and Guatemala. Previously included the populations now assigned to apharocybe and crybelum. Records from Honduras to Panama refer to these two species (Cadle 2012).
Distribution: Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca, Tabasco, Veracruz), Panama.