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Taxonomy of the family Teiidae
Bibliography of the genus Tupinambis
Biodiversity of the family Teiidae








Genus
Tupinambis

Northern Tejus, Common Tejus

Nördliche Großtejus

Nordlige Stortejuer

1803 Tupinambis Daudin (type species: Tupinambis monitor Daudin 1802)
1820 Tutor Goldfuss (type species: Monitor americanus Goldfuss 1820; syn. Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970)
1822 Custa Fleming (type species: Lacerta teguixin Linnaeus 1758; syn. Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970)
1826 Exypnestes Kaup (type species: Tupinambis monitor Daudin 1802; syn. Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970)
1828 Ctenodus Wagler (type species: Tupinambis nigropunctatus Spix 1825; syn. Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970)
1830 Ctenodon Wagler (type species: Tupinambis nigropunctatus Spix 1825; syn. Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970)
1830 Podinema Wagler (type species: Lacerta teguixin Linnaeus 1758; syn. Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970)
1831 Teguixin Gray (type species: Lacerta teguixin Linnaeus 1758; syn. Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970)
1833 Gymnogomphius Wagler (type species: Lacerta teguixin Linnaeus 1758; syn. Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970)
Contents: 8 species, of which 4 (50.0%) are endemic.
Endemism: 0% 100%
Remarks: Previously included the species now placed in Salvator. Exact limits of species boundaries need clarification, as the status of some older literature records is unclear (see further remarks under each species).
Distribution: N. South America.
Reported from: Bolivia, Brazil (Acre, Amapa, Amazonas, Bahia, Ceara, Distrito Federal, Goias, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Para [incl. Marajo Island], Piaui, Rio Grande do Norte, Rondonia, Roraima, Sao Paulo, Tocantins), Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Surinam, Trinidad & Tobago (Tobago, Trinidad), Venezuela.

Tupinambis cryptus

Northern Black-and-White Teju, Cryptic Golden Teju

Nördliche Schwarzgelber Teju

Nordlig Broget Teju

2016 Tupinambis cryptus Murphy, Jowers, Lehtinen, Charles, Colli, Peres, Hendry & Pyron

Remarks: Previously regarded as populations of teguixin. Surinam has been included tentatively in the distribution of the species on the basis of Silva, Ribeiro-Júnior & Ávila-Pires (2018), who plotted a locality clearly within the boundaries of this country, however, the authors did not list any voucher specimens from Surinam.
Distribution: Brazil (Amazonas, Para, Roraima), Colombia, Guyana, Surinam, Venezuela.


Tupinambis cuzcoensis

Western Black-and-White Teju

Westliche Schwarzgelber Teju

Vestlig Broget Teju

2016 Tupinambis cuzcoensis Murphy, Jowers, Lehtinen, Charles, Colli, Peres, Hendry & Pyron

Remarks: Previously regarded as populations of teguixin.
Distribution: Brazil (Acre, Amazonas, Mato Grosso, Rondonia), Ecuador, Peru.


Tupinambis longilineus

Rondonian Teju

Rondonia-Teju

Rondonia-teju

1995 Tupinambis longilineus Avila-Pires

Remarks: Records from Mato Grosso (e.g., Costa, Avelar Săo Pedro, Péres & Feio 2008) refer to teguixin (Costa & Bérnils 2018).
Distribution: Brazil (Amazonas, Para, Rondonia).


Tupinambis matipu

Xingu Teju

Xingu-Teju

Xingu-teju

2018 Tupinambis matipu Silva, Ribeiro-Júnior & Ávila-Pires

Distribution: Brazil (Goias, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul).





Tupinambis palustris

Swamp Teju

Sumpfteju

Sumpteju

2002 Tupinambis palustris Manzani & Abe

Distribution: Bolivia, Brazil (Sao Paulo).


Tupinambis quadrilineatus

Four-striped Teju

Vierstreifen-Teju

Firstribet Teju

1997 Tupinambis quadrilineatus Manzani & Abe
1998 Tupinambis cerradensis Colli, Péres & Cunha (Colli, Péres & Cunha 1998)

Remarks: Already in a note added to the description of cerradensis Colli, Péres & Cunha 1998, the authors concluded that their new species was a junior synonym of the then recently described quadrilineatus. Rio Grande do Norte has been included tentatively in the distribution of the species on the basis of Murphy, Jowers, Lehtinen, Charles, Colli, Peres, Hendry & Pyron (2016), who plotted a locality clearly within the boundaries of this state, however, the authors did not list any voucher specimens from Rio Grande do Norte.
Distribution: Brazil (Bahia, Distrito Federal, Goias, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Para, Piaui, Rio Grande do Norte, Tocantins).


Tupinambis teguixin

Amazonian Black-and-White Teju, (Northern Teju, Colombian Teju, Common Golden Teju, Gold Teju)

Amazonas-Teju, Schwarzgelber Teju, Goldteju

Amazonas-teju, (Almindelig Teju)

1758 Lacerta teguixin Linnaeus
Teius teguixin Gray 1838
Tupinambis teguixin Boulenger 1885
1768 Seps marmoratus Laurenti (Avila-Pires 1995)
1801 Lacerta monitor Latreille (Avila-Pires 1995)
1825 Tupinambis nigropunctatus Spix

Remarks: Now restricted to the Guianas and Brazil. Previously included the populations now assigned to cryptus, cuzcoensis, and zuliensis. Records from Trinidad & Tobago refer to cryptus. Records from Venezuela also refer to cryptus or to zuliensis. Records from Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Acre (Brazil) refer to cuzcoensis. All records from Colombia are tentatively assigned to cryptus.
In literature prior to Avila-Pires (1995), this species was referred to as nigropunctatus, and the name teguixin referred to the species now known as Salvator merianae (see further remarks under that species).
Introduced to: USA (Florida).
Distribution: Bolivia, Brazil (Acre, Amapa, Amazonas, Ceara, Goias, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Para [incl. Marajo Island], Piaui, Rondonia, Roraima, Sao Paulo, Tocantins), Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Surinam.


Tupinambis zuliensis

Zulia Teju, Maracaibo Basin Tegu Lizard

Zulia-Teju

Zulia-teju

2016 Tupinambis zuliensis Murphy, Jowers, Lehtinen, Charles, Colli, Peres, Hendry & Pyron

Remarks: Previously regarded as a population of teguixin.
Distribution: Venezuela.