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© Rune Midtgaard


Taxonomy of the family Colubridae
Bibliography of the genus Xenochrophis
Biodiversity of the family Colubridae








Genus
Xenochrophis

Oriental Painted Keelbacks, (Striped Water Snakes)

Gemalte Kielnattern

Malede Kølsnoge

1864 Xenochrophis Günther (type species: Psammophis cerasogaster Cantor 1839)
Contents: 4 species, of which 1 (25.0%) is endemic.
Endemism: 0% 100%
Remarks: Previously included Ceratophallus vittatus and Fowlea. Formerly placed in Natrix. For reasons unknown, Khan (2006) included Natrix tessellata in Xenochrophis.
Distribution: S. and E. Asia.
Reported from: Bangladesh, Brunei, Cambodia, India (Andaman & Nicobar Islands [Nicobar Islands], Assam, Bihar, Meghalaya, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal), Indonesia (Bali, Bangka, Banyak Islands, Belitung, Buton, Java, Kabaena, Kalimantan, Natuna Islands, Nias, Riau Islands, Sangir Islands, Sipura, Sulawesi, Sumatra), Laos, Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak, West Malaysia [incl. Langkawi Archipelago]), Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan. Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam.

Xenochrophis bellulus

Burmese Lowland Keelback, (Burmese Keelback)

Burmesische Tiefland-Kielnatter

Burmesisk Lavlandskølsnog

1871 Tropidonotus bellulus Stoliczka
Natrix bellula Smith 1943
Sinonatrix bellula Rosman & Eberle 1977
Xenochrophis bellula Malnate & Underwood 1988

Distribution: Myanmar.


Xenochrophis cerasogaster

Dark-bellied Marsh Snake, Red-bellied Marsh Snake, (Painted Keelback)

Dunkelbauch-Kielnatter

Mørkbuget Kølsnog

1839 Psammophis cerasogaster Cantor
Tropidonotus cerasogaster Cantor 1847
Xenochrophis cerasogaster Günther 1864
Natrix cerasogaster Khan 1984
1865 Amphiesma schistaceum Jan (Smith 1943)

Distribution: Bangladesh, India (Assam, Bihar, Meghalaya, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal), Nepal, Pakistan.


Xenochrophis maculatus

Malayan Spotted Keelback, Large-eyed Water Snake, (Spotted Keelback)

Malaiische Gefleckte Kielnatter

Malayisk Plettet Kølsnog

1865 Tropidonotus maculatus Edeling
Natrix maculatus Barbour 1912
Macropophis maculata Malnate 1960
Xenochrophis maculatus Malnate & Underwood 1988

Remarks: Presence in southern Thailand, West Malaysia, and Singapore needs confirmation (Grismer & Chan-Ard 2012; Lim & Lim 1992).
Distribution: Brunei, Indonesia (Bangka, Belitung, Kalimantan, Natuna Islands, Riau Islands, Sumatra), Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak).


Xenochrophis trianguligerus

South Asian Triangle Keelback, Triangle Water Snake, Triangle-spotted Keelback, (Red-sided Keelback, Red-sided Water Snake)

Dreiecks-Fischnatter

Triangel-kølsnog

1827 Tropidonotus trianguligerus Boie
Natrix trianguligera Barbour 1912
Sinonatrix trianguligera Rossman & Eberle 1977
Xenochrophis trianguligera Malnate & Underwood 1988
Rhabdophis trianguliger [sic] Nutphand 2001

Distribution: Brunei, Cambodia, India (Nicobar Islands), Indonesia (Bali, Bangka, Banyak Islands, Belitung, Buton, Java, Kabaena, Kalimantan, Nias, Riau Islands, Sangir Islands, Sipura, Sulawesi, Sumatra), Laos, Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak, West Malaysia [incl. Langkawi Archipelago]), Myanmar, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam.