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Taxonomy of the family Gekkonidae
Bibliography of the genus Hemidactylus
Biodiversity of the family Gekkonidae








Genus
Hemidactylus

Half-toed Geckos, House Geckos, Tropical House Geckos, (Leaf-toed Geckos)

Halbzehengeckos, Halbfingergeckos

Halvfingergekkoer

1810 Gecus Rafinesque (se also genus Gekko) (type species: Gecus cyanodactylus Rafinesque 1810; syn. Bauer 1994)
1817 Hemidactylus Oken (type species: Hemidactylus tuberculosus Fitzinger 1826)
1836 Platyurus Oken (type species: Gecko marginatus Cuvier 1829; syn. Bauer 1994)
1842 Boltalia Gray (type species: Boltalia sublevis Gray 1842; syn. Bauer 1994)
1843 Cosymbotus Fitzinger (type species: Stellio platyurus Schneider 1792; syn. Carranza & Arnold 2006#)
1843 Hoplopodion Fitzinger (type species: Hemidactylus coctaei Dumeril & Bibron 1836; syn. Bauer 1994)
1843 Microdactylus Fitzinger [not Microdactylus Geoffroy 1809 (Aves)] (type species: Hemidactylus peruvianus Wiegmann 1835; syn. Bauer 1994)
1843 Onychopus Fitzinger (type species: Hemidactylus garnotii Dumeril & Bibron 1836; syn. Bauer 1994)
1843 Pnoepus Fitzinger (type species: Hemidactylus javanicus Fitzinger 1843; syn. Bauer 1994)
1843 Tachybates Fitzinger (type species: Gecko mabouia Moreau de Jonnès 1818; syn. Bauer 1994)
1845 Doryura Gray (type species: Doryura bowringii Gray 1845; syn. Bauer 1994)
1845 Leiurus Gray [not Leiurus Hemprich & Ehrenberg 1829 (Scorpionidea); not Leiurus Swainson 1839 (Pisces); not Leiurus Dumeril 1856 (Pisces)] (type species: Leiurus ornatus Gray 1845; syn. Bauer 1994) ;
1845 Nubilia Gray (type species: Nubilia argentii Gray 1845; syn. Bauer 1994)
1845 Velernesia Gray (type species: Velernesia richardsonii Gray 1845; syn. Bauer 1994)
1861 Eurhous Fitzinger (type species: Hemidactylus leschenaultii Dumeril & Bibron 1836; syn. Bauer 1994)
1862 Liurus Cope [not Liurus Ehrenberg 1831 (Scorpionidea); not Liurus Agassiz 1846 (Pisces); substitute name for Leiurus Gray 1845]
1864 Nycteridium Günther (type species: Nycteridium schneideri Günther 1864; syn. Bauer 1994)
1870 Teratolepis Günther (type species: Homonota fasciata Blyth 1853; syn. Bauer, Giri, Greenbaum, Jackman, Dharne & Shouche 2008)
1894 Bunocnemis Günther (type species: Bunocnemis modestus Günther 1894; syn. Bauer 1994)
1896 Mimetozoon Boulenger (type species: Mimetozoon floweri Boulenger 1896; syn. Bauer 1994)
1934 Lophopholis Smith & Deraniyagala (type species: Teratolepis scabriceps Annandale 1906; syn. Bauer 1994)
1935 Briba Amaral (type species: Briba brasiliana Amaral 1935; syn. Carranza & Arnold 2006#)
1940 Aliurus Dunn & Dunn [substitute name for Liurus Cope 1862]
Contents: 173 species, of which 99 (57.2%) are endemic.
Remarks: Previously included Dravidogecko anamallensis. The genus is widely distributed throughout the tropics and the subtropics, however, many species have relatively small distributions confined to Africa or South Asia (Giri & Bauer 2008). The wide dispersal of some species of this genus must be partly attributed to human agency.
Distribution: South America, Africa, S. Europe, Middle East, S. Asia, Malay Archipelago.
Reported from: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola (incl. Cabinda), Australia (Norfolk Island), Bahrain, Bangladesh, Benin, Bhutan, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil (Alagoas, Amazonas, Bahia, Ceara, Maranhao, Minas Gerais, Paraiba, Pernambuco, Piaui, Rio Grande do Norte, Roraima, Tocantins), Brunei, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde (Boa Vista, Fogo, Santo Antao, Sao Nicolau), Central African Republic, Chad, China (Fujian, Guangdong [incl. Nan Ao Island], Guangxi, Hainan, Hong Kong [incl. Shek Kwu Chau Island], Macau, Sichuan, Tibet, Yunnan, Zhejiang), Colombia, Comoro Islands (Anjouan, Grande Comoro, Moheli), Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa, Cook Islands (incl. Rarotonga), Croatia, Cyprus, Djibouti, East Timor (incl. Atauro Island), Egypt (incl. Sinai), Equatorial Guinea (Annobon, Bioko, Rio Muni), Eritrea, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Europa Island, Fiji, France (incl. Corsica), French Polynesia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Gibraltar, Greece (incl. Aegean Islands [incl. Cyclades Islands, Dodecanese Islands (incl. Rhodes), Sporades Islands], Crete), Guadeloupe (incl. Iles de la Petite Terre [incl. Terre-de-Bas], Iles des Saintes), Guinea, Guinea-Bissau (incl. Bijagos Archipelago), Guyana, India (Andaman & Nicobar Islands [Andaman Islands, Nicobar Islands], Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Delhi, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Lakshadweep, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal), Indonesia (Adonara, Alor, Ambon, Anambas Islands, Aru Islands, Babar Islands, Bacan, Bali, Banda Islands, Bangka, Banyak Islands, Bawean Islands, Belitung, Besar (off Flores), Buru, Buton, Ende, Flores, Groot-Bastaard, Halmahera, Haruku, Hoga, Java, Kabaena, Kai Islands, Kalimantan, Kangean Islands, Karimunjawa Islands, Kelang, Komodo, Laut (off Seram), Legundi, Lembata, Lingga Islands, Lombok, Morotai, Natuna Islands, Nias, Nila, Obi, Padar, Pantar, Penida, Riau Islands, Rinca, Rote, Salawati, Sangir Islands [incl. Biaro], Saparua, Savu, Sebesi, Sebuku, Selayar, Semau, Seram, Siberut, Simeulue, Sula Islands [incl. Sanana], Sulawesi, Sumatra, Sumba, Sumbawa, Supiori, Tanimbar Islands, Ternate, Togian Islands, Waigeo, Weh, West Timor, Western New Guinea, Wetar, Yapen), Iran, Iraq, Israel, Italy (incl. Aeolian Islands, Capri, Elba, Montecristo, Pantelleria, Pelagie Islands [Lampedusa, Linosa Islands], Sicily), Ivory Coast, Japan (Ryukyu Islands [Okinawa Islands, Sakishima Islands, Satsunan Islands]), Johnston, Jordan, Juan de Nova, Kenya, Kuwait, Laos, Lebanon, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar (incl. Nosy Be), Malawi, Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak, West Malaysia [incl. Langkawi Archipelago, Penang Island, Perhentian Islands, Seribuat Archipelago (incl. Aur, Pemanggil, Tioman)]), Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Midway Islands, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique (incl. Bazaruto Archipelago), Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, New Caledonia (incl. Grande Terre, Loyalty Islands), Niger, Nigeria, Oman (incl. Masirah), Pakistan, Papua New Guinea (incl. Bismarck Archipelago [Admiralty Islands, New Britain, New Ireland], Eastern New Guinea, Louisiade Archipelago [incl. Misima], Woodlark, North Solomon Islands [incl. Bougainville]), Philippines (Agutayan, Apo, Babuyan Islands [incl. Babuyan Claro, Calayan, Camiguin Norte, Dalupiri, Fuga, Irao], Bacoor, Balicasag, Bantayan, Batan Islands [Batan, Itbayat, Ivojos, Sabtang], Bohol, Bonoon, Boracay, Calagnaan, Calamian Islands [Busuanga, Calauit], Calotcot, Caluya, Camiguin Sur, Camotes Islands [Pacijan, Ponson, Poro], Carabao, Cataban, Catanduanes, Cebu, Cresta de Gallo, Dinagat, Duitay, Dumaran, Gigante Islands, Guimaras, Jao, Lapinig Islands [Lapinig Chico, Lapinig Grande], Leyte, Lubang, Luzon, Mactan, Maestre de Campo, Marinduque, Mindanao, Mindoro, Nadulao, Negros, Olango, Palawan, Pamilacan, Pan de Azucar, Panay, Panubulon, Polong Dako, Samar, Semirara, Sibay, Sibuyan, Sicogon, Siquijor, Sulu Islands [incl. Basilan, Bongao, Gounan Islands, Jolo, Siasi, Sibutu, Sipayu, Sitanki, Simunul, Tawi-Tawi], Sumilon, Tablas, Tilmubo, Tintiman), Portugal, Qatar, Rwanda, Saint Lucia (incl. Maria Islands), Sao Tome & Principe (Principe, Rolas Island, Sao Tome), Saudi Arabia (incl. Farasan Islands), Senegal, Seychelles (incl. Aldabra), Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovenia, Solomon Islands (incl. Guadalcanal, Santa Cruz Islands), Somalia, South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West Province), South Sudan, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Surinam, Syria, Taiwan, Tanzania (incl. Mafia, Pemba, Zanzibar), Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad & Tobago (Tobago, Trinidad), Tunisia, Turkey (incl. European Turkey), Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Vanuatu (incl. Espiritu Santo), Venezuela, Vietnam (incl. Cat Ba Island), Western Samoa, Yemen (incl. Socotra Archipelago [Abd al Kuri, Darsa, Samha, Socotra]), Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Hemidactylus aaronbaueri

Pune Half-toed Gecko

Pune-Halbzehengecko

Pune-halvfingergekko

2008 Hemidactylus aaronbaueri Giri

Distribution: India (Maharashtra).


Hemidactylus acanthopholis

Keeled Half-toed Gecko

Gekielte Halbzehengecko

Kølet Halvfingergekko

2014 Hemidactylus acanthopholis Mirza & Sanap

Distribution: India (Tamil Nadu).


Hemidactylus achaemenidicus

Kangan Half-toed Gecko

Kangan-Halbzehengecko

Kangan-halvfingergekko

2019 Hemidactylus achaemenidicus Torki

Distribution: Iran.





Hemidactylus adensis

Aden Half-toed Gecko

Aden-Halbzehengecko

Aden-halvfingergekko

2015 Hemidactylus adensis Smid, Moravec, Kratochvil, Nasher, Masuch, Gvozdik & Carranza

Distribution: Yemen.


Hemidactylus afarensis

Afar Half-toed Gecko

Afar-Halbzehengecko

Afar-halvfingergekko

2020 Hemidactylus afarensis Smíd, Mazuch, Nováková, Modrý, Malonza, Elmi, Carranza & Moravec

Distribution: Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia.





Hemidactylus agrius

Piaui Half-toed Gecko, (Country Leaf-toed Gecko)

Piaui-Halbzehengecko

Piaui-halvfingergekko

1978 Hemidactylus agrius Vanzolini

Distribution: Brazil (Bahia, Ceara, Maranhao, Paraiba, Pernambuco, Piaui, Rio Grande do Norte).


Hemidactylus albituberculatus

White-tubercled Half-toed Gecko

Weißknopf-Halbzehengecko

Hvidknoppet Halvfingergekko

2012 Hemidactylus albituberculatus Trape in Trape, Trape & Chirio

Remarks: Validity needs confirmation (Pauwels & Kok 2013).
Distribution: Benin, Cameroon, Nigeria, Togo.


Hemidactylus albivertebralis

White-lined Half-toed Gecko

Weißstreifen-Halbzehengecko

Hvidstribet Halvfingergekko

2012 Hemidactylus albivertebralis Trape & Böhme in Trape, Trape & Chirio

Distribution: Benin, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast.


Hemidactylus albofasciatus

Dorli House Gecko

Dorli-Halbzehengecko

Dorli-halvfingergekko

1963 Hemidactylus albofasciatus Grandison & Soman
Teratolepis albofasciata Kluge 1967

Remarks: Previously placed variously in the genera Teratolepis or Hemidactylus. Bauer, Giri, Greenbaum, Jackman, Dharne & Shouche (2008) synonymized Teratolepis with Hemidactylus. Murthy (1985) included Goa and Karnataka, but the species is endemic to Maharashtra (Giri & Bauer 2008).
Distribution: India (Maharashtra).


Hemidactylus albopunctatus

White-spotted Half-toed Gecko, (White-spotted Gecko)

Weißgefleckter Halbzehengecko

Hvidplettet Halvfingergekko

1942 Teratolepis taylori Parker [not Hemidactylus taylori Parker 1932]
1947 Hemidactylus albopunctatus Loveridge

Distribution: Ethiopia, Somalia.


Hemidactylus alfarraji

Najran Half-toed Gecko

Najran-Halbzehengecko

Najran-halvfingergekko

2016 Hemidactylus alfarraji Smíd, Shobrak, Wilms, Joger & Carranza

Distribution: Saudi Arabia.


Hemidactylus alkiyumii

Tawi Atair Half-toed Gecko, (Ali Kiyumi's Leaf-toed Gecko)

Tawi-Atair-Halbzehengecko

Tawi Atair-halvfingergekko

2012 Hemidactylus alkiyumii Carranza & Arnold

Distribution: Oman, Yemen.


Hemidactylus angulatus

West African House Gecko, Western Half-toed House Gecko, Angulated Gecko, (Gabon Half-toed Gecko)

Westafrikanischer Halbzehengecko

Vestafrikansk Halvfingergekko

1854 Hemidactylus angulatus Hallowell
Hemidactylus brookii angulatus Loveridge 1941
1868 Hemidactylus guineensis Peters (Wermuth 1965; Kluge 2001; Bauer & Pauwels 2002)
Hemidactylus brooki guineensis van den Audenaerde 1967
1870 Hemidactylus affinis Steindachner (Wermuth 1965)
1885 Hemidactylus stellatus Boulenger (Wermuth 1965)
1897 Hemidactylus brookii togoensis Werner (Wermuth 1965)

Remarks: Revalidated as a separate species by Carranza & Arnold (2006). Now restricted to the eastern hemisphere. See remarks under haitianus. Introduced to: Cape Verde.
Introduced to: Cape Verde (Boa Vista, Fogo, Santo Antao, Sao Vicente), Western Sahara.
Distribution: Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa, Equatorial Guinea (Bioko), Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau (incl. Bijagos Archipelago), Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania (incl. Pemba, Zanzibar), Togo, Uganda.


Hemidactylus ansorgii

Slender Forest Gecko, (Ansorg's Half-toed Gecko)

Graziler Halbzehengecko

Slank Halvfingergekko

1901 Hemidactylus ansorgii Boulenger

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of intestinalis (e.g., Perret 1975; Kluge 1991), a taxon now considered a synonym of muriceus. Revalidated by Lawson (1993) and Henle & Böhme (2003).
Distribution: Benin, Cameroon, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria.


Hemidactylus aporus

Poreless Half-toed Gecko

Porenloser Halbzehengecko

Poreløs Halvfingergekko

1906 Hemidactylus aporus Boulenger

Distribution: Equatorial Guinea (Annobon).


Hemidactylus aquilonius

Northern Burmese Half-toed Gecko

Nordburmesischer Halbzehengecko

Nordburmesisk Halvfingergekko

2007 Hemidactylus aquilonius MacMahan & Zug

Distribution: Bangladesh, China (Yunnan), India (Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, Tripura, Uttarakhand, West Bengal), Myanmar, Nepal.


Hemidactylus arnoldi

Guban Half-toed Gecko

Guban-Halbzehengecko

Guban-halvfingergekko

1978 Hemidactylus arnoldi Lanza

Distribution: Djibouti, Somalia.


Hemidactylus asirensis

Asir Mountains Half-toed Gecko

Asir-Halbzehengecko

Asir-halvfingergekko

2016 Hemidactylus asirensis Smíd, Shobrak, Wilms, Joger & Carranza

Distribution: Saudi Arabia.


Hemidactylus awashensis

Awash Half-toed Gecko

Awash-Halbzehengecko

Awash-halvfingergekko

2015 Hemidactylus awashensis Smid, Moravec, Kratochvil, Nasher, Masuch, Gvozdik & Carranza

Distribution: Ethiopia.


Hemidactylus barbierii

Lake Turkana Half-toed Gecko

Turkana-Halbzehengecko

Turkana-halvfingergekko

2007 Hemidactylus barbierii Sindaco, Razzetti, Ziliani, Wasonga, Carugati & Fasola

Distribution: Kenya.


Hemidactylus barbouri

Kenyan Coastal Half-toed Gecko, (Barbour's Gecko)

Kenianischer Küsten-Halbzehengecko

Kenyansk Kyst-halvfingergekko

1942 Hemidactylus tropidolepis barbouri Loveridge
Hemidactylus squamulatus barbouri Loveridge 1957
Hemidactylus barbouri Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002

Distribution: Kenya, Tanzania.


Hemidactylus barodanus

Libar Half-toed Gecko, Enigmatic Gecko

Libar-Halbzehengecko

Libar-halvfingergekko

1901 Hemidactylus barodanus Boulenger

Remarks: Possibly a synonym of jubensis (Largen & Spawls 2006).
Distribution: Ethiopia, Somalia.


Hemidactylus bavazzanoi

Somali Banded Gecko, (Bavazzano's Gecko)

Somalischer Gebänderter Halbzehengecko

Somalisk Båndet Halvfingergekko

1978 Hemidactylus bavazzanoi Lanza

Distribution: Kenya, Somalia.


Hemidactylus bayonii

Angolan Half-toed Gecko, (Bayão's Gecko)

Angolischer Halbzehengecko

Angola-halvfingergekko

1893 Hemidactylus bayonii Bocage

Remarks: Validity supported by Ceríaco, Agarwal, Marques & Bauer (2020).
Distribution: Angola.


Hemidactylus benguellensis

Benguela Half-toed Gecko, (Benguela Gecko)

Benguela-Halbzehengecko

Benguela-halvfingergekko

1893 Hemidactylus benguellensis Bocage

Remarks: Regarded as a valid species by Broadley (1977), but as a synonym of mabouia by Kluge (1991). Validity supported by Ceríaco, Agarwal, Marques & Bauer (2020).
Distribution: Angola.


Hemidactylus beninensis

Benin Half-toed Gecko

Benin-Halbzehengecko

Benin-halvfingergekko

2006 Hemidactylus beninensis Bauer, Tchibozo, Pauwels & Lenglet

Distribution: Benin.


Hemidactylus berdmorei

Mergui Half-toed Gecko

Mergui-Halbzehengecko

Mergui-halvfingergekko

1853 Leiurus berdmorei Blyth
Hemidactylus berdmorei McMahan & Zug 2007

Remarks: Status uncertain (McMahan & Zug 2007). Previously regarded as a synonym of bowringii (e.g., Wermuth 1965).
Distribution: Myanmar.


Hemidactylus biokoensis

Bioko Half-toed Gecko

Bioko-Halbzehengecko

Bioko-halvfingergekko

2014 Hemidactylus biokoensis Wagner, Leaché & Fujita

Distribution: Equatorial Guinea (Bioko).


Hemidactylus boavistensis

Boavista Half-toed Gecko

Boavista-Halbzehengecko

Boavista-halvfingergekko

1906 Hemidactylus boavistensis Boulenger
Hemidactylus bouvieri boavistensis Loveridge 1947

Remarks: Revalidated as a separate species by Arnold, Vasconcelos, Harris, Mateo & Carranza (2008).
Distribution: Cape Verde (Boa Vista).


Hemidactylus bouvieri

São Vicente Half-toed Gecko, (Bouvier's House Gecko)

São-Vicente-Halbzehengecko

São Vicente-halvfingergekko

1870 Emydactylus bouvieri Bocourt
Hemidactylus bouvieri Rochebrune 1884
1873 Hemidactylus cessacii Bocage (Wermuth 1965)
1935 Hemidactylus chevalieri Angel (Wermuth 1965)
1982 Hemidactylus bouvieri razoensis Gruber & Schleich

Remarks: Previously included boavistensis. Reports from Fogo (e.g., Angel 1935, 1937; Loveridge 1947; Mertens 1955; Schleich 1982, 1996; Joger 1993; López-Jurado, Mateo & Fazeres 2005) are here tentatively regarded as lopezjuradoi, following Arnold, Vasconcelos, Harris, Mateo & Carranza (2008), who suggested that at least some of the Fogo records represented lopezjuradoi. Vasconcelos, Brito, Carranza & Harris (2013) regarded the presence of bouvieri in São Vicente as doubtful.
Distribution: Cape Verde (Santo Antao, Sao Nicolau).


Hemidactylus bowringii

Hong Kong House Gecko, (Bowring's House Gecko, Bowring's Gecko, Oriental Leaf-toed Gecko, Sikkimese Dark-spotted Gecko)

Hong-Kong-Halbzehengecko

Hong Kong-halvfingergekko

1845 Doryura bowringii Gray
Hemidactylus bowringii Boulenger 1885

Remarks: Previously included berdmorei. McMahan & Zug (2007) suggested the distribution of bowringi to be limited to the area from eastern Indochina to Ryukyu Islands, incl. Hong Kong, the type locality. Records from outside this area probably refer to other (possibly undescribed) species. Specimens previously recorded as bowringii from Burma are now assigned to aquilonius, berdmorei, or thayene. Records from India refer to aquilonius (Purkayastha, Das, Bauer, Sengupta & Dutta 2010). Records from Nepal are tentatively also referred to aquilonius, which has been recorded from the country (Bauer, Jackman, Greenbaum, Giri & Silva 2010), although overlooked by Kästle, Rai & Schleich (2013), who did not mention aquilonius, but still listed bowringii. Records from Bangladesh (e.g., Rabbe, Alam & Rahman 2017) are also tentatively referred to aquilonius. A record from Borneo (Malkmus 1992) almost certainly refer to frenatus (Das 2007c).
Distribution: China (Fujian, Guangdong [incl. Nan Ao Island], Guangxi, Hainan, Hong Kong [incl. Shek Kwu Chau Island], Macau, Sichuan, Yunnan), Japan (Ryukyu Islands [Okinawa Islands, Sakishima Islands, Satsunan Islands]), Laos, Taiwan, Vietnam.


Hemidactylus brasilianus

Brazilian Half-toed Gecko

Brasilianischer Halbzehengecko

Brasiliansk Halvfingergekko

1935 Briba brasiliana Amaral
Hemidactylus brasilianus Carranza & Arnold 2006

Distribution: Brazil (Alagoas, Bahia, Ceara, Maranhao, Minas Gerais, Paraiba, Pernambuco, Piaui, Rio Grande do Norte, Tocantins).


Hemidactylus brookii

Spotted Half-toed Gecko, Spotted Gecko, Spotted Indian House Gecko, Spotted Barn Gecko, (Spotted House Gecko, Brook's House Gecko, Brook's Gecko)

Afrikanischer Hausgecko

Plettet Halvfingergekko

1845 Hemidactylus brookii Gray
1865 Gecko tytleri Tytler (status uncertain; Mahony 2011)
1915 Hemidactylus luzonensis Taylor (status uncertain; Mahony 2011)
1983 Hemidactylus mahendrai Shukla (status uncertain; Mahony 2011)

Remarks: H. brookii (in the strict sense) is currently known only from two specimens, one from "Borneo", which may have been introduced, and another from "Australia" which presumably was mislabelled (Mahony 2011; Kathriner, O'Shea & Kaiser 2014). A record from Sarawak (Das & Sukumaran 2006) was probably based on a misidentification (Kathriner, O'Shea & Kaiser 2014). The taxononic status of other populations traditionally referred to this species is unclear, but they are retained here as brookii, pending further studies. Previously included angulatus, gleadowi, haitianus, kushmorensis, murrayi, parvimaculatus, subtriedroides, and tenkatei (e.g., Wermuth 1965). Records from Africa refer to angulatus (Carranza & Arnold 2006). Records from the New World refer to haitianus. Records from Sri Lanka, southernmost India, Comoro Islands, Mauritius (incl. Rodrigues), Reunion, and probably also the Maldives refer to parvimaculatus (Bauer, Jackman, Greenbaum, Silva, Giri & Das 2010). Present in the past, but not confirmed recently from Singapore (Baker & Lim 2008). A single record from Australia is presumably based on a mislabelled specimen (Mahony 2011). Both Rösler & Glaw (2010) and Mahony (2011) suggested that luzonensis may represent a synonym of tenkatei, but the latter author retained it as a synonym of brookii, pending a neotype designation. Mahony (2011) regarded mahendrai as a synonym of brookii, which is followed here, although he suggested that it may be a synonym of kushmorensis. It was also suggested to be a synonym of brookii by Zug, Vindum & Koo (2007). Following these authors, Venugopal (2010) did not include mahendrai in his list of Indian lizards, however, this was opposed by Mirza (2010). Records from Isla Grande (Islas del Cisne, Honduras) (Köhler & Ferrari 2011) refer to frenatus and mabouia (McCranie, Harrison & Valdés Orellana 2017).
Introduced to: China (Hong Kong), India (Andaman & Nicobar Islands: Andaman Islands), Philippines (Bacoor, Luzon, Mindanao).
Distribution: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China (Macau, Zhejiang), India (Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Delhi, Goa, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Lakshadweep, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal), Indonesia (Alor, Flores), Malaysia (Sarawak, West Malaysia [incl. Penang Island]), Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Thailand.


Hemidactylus chikhaldaraensis

Chikhaldara Half-toed Gecko

Chikhaldara-Halbzehengecko

Chikhaldara-halvfingergekko

2019 Hemidactylus chikhaldaraensis Agarwal, Bauer, Giri & Khandekar

Distribution: India (Maharashtra).





Hemidactylus chipkali

Hoshangabad Half-toed Gecko, (Central Indian Leaf-toed Gecko)

Hoshangabad-Halbzehengecko

Hoshangabad-halvfingergekko

2017 Hemidactylus chipkali Mirza & Raju

Distribution: India (Madhya Pradesh).


Hemidactylus citernii

Rahanuin Half-toed Gecko

Rahanuin-Halbzehengecko

Rahanuin-halvfingergekko

1912 Hemidactylus citernii Boulenger

Distribution: Somalia.


Hemidactylus coalescens

Nkoelon Half-toed Gecko

Nkoelon-Halbzehengecko

Nkoelon-halvfingergekko

2014 Hemidactylus coalescens Wagner, Leaché & Fujita

Distribution: Cameroon, Congo-Brazzaville, Gabon.


Hemidactylus craspedotus

Malayan Frilled Gecko, Malayan Frilly Gecko, Frilly House Gecko, Frilly Forest Gecko

Gesäumter Halbzehengecko

Frynse-halvfingergekko

1890 Hemidactylus craspedotus Mocquard
Mimetozoon craspedotus Rooij 1915
Platyurus craspedotus Taylor 1963
Cosymbotus craspedotus Wermuth 1965
1896 Mimetozoon floweri Boulenger (Wermuth 1965)

Distribution: Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak, West Malaysia [incl. Langkawi Archipelago, Penang Island, Seribuat Archipelago (incl. Tioman)]), Singapore, Thailand.


Hemidactylus curlei

Borama Half-toed Gecko, (Parker's Gecko)

Borama-Halbzehengecko

Borama-halvfingergekko

1942 Hemidactylus curlei Parker

Distribution: Ethiopia, Somalia.


Hemidactylus dawudazraqi

Azraq Half-toed Gecko

Azraq-Halbzehengecko

Azraq-halvfingergekko

2011 Hemidactylus dawudazraqi Moravec, Kratochvil, Amr, Jandzik, Smid & Gvozdik

Distribution: Jordan, Syria.


Hemidactylus depressus

Kandian Half-toed Gecko, Kandian Gecko

Kandy-Halbzehengecko

Kandy-halvfingergekko

1842 Hemidactylus depressus Gray
1845 Nubilia argentii Gray (Batuwita & Pethiyagoda 2012)

Remarks: Previously included pieresii. A single record from Singapore (type locality of argentii) is regarded as doubtful (Batuwita & Pethiyagoda 2012). It was not included by Lim & Lim (1992).
Distribution: Sri Lanka.


Hemidactylus dracaenacolus

Dragon Tree Half-toed Gecko

Drachenbaum-Halbzehengecko

Dragetræ-halvfingergekko

1999 Hemidactylus dracaenacolus Rösler & Wranik

Distribution: Yemen (Socotra Archipelago: Socotra).


Hemidactylus echinus

Spiny Forest Gecko

Dorniger Halbzehengecko

Tornet Halvfingergekko

1875 Hemidactylus echinus O'Shaughnessy

Remarks: Erroneously recorded from Gabon (e.g., Henle & Böhme 2003) and the Central African Republic (e.g., Loveridge 1947; Joger 1990) (Chirio & Ineich 2006; Pauwels & Vande weghe 2008). According to Chirio & Ineich (2006), confined to the Atlantic forests of Cameroon. The first author later expanded the range to Congo-Brazzaville (Chirio & LeBreton 2007) from where it was also listed by Welch (1982), but other authors have included Congo-Kinshasa as well (Loveridge 1947; Broadley 1998c).
Distribution: Cameroon, Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa, Nigeria.


Hemidactylus endophis

Muscat Half-toed Gecko, (Enigmatic Oman Leaf-toed Gecko)

Muscat-Halbzehengecko

Muscat-halvfingergekko

2012 Hemidactylus endophis Carranza & Arnold

Distribution: Oman.


Hemidactylus eniangii

Cross River Half-toed Gecko

Cross-River-Halbzehengecko

Cross River-halvfingergekko

2014 Hemidactylus eniangii Wagner, Leaché & Fujita

Distribution: Cameroon, Nigeria.


Hemidactylus fasciatus

African Banded Forest Gecko, Banded Half-toed Gecko

Afrikanischer Gebänderter Halbzehengecko

Afrikansk Båndet Halvfingergekko

1842 Hemidactylus fasciatus Gray
1845 Leiurus ornatus Gray (Leaché & Fujita 2010)
1857 Hemidactylus formosus Hallowell (Leaché & Fujita 2010)

Remarks: Previously included ituriensis and populations now assigned to biokoensis, coalescens, eniangii, and kyaboboensis. Now restricted to Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Liberia, and Togo, although some populations in Benin are of uncertain taxonomic assignment (Wagner, Leaché & Fujita 2014). Records from other countries refer to the other mentioned species. Grandison's (1956) record from Senegal refers to angulatus (Böhme 1978).
Distribution: Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Togo.


Hemidactylus festivus

Wadi Ayoun Half-toed Gecko, (Festive Leaf-toed Gecko)

Wadi-Ayoun-Halbzehengecko

Wadi Ayoun-halvfingergekko

2012 Hemidactylus festivus Carranza & Arnold

Distribution: Oman, Yemen.


Hemidactylus flaviviridis

Yellow-bellied House Gecko, Yellow-green House Gecko, Northern House Gecko, Indian House Gecko, (Cocteau's Gecko)

Gelbgrüner Halbzehengecko, Gelbgrüner Hausgecko

Gulbuget Halvfingergekko

1835 Hemidactylus flaviviridis Rüppell
1836 Hemidactylus coctaei Duméril & Bibron (Wermuth 1965)
1842 Boltalia sublevis Gray (Wermuth 1965)
1843 Hoplopodion cocteaui Fitzinger [substitute name for Hemidactylus coctaei Duméril & Bibron 1836] (Wermuth 1965)
1843 Hoplopodion rueppellii Fitzinger [substitute name for Hemidactylus coctaei Duméril & Bibron 1836] (Schleich & Kästle (eds.) 2002)
1871 Hemidactylus bengaliensis Anderson (Wermuth 1965)
Hemidactylus bengalensis Boulenger 1885 [substitute name for Hemidactylus bengaliensis Anderson 1871] (Wermuth 1965)
1885 Boltalia sublaevis Boulenger (Wermuth 1965)
1929 Hemidactylus zolii Scortecci (Wermuth 1965)

Remarks: Presumably native to India, from where it has been distributed westward along trade routes through human agency (Anderson 1999).
Introduced to: China (Shanghai), India (Assam), Japan (Honshu), Yemen (Socotra Archipelago: Socotra).
Distribution: Afghanistan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Djibouti, Egypt (incl. Sinai), Eritrea, India (Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Delhi, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal), Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Nepal, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia (incl. Farasan Islands), Somalia, Sudan, United Arab Emirates, Yemen.


Hemidactylus forbesii

Abd al Kuri Half-toed Gecko

Abd-al-Kuri-Halbzehengecko

Abd al Kuri-halvfingergekko

1899 Hemidactylus forbesii Boulenger

Distribution: Yemen (Socotra Archipelago: Abd al Kuri).


Hemidactylus foudaii

Mount Elba Half-toed Gecko, Elba Gecko

Mount-Elba-Halbzehengecko

Mount Elba-halvfingergekko

2003 Hemidactylus foudaii Baha-El-Din

Distribution: Egypt.


Hemidactylus fragilis

Bur Meldac Half-toed Gecko

Bur-Meldac-Halbzehengecko

Bur Meldac-halvfingergekko

1915 Hemidactylus fragilis Calabresi
Pnoepus fragilis Wells & Wellington 1985

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of fragilis (e.g., Bauer 1994). Revalidated as a separate species by Mazuch, Smid & Bauer (2016).
Distribution: Somalia, Ethiopia.


Hemidactylus frenatus

Asian House Gecko, South Asian House Gecko, Pacific House Gecko, Spiny-tailed House Gecko, South Indian House Gecko, Smooth House Gecko, Bridled House Gecko, Cheechak, Ticticky House Gecko, (Common House Gecko, South Asian Waif Gecko, Pacific Gecko)

Asiatischer Hausgecko, Gewöhnlicher Halbzehengecko

Asiatisk Halvfingergekko

1836 Hemidactylus frenatus Dumeril & Bibron
Pnoepus frenatus Wells & Wellington 1985
1843 Hemidactylus bojeri Fitzinger (Bauer 1994)
Pnoepus bojeri Wells & Wellington 1985
1843 Hemidactylus javanicus Fitzinger (Bauer 1994)
1845 Hemidactylus vittatus Gray (Bauer 1994)
Pnoepus vittatus Wells & Wellington 1985
1853 Hemidactylus punctatus Jerdon (Bauer 1994)
Pnoepus punctatus Wells & Wellington 1985
1861 Hemidactylus inornatus Hallowell (Bauer 1994)
Pnoepus inornatus Wells & Wellington 1985
1861 Hemidactylus pumilus Hallowell (Bauer 1994)
Pnoepus pumilus Wells & Wellington 1985
1865 Gecko caracal Tytler (Bauer 1994)
Pnoepus caracal Wells & Wellington 1985
1865 Gecko chaus Tytler (Bauer 1994)
1869 Hemidactylus hexaspis Cope (Bauer 1994)
1869 Hemidactylus longiceps Cope (Bauer 1994)
1877 Peripia papuensis Macleay (Bauer 1994)
Pnoepus papuensis Wells & Wellington 1985
1879 Hemidactylus tristis Sauvage (Bauer 1994)
1905 Hemidactylus nigriventris Lidth de Jeude (Bauer 1994; Kluge 2001)
1928 Hemidactylus vandermeermohri Brongersma (Bastinc 1984)
1936 Hemidactylus okinawensis Okada (Ota 1989)

Remarks: Previously included fragilis. Native to South Asia and the Malay Archipelago (Bauer 1994). The wide dispersal of this species must be partly attributed to human agency. Outside its native range, the species is often a recent colonizer, e.g., in Fiji (Morrison 2003). Teynié, David & Ohler (2010) and Das (2010) listed vandermeermohri as a valid species, but without discussion. Presence in Hong Kong is based on a single, probably introduced animal (Karsen, Lau & Bogadek 1998). Presence in Riu Kiu Islands is doubtful (Ota, Sakaguchi, Ikehara & Hikida 1993), although recorded by Takara (1954).
Introduced to: American Samoa, Australia (New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland [incl. Torres Strait Islands], Western Australia), Belize, Chagos Archipelago, China (Hong Kong), Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Comoro Islands (Anjouan, Grande Comoro, Moheli), Cook Islands (incl. Rarotonga), Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador (incl. Galapagos [incl. Isabela]), El Salvador, Fiji, French Polynesia, Guam, Guatemala, Honduras (incl. Islas de la Bahia [Cayos Cochinos (Cayo Cochino Major, Cayo Cochino Pequeño), Guanaja, Roatan, Utila]), Indonesia (Talaud Islands), Japan (incl. Bonin Islands, Ryukyu Islands [Okinawa Islands, Sakishima Islands, Satsunan Islands]), Johnston, Kenya, Kiribati, Madagascar (incl. Nosy Be), Marshall Islands, Mauritius (incl. Rodrigues), Mayotte, Mexico (Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Campeche, Chiapas, Colima [incl. Revillagigedo Islands (Socorro)], Distrito Federal, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo [incl. Cozumel], San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatan, Zacatecas), Micronesia (incl. Pohnpei), Nauru, New Caledonia (incl. Grande Terre, Isle of Pines, Loyalty Islands), New Zealand, Nicaragua (incl. Islas del Maiz [Isla Grande del Maiz, Isla Pequeña del Maiz]), Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, Panama, Reunion, Saint Helena, Seychelles, Somalia, Tonga, Tuvalu, USA (Florida, Hawaii, Texas), Vanuatu (incl. Espiritu Santo), Venezuela, Wake, Wallis & Futuna, Western Samoa.
Distribution: Australia (Norfolk Island), Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Hong Kong, Yunnan), East Timor (incl. Atauro Island), India (Andaman & Nicobar Islands [Andaman Islands, Nicobar Islands], Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Gujarat, Karnataka, Kerala, Lakshadweep, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Odisha, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal), Indonesia (Adonara, Alor, Ambon, Anambas Islands, Aru Islands, Babar Islands, Bacan, Bali, Banda Islands, Bangka, Banyak Islands, Bawean Islands, Besar (off Flores), Buru, Buton, Ende, Flores, Groot-Bastaard, Halmahera, Haruku, Hoga, Java, Kabaena, Kai Islands, Kalimantan, Kangean Islands, Karimunjawa Islands, Kelang, Komodo, Laut (off Seram), Legundi, Lembata, Lingga Islands, Lombok, Morotai, Natuna Islands, Nias, Nila, Obi, Padar, Penida, Rinca, Rote, Salawati, Sangir Islands [Biaro], Saparua, Savu, Sebesi, Sebuku, Selayar, Seram, Siberut, Simeulue, Sula Islands (incl. Sanana), Sulawesi, Sumatra, Sumba, Sumbawa, Supiori, Tanimbar Islands, Ternate, Waigeo, Weh, Western New Guinea, Wetar, Yapen), Laos, Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak, West Malaysia [incl. Langkawi Archipelago, Penang Island, Perhentian Islands, Seribuat Archipelago (incl. Aur, Pemanggil, Tioman)]), Maldives, Mauritius, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea (incl. Bismarck Archipelago [Admiralty Islands, New Britain, New Ireland], Eastern New Guinea, Louisiade Archipelago [Misima], Woodlark, North Solomon Islands [Bougainville]), Philippines (Agutayan, Apo, Babuyan Islands [Babuyan Claro, Calayan, Camiguin Norte, Dalupiri, Fuga, Irao], Bacoor, Balicasag, Bantayan, Batan Islands [Batan, Itbayat, Ivojos, Sabtang], Bohol, Bonoon, Boracay, Calagnaan, Calamian Islands [Busuanga, Calauit], Calotcot, Caluya, Camiguin Sur, Camotes Islands [Pacijan, Ponson, Poro], Carabao, Cataban, Catanduanes, Cebu, Cresta de Gallo, Dinagat, Duitay, Dumaran, Gigante Islands, Guimaras, Jao, Lapinig Islands [Lapinig Chico, Lapinig Grande], Leyte, Luzon, Mactan, Maestre de Campo, Marinduque, Mindanao, Mindoro, Nadulao, Negros, Olango, Palawan, Pamilacan, Pan de Azucar, Panay, Panubulon, Polong Dako, Semirara, Sibay, Sibuyan, Sicogon, Siquijor, Sulu Islands [Basilan, Bongao, Gounan Islands, Jolo, Siasi, Sibutu, Sipayu], Sumilon, Tablas, Tilmubo, Tintiman), Singapore, Solomon Islands (incl. Guadalcanal, Santa Cruz Islands), Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam (incl. Cat Ba Island).


Hemidactylus funaiolii

Archer's Post Gecko

Kenianischer Wüsten-Halbzehengecko

Kenyansk Ørken-halvfingergekko

1978 Hemidactylus funaiolii Lanza

Distribution: Kenya, Somalia.


Hemidactylus garnotii

Fox Gecko, Indo-Pacific Gecko, Garnot's House Gecko, Garnot's Gecko, (Assam Greyish-brown Gecko)

Indopazifischer Gecko, Jungfern Halbzehengecko

Rævegekko

1836 Hemidactylus garnotii Dumeril & Bibron
Hoplopodion garnotii Fitzinger 1843
Doryura garnotii Gray 1845
Lepidodactylus garnotii Henshaw 1902
1835 Hemidactylus peruvianus Wiegmann (Kluge & Eckardt 1969)
1857 Doryura vulpecula Girard (Bauer 1994)
1858 Hemidactylus ludekingii Bleeker (Bauer 1994)
1868 Doryura gaudama Theobald (Bauer 1994)
1868 Hemidactylus mortoni Theobald (Bauer 1994)
1871 Hemidactylus mandellianus Stoliczka (Bauer 1994)
1885 Hemidactylus blanfordii Boulenger (Bauer 1994)

Remarks: An all-female, parthenogenetic species (Nguyen, Ho & Nguyen 2009). Presence in Peru is based on a single record (the type locality of peruvianus) which is probably erroneous (Kluge & Eckardt 1969). Present in the past, but not confirmed recently from Singapore (Baker & Lim 2008). All Philippine records of garnotii should be regarded as provisional, as some may refer to stejnegeri (Bauer 1994). Records from Pohnpei (Micronesia) (e.g., Bauer 1994) refer to frenatus (Fisher, Uili, Enoka & Zug 2013). Cagle's (1946) study of garnotii in Tinian (Northern Mariana Islands) is also believed in fact to have been frenatus (Dryden & Taylor 1969). In summary, the species occurs naturally in the Pacific only south of the Equator, since the Hawaiian population is introduced (Fisher, Uili, Enoka & Zug 2013).
Extinct in: Singapore.
Introduced to: Bahamas (Little Bahama Bank), Costa Rica, New Zealand, USA (Alabama, California, Florida, Hawaii, Tennessee, Texas).
Distribution: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Hong Kong [incl. Shek Kwu Chau Island], Macau, Yunnan), Cook Islands (incl. Rarotonga), East Timor, Fiji, French Polynesia, India (Andaman & Nicobar Islands [Nicobar Islands], Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Sikkim, West Bengal), Indonesia (Ambon, Flores, Java, Kalimantan, Komodo, Lombok, Nias, Siberut, Sumatra, Sumba, Sumbawa, Waigeo, Western New Guinea), Johnston, Laos, Malaysia (Sabah, West Malaysia), Midway Islands, Myanmar, Nepal, New Caledonia (Grande Terre, Loyalty Islands), Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea), Taiwan, Thailand, Tonga, Vanuatu (incl. Espiritu Santo), Vietnam (incl. Cat Ba Island), Western Samoa.


Hemidactylus giganteus

Giant Indian Tree Gecko

Indischer Riesen-Halbzehengecko

Indisk Kæmpe-halvfingergekko

1871 Hemidactylus giganteus Stoliczka

Remarks: Not mentioned for Kerala by Palot (2015).
Distribution: India (Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu).


Hemidactylus gleadowi

Sind Half-toed Gecko

Sind-Halbzehengecko

Sind-halvfingergekko

1884 Hemidactylus gleadowi Murray
Hemidactylus gleadovii Boulenger 1885 [lapsus]

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of brookii (e.g., Wermuth 1965). Revalidated by Mahony (2011).
Distribution: India (Maharashtra), Pakistan.


Hemidactylus gracilis

Slender House Gecko, Square-spotted Gecko

Venus-Halbzehengecko

Venus-halvfingergekko

1870 Hemidactylus gracilis Blanford
1912 Hemidactylus platyceps Annandale (Wermuth 1965)

Distribution: India (Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan).


Hemidactylus granchii

Obbia Half-toed Gecko

Obbia-Halbzehengecko

Obbia-halvfingergekko

1978 Hemidactylus granchii Lanza

Distribution: Somalia.


Hemidactylus graniticolus

Granite Half-toed Gecko

Granit-Halbzehengecko

Granit-halvfingergekko

2011 Hemidactylus graniticolus Agarwal, Giri & Bauer

Distribution: India (Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu).


Hemidactylus granosus

West Arabian Half-toed Gecko

Westarabischer Halbzehengecko

Vestarabisk Halvfingergekko

1827 Hemidactylus granosus Heyden

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of turcicus (e.g., Wermuth 1965). Revalidated as a separate species by Smid, Moravec, Kratochvil, Gvozdik, Nasher, Busais, Wilms, Shobrak & Carranza (2013).
Distribution: Egypt (Sinai), Saudi Arabia.


Hemidactylus granti

Socotra Half-toed Gecko

Gewöhnlicher Sokotra-Halbzehengecko

Almindelig Socotra-halvfingergekko

1899 Hemidactylus granti Boulenger

Distribution: Yemen (Socotra Archipelago: Socotra).


Hemidactylus greeffi

São Tomé Half-toed Gecko, (Greeff's Giant Gecko)

São-Tome-Halbzehengecko

São Tomé-halvfingergekko

1886 Hemidactylus greeffi Bocage

Remarks: Now endemic to Sao Tome. Populations previously recorded from Principe are now considered a separate species, principensis (Miller, Sellas & Drewes 2012).
Distribution: Sao Tome & Principe (Sao Tome, incl. Rolas Island).


Hemidactylus gujaratensis

Gujarat Half-toed Gecko

Gujarat-Halbzehengecko

Gujarat-halvfingergekko

2009 Hemidactylus gujaratensis Giri, Bauer, Vyas & Patil

Distribution: India (Gujarat).


Hemidactylus haitianus

Caribbean Half-toed Gecko

Karibischer Halbzehengecko

Caribisk Halvfingergekko

1901 Hemidactylus brookii haitianus Meerwarth
Hemidactylus haitianus Powell, Henderson, Adler & Dundee 1996
1911 Hemidactylus leightoni Boulenger (Bauer, Jackman, Greenbaum, Giri & Silva 2010, by implication)
Hemidactylus brookii leightoni Kluge 1967
1936 Hemidactylus neotropicalis Shreve (Bauer, Jackman, Greenbaum, Giri & Silva 2010, by implication)

Remarks: Regarded as a synonym of angulatus by Weiss & Hedges (2007), but as a species distinct from the angulatus-brookii complex by Bauer, Jackman, Greenbaum, Giri & Silva (2010), followed by others (e.g., McCranie 2015). Rivas Fuenmayor (2002), on the basis of a recommendation from R. Powell (in litt.) regarded leightoni as a species separate from haitianus as well as the angulatus-brookii complex. Pending further studies, all New World populations of this complex are treated herein as haitianus, thus restricting both angulatus and brookii to the eastern hemisphere. However, relationship with African (Gulf of Guinea) populations, from where it was most likely introduced during the slave trade, is unresolved.
Distribution: Colombia, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Panama, Trinidad & Tobago (Trinidad), Venezuela.


Hemidactylus hajarensis

Hajar Mountains Half-toed Gecko

Hajar-Halbzehengecko

Hajar-halvfingergekko

2012 Hemidactylus hajarensis Carranza & Arnold

Distribution: Oman.


Hemidactylus hemchandrai

Bhandara Half-toed Gecko

Bhandara-Halbzehengecko

Bhandara-halvfingergekko

2015 Hemidactylus hemchandrai Dandge & Tiple

Distribution: India (Maharashtra).


Hemidactylus homoeolepis

Socotra Even-scaled Gecko, (Arabian Leaf-toed Gecko, South Arabian Leaf-toed Gecko)

Gleichschuppiger Sokotra-Halbzehengecko

Ensskællet Socotra-halvfingergekko

1881 Hemidactylus homoeolepis Blanford

Remarks: Now restricted to the Socotra Islands. Reports from Oman, mainland Yemen and Saudi Arabia refer to minutus or other, current undescribed, species (Vasconcelos & Carranza 2014).
Distribution: Yemen (Socotra Archipelago [Darsa, Samha, Socotra]).


Hemidactylus hunae

Spotted Giant Half-toed Gecko

Gefleckter Riesen-Halbzehengecko

Plettet Kæmpe-halvfingergekko

1937 Hemidactylus maculatus hunae Deraniyagala
Hemidactylus hunae Bauer, Jackman, Greenbaum, Giri & Silva 2010

Remarks: Endemic to Sri Lanka. Records from India refer to graniticolus and maculatus (Bauer, Jackman, Greenbaum, Giri & Silva 2010; Agarwal, Giri & Bauer 2011).
Distribution: Sri Lanka.


Hemidactylus imbricatus

Sind Broad-tailed Gecko, Rough-scaled Viper Gecko, Carrot-tailed Viper Gecko, Banded Scaled Broad-tailed Gecko

Rübenschwanz-Viperngecko

Asiatisk Tykhalegekko

2008 Hemidactylus imbricatus Bauer, Giri, Greenbaum, Jackman, Dharne & Shouche
Teratolepis fasciata Boulenger 1885
2008 Hemidactylus imbricatus [substitute name for Homonota fasciata Blyth 1853] Bauer, Giri, Greenbaum, Jackman, Dharne & Shouche

Remarks: Previously known as Teratolepis fasciatus. When Teratolepis was synonymized with Hemidactylus by Bauer, Giri, Greenbaum, Jackman, Dharne & Shouche (2008), a substitute name was needed to prevent confusion with its African congener Hemidactylus fasciatus. Presence in India needs confirmation (Giri & Bauer 2008), although reported from several places within the country (e.g., Tamil Nadu [Aengals 2009]).
Distribution: Pakistan.


Hemidactylus inexpectatus

Ar Rumayliyah Half-toed Gecko, (Hammar-an-Nafur Leaf-toed Gecko)

Ar-Rumayliyah-Halbzehengecko

Ar Rumayliyah-halvfingergekko

2012 Hemidactylus inexpectatus Carranza & Arnold

Distribution: Oman.


Hemidactylus inintellectus

Socotra Rock Gecko

Sokotranischer Felsen-Halbzehengecko

Socotransk Klippe-halvfingergekko

2009 Hemidactylus inintellectus Sindaco, Ziliani, Razzetti, Carugati, Grieco, Pupin, Al-Aseily, Pella & Fasola

Distribution: Yemen (Socotra Archipelago: Socotra).


Hemidactylus isolepis

Ethiopian Even-scaled Gecko, Uniform-scaled Gecko, Scaly Gecko

Äthiopischer Gleichschuppiger Halbzehengecko

Ensskællet Etiopisk Halvfingergekko

1895 Hemidactylus isolepis Boulenger
Teratolepis isolepis Parker 1942

Distribution: Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan.


Hemidactylus ituriensis

Ituri Forest Gecko

Ituri-Halbzehengecko

Ituri-halvfingergekko

1919 Hemidactylus ituriensis Schmidt
Hemidactylus fasciatus ituriensis Loveridge 1947

Remarks: Revalidated as a separate species by Leaché & Fujita (2010) and by Wagner, Leaché & Fujita (2014).
Distribution: Congo-Kinshasa.


Hemidactylus jubensis

Juba Half-toed Gecko, Ethiopian Gecko

Juba-Halbzehengecko

Juba-halvfingergekko

1895 Hemidactylus jubensis Boulenger

Distribution: Ethiopia.


Hemidactylus jumailiae

Ibb Half-toed Gecko

Ibb-Halbzehengecko

Ibb-halvfingergekko

2011 Hemidactylus jumailiae Busais & Joger

Distribution: Yemen.


Hemidactylus kamdemtohami

Mount Iboundji Half-toed Gecko, (Kamdem Toham's Forest Gecko, Kamdem Toham's Half-toed Gecko)

Iboundji-Halbzehengecko

Iboundji-halvfingergekko

2002 Hemidactylus kamdemtohami Bauer & Pauwels

Remarks: May also occur in Congo-Brazzaville.
Distribution: Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea (Rio Muni), Gabon.


Hemidactylus kangerensis

Kanger Valley Half-toed Gecko, Kanger Valley Rock Gecko

Kanger-Halbzehengecko

Kanger-halvfingergekko

2017 Hemidactylus kangerensis Mirza, Bhosale & Patil

Distribution: India (Chhattisgarh, Telangana).


Hemidactylus karenorum

Burmese Half-toed Gecko, Burmese Leaf-toed Gecko, Burmese Spotted Gecko

Burmesischer Halbzehengecko

Burmesisk Halvfingergekko

1868 Doryura karenorum Theobald
Hemidactylus karenorum Boulenger 1885

Remarks: Although often listed in the literature for Borneo and India, occurence of karenorum outside Burma is erroneous or doubtful (Mahony & Zug 2008; Zug, Vindum & Koo 2007; Venugopal 2010). Also reported from Vietnam (e.g., Ziegler, Herrmann, Vu, Le, Nguyen, Cao, Luu & Dinh 2004; Nguyen, Ho & Nguyen 2009), but these records are also considered doubtful.
Distribution: Myanmar.


Hemidactylus klauberi

Gelib Half-toed Gecko

Gelib-Halbzehengecko

Gelib-halvfingergekko

1948 Hemidactylus klauberi Scortecci

Distribution: Somalia.


Hemidactylus kolliensis

Kollimalai Half-toed Gecko

Kollimalai-Halbzehengecko

Kollimalai-halvfingergekko

2019 Hemidactylus kolliensis Agarwal, Bauer, Giri & Khandekar

Distribution: India (Tamil Nadu).





Hemidactylus kundaensis

Kunda Half-toed Gecko

Kunda-Halbzehengecko

Kunda-halvfingergekko

2012 Hemidactylus kundaensis Chirio & Trape in Trape, Trape & Chirio

Distribution: Guinea.


Hemidactylus kurdicus

Kurdish Half-toed Gecko

Kurdischer Halbzehengecko

Kurdisk Halvfingergekko

2017 Hemidactylus kurdicus Safaei-Mahroo, Ghaffari, Ghafoor & Amini

Distribution: Iraq.


Hemidactylus kushmorensis

Kushmore House Gecko, Kushmoor Spotted Gecko

Kushmore-Halbzehengecko

Kushmore-halvfingergekko

1884 Hemidactylus kushmorensis Murray

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of brookii (e.g., Wermuth 1965). Revalidated by Mahony (2011).
Distribution: Pakistan.


Hemidactylus kyaboboensis

Kyabobo Half-toed Gecko

Kyabobo-Halbzehengecko

Kyabobo-halvfingergekko

2014 Hemidactylus kyaboboensis Wagner, Leaché & Fujita

Distribution: Ghana, Togo.


Hemidactylus laevis

Smooth Half-toed Gecko

Kleinschuppiger Halbzehengecko

Finskællet Halvfingergekko

1901 Hemidactylus laevis Boulenger

Remarks: Rediscovered after more than hundred years since its discovery (Mazuch, Smid & Bauer 2016).
Distribution: Somalia.


Hemidactylus lamaensis

Lama Forest Half-toed Gecko

Lama-Halbzehengecko

Lama-halvfingergekko

2010 Hemidactylus lamaensis Ullenbruch, Grell & Böhme

Distribution: Benin.


Hemidactylus lankae

Sri Lanka Half-toed Gecko

Srilankanischer Halbzehengecko

Srilankansk Halvfingergekko

1953 Hemidactylus triedrus lankae Deraniyagala
Hemidactylus lankae Bauer, Jackman, Greenbaum, Giri & Silva 2010

Remarks: Status uncertain. Treated as a nomen dubium by Mirza, Gowande, Patil, Ambekar & Patel (2018), since the types are missing or lost.
Distribution: India (Tamil Nadu), Sri Lanka.


Hemidactylus lanzai

Lake Chew Bahir Half-toed Gecko

Chew-Bahir-Halbzehengecko

Chew Bahir-halvfingergekko

2020 Hemidactylus lanzai Smíd, Mazuch, Nováková, Modrý, Malonza, Elmi, Carranza & Moravec

Distribution: Kenya, Ethiopia, South Sudan.





Hemidactylus laticaudatus

Broad-tailed Half-toed Gecko, (Andersson's Gecko)

Breitschwanz-Halbzehengecko

Bredhalet Halvfingergekko

1910 Hemidactylus laticaudatus Andersson
1928 Hemidactylus fossatii Scortecci (Loveridge 1947)

Distribution: Eritrea, Ethiopia.


Hemidactylus lavadeserticus

Lava Desert Half-toed Gecko

Lava-Halbzehengecko

Lava-halvfingergekko

1997 Hemidactylus turcicus lavadeserticus Moravec & Böhme
Hemidactylus lavadeserticus Moravec, Kratochvil, Amr, Jandzik, Smid & Gvozdik 2011

Remarks: Presence in Jordan needs confirmation, according to Amr, Modry, Baker, Qarqas, Zaidanyen & Moravec (2007), however, the country is included in the distribution herein, based on Carranza & Arnold (2006) and Disi, Amr & Nashat (2014).
Distribution: Jordan, Syria.


Hemidactylus lemurinus

Dhofar Half-toed Gecko, (Dhofar Leaf-toed Gecko, Oman Ghost Leaf-toed Gecko)

Dhofar-Halbzehengecko

Dhofar-halvfingergekko

1980 Hemidactylus lemurinus Arnold

Distribution: Oman, Yemen.


Hemidactylus leschenaultii

Tamarind Tree Gecko, Common Bark Gecko, Indian Bark Gecko, (Leschenault's Leaf-toed Gecko)

Tamarind-Halbzehengecko

Tamarind-halvfingergekko

1836 Hemidactylus leschenaultii Dumeril & Bibron
1845 Hemidactylus bellii Gray (Wermuth 1965)
1856 Hemidactylus pustulosus Lichtenstein (Wermuth 1965)
1868 Hemidactylus kelaarti Theobald (Wermuth 1965)
1870 Hemidactylus marmoratus Blanford [not Hemidactylus marmoratus Hallowell 1861] (Wermuth 1965)

Introduced to: Oman.
Distribution: India (Andaman & Nicobar Islands [Andaman Islands: South Andaman], Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, West Bengal), Pakistan, Sri Lanka.


Hemidactylus longicephalus

Long-headed Half-toed Gecko, Long-headed Tropical House Gecko, Long-headed Gecko

Langkopf-Halbzehengecko

Langhovedet Halvfingergekko

1873 Hemidactylus longicephalus Bocage
1873 Hemidactylus longiceps O'Shaughnessy [not Hemidactylus longiceps Cope 1869; substitute name for Hemidactylus longicephalus Bocage 1873] (Wermuth 1965)
1885 Hemidactylus bocagii Boulenger [substitute name for Hemidactylus longiceps O'Shaughnessy 1873; not Cope 1869] (Wermuth 1965)
1892 Hemidactylus mabouia var. molleri Bedriaga (syn. Ceríaco, Agarwal, Marques & Bauer 2020)
Hemidactylus molleri Ceríaco, Marques & Bauer 2018
1901 Hemidactylus hecqui Boulenger (Wermuth 1965)
1902 Hemidactylus steindachneri Tornier (Wermuth 1965)

Remarks: Regarded as a synonym of muriceus by Perret (1975), but this arrangement has not been followed by subsequent authors (e.g., Kluge 2001).
Distribution: Angola (incl. Cabinda), Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa, Equatorial Guinea (Rio Muni), Namibia, Sao Tome & Principe (Sao Tome).


Hemidactylus lopezjuradoi

Fogo Half-toed Gecko

Fogo-Halbzehengecko

Fogo-halvfingergekko

2008 Hemidactylus lopezjuradoi Arnold, Vasconcelos, Harris, Mateo & Carranza

Distribution: Cape Verde (Fogo).


Hemidactylus luqueorum

Jebel Akhdar Half-toed Gecko, (Jebel Akhdar Leaf-toed Gecko)

Jebel-Akhdar-Halbzehengecko

Jebel Akhdar-halvfingergekko

2012 Hemidactylus luqueorum Carranza & Arnold

Distribution: Oman.


Hemidactylus mabouia

Cosmopolitan House Gecko, Tropical House Gecko, African Half-toed House Gecko, Amerafrican House Gecko, Wood Slave Gecko, African Wood Slave, (Common House Gecko, Moreau's Tropical House Gecko)

Brauner Halbzehengecko

Tropisk Halvfingergekko

1818 Gecko mabouia Moreau de Jonnès
Hemidactylus mabouia Guichenot 1855
1824 Gekko armatus Wied (Cei 1993)
1824 Gekko incanescens Wied (Cei 1993)
1825 Gecko aculeatus Spix [not Gekko aculeatus Houttuyn 1782] (Cei 1993)
1825 Gecko cruciger Spix (Cei 1993)
1826 Hemidactylus tuberculosus Fitzinger (Cei 1993)
1829 Gecko mabuia Cuvier [substitute name for Gecko mabouia Moreau de Jonnès 1818] (Wermuth 1965)
1868 Hemidactylus exaspis Cope (Cei 1993)
1878 Hemidactylus frenatus var. calabaricus Boettger (Wermuth 1965)
1909 Hemidactylus gardineri Boulenger (Broadley 1977; Broadley & Howell 1991)
1928 Hemidactylus persimilis Barbour & Loveridge (Broadley 1977)
1936 Hemidactylus mandanus Loveridge (Broadley 1977)

Remarks: Previously included benguellensis, gardineri, mercatorius, platycephalus, and tasmani. Records from the Comoro Archipelago and Madagascar (e.g., Angel 1942; Broadley 1977; Cheke 1984; Glaw & Vences 1992; Wermuth 1965) refer to mercatorius and platycephalus (Glaw & Vences 2007; Hawlitschek, Bruckmann, Berger, Green & Glaw 2011). Records from the Seychelles are tentatively regarded as representing mercatorius. A single record from Uruguay is regarded as doubtful (Vanzolini 1978).
Introduced to: Anguilla (Anguilla Island), Antigua & Barbuda (Antigua, Barbuda, Redonda), Argentina, Aruba, Bahamas (incl. Great Inagua Bank [incl. Great Inagua]), Barbados, Bolivia, Bonaire, Brazil (Acre, Alagoas, Amapa, Amazonas, Bahia, Ceara, Distrito Federal, Espirito Santo [incl. Trindade Island], Goias, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Para [incl. Marajo Island], Paraiba, Parana, Pernambuco [incl. Fernando do Noronha], Piaui, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Norte, Rio Grande do Sul, Rondonia, Roraima, Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo [incl. Queimada Grande], Sergipe, Tocantins), British Virgin Islands (Anegada), Cape Verde, Cayman Islands (Grand Cayman), Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Curacao, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea (Annobon), French Guiana, Grenada, Guadeloupe (incl. Desirade, Iles de la Petite Terre [incl. Terre-de-Bas], Iles des Saintes, Marie-Galante), Guyana, Haiti, Honduras (incl. Islas de la Bahia [Guanaja]), Jamaica, Martinique, Mexico (Veracruz), Montserrat, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Portugal (incl. Madeira), Puerto Rico (incl. Culebra, Mona, Vieques), Reunion, Saba, Saint Barthelemy, Saint Kitts & Nevis (Nevis, Saint Kitts), Saint Lucia, Saint Martin, Saint Vincent & the Grenadines (incl. Union Island, Saint Vincent), Sao Tome & Principe (Principe, Rolas Island, Sao Tome), Sint Eustatius, South Africa (Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng), Surinam, Trinidad & Tobago (Tobago, Trinidad), Turks & Caicos Islands (Caicos Islands, Turks Islands), U.S. Virgin Islands (incl. St. Croix), Uruguay, USA (Florida), Venezuela (incl. Isla Margarita).
Distribution: SubSaharan Africa.
Reported from: Angola (incl. Cabinda), Benin, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa, Equatorial Guinea (Rio Muni), Eswatini, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Juan de Nova, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique (incl. Bazaruto Archipelago), Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West Province), Tanzania (incl. Mafia, Pemba, Zanzibar), Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Hemidactylus macropholis

Large-scaled Warty Gecko, (Boulenger's Gecko)

Großschuppiger Halbzehengecko

Storskællet Halvfingergekko

1896 Hemidactylus macropholis Boulenger
Hemidactylus turcicus macropholis Loveridge 1947

Remarks: Revalidated as a separate species by Lanza (1978).
Distribution: Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia.


Hemidactylus maculatus

Dark-spotted Giant Gecko, Spotted Rock Gecko, (Rock Gecko)

Dunkelgefleckter Halbzehengecko

Mørkplettet Halvfingergekko

1836 Hemidactylus maculatus Dumeril & Bibron
1864 Hemidactylus sykesii Günther (Wermuth 1965)

Remarks: Previously included hunae and the populations now assigned to acanthopholis, graniticolus, and kangerensis.
Distribution: India (Goa, Gujarat, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra).


Hemidactylus makolowodei

Northwest Cameroon Half-toed Gecko, (Makolowode's Gecko)

Nordwestkamerunischer Halbzehengecko

Nordvestcamerounsk Halvfingergekko

2006 Hemidactylus makolowodei Bauer, LeBreton, Chirion, Ineich & Talla Kouete

Distribution: Cameroon.


Hemidactylus malcolmsmithi

Himachal Half-toed Gecko, (Smith's Rock Gecko)

Himachal-Halbzehengecko

Himachal-halvfingergekko

1949 Gymnodactylus malcolmsmithi Constable
Cyrtodactylus malcolmsmithi Underwood 1954
Gonydactylus malcolmsmithi Kluge 1991
Hemidactylus malcolmsmithi Agarwal, Giri & Bauer 2018

Remarks: The type locality ("Beas Riv. Basin" = Beas River Basin) was supposed to be in Punjab by Constable (1949) and Wermuth (1965), but may as well have been in Himachal Pradesh (Agarwal, Giri & Bauer 2018). The latter authors did not include Punjab in the distribution of the species.
Distribution: India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Odisha, Rajasthan).


Hemidactylus mandebensis

Taizz Half-toed Gecko

Taizz-Halbzehengecko

Taizz-halvfingergekko

2015 Hemidactylus mandebensis Smid, Moravec, Kratochvil, Nasher, Masuch, Gvozdik & Carranza

Distribution: Yemen.


Hemidactylus marmoratus

Riu Kiu Half-toed Gecko

Riu-Kiu-Halbzehengecko

Riu Kiu-halvfingergekko

1861 Hemidactylus marmoratus Hallowell

Remarks: Status uncertain, as the type specimen is lost. Possibly conspecific with Gekko hokouensis, according to the Reptile Database (reptile-database.reptarium.cz, viewed April 17, 2013).
Distribution: Japan (Ryukyu Islands).


Hemidactylus masirahensis

Masirah Island Half-toed Gecko

Masirah-Halbzehengecko

Masirah-halvfingergekko

2012 Hemidactylus masirahensis Carranza & Arnold

Distribution: Oman (Masirah).


Hemidactylus matschiei

Adele Half-toed Gecko, (Matschie's Half-toed Gecko)

Adele-Halbzehengecko

Adele-halvfingergekko

1901 Bunocnemis matschiei Tornier
Teratolepis matschiei Parker 1942
Hemidactylus matschiei Loveridge 1947

Distribution: Nigeria, Togo.


Hemidactylus megalops

Large-eyed Half-toed Gecko

Großaugen-Halbzehengecko

Storøjet Halvfingergekko

1932 Hemidactylus megalops Parker

Distribution: Somalia.


Hemidactylus mercatorius

Farquhar Half-toed Gecko

Farquhar-Halbzehengecko

Farquhar-halvfingergekko

1842 Hemidactylus mercatorius Gray
1909 Hemidactylus gardineri Boulenger (Loveridge 1953)

Remarks: Often regarded as a synonym of mabouia in older literature (e.g., Broadley 1977), but as a separate species in most recent literature (e.g., Rocha, Carretero & Harris 2005; Carranza & Arnold 2006; Glaw & Vences 2007).
Introduced to: Ascension, Cape Verde (Santo Antao, Sao Vicente), Europa Island, Mauritius (incl. Rodrigues), Mayotte, Reunion.
Distribution: Comoro Islands (Anjouan, Grande Comoro, Moheli), Madagascar (incl. Nosy Be), Malawi, Mozambique, Seychelles (incl. Aldabra), Somalia.


Hemidactylus mindiae

Mount Sinai Half-toed Gecko, Mount Sinai Gecko

Sinai-Halbzehengecko

Sinai-halvfingergekko

2005 Hemidactylus mindiae Baha el Din

Distribution: Egypt (Sinai), Jordan, Saudi Arabia.


Hemidactylus minutus

Dwarf Half-toed Gecko

Zwerg-Halbzehengecko

Dværg-halvfingergekko

2014 Hemidactylus minutus Vasconcelos & Carranza

Remarks: This species was previously regarded as populations of homoeolepis (Vasconcelos & Carranza 2014).
Distribution: Oman, Yemen.


Hemidactylus modestus

Tana River Gecko

Tana-Halbzehengecko

Tana-halvfingergekko

1894 Bunocnemis modestus Günther
Teratolepis modesta Parker 1942
Hemidactylus modestus Loveridge 1947

Distribution: Kenya.


Hemidactylus montanus

Mountain Half-toed Gecko

Gebirgs-Halbzehengecko

Bjerg-halvfingergekko

2011 Hemidactylus yerburii montanus Busais & Joger
Hemidactylus montanus Smíd, Shobrak, Wilms, Joger & Carranza 2016

Distribution: Saudi Arabia, Yemen.


Hemidactylus mrimaensis

Kaya Half-toed Gecko, Kaya Gecko

Kaya-Halbzehengecko

Kaya-halvfingergekko

2014 Hemidactylus mrimaensis Malonza & Bauer

Distribution: Kenya.


Hemidactylus muriceus

Prickly Half-toed Gecko, White-tailed Forest Gecko, Guinean Spiny Tropical Gecko

Weißschwanz-Halbzehengecko

Hvidhalet Halvfingergekko

1870 Hemidactylus muriceus Peters
1897 Hemidactylus intestinalis Werner (Henle & Böhme 2003)

Remarks: This species has a history of confusion with other species of the genus, and older records should been used with caution. Henle & Böhme (2003) clarified the status of the species, but did not examine all available museum material. The records of intestinalis from Cameroon (LeBreton, Chirion & Foguekem 2003) refer to ansorgii (Bauer, LeBreton, Chirion, Ineich & Talla Kouete 2006).
Distribution: Angola, Benin, Cameroon, Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa, Equatorial Guinea (Rio Muni), Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Togo.


Hemidactylus murrayi

Pimpri Half-toed Gecko

Pimpri-Halbzehengecko

Pimpri-halvfingergekko

1887 Hemidactylus murrayi Gleadow

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of brookii (e.g., Wermuth 1965). Mahony (2011) considered the status of murrayi to be unclear, but unlikely to be conspecific with brookii. Revalidated as a separate species by Lajmi, Giri & Karanth (2016).
Distribution: India (Goa, Gujarat, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra), Malaysia (Sarawak, West Malaysia [Penang Island]), Myanmar.





Hemidactylus newtoni

Annobon Half-toed Gecko

Annobon-Halbzehengecko

Annobon-halvfingergekko

1897 Hemidactylus newtoni Ferreira

Distribution: Equatorial Guinea (Annobon).


Hemidactylus nzingae

Cangandala Half-toed Gecko, (Queen Nzinga’s Tropical Gecko)

Cangandala-Halbzehengecko

Cangandala-halvfingergekko

2020 Hemidactylus nzingae Ceríaco, Agarwal, Marques & Bauer

Distribution: Angola.





Hemidactylus ophiolepis

Awash Imbricate-scaled Gecko, Snake-scaled Gecko

Äthiopischer Halbzehengecko

Etiopisk Halvfingergekko

1903 Hemidactylus ophiolepis Boulenger
Teratolepis ophiolepis Parker 1942

Distribution: Ethiopia.


Hemidactylus ophiolepoides

Eastern Snake-scaled Gecko, (Lanza's Gecko)

Schlangenschuppen-Halbzehengecko

Slangeskæls-halvfingergekko

1978 Hemidactylus ophiolepoides Lanza

Distribution: Ethiopia, Somalia.


Hemidactylus oxyrhinus

Sharp-nosed Half-toed Gecko

Spitzschnäuzige Halbzehengecko

Spidssnudet Halvfingergekko

1899 Hemidactylus oxyrhinus Boulenger

Distribution: Yemen (Socotra Archipelago: Abd al Kuri).


Hemidactylus paaragowli

Agastyamalai Half-toed Gecko

Agastyamalai-Halbzehengecko

Agastyamalai-halvfingergekko

2018 Hemidactylus paaragowli Srikanthan, Swamy, Mohan & Pal

Distribution: India (Kerala).





Hemidactylus paivae

Malanje Half-toed Gecko, (Paiva’s Gecko)

Malanje-Halbzehengecko

Malanje-halvfingergekko

2020 Hemidactylus paivae Ceríaco, Agarwal, Marques & Bauer

Distribution: Angola.





Hemidactylus palaichthus

Guyana Half-toed Gecko, Antilles Leaf-toed Gecko, Maria Islands Leaf-toed Gecko, Spiny House Gecko

Guyana-Halbzehengecko

Guyana-halvfingergekko

1969 Hemidactylus palaichthus Kluge
Hemidactylus brookii palaichthus Mertens 1972

Remarks: Although regarded as a subspecies of brookii by Mertens (1972), most authors have retained its specific status (e.g., Schwartz & Henderson 1988).
Introduced to: Saint Lucia.
Distribution: Brazil (Amazonas, Roraima), Colombia, Guyana, Saint Lucia (incl. Maria Islands), Surinam, Trinidad & Tobago (Tobago, Trinidad), Venezuela.


Hemidactylus parvimaculatus

Small-spotted Half-toed Gecko

Gepunkteter Halbzehengecko

Spættet Halvfingergekko

1953 Hemidactylus brookii parvimaculatus Deraniyagala
Hemidactylus parvimaculatus Bauer, Jackman, Greenbaum, Giri & Silva 2010

Remarks: Maldives records of a species of the brookii complex are tentatively regarded as an introduced population of parvimaculatus, as suggested by Bauer, Jackman, Greenbaum, Silva, Giri & Das (2010). Not mentioned for Kerala by Palot (2015).
Introduced to: Comoro Islands (Anjouan, Moheli), Maldives, Mauritius (Mauritius Island, Rodrigues), Reunion, Seychelles (Desroches), Thailand, USA (Louisiana).
Distribution: India (Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Odisha, Tamil Nadu), Sri Lanka.


Hemidactylus pauciporosus

Galgala Half-toed Gecko

Galgala-Halbzehengecko

Galgala-halvfingergekko

1978 Hemidactylus yerburii pauciporosus Lanza
Hemidactylus pauciporosus Smíd, Shobrak, Wilms, Joger & Carranza 2016

Distribution: Ethiopia, Somalia.


Hemidactylus paucituberculatus

Khor Sawli Half-toed Gecko, (Central Dhofar Leaf-toed Gecko)

Khor-Sawli-Halbzehengecko

Khor Sawli-halvfingergekko

2012 Hemidactylus paucituberculatus Carranza & Arnold

Distribution: Oman.


Hemidactylus persicus

Persian Half-toed Gecko, Persian House Gecko

Persischer Halbzehengecko

Persisk Halvfingergekko

1872 Hemidactylus persicus Anderson
1895 Hemidactylus bornmuelleri Werner (Wermuth 1965)

Distribution: Bahrain, India (Gujarat, Rajasthan), Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates.


Hemidactylus pieresii

Gannoruwa Half-toed Gecko

Gannoruwa-Halbzehengecko

Gannoruwa-halvfingergekko

1852 Hemidactylus pieresii Kelaart

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of depressus (e.g., Smith 1935; Wermuth 1965). Revalidated by Batuwita & Pethiyagoda (2012).
Distribution: Sri Lanka.


Hemidactylus platycephalus

Flat-headed Tropical House Gecko, Baobab Gecko, (Tree Gecko)

Flachkopf Halbzehengecko, Thailändischer Hausgecko

Fladhovedet Halvfingergekko

1854 Hemidactylus platycephalus Peters

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of mabouia (e.g., Loveridge 1947; Wermuth 1965). Revalidated by Broadley (1977). The Madagascar population may have been introduced (Glaw & Vences 2007).
Introduced to: Mayotte, Mozambique (Bazaruto Archipelago: Benguerua).
Distribution: Comoro Islands (Anjouan, Grande Comoro, Moheli), Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar (incl. Nosy Be), Malawi, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania (incl. Mafia, Pemba, Zanzibar), Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Hemidactylus platyurus

Flat-tailed Gecko, Asian Flat-tailed House Gecko, Flat-bodied House Gecko, Common Frilly Gecko, (Frilled House Gecko, Sikkimese Garden Gecko)

Flachschwanz-Halbzehengecko

Fladhalet Halvfingergekko

1792 Stellio platyurus Schneider
Gekko platyurus Merrem 1820
Hemidactylus platyurus Fitzinger 1826
Lomatodactylus platyurus van der Hoeven 1833
Hoplopodion platyurum Fitzinger 1843
Crossurus platyurus Girard 1858
Cosymbotus platyurus Steindachner 1867
Nycteridium platyurus Theobald 1868
Platyurus platyurus Smith 1935
Gehyra platyura Deraniyagala 1953
Hemidactylus platyurus Carranza & Arnold 2006
1802 Lacerta schneideriana Shaw (Bauer 1994)
1804 Lacerta tjitja Ljungh (Bauer 2000)
1829 Gecko marginatus Cuvier (Bauer 1994)
1864 Nycteridium schneideri Günther (Bauer 1994)
1871 Nycteridium himalayanum Anderson (Bauer 1994)
1907 Hemidactylus nepalensis Annandale (Bauer 1994)

Remarks: Erroneously recorded from Hong Kong (e.g., Smith 1935), but found only 40-50 km north of Hong Kong, so the species may occur there (Karsen, Lau & Bogadek 1998).
Introduced to: Indonesia (Western New Guinea), New Zealand, USA (Florida).
Distribution: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, China (Guangdong, Tibet), East Timor, India (Andaman & Nicobar Islands [Andaman Islands, Nicobar Islands], Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal), Indonesia (Aru Islands, Bali, Bangka, Belitung, Besar, Buton, Ende, Flores, Groot-Bastaard, Halmahera, Java, Kai Islands, Kalimantan, Kangean Islands, Karimunjawa Islands, Komodo, Lingga Islands, Lombok, Nias, Penida, Riau Islands, Rinca, Savu, Sebuku, Sula Islands, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Sumba, Sumbawa, Western New Guinea), Laos, Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak, West Malaysia [incl. Langkawi Archipelago, Penang Island, Perhentian Islands, Seribuat Archipelago (incl. Aur, Tioman)]), Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines (Apo, Babuyan Islands, Camiguin Norte, Bohol, Calamian Islands [Calauit], Carabao, Catanduanes, Cebu, Dinagat, Leyte, Lubang, Luzon, Maestre de Campo, Marinduque, Mindanao, Negros, Panay, Samar, Sibuyan, Siquijor, Sulu Islands [Bongao, Jolo, Sibutu, Sitanki, Simunul, Tawi-Tawi], Tablas), Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam.


Hemidactylus prashadi

Prashad Half-toed Gecko, Prashad Brown Gecko

Prashad-Halbzehengecko

Prashad-halvfingergekko

1935 Hemidactylus prashadi Smith

Remarks: A record from Andhra Pradesh (Saratchandra & Narasimhamurti 1982) is based on a misidentified gecko, which may represent leschenaulti (Giri & Bauer 2006).
Distribution: India (Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra).


Hemidactylus principensis

Principe Half-toed Gecko

Principe-Halbzehengecko

Principe-halvfingergekko

2012 Hemidactylus principensis Miller, Sellas & Drewes

Remarks: Previously regarded as a population of greeffi (Miller, Sellas & Drewes 2012).
Distribution: Sao Tome & Principe (Principe).


Hemidactylus pseudomuriceus

Azagny Half-toed Gecko, Western Forest Gecko

Azagny-Halbzehengecko

Azagny-halvfingergekko

2003 Hemidactylus pseudomuriceus Henle & Böhme

Distribution: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo-Brazzaville, Ivory Coast.


Hemidactylus pseudoromeshkanicus

Andimeshk Half-toed Gecko

Andimeshk-Halbzehengecko

Andimeshk-halvfingergekko

2019 Hemidactylus pseudoromeshkanicus Torki

Distribution: Iran.





Hemidactylus puccionii

Somali Plain Gecko

Somalischer Wüsten-Halbzehengecko

Somalisk Ørken-halvfingergekko

1927 Hemidactylus puccionii Calabresi

Remarks: Previously regarded as a possible synonym of turcicus (e.g., Parker 1942). Regarded as a valid species by Wermuth (1965) and Lanza (1978, 1990).
Introduced to: Tanzania (Zanzibar).
Distribution: Somalia.


Hemidactylus pumilio

Pygmy Half-toed Gecko

Pygmäen-Halbzehengecko

Pygmæ-halvfingergekko

1899 Hemidactylus pumilus Boulenger [not Hemidactylus pumilus Hallowell 1860]
1899 Hemidactylus pumilio Boulenger [substitute name for Hemidactylus pumilus Boulenger 1899]

Distribution: Yemen (Socotra Archipelago: Socotra).


Hemidactylus reticulatus

Reticulated Half-toed Gecko, Reticulated Gecko

Netz-Halbzehengecko

Net-halvfingergekko

1870 Hemidactylus reticulatus Beddome

Distribution: India (Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Telangana).


Hemidactylus richardsonii

Central African Half-toed Gecko, (Richardson's Forest Gecko, Richardson's Tree Gecko, Richardson's Half-toed Gecko)

Zentralafrikanischer Halbzehengecko

Centralafrikansk Halvfingergekko

1845 Velernesia richardsonii Gray
Hemidactylus richardsonii Boulenger 1885

Remarks: Cisse's (1974) record from Senegal refers to brookii (Böhme 1978).
Distribution: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa, Equatorial Guinea (Rio Muni), Gabon, Nigeria, Uganda.


Hemidactylus rishivalleyensis

Chittoor Half-toed Gecko

Chittoor-Halbzehengecko

Chittoor-halvfingergekko

2020 Hemidactylus rishivalleyensis Agarwal, Thackeray & Khandekar

Distribution: India (Andhra Pradesh).





Hemidactylus robustus

Red Sea Half-toed Gecko, Red Sea Gecko, Somali Plain Gecko, (Heyden's Gecko)

Rote-Meer-Halbzehengecko

Rødehavs-halvfingergekko

1827 Hemidactylus robustus Heyden
1884 Hemidactylus karachiensis Murray (syn. Baha el Din 2006)
1936 Hemidactylus parkeri Loveridge (syn. Baha el Din 2006)
Hemidactylus turcicus parkeri Arnold 1980
1981 Hemidactylus porbandarensis Sharma (Bauer, Vyas, Jackman, Lajmi & Giri 2012)

Other common names:
porbandarensis: Porbandar House gecko
Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of turcicus (e.g., Wermuth 1965). Baha el Din (2005, 2006) revalidated robustus based on wide sympatry with turcicus in Egypt. Their status as separate species was confirmed by Carranza & Arnold (2006).
Introduced to: Tanzania (Zanzibar), Yemen (Socotra Archipelago [Samha, Socotra]).
Distribution: Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, India (Gujarat), Iran, Iraq, Kenya, Oman (incl. Masirah), Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia (incl. Farasan Islands), Somalia, Sudan, United Arab Emirates, Yemen.


Hemidactylus romeshkanicus

Romeshkan Half-toed Gecko

Romeshkan-Halbzehengecko

Romeshkan-halvfingergekko

2011 Hemidactylus romeshkanicus Torki, Manthey & Barts

Distribution: Iran.


Hemidactylus ruspolii

Turnip-tailed Black-and-Yellow Gecko, (Prince Ruspoli's Gecko)

Schwarz-gelber Halbzehengecko

Sort-gul Halvfingergekko

1896 Hemidactylus ruspolii Boulenger
1907 Hemidactylus erlangeri Steindachner (Wermuth 1965)

Distribution: Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia.


Hemidactylus saba

Sheba Half-toed Gecko

Sheba-Halbzehengecko

Sheba-halvfingergekko

2011 Hemidactylus saba Busais & Joger

Distribution: Yemen.


Hemidactylus sahgali

Northern Termite Hill Gecko, (Sahgal's Termite Hill Gecko)

Nördlicher Termitengecko

Nordlig Termitgekko

2018 Hemidactylus sahgali Mirza, Gowande, Patil, Ambekar & Patel

Remarks: This species was previously regarded as populations of triedrus (Mirza, Gowande, Patil, Ambekar & Patel 2018). Records of triedrus from Himachal Pradesh and Jharkhand are herein provisionally regarded as representing sahgali.
Distribution: India (Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan), Pakistan.





Hemidactylus sankariensis

Sankari Half-toed Gecko

Sankari-Halbzehengecko

Sankari-halvfingergekko

2019 Hemidactylus sankariensis Agarwal, Bauer, Giri & Khandekar

Distribution: India (Tamil Nadu).





Hemidactylus sassanidianus

Khaiiz Half-toed Gecko

Khaiiz-Halbzehengecko

Khaiiz-halvfingergekko

2019 Hemidactylus sassanidianus Torki

Distribution: Iran.





Hemidactylus sataraensis

Satara Half-toed Gecko

Satara-Halbzehengecko

Satara-halvfingergekko

2008 Hemidactylus sataraensis Giri & Bauer

Distribution: India (Maharashtra).


Hemidactylus scabriceps

Ramnad Scaled Gecko

Ramnad-Halbzehengecko

Ramnad-halvfingergekko

1906 Teratolepis scabriceps Annandale
Lophopholis scabriceps Smith & Deraniyagala 1934
Hemidactylus scabriceps Loveridge 1947

Distribution: India (Tamil Nadu), Sri Lanka.


Hemidactylus shihraensis

Al Shihr Half-toed Gecko

Al-Shihr-Halbzehengecko

Al Shihr-halvfingergekko

2011 Hemidactylus shihraensis Busais & Joger

Distribution: Yemen.


Hemidactylus sinaitus

Sudan Half-toed Gecko, Speckled Gecko, (Red Sea Gecko)

Sudanischer Halbzehengecko

Sudansk Halvfingergekko

1885 Hemidactylus sinaitus Boulenger
1959 Hemidactylus shugraensis Haas & Battersby (Arnold 1986)

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of turcicus (e.g., Mertens & Wermuth 1960; Wermuth 1965). Revalidated by Arnold (1977). The scientific name of the species was based on the type locality ("Sinai"), which is in error. The species is not found in Sinai (Baha el Din 2006).
Distribution: Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan, Yemen.


Hemidactylus sirumalaiensis

Sirumalai Half-toed Gecko, Sirumalai Rock Gecko

Sirumalai-Halbzehengecko

Sirumalai-halvfingergekko

2020 Hemidactylus sirumalaiensis Khandekar, Thackeray, Pawar & Agarwal

Distribution: India (Tamil Nadu).





Hemidactylus siva

Bellary Half-toed Gecko

Bellary-Halbzehengecko

Bellary-halvfingergekko

2018 Hemidactylus siva Srinivasulu, Srinivasulu & Kumar

Distribution: India (Karnataka).





Hemidactylus smithi

Shebeli Half-toed Gecko, (Smith's Gecko)

Shebeli-Halbzehengecko

Shebeli-halvfingergekko

1895 Hemidactylus smithi Boulenger

Distribution: Ethiopia, Somalia.


Hemidactylus somalicus

Somali Half-toed Gecko, (Somali Gecko)

Almindelig-Somalisk-Halbzehengecko

Almindelig Somalisk Halvfingergekko

1932 Hemidactylus somalicus Parker

Distribution: Ethiopia, Somalia.


Hemidactylus squamulatus

Nyika Half-toed Gecko, Nyika Gecko, (Tornier's Gecko)

Nyika-Halbzehengecko

Nyika-halvfingergekko

1896 Hemidactylus squamulatus Tornier
Hemidactylus tropidolepis squamulatus Calabresi 1923
Teratolepis squamulatus Parker 1942
1896 Hemidactylus bocagei Tornier [not Hemidactylus bocagii Boulenger 1885]
1897 Hemidactylus werneri Tornier [substitute name for Hemidactylus bocagei Tornier 1896]
1902 Hemidactylus tornieri Mocquard [substitute name for Hemidactylus bocagei Tornier 1896]
1908 Hemidactylus floweri Werner (Kluge 1991)
Hemidactylus tropidolepis floweri Loveridge 1947
Hemidactylus squamulatus floweri Wermuth 1965
1923 Hemidactylus alluaudi Angel (Wermuth 1965)
1942 Hemidactylus tropidolepis barbouri Loveridge (Loveridge 1957)
Hemidactylus squamulatus barbouri Loveridge 1957

Distribution: Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania.


Hemidactylus stejnegeri

Taiwanese Half-toed Gecko, (Stejneger's Leaf-toed Gecko, Stejneger's House Gecko)

Taiwanischer Halbzehengecko

Taiwansk Halvfingergekko

1989 Hemidactylus stejnegeri Ota & Hikida

Remarks: Listed for China by Bain & Hurley (2011) and The Reptile Database (viewed December 10, 2011), but no other records have been found to verify the presence in China for this species.
Distribution: Philippines (Cebu, Luzon, Panay), Taiwan, Vietnam.


Hemidactylus subtriedroides

Sagaing Half-toed Gecko

Sagaing-Halbzehengecko

Sagaing-halvfingergekko

1905 Hemidactylus subtriedroides Annandale
Hemidactylus brookii subtriedroides Loveridge 1941

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of brookii (e.g., Smith 1935), but formally regarded as a synonym of tenkatei by Mahony (2011). However, this was not supported by Kathriner, O'Shea & Kaiser (2014), who provisionally retained subtriedroides as a valid species, pending further studies.
Distribution: Myanmar.


Hemidactylus sushilduttai

Mahendragiri Range Half-toed Gecko

Mahendragiri-Halbzehengecko

Mahendragiri-halvfingergekko

2017 Hemidactylus sushilduttai Giri, Bauer, Mohapatra, Srinivasulu & Agarwal

Distribution: India (Andhra Pradesh).


Hemidactylus tanganicus

Dutumi Half-toed Gecko, Dutumi Gecko

Dutumi-Halbzehengecko

Dutumi-halvfingergekko

1929 Hemidactylus tanganicus Loveridge

Distribution: Tanzania.


Hemidactylus tasmani

Zimbabwean Half-toed Gecko, (Tasman's Tropical House Gecko)

Zimbabwe-Halbzehengecko

Zimbabwe-halvfingergekko

1932 Hemidactylus tasmani Hewitt
Hemidactylus mabouia tasmani Broadley 1977

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of mabouia (e.g., Loveridge 1947; Wermuth 1965). Treated as a valid species by most recent authors (e.g., Kluge 1991).
Distribution: Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe.


Hemidactylus taylori

Sol Haud Half-toed Gecko

Sol-Haud-Halbzehengecko

Sol Haud-halvfingergekko

1932 Hemidactylus taylori Parker

Distribution: Somalia.


Hemidactylus tenkatei

Rote Half-toed Gecko, Roti House Gecko

Rote-Halbzehengecko

Rote-halvfingergekko

1895 Hemidactylus tenkatei Lidth de Jeude

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of brookii (e.g., Smith 1935; Wermuth 1965). Formerly included subtriedroides (see remarks under that species). Revalidated by Rösler & Glaw (2010), followed by others (e.g., Mahony 2011; O'Shea, Sanchez, Heacox, Kathriner, Carvalho, Varela-Ribeiro, Afrianio-Soares, Araujo & Kaiser 2012; Sanchez, Carvalho, Kathriner, O'Shea & Kaiser 2012), and confirmed by Kathriner, O'Shea & Kaiser (2014). The native distribution of this species is uncertain, as it is likely that it has been spread widely by human agency (Mahony 2011; Kathriner, O'Shea & Kaiser 2014), but known records are listed below.
Distribution: Bhutan, East Timor, Indonesia (Alor, Flores, Lembata, Pantar, Rote, Savu, Semau, Sumba, West Timor), Malaysia (West Malaysia: Penang Island).


Hemidactylus thayene

Burmese Ghost Gecko

Burmesischer Gespenstgecko

Burmesisk Fantomgekko

2007 Hemidactylus thayene Zug & McMahan in McMahan & Zug

Distribution: Myanmar.


Hemidactylus treutleri

Golconda Half-toed Gecko

Golconda-Halbzehengecko

Golconda-halvfingergekko

2009 Hemidactylus treutleri Mahony

Distribution: India (Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Telangana).


Hemidactylus triedrus

Southern Termite Hill Gecko, Blotched House Gecko, Blotched Gecko

Südlicher Termitengecko

Sydlig Termitgekko

1802 Gecko triedrus Daudin
Hemidactylus triedrus Lesson in Bélanger 1834
1853 Hemidactylus subtriedrus Jerdon (Mahony 2011; Mirza, Gowande, Patil, Ambekar & Patel 2018)

Other common names:
subtriedrus: Madras Blotched Gecko
Remarks: Now restricted to India. Previously included lankae and the populations now assigned to sahgali and whitakeri. Records from Sri Lanka refer to lankae (Bauer, Jackman, Greenbaum, Giri & Silva 2010). Validity of subtriedrus has been questioned (Zug, Vindum & Koo 2007; Venugopal 2010a), but acknowledged by others (e.g., Giri & Bauer 2008; Giri, Bauer, Vyas & Patil 2009; Mirza 2010). Following Zug, Vindum & Koo (2007), Venugopal (2010) did not include subtriedrus in his list of Indian lizards. Javed, Saravanan, Tampal & Srinivasulu (2009) and Bauer, Jackman, Greenbaum, Giri & Silva (2010) presented evidence for its validity, but Mahony (2011) placed it in the synonymy of triedrus, which was supported by Mirza, Gowande, Patil, Ambekar & Patel (2018). The latter authors did not mention Karnataka in the distribution, but plotted a locality clearly within the state.
Distribution: India (Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu).


Hemidactylus tropidolepis

Ogaden Half-toed Gecko, Ogaden Gecko, (Mocquard's Gecko)

Ogaden-Halbzehengecko

Ogaden-halvfingergekko

1888 Hemidactylus tropidolepis Mocquard
Teratolepis tropidolepis Parker 1942

Distribution: Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia.


Hemidactylus turcicus

Turkish Half-toed Gecko, Turkish Gecko, Mediterranean House Gecko, Mediterranean Gecko

Europäischer Halbzehengecko, Scheibenfinger

Tyrkisk Halvfingergekko, Europæisk Halvfingergekko

1758 Lacerta turcica Linnaeus
Hemidactylus turcicus Boettger 1876
1810 Gecus cyanodactylus Rafinesque (Böhme (ed.) 1981)
1826 Gecko meridionalis Risso (Böhme (ed.) 1981)
1827 Hemidactylus granosus Heyden (Wermuth 1965)
1829 Gecko verruculatus Cuvier (Böhme (ed.) 1981)
1906 Hemidactylus exsul Barbour & Cole (Wermuth 1965)
1954 Hemidactylus turcicus spinalis Buchholz (Böhme (ed.) 1981)

Remarks: Previously included granosus, lavadeserticus, macropholis, puccionii, sinaitus, and robustus (incl. parkeri). The distribution of turcicus is now restricted to the Mediterranean region. Apart from introductions, records from outside this region refer to the species listed above. Reported introduction to Argentina is based on misidentified mabouia (Baldo, Borteiro, Brusquetti, García & Prigioni 2008).
Introduced to: Chile, Cuba, Italy (Sardinia), Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California Norte, Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Jalisco, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatan), New Zealand, Panama, Puerto Rico, Spain (Balearic Islands [Cabrera, Mallorca, Minorca, Pityusic Islands (Formentera, Ibiza)], Canary Islands [Gran Canaria, Tenerife]), Turkmenistan, USA (Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia).
Distribution: Albania, Algeria, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Cyprus, Egypt (incl. Sinai), France (incl. Corsica), Gibraltar, Greece (incl. Aegean Islands [incl. Cyclades Islands, Dodecanese Islands (incl. Rhodes), Sporades Islands], Crete), Israel, Italy (incl. Aeolian Islands, Capri, Elba, Montecristo, Pantelleria, Pelagie Islands [Lampedusa, Linosa Islands], Sicily), Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Malta, Montenegro, Morocco, Portugal, Slovenia, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey (incl. European Turkey).


Hemidactylus ulii

Al Hababi Half-toed Gecko

Al-Hababi-Halbzehengecko

Al Hababi-halvfingergekko

2013 Hemidactylus ulii Smid, Moravec, Kratochvil, Gvozdik, Nasher, Busais, Wilms, Shobrak & Carranza

Distribution: Yemen.


Hemidactylus vanam

Meghamalai Half-toed Gecko, Meghamalai Rock Gecko

Meghamalai-Halbzehengecko

Meghamalai-halvfingergekko

2018 Hemidactylus vanam Chaitanya, Lajmi & Giri

Distribution: India (Tamil Nadu).


Hemidactylus varadgirii

Amboli Half-toed Gecko

Amboli-Halbzehengecko

Amboli-halvfingergekko

2019 Hemidactylus varadgirii Chaitanya, Agarwal, Lajmi & Khandekar

Distribution: India (Maharashtra).





Hemidactylus vietnamensis

Vietnamese House Gecko

Vietnamesischer Halbzehengecko

Vietnamesisk Halvfingergekko

1984 Hemidactylus vietnamensis Darevsky, Kupriyanova & Roshchin

Remarks: An all-female, parthenogenetic species (Nguyen, Ho & Nguyen 2009).
Distribution: Cambodia, Vietnam.


Hemidactylus vijayraghavani

Bagalkot Half-toed Gecko

Bagalkot-Halbzehengecko

Bagalkot-halvfingergekko

2018 Hemidactylus vijayraghavani Mirza

Distribution: India (Karnataka).





Hemidactylus whitakeri

Karnataka Termite Hill Gecko, (Whitaker's Termite Hill Gecko)

Karnataka-Termitengecko

Karnataka-termitgekko

2018 Hemidactylus whitakeri Mirza, Gowande, Patil, Ambekar & Patel

Remarks: This species was previously regarded as populations of triedrus (Mirza, Gowande, Patil, Ambekar & Patel 2018). Records of triedrus from Goa are herein provisionally regarded as representing whitakeri.
Distribution: India (Goa, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu).





Hemidactylus yajurvedi

Kanker Rock Gecko

Kanker-Halbzehengecko

Kanker-halvfingergekko

2015 Hemidactylus yajurvedi Murthy, Bauer, Lajmi, Agarwal & Giri

Distribution: India (Chhattisgarh).


Hemidactylus yerburii

Lahej Half-toed Gecko, (Yerburi's Gecko)

Lahej-Halbzehengecko

Lahej-halvfingergekko

1895 Hemidactylus yerburii Anderson

Remarks: Previously included montanus and pauciporosus. Now restricted to the Arabian Peninsula. Not mentioned for Saudi Arabia by Aloufi, Amr, Baker & Hamidan (2019).
Distribution: Oman, Saudi Arabia, Yemen.