Taxonomy
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Carettochelyidae
Pig-nosed Turtle


Chelidae
Austro-American Side-necked Turtles


Cheloniidae
Hard-shelled Sea Turtles


Chelydridae
American Snapping Turtles


Dermatemydidae
Central American River Turtle


Dermochelyidae
Leatherback Sea Turtle


Emydidae
Western Pond Turtles


Geoemydidae
Eastern Pond Turtles


Kinosternidae
American Mud and Musk Turtles


Pelomedusidae
African Side-necked Turtles


Platysternidae
Big-headed Turtle


Podocnemididae
Giant Side-necked Turtles


Testudinidae
Tortoises


Trionychidae
Softshell Turtles



Bibliography of Turtles (Testudines) Biodiversity of Turtles (Testudines)

Turtles
(Testudines)
Schildkröten     Skildpadder




Contents:  356 species of which 152 (42.7%) are endemic - 95 genera of which 13 (13.7%) are endemic - 14 families of which none are endemic.

Distribution:  North, Central, and South America, West Indies, Europe, Africa, Middle East, Asia, Malay Archipelago, Australia, Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans.

Reported from: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, American Samoa, Angola, Anguilla, Antigua & Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Aruba, Ascension, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bonaire, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Chagos Archipelago, Chile, China, Christmas Island, Clipperton, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Colombia, Comoro Islands, Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Curacao, Cyprus, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, East Timor, Easter Island, Ecuador (incl. Galapagos Islands), Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Europa Island, Fiji, France, French Guiana, French Polynesia, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Gibraltar, Glorioso Islands, Greece, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guam, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Howland & Baker, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Irish Republic, Isla de Aves, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jarvis, Johnston, Jordan, Juan de Nova, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kermadec Islands, Kiribati, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Lithuania, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Martinique, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mayotte, Mexico, Micronesia, Midway Islands, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Montserrat, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Navassa, Nepal, Netherlands, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Niue, North Korea, Northern Mariana Islands, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Palmyra, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Pitcairn Islands, Poland, Portugal Puerto Rico, Qatar, Reunion, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Saba, Saint Barthélemy, Saint Helena, Saint Kitts & Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Martin, Saint Vincent & the Grenadines, São Tomé & Príncipe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Sint Eustatius, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Korea, South Sudan, Spain, Spratly Islands, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Surinam, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tokelau, Tonga, Trinidad & Tobago, Tristan da Cunha, Tromelin, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Turks & Caicos Islands, Tuvalu, U.S. Virgin Islands, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Uruguay, USA, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Wake, Wallis & Futuna, Western Sahara, Western Samoa, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.