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Taxonomy of the family Pythonidae
Bibliography of the genus Python
Biodiversity of the family Pythonidae








Genus
Python

Typical Pythons

Eigentliche Pythons

Egentlige Pytoner

1803 Python Daudin (type species: Python tigris Daudin 1803)
1830 Enygrus Wagler (type species: Boa regia Shaw 1802; syn. Williams & Wallach 1989)
1831 Cenchris Gray [substitute name for Enygrus Wagler 1830; not Cenchris Daudin 1803 (Serpentes)]
1842 Heleionomus Gray (type species: Heleionomus variegatus Gray 1842)
1842 Hortulia Gray (type species: Python natalensis Smith 1833)
1843 Asterophis Fitzinger (type species: Python tigris Daudin 1803)
1884 Aspidoboa Sauvage (type species: Python curtus Schlegel 1872)
2004 Shireenhoserus Hoser (type species: Python Anchietae Bocage 1887; syn. Kaiser, Crother, Kelly, Luiselli, O'Shea, Ota, Passos, Schleip & Wüster 2013)
Contents: 10 species, of which 3 (30.0%) are endemic.
Remarks: The two species of the genus Malayopython were previously included in Python.
Distribution: SubSaharan Africa, S. Asia, Malay Archipelago.
Reported from: Angola (incl. Cabinda), Bangladesh, Benin, Bhutan, Botswana, Brunei, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hong Kong [incl. Shek Kwu Chau Island], Jiangxi, Macau, Yunnan), Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa, Equatorial Guinea (Bioko, Rio Muni), Eritrea, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau (incl. Bijagos Archipelago), India (Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Delhi, Goa, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal), Indonesia (Bali, Bangka, Java, Kalimantan, Riau Islands, Siberut, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Sumbawa), Ivory Coast, Kenya, Laos, Liberia, Malawi, Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak, West Malaysia), Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique (incl. Bazaruto Archipelago [incl. Santa Carolina]), Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa (Eastern Cape, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West Province, Northern Cape), South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tanzania (incl. Zanzibar), Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam (incl. Cat Ba Island), Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Python anchietae

Angolan Python, Namibian Dwarf Python, Escarpment Python, (Anchieta's Dwarf Python)

Angolapython

Angolapyton

1887 Python Anchietae Bocage

Distribution: Angola, Namibia.


Python bivittatus

Burmese Python, Malaysian Rock Python, Black-tailed Python

Dunkler Tigerpython

Mørk Tigerpyton

1820 Python bivittatus Kuhl
Python molurus bivittatus Mertens 1921
1899 Python molurus sondaica Werner (Stimson 1969)
2009 Python bivittatus progschai Jacobs, Auliya & Böhme

Other common names:
progschai: Sulawesi Python*, (Sulawesi Burmese Python)
Remarks: For many years regarded as a subspecies of molurus (e.g., Smith 1943; Stimson 1969). Revalidated as a separate species by Jacobs, Auliya & Böhme (2009). Although a few reports from Sichuan exist, occurrence in this province is not considered natural (Barker & Barker 2010). Likewise, although reported from Borneo by some authors (e.g., Stimson 1969; Iskandar & Colijn 2001), the species does not occur in this island (Haile 1959; Stuebing 1991; McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999; Stuebing & Inger 1999; Das 2006). This is also the case with reports from West Malaysia (e.g., McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999; Das & Yaakob 2007), which are considered unverified (Tweedie 1983; Cox 1991; Das 2010).
Introduced to: China (Sichuan), Puerto Rico, Saint Barthelemy, South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal), USA (Florida, Iowa).
Distribution: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hong Kong [incl. Shek Kwu Chau Island], Jiangxi, Macau, Yunnan), India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Mizoram, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal), Indonesia (Bali, Java, Sulawesi, Sumbawa), Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam (incl. Cat Ba Island).


Python breitensteini

Borneo Short-tailed Python, Bornean Short Python, Borneo Blood Python, Borneo Python, (Breitenstein's Python)

Borneo-Kurzschwanzpython

Borneo-blodpyton*

1880 Python Breitensteini Steindachner
Python curtus breitensteini Stull 1935

Remarks: Revalidated as a separate species by Shine, Ambariyanto, Harlow & Mumpuni (1999) and Keogh, Barker & Shine (2001).
Distribution: Brunei, Indonesia (Kalimantan), Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak).


Python brongersmai

Blood Python, Red Blood Python, Malaysian Blood Python, (Brongersma's Short Python)

Blutpython

Rød Blodpyton*

1938 Python curtus brongersmai Stull
Python brongersmai Shine, Ambariyanto, Harlow & Mumpuni 1999

Remarks: Presence in Vietnam (Tirant 1885; confirmed by Tran 1992) may be due to human transportation (Auliya 2003; Nguyen, Ho & Nguyen 2009).
Extinct in: Singapore.
Distribution: Indonesia (Bangka, Riau Islands, Sumatra), Malaysia (West Malaysia), Thailand.


Python curtus

Sumatra Short-tailed Python, Sumatran Short Python, Sumatran Python, (Schlegel's Python)

Sumatra-Kurzschwanzpython, Buntpython

Sumatra-blodpyton*, Korthalet Pyton

1872 Python curtus Schlegel
Aspidoboa curtus Sauvage 1884

Remarks: Previously included breitensteini and brongersmai (e.g., Stimson 1969). Now restricted to western Sumatra.
Introduced to: Saint Martin.
Distribution: Indonesia (Siberut, Sumatra).


Python kyaiktiyo

Burmese Short-tailed Python*, Mon Short-tailed Python, Mon Python

Burmesische Kurzschwanzpython*

Burmesisk Blodpyton*

2011 Python kyaiktiyo Zug, Gotte & Jacobs

Distribution: Myanmar.


Python molurus

Indian Python, Indian Rock Python, (Asian Rock Python)

Heller Tigerpython

Lys Tigerpython, Indisk Pyton

1758 Coluber Molurus Linnaeus
Python molurus Gray 1842
1801 Boa Albicans Schneider (Stimson 1969)
1801 Boa Castanea Schneider (Stimson 1969)
1801 Boa Cinerea Schneider (Stimson 1969)
1801 Boa Orbiculata Schneider (Stimson 1969)
1801 Boa Ordinata Schneider (Stimson 1969)
1802 Coluber Boaeformis Shaw (Stimson 1969)
1803 Python bora Daudin (Stimson 1969)
1803 Python tigris Daudin (Stimson 1969)
1853 Python trivittatus Jerdon (Stimson 1969)
1899 Python molurus var. intermedia Werner (Stimson 1969)
1899 Python molurus var. ocellatus Werner (Stimson 1969)
1945 Python molurus pimbura Deraniyagala (Stimson 1969)

Remarks: Previously included bivittatus (e.g., Stimson 1969). Status of pimbura is uncertain; it was regarded as a synonym of molurus by Stimson (1969), but as a possible valid subspecies by Schleip & O'Shea (2010).
Distribution: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India (Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Delhi, Goa, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal), Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka.


Python natalensis

Southern Rock Python, Southern African Rock Python, Natal Rock Python, Southern African Python, Lesser African Python

Südlicher Felsenpython

Sydlig Klippepyton

1833 Python natalensis Smith
Hortula natalensis Gray 1842
Python sebae natalensis Jan 1863
1979 Python saxuloides Miller & Smith (Broadley 1984)

Other common names:
saxuloides: Lesser African Rock Python, Lesser African Python
Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym or a subspecies of sebae (e.g., Stimson 1969; McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999). Revalidated as a separate species by Broadley (1994, 1999). Regarded as extinct in Eastern Cape (South Africa), since last report was in 1927, but recent records suggest it may still occur in some remote areas of the province (Broadley 1983a; Branch 1998; Bates, Branch, Bauer, Burger, Marais, Alexander & Villiers [eds.] 2014).
Distribution: Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Congo-Kinshasa, Eswatini, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique (incl. Bazaruto Archipelago [incl. Santa Carolina]), Namibia, Rwanda, South Africa (Eastern Cape, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West Province, Northern Cape), Tanzania (incl. Zanzibar), Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Python regius

Ball Python, Royal Python, West African Python, (Pygmy Python)

Königspython

Kongepyton

1802 Boa regia Shaw
Enygrus regius Wagler 1830
Cenchris regia Gray 1831
Python regius Duméril & Bibron 1844
1842 Python bellii Gray (Stimson 1969)

Introduced to: Martinique, Puerto Rico, Saint Barthelemy, Saint Martin, U.S. Virgin Islands, United Arab Emirates, USA (Florida, Louisiana).
Distribution: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo-Kinshasa, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Sudan, Togo, Uganda.


Python sebae

Northern Rock Python, Central African Rock Python, African Water Python, Giant Python, (African Python)

Nördlicher Felsenpython

Nordlig Klippepyton

1789 Coluber sebae Gmelin
Hortula sebae Gray 1849
Python sebae Duméril & Bibron 1844
1789 Coluber speciosus Bonnaterre (Stimson 1969)
1801 Boa hieroglyphica Schneider (Stimson 1969)
1803 Python houttuyni Daudin (Stimson 1969)
1842 Heleionomus variegatus Gray (Stimson 1969)
1845 Python liberiensis Hallowell (Stimson 1969)
1936 Python jubalis Pitman (Stimson 1969)

Remarks: Previously included natalensis.
Introduced to: Puerto Rico, USA (Florida).
Distribution: Angola (incl. Cabinda), Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa, Equatorial Guinea (Bioko, Rio Muni), Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau (incl. Bijagos Archipelago), Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania (incl. Zanzibar), Togo, Uganda.