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© Rune Midtgaard


Taxonomy of the family Scincidae
Bibliography of the genus Copeoglossum
Biodiversity of the family Scincidae








Genus
Copeoglossum

Neotropical Spotted Skinks

Neotropische Fleckenskinke

Neotropiske Plettede Skinker

2012 Copeoglossum Tschudi (type species: Copeoglossum cinctum Tschudi 1845)
Contents: 4 species, of which 2 (50.0%) are endemic. In addition to this, 1 endemic species (redondae) is considered extinct.
Endemism: 0% 100%
Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of Mabuya (e.g., Smith 1935; Mausfeld, Schmitz, Böhme, Misof, Vrcibradic & Rocha 2002). Revalidated by Hedges & Conn (2012).
Distribution: West Indies, South America.
Reported from: Antigua & Barbuda (Redonda), Bolivia, Brazil (Acre, Alagoas, Amapa, Amazonas, Bahia, Ceara, Distrito Federal, Goias, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Para [incl. Marajo Island], Paraiba, Pernambuco, Piaui, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Norte, Rondonia, Roraima, Sao Paulo, Sergipe, Tocantins), Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Grenada, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Saint Vincent & the Grenadines (incl. Union Island, Saint Vincent), Surinam, Trinidad & Tobago (Tobago, Trinidad), Venezuela (incl. Margarita).

Copeoglossum arajara

Caatinga Bronze Skink

Caatinga-Bronzeskink

Caatinga-bronzeskink

1981 Mabuya arajara Reboucas-Spieker
Copeoglossum arajara Hedges & Conn 2012

Distribution: Brazil (Ceara, Pernambuco, Piaui).


Copeoglossum aurae

Greater Windward Skink

Großer Südantillische Skink

Stor Sydantillisk Skink

2012 Copeoglossum aurae Hedges & Conn

Remarks: Previously regarded as a population of C. nigropunctatum (e.g., Miralles, Rivas, Bonillo, Schargel, Barros, García-Pérez & Barrio-Amorós 2009), Mabuya mabouya (e.g., Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970; Schwartz & Henderson 1988), Spondylurus sloanii (e.g., Mayer & Lazell 2000) or Varzea bistriata (e.g., Powell, Henderson, Adler & Dundee 1996; Murphy 1997). Possibly extinct in Grenada and Saint Vincent (Powell & Henderson (eds.) 2012).
Distribution: Grenada, Saint Vincent & the Grenadines (incl. Union Island, Saint Vincent), Trinidad & Tobago (Tobago, Trinidad), Venezuela.


Copeoglossum margaritae

Margarita Skink

Margarita-Skink

Margarita-skink

2012 Copeoglossum margaritae Hedges & Conn

Remarks: Previously regarded as a population of nigropunctatum (e.g., Miralles, Rivas, Bonillo, Schargel, Barros, García-Pérez & Barrio-Amorós 2009; Ugueto & Rivas 2010).
Distribution: Venezuela (Isla Margarita).


Copeoglossum nigropunctatum

Black-spotted Skink, South American Spotted Skink, Common Coppery Skink

Schwarzflecken-Skink

Sortplettet Skink

1825 Scincus nigropunctatus Spix
Mabiua agilis var. nigropunctata Boulenger 1887
Mabuya nigropunctata Avila-Pires 1995
Copeoglossum nigropunctatum Hedges & Conn 2012
1831 Tiliqua aenea Gray (Hedges & Conn 2012)
1845 Copeoglossum cinctum Tschudi (Hedges & Conn 2012)

Remarks: Previously confused with Varzea bistriata, under which name it has been referred to by many authors (e.g., Williams & Vanzolini 1980; Reboucas-Spieker 1981; Vanzolini 1981, 1986; Vanzolini & Williams 1981; Cunha 1981; Cunha, Nascimento & Avila-Pires 1985; Nascimento, Avila-Pires & Cunha 1988; Nascimento, Avila-Pires, Santos & Lima 1991; O'Shea 1990; Zimmerman & Rodrigues 1990; Martins 1991; Vitt & Blackburn 1991; Blackburn & Vitt 1992; Gascon & Pereira 1993). Further back, nigropunctatum was considered a synonym of Mabuya mabouya (e.g., Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970). Records from Trinidad and Margarita Island refer to aurae and margaritae, respectively (Hedges & Conn 2012). Presence in Espirito Santo and Rio de Janeiro was questioned by Costa & Bérnils (2018).
Distribution: Bolivia, Brazil (Acre, Alagoas, Amapa, Amazonas, Bahia, Ceara, Distrito Federal, Goias, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Para [incl. Marajo Island], Paraiba, Pernambuco, Piaui, Rio Grande do Norte, Rondonia, Roraima, Sao Paulo, Sergipe, Tocantins), Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Surinam, Venezuela.


Copeoglossum redondae

Redonda Skink

Redonda-Skink

Redonda-skink

2012 Copeoglossum redondae Hedges & Conn

Remarks: Previously regarded as a population of Mabuya mabouya (e.g., Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970; Schwartz & Henderson 1988) or Spondylurus sloanii (e.g., Mayer & Lazell 2000; Henderson & Powell 2009).
Distribution: Antigua & Barbuda (Redonda).