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© Rune Midtgaard

Taxonomy of the family Scincidae
Bibliography of the genus Tropidophorus
Biodiversity of the family Scincidae


Stream Skinks, Waterside Skinks, Water Skinks, Keeled Skinks

Gekielte Wasserskinke, Kielskinke

Asiatiske Kølskinker, Kølskællede Skinker

1839 Tropidophorus Dumeril & Bibron (type species: Tropidophorus cocincinensis Dumeril & Bibron 1839)
1845 Norbea Gray (type species: Norbea brookei Gray 1845; syn. Cogger, Cameron & Cogger 1983)
1853 Aspris Blyth (type species: Aspris berdmorei Blyth 1853; syn. Cogger, Cameron & Cogger 1983)
1871 Amphixestus Peters (type species: Amphixestus beccarii Peters 1871; syn. Cogger, Cameron & Cogger 1983)
1879 Enoplosaurus Sauvage (type species: Enoplosaurus insignis Sauvage 1879; syn. Cogger, Cameron & Cogger 1983)
Contents: 29 species, of which 19 (65.5%) are endemic.
Endemism: 0% 100%
Remarks: Previously included Concinnia queenslandiae.
Distribution: SE. Asia, Malay Archipelago.
Reported from: Bangladesh, Brunei, Cambodia, China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hong Kong, Hunan, Jiangxi, Yunnan), India (Assam, Mizoram), Indonesia (Kalimantan, Sulawesi), Laos, Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak), Myanmar, Philippines (Camiguin Sur, Catanduanes, Cebu, Dinagat, Leyte, Luzon, Masbate, Mindanao, Negros, Panay, Polillo, Sulu Islands [incl. Basilan]), Thailand, Vietnam.

Tropidophorus assamensis

Assam Stream Skink, Assamese Stream Skink, Northeast Indian Water Skink, Assam Hill Stream Skink



1912 Tropidophorus assamensis Annandale

Remarks: Only recently confirmed from Assam (Das 2008), although often mentioned from the state previously, due to misinterpretation of the type locality, which, in fact, is in Bangladesh (Das 1996).
Distribution: Bangladesh, India (Assam, Mizoram).

Tropidophorus baconi

Sulawesi Stream Skink



2003 Tropidophorus baconi Hikida, Riyanto & Ota

Distribution: Indonesia (Sulawesi).

Tropidophorus baviensis

Bavi Stream Skink, Bavi Water Skink, Bavi Keeled Skink



1939 Tropidophorus baviensis Bourret

Remarks: Presence in Thailand needs confirmation (Nguyen, Ho & Nguyen 2009).
Distribution: Laos, Vietnam.

Tropidophorus beccarii

Sarawak Stream Skink, (Beccari's Stream Skink, Beccari's Water Skink)

Sarawak-Wasserskink, (Beccaris Wasserskink)


1871 Amphixestus beccarii Peters
Tropidophorus beccarii Boulenger 1887
Norbea beccarii Mittleman 1952
1991 Sphenomorphus aquaticus Malkmus (Hikida & Ota 1994)

Remarks: Previously included mocquardii.
Distribution: Brunei, Indonesia (Kalimantan), Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak).

Tropidophorus beccarii
© Henrik Bringsøe

Tropidophorus berdmorei

Burmese Stream Skink, (Berdmore's Stream Skink, Berdmore's Water Skink)

Burmesischer Wasserskink

Burmesisk Vandskink

1853 Aspris berdmorei Blyth
Tropidophorus berdmorei Theobald 1868
1887 Tropidophorus yunnanensis Boulenger (Zhao & Adler 1993)

Distribution: China (Yunnan), Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam.

Tropidophorus boehmei

Lao Cai Stream Skink, (Böhme's Water Skink)


Lao Cai-vandskink

2010 Tropidophorus boehmei Nguyen, Nguyen, Schmitz, Orlov & Ziegler

Distribution: Vietnam.

Tropidophorus brookei

Bornean Stream Skink, (Brooke's Stream Skink, Brooke's Water Skink)



1845 Norbea brookei Gray
Tropidophorus brookei Boulenger 1887

Distribution: Brunei, Indonesia (Kalimantan), Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak).

Tropidophorus cocincinensis

Indochinese Stream Skink, Indochinese Water Skink, Cochin-Chinese Water Skink

Indochinesischer Wasserskink

Indokinesisk Vandskink

1839 Tropidophorus cocincinensis Dumeril & Bibron

Remarks: Records from Thailand (e.g., Chuaynkern, Nabhitabhata, Inthara, Kamsook & Somsri 2005; Nabhitabhata, Chan-ard & Chuaynkern 2004) refer to microlepis (Hartmann, Chipich, Handschuh, Nguyen & Böhme 2009).
Distribution: Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam.

Tropidophorus davaoensis

Davao Stream Skink



1980 Tropidophorus davaoensis Bacon in Brown & Alcala

Distribution: Philippines (Mindanao).

Tropidophorus grayi

Philippine Stream Skink, Spiny Waterside Skink

Philippinischer Wasserskink

Filippinsk Vandskink

1861 Tropidophorus grayi Günther
1879 Enoplosaurus insignis Sauvage (Brown & Alcala 1980)

Remarks: Records from Sulawesi, Indonesia, refer to baconi (Hikida, Riyanto & Ota 2003).
Distribution: Philippines (Catanduanes, Cebu, Leyte, Luzon, Masbate, Negros, Panay, Polillo).

Tropidophorus grayi
© Rune Midtgaard

Tropidophorus guangxiensis

Guangxi Stream Skink



1992 Tropidophorus guangxiensis Wen

Distribution: China (Guangxi, Hunan).

Tropidophorus hainanus

Hainan Stream Skink, Hainan Water Skink



1923 Tropidophorus hainanus Smith
1995 Tropidophorus cucphuongensis Bobrov (Nguyen, Ho & Nguyen 2009)

Distribution: China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hunan, Jiangxi), Vietnam.

Tropidophorus hangnam

Spiny-tailed Stream Skink, Spiny-tailed Water Skink


Pighalet Vandskink

2005 Tropidophorus hangnam Chuaynkern, Nabhitabhata, Inthara, Kamsook & Somsri

Distribution: Thailand.

Tropidophorus iniquus

Kajan River Stream Skink, Sungei Kajan Water Skink



1905 Tropidophorus iniquus Lidth de Jeude
Norbea iniqua Mittleman 1952

Distribution: Indonesia (Kalimantan).

Tropidophorus laotus

Laotian Stream Skink, Laotian Water Skink

Laotischer Wasserskink

Laotisk Vandskink

1923 Tropidophorus laotus Smith

Distribution: Laos, Thailand.

Tropidophorus latiscutatus

Broad-scaled Stream Skink, Broad-scaled Water Skink

Breitschuppiger Wasserskink

Bredskællet Vandskink

2002 Tropidophorus latiscutatus Hikida, Orlov, Nabhitabhata & Ota

Distribution: Laos, Thailand.

Tropidophorus matsuii

Isaan Stream Skink, (Matsui's Stream Skink, Matsui's Water Skink)



2002 Tropidophorus matsuii Hikida, Orlov, Nabhitabhata & Ota

Distribution: Thailand.

Tropidophorus microlepis

Small-scaled Stream Skink, Small-scaled Water Skink, (Cambodian Stream Skink)

Kleinschuppiger Wasserskink

Finskællet Vandskink

1861 Tropidophorus microlepis Günther

Distribution: Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam.

Tropidophorus microlepis
© Henrik Bringsøe

Tropidophorus micropus

Short-legged Stream Skink, Small-footed Water Skink


Kortbenet Vandskink

1905 Tropidophorus micropus Lidth de Jeude
Norbea micropa Mittleman 1952

Distribution: Indonesia (Kalimantan), Malaysia (Sarawak).

Tropidophorus misaminius

Misamis Stream Skink



1908 Tropidophorus misaminius Stejneger
Norbea misaminia Mittleman 1952
1915 Tropidophorus rivularis Taylor (Brown & Alcala 1980)
1922 Tropidophorus stejnegeri Taylor (Brown & Alcala 1980)

Distribution: Philippines (Camiguin Sur, Dinagat, Mindanao, Sulu Islands [incl. Basilan]).

Tropidophorus mocquardii

Kinabalu Stream Skink, (Mocquard's Stream Skink, Mocquard's Water Skink)



1894 Tropidophorus mocquardii Boulenger
Norbea mocquardi Mittleman 1952

Remarks: Status uncertain. Regarded as a synonym of beccarii by Smith (1923), Hikida & Ota (1994, 2005), and Malkmus, Manthey, Vogel, Hoffmann & Kosuch (2002), but as a valid species by Chuaynkern, Nabhitabhata, Inthara, Kamsook & Somsri (2005) and Das (2006).
Distribution: Malaysia (Sabah).

Tropidophorus murphyi

Cao Bang Stream Skink, (Murphy's Stream Skink, Murphy's Water Skink)


Cao Bang-vandskink

2002 Tropidophorus murphyi Hikida, Orlov, Nabhitabhata & Ota

Distribution: Vietnam.

Tropidophorus noggei

Quang Binh Stream Skink, (Nogge's Stream Skink, Nogge's Water Skink)


Quang Binh-vandskink

2005 Tropidophorus noggei Ziegler, Vu & Bui

Distribution: Vietnam.

Tropidophorus partelloi

Mindanao Stream Skink, (Partello's Waterside Skink)



1910 Tropidophorus partelloi Stejneger
Norbea partelloi Mittleman 1952

Distribution: Philippines (Dinagat, Mindanao).

Tropidophorus perplexus

Tinjar River Stream Skink, Perplexing Water Skink



1921 Tropidophorus perplexus Barbour
Norbea perplexa Mittleman 1952

Distribution: Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak).

Tropidophorus robinsoni

Chumpon Stream Skink, (Robinson's Stream Skink, Robinson's Water Skink)



1919 Tropidophorus robinsoni Smith

Distribution: Myanmar, Thailand.

Tropidophorus sebi

Baleh Stream Skink



2017 Tropidophorus sebi Pui, Karin, Bauer & Das

Distribution: Malaysia (Sarawak).

Tropidophorus sinicus

South Chinese Stream Skink, Chinese Waterside Skink, Chinese Water Skink

Südchinesischer Wasserskink

Sydkinesisk Vandskink

1886 Tropidophorus sinicus Boettger

Distribution: China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Hong Kong, Jiangxi), Vietnam.

Tropidophorus thai

Northern Thai Stream Skink, Northern Thai Water Skink, Thai Water Skink, Thai Stream Skink

Nordthailändischer Wasserskink

Nordthailandsk Vandskink

1919 Tropidophorus thai Smith

Distribution: Thailand.