Home - Taxonomy - Geography - Biodiversity - Literature - Purchase RepFocus Recent updates

© Rune Midtgaard


Taxonomy of the family Elapidae [terrestrial species]
Bibliography of the genus Calliophis
Biodiversity of the family Elapidae [terrestrial species]








Genus
Calliophis

South Asian Coral Snakes, (Oriental Coral Snakes)

Schmuckottern, (Bauchdrüsenottern [syn. Maticora])

Sydasiatiske Koralslanger, Orientalske Koralslanger

1835 Calliophis Gray (type species: Calliophis gracilis Gray 1834)
1835 Maticora Gray (type species: Maticora lineata Gray 1834; syn. Slowinski, Boundy & Lawson 2001)
1843 Gongylocormus Fitzinger (type species: Elaps bivirgatus Boie 1827)
1843 Pseudelaps Fitzinger (type species: Elaps furcatus Schneider 1801)
1858 Doliophis Girard (type species: Elaps bivirgatus Boie 1827)
1858 Helminthoelaps Jan (type species: Elaps bivirgatus Boie 1827)
1871 Adeniophis Peters (type species: Callophis furcatus var. nigrotaeniatus Peters 1863)
Contents: 15 species, of which 9 (60.0%) are endemic.
Endemism: 0% 100%
Other common names:
Maticora: Long-glanded Coral Snakes
Distribution: S. Asia, Malay Archipelago.
Reported from: Bangladesh, Brunei, Cambodia, India (Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Gujarat, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal), Indonesia (Bali, Bangka, Belitung, Java, Kalimantan, Lingga Islands, Nias, Riau Islands, Siberut, Sumatra), Laos, Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak, West Malaysia [incl. Langkawi Archipelago, Seribuat Archipelago (incl. Tioman)]), Myanmar, Philippines (Balabac, Bohol, Calamian Islands [Busuanga, Calauit, Culion, Sangat], Camiguin Sur, Dinagat, Luzon, Mindanao, Palawan, Samar, Sulu Islands [Jolo, Siasi]), Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam.

Calliophis beddomei

South Indian Coral Snake, (Beddome's Coral Snake)

Beddomes Korallenotter

Sydindisk Koralslange

1943 Callophis beddomei Smith
Calliophis beddomei Leviton 1968
Maticora beddomei Golay & al. 1993

Distribution: India (Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu).


Calliophis bibroni

Western Ghats Coral Snake, (Bibron's Coral Snake, Bibron's Slender Coral Snake)

Bibrons Korallenotter

Vestlig Indisk Koralslange

1858 Elaps bibroni Jan
Callophis bibroni Boulenger 1890
Calliophis bibroni Gharpurey 1962
1864 Elaps cerasinus Beddome (syn. Golay & al. 1993)
Callophis cerasinus Beddome 1867

Distribution: India (Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu).


Calliophis bilineatus

Two-striped Coral Snake, (Two-banded Malaysian Coral Snake)

Tostribet Koralslange

Zweistreifen-Korallenotter

1881 Callophis bilineatus Peters
Adeniophis bilineatus Peters 1881
Doliophis bilineatus Boulenger 1896
Maticora intestinalis bilineata Loveridge 1944
Calliophis intestinalis bilineatus Nguyen, Ho & Nguyen 2009
Calliophis bilineata Leviton, Brown & Siler 2014

Remarks: Previously regarded as a subspecies of intestinalis. Leviton, Brown & Siler (2014) regarded bilineatus as a separate species, but without discussion or references. However, the validity was supported by Brown, Smart, Leviton & Smith (2018).
Distribution: Philippines (Balabac, Calamian Islands [Busuanga, Calauit, Culion, Sangat], Palawan).





Calliophis bivirgatus

Red-bellied Coral Snake, Blue Malaysian Coral Snake, White-striped Coral Snake, Blue Long-glanded Coral Snake, Blue Coral Snake, Striped Oriental Coral Snake

Blaue Bauchdrüsenotter

Blå Koralslange

1827 Elaps bivirgatus Boie
Callophis bivirgatus Günther 1856
Adeniophis bivirgatus Meyer 1886
Doliophis bivirgatus Boulenger 1896
Maticora bivirgata Stejneger 1922
Calliophis bivirgatus Slowinski, Boundy & Lawson 2001
1839 Elaps flaviceps Cantor
Doliophis flaviceps Girard 1857
Adeniophis flaviceps Meyer 1886
Maticora bivirgata flaviceps Bourret 1936
Calliophis bivirgatus flaviceps Slowinski, Boundy & Lawson 2001
1859 Elaps tetrataenia Bleeker
Callophis bivirgatus var. tetrataenia Meyer 1869
Adeniophis tetrataenia Meyer 1886
Maticora bivirgata tetrataenia Haas 1950
Calliophis bivirgatus tetrataenius Slowinski, Boundy & Lawson 2001
1863 Elaps bivirgatus quadrivirgatus Jan (syn. Golay & al. 1993)

Other common names:
bivirgata: Blue Malaysian Coral Snake
flaviceps: Yellow-headed Coral Snake, Malayan Long-glanded Coral Snake
tetrataenia: Bornean Coral Snake
Remarks: Previously placed in a separate genus, Maticora, along with beddomei, bivirgatus, and nigrescens.
Distribution: Brunei, Indonesia (Bangka, Java, Kalimantan, Lingga Islands, Nias, Riau Islands, Siberut, Sumatra), Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak, West Malaysia), Myanmar, Singapore, Thailand.


Calliophis castoe

Amboli Coral Snake, (Castoe's Coral Snake)

Amboli-Korallenotter

Amboli-koralslange

2012 Calliophis castoe Smith, Ogale, Deepak & Giri

Distribution: India (Goa, Karnataka, Maharashtra).


Calliophis gracilis

Graceful Coral Snake, Spotted Coral Snake, Gray’s Coral Snake

Gefleckte Korallenotter

Plettet Koralslange

1834 Calliophis gracilis Gray
Elaps gracilis Günther 1858
Callophis gracilis Boulenger 1896
1839 Elaps nigromaculatus Cantor (syn. Golay & al. 1993)

Remarks: Present in the past, but not confirmed recently from Singapore (Baker & Lim 2008).
Extinct in: Singapore.
Distribution: Indonesia (Sumatra), Malaysia (West Malaysia), Thailand.


Calliophis haematoetron

Blood-bellied Coral Snake

Rotbäuchige Korallenotter

Rødbuget Koralslange

2008 Calliophis haematoetron Smith, Manamendra-Arachchi & Somaweera

Distribution: Sri Lanka.


Calliophis intestinalis

Malayan Striped Coral Snake, Banded Coral Snake, Banded Malaysian Coral Snake, Belted Coral Snake, Common Long-glanded Snake, Brown Long-glanded Coral Snake, (Striped Coral Snake)

Malaiische Bauchdrüsenotter

Malayisk Stribet Koralslange

1768 Aspis intestinalis Laurenti
Elaps intestinalis Cantor 1847
Callophis intestinalis Günther 1859
Adeniophis intestinalis Meyer 1886
Doliophis intestinalis Boulenger 1896
Maticora intestinalis Westerman 1942
Calliophis intestinalis Slowinski, Boundy & Lawson 2001
1801 Elaps furcatus Schneider (syn. Golay & al. 1993)
Vipera furcata Daudin 1803
1834 Maticora lineata Gray
Doliophis intestinalis lineata Boulenger 1896
Maticora intestinalis lineata Leviton 1968
Calliophis intestinalis lineatus Nguyen, Ho & Nguyen 2009
1854 Elaps trilineatus Duméril, Bibron & Duméril (syn. Golay & al. 1993)
Elaps furcatus trilineatus Jan 1863
1859 Elaps thepassi Bleeker (syn. Golay & al. 1993)
Maticora intestinalis thepassi Golay & al. 1993
Calliophis intestinalis thepassi Nguyen, Ho & Nguyen 2009
1859 Elaps melanotaenia Bleeker (syn. Golay & al. 1993)
1864 Callophis intestinalis malayana Günther (syn. Golay & al. 1993)
Adeniophis malayanus Meyer 1886
1890 Callophis intestinalis javanicus Müller (syn. Golay & al. 1993)
1896 Doliophis intestinalis annectens Boulenger (syn. Golay & al. 1993)
1926 Calamaria klossi Smith (syn. Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014)
1944 Maticora intestinalis immaculata Loveridge
Calliophis intestinalis immaculatus Brown, Smart, Leviton & Smith 2018

Other common names:
intestinalis: Malaysian Banded Coral Snake
lineata: Malaysian Banded Coral Snake
thepassi: Bornean Banded Coral Snake, Bornean Coral Snake
Remarks: Previously included bilineatus, nigrotaeniatus, philippinus, and suluensis. Some older records of intestinalis may represent to nigrotaeniatus (Fukuyama, Vogel, Matsui, Eto, Munir, Hossman, Hamidy & Nishikawa 2020). Formerly placed in a separate genus, Maticora, along with bivirgatus. Presence in Sulawesi needs confirmation, since only a few voucher specimens are available from the island (De Lang & Vogel 2005).
Introduced to: Indonesia (Sulawesi).
Distribution: Brunei, Indonesia (Bali, Bangka, Belitung, Java, Kalimantan, Nias, Riau Islands, Siberut, Sumatra), Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak, West Malaysia [incl. Seribuat Archipelago (incl. Tioman)]), Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam.


Calliophis maculiceps

Small-spotted Coral Snake, (Speckled Coral Snake)

Asiatische Gesprenkelte Korallenotter

Asiatisk Spættet Koralslange

1858 Elaps maculiceps Günther
Callophis maculiceps Günther 1859
Calliophis maculiceps Bourret 1936
Maticora maculiceps McDowell 1987
1877 Elaps atrofrontalis Sauvage (syn. Cox 2000)
Maticora maculiceps atrofrontalis Golay & al. 1993
1915 Callophis maculiceps univirgatus Smith [not Elaps univirgatus Günther 1859] (syn. Cox 2000)
1927 Callophis hughi Cochran (syn. Cox 2000)
Calliophis maculiceps hughi Bourret 1936
Calliophis hughi Taylor 1965
1934 Calliophis maculiceps punctulatus Bourret (syn. Cox 2000)
1960 Calliophis maculiceps michaelis Deuve (syn. Cox 2000)
Maticora maculiceps michaelis Golay & al. 1993
1963 Calliophis maculiceps smithi Klemmer [substitute name for Callophis maculiceps univirgatus Smith 1915] (syn. Cox 2000)
Maticora maculiceps smithi Golay & al. 1993
1965 Calliophis maculiceps malcolmi Taylor (substitute name for Callophis maculiceps univirgatus Smith 1915) (syn. Cox 2000)

Distribution: Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia (West Malaysia [incl. Langkawi Archipelago]), Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam.


Calliophis melanurus

South Asian Slender Coral Snake, (Indian Coral Snake)

Südasiatische Schlanke Korallenotter

Sydasiatisk Slank Koralslange

1802 Coluber melanurus Shaw
Elaps melanurus Jerdon 1854
Callophis melanurus Wall 1921
Calliophis melanurus Klemmer 1963
1803 Vipera trimaculata Daudin (syn. Golay & al. 1993)
Elaps trimaculatus Merrem 1820
Callophis trimaculatus Günther 1859
1951 Callophis melanurus sinhaleyus Deraniyagala
Calliophis melanurus sinhaleyus Leviton 1968

Other common names:
melanurus: Indian Slender Coral Snake
sinhaleyus: Sri Lanka Coral Snake
Distribution: Bangladesh, India (Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Gujarat, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal), Sri Lanka.


Calliophis nigrescens

Black Slender Coral Snake, Black Coral Snake, Common Indian Coral Snake, Günther's Coral Snake, (Striped Coral Snake)

Schwarze Korallenotter

Sort Koralslange

1854 Elaps malabaricus Jerdon (syn. Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014)
1862 Callophis nigrescens Günther
Hemibungarus nigrescens Boulenger 1896
Calliophis melanurus nigrescens Das 1994
Maticora nigrescens Golay & al. 1993
1863 Callophis concinnus Beddome (syn. Golay & al. 1993)
1871 Callophis pentalineatus Beddome (syn. Golay & al. 1993)
Calliophis nigrescens pentalineatus Aengals, Kumar, Palot & Ganesh 2018
1913 Hemibungarus nigrescens khandallensis Wall (syn. Golay & al. 1993)
Calliophis nigrescens khandallensis Aengals, Kumar, Palot & Ganesh 2018

Remarks: Ganesh & Ramanujam (2014) noted that nigrescens is a species complex, and that pentalineatus is a valid species, although they did not formally revalidate the taxon. The name Striped Coral Snake should be avoided, since it is also used for Sinomicrurus japonicus.
Distribution: India (Goa, Gujarat, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu).


Calliophis nigrotaeniatus

Black-striped Coral Snake

Schwarzstreifen-Korallenotter

Sortstribet Koralslange

1863 Callophis furcatus var. nigrotaeniatus Peters
Adeniophis nigrotaeniatus Peters 1871
Maticora intestinalis nigrotaeniatus Smith 1931
Calliophis intestinalis nigrotaenia [sic] Brown, Smart, Leviton & Smith 2018
Calliophis nigrotaeniatus Fukuyama, Vogel, Matsui, Eto, Munir, Hossman, Hamidy & Nishikawa 2020
1890 Elaps sumatranus Lidth de Jeude (syn. Fukuyama, Vogel, Matsui, Eto, Munir, Hossman, Hamidy & Nishikawa 2020)
Doliophis intestinalis sumatranus Boulenger 1896
Maticora intestinalis sumatrana Haas 1950
Calliophis intestinalis sumatranus Brown, Smart, Leviton & Smith 2018
1896 Doliophis intestinalis everetti Boulenger (syn. Fukuyama, Vogel, Matsui, Eto, Munir, Hossman, Hamidy & Nishikawa 2020)
Maticora intestinalis everetti Loveridge 1944
Calliophis intestinalis everetti Nguyen, Ho & Nguyen 2009

Remarks: Previously regarded as a subspecies of intestinalis (e.g., Smith 1931; Brown, Smart, Leviton & Smith 2018). Revalidated as a separate species by Fukuyama, Vogel, Matsui, Eto, Munir, Hossman, Hamidy & Nishikawa (2020).
Distribution: Indonesia (Sumatra), Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak, West Malaysia [incl. Langkawi Archipelago]).





Calliophis philippinus

Philippine Striped Coral Snake, Philippine Banded Coral Snake, (Philippine Coral Snake)

Filippinsk Koralslange

Philippinische Korallenotter

1864 Callophis intestinalis var. philippina Günther
Adeniophis philippinus Meyer 1886
Doliophis philippinus Boulenger 1896
Maticora philippina Loveridge 1944
Maticora intestinalis philippina Leviton 1961
Calliophis intestinalis philippinus Nguyen, Ho & Nguyen 2009
Calliophis philippina Leviton, Brown & Siler 2014

Remarks: Previously regarded as a subspecies of intestinalis. Leviton, Brown & Siler (2014) regarded philippinus as a separate species, but without discussion or references. However, the validity was supported by Brown, Smart, Leviton & Smith (2018). Leviton, Siler, Weinell & Brown (2018) did not include Bohol in the distribution of the species.
Distribution: Philippines (Bohol, Camiguin Sur, Dinagat, Luzon, Mindanao, Samar).





Calliophis salitan

Dinagat Coral Snake, Dinagat Island Banded Coral Snake

Dinagat-koralslange

Dinagat-Korallenotter

2018 Calliophis salitan Brown, Smart, Leviton & Smith

Distribution: Philippines (Dinagat).





Calliophis suluensis

Sulu Islands Striped Coral Snake, Sulu Islands Banded Coral Snake, Sulu Coral Snake

Sulu-koralslange

Sulu-Korallenotter

1891 Callophis intestinalis suluensis Steindachner
Maticora intestinalis suluensis Leviton 1961
Calliophis intestinalis suluensis Nguyen, Ho & Nguyen 2009
Calliophis suluensis Leviton, Brown & Siler 2014

Remarks: Previously regarded as a subspecies of intestinalis. Leviton, Brown & Siler (2014) regarded suluensis as a separate species, but without discussion or references. However, the validity was supported by Brown, Smart, Leviton & Smith (2018).
Distribution: Philippines (Sulu Islands [Jolo, Siasi]).