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Citation: Midtgaard, Rune. RepFocus - A Survey of the Reptiles of the World. (www.repfocus.dk).
Latest update: May 12th, 2024.

Taxonomy of the family Colubridae
Bibliography of the genus Dasypeltis
Biodiversity of the family Colubridae


African Egg Eaters, African Egg-eating Snakes

Afrikanische Eierschlangen

Ægsnoge, Ægslanger, Ægædende Slanger

1829 Anodon Smith [not Anodon Oken 1815 (Mollusca); not Anodon Swainson 1822 (Insecta); rejected/invalid name: ICZN Opinion 387] (type species: Anodon typus Smith 1829)
1830 Dasypeltis Wagler (type species: Coluber scaber Linnaeus 1758)
1834 Rachiodon Jourdan [substitute name for Anodon Smith 1829]
1841 Deirodon Owen [substitute name for Anodon Smith 1829]
1843 Gonyodipsas Fitzinger (type species: Coluber irregularis Merrem 1790)
Contents: 18 species, of which 3 (16.7%) are endemic.
Endemism: 0% 100%
Distribution: Africa, Arabian Peninsula.
Reported from: Angola (incl. Cabinda), Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea (Rio Muni), Eritrea, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique (incl. Bazaruto Archipelago [Benguerua]), Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa (Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West Province, Northern Cape, Western Cape), South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania (incl. Mafia, Zanzibar), Togo, Uganda, Western Sahara, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Dasypeltis abyssina

Ethiopian Egg Eater

Äthiopische Eierschlange

Etiopisk Ægsnog

1854 Rachiodon abyssinus Dumeril, Bibron & Dumeril
Dasypeltis abyssinus Blanford 1870
Dasypeltis abyssinica [lapsus] Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of scabra (e.g., Largen & Rasmussen 1993). Revalidated by Trape & Mané (2006). Reports from Sudan refer to scabra (Bates & Broadley 2018).
Distribution: Eritrea, Ethiopia.

Dasypeltis arabica

Arabian Egg Eater

Arabische Eierschlange

Arabisk Ægsnog

2018 Dasypeltis arabica Bates & Broadley

Distribution: Saudi Arabia, Yemen.

Dasypeltis atra

Forest Egg Eater, Black Forest Egg Eater, Black Montane Egg Eater, Brown Forest Egg Eater, Brown Montane Egg Eater, (Rufous Forest Egg Eater, Rufous Montane Egg Eater)



1912 Dasypeltis scabra var. n. atra Sternfeld
Dasypeltis atra Welch 1982

Remarks: The distinction between atra and scabra, of which atra was previously regarded as a subspecies, is by no means sharply defined (Largen & Rasmussen 1993, referring to pers. comm. with B. Hughes), Pitman 1974). Only a single record from Tanzania (Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002).
Distribution: Burundi, Congo-Kinshasa, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda.

Dasypeltis bazi

Egyptian Egg Eater

Ägyptische Eierschlange

Ægyptisk Ægsnog

2016 Dasypeltis bazi Saleh & Sarhan

Remarks: A specimen from Erkowit in north-eastern Sudan might also be this species (Spawls, Mazuch & Mohammad 2023).
Distribution: Egypt.

Dasypeltis confusa

Diamondback Egg Eater, Confusing Egg Eater



2006 Dasypeltis confusa Trape & Mane

Remarks: Previously confused with scabra (Trape & Mané 2006a). Validity confirmed by Trape, Mediannikov & Trape (2012). A record from Ethiopia (Bates & Broadley 2018) is probably based on a misidentification (Spawls, Mazuch & Mohammad 2023). Included for Angola on the basis of several sources (Trape, Mediannikov & Trape 2012; Branch 2018; Bates & Broadley 2018), although the species was not mentioned by Marques, Ceríaco, Blackburn & Bauer (2018). The status of these and other records from Central Africa is unclear. Some may represent congolensis (Trape, Mediannikov, Chirio & Chirio 2021).
Distribution: Angola, Benin, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Togo, Uganda, Zambia.

Dasypeltis congolensis

Congolese Egg Eater

Kongolesische Eierschlange

Congolesisk Ægsnog

2021 Dasypeltis congolensis Trape, Mediannikov, Chirio & Chirio

Remarks: Likely to be found also in Angola, Gabon, and Zambia.
Distribution: Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa.

Dasypeltis crucifera

Eritrean Egg Eater, Cross-marked Egg Eater

Eritreische Eierschlange

Eritreisk Ægsnog

2018 Dasypeltis crucifera Bates & Broadley

Distribution: Eritrea.

Dasypeltis fasciata

Central African Egg Eater, (Western Forest Egg Eater)

Zentralafrikanische Eierschlange

Centralafrikansk Ægsnog

1849 Dasypeltis fasciatus Smith
1878 Rachiodon scaber subfasciatus Müller (Forcart 1964)
1907 Dasypeltis macrops Boulenger (Loveridge 1957; Trape, Mediannikov & Trape 2012)
Dasypeltis scaber macrops Bogert 1940

Remarks: Restricted to the forest zone. Records from the West African savanna zone are based on confusion with gansi (Trape & Mané 2006).
Distribution: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa, Equatorial Guinea (Rio Muni), Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo, Uganda.

Dasypeltis gansi

Savanna Egg Eater, (Gans' Egg Eater)



2006 Dasypeltis gansi Trape & Mane

Remarks: Previously included latericia. Confused with fasciata or scabra in older literature (Trape & Mané 2006a; Segniagbeto, Trape, David, Ohler, Dubois & Glitho 2011). Validity confirmed by Trape, Mediannikov & Trape (2012).
Distribution: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Togo.

Dasypeltis inornata

Southern Brown Egg Eater

Südliche Braune Eierschlange

Sydlig Brun Ægsnog

1849 Dasypeltis inornatus Smith
Rhaciodon inornatus Duméril & Bibron 1854
Dasypeltis scabra inornata FitzSimons 1912
1853 Rachiodon immaculatus Duméril (Broadley 1983)

Distribution: Eswatini, South Africa (Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga),

Dasypeltis latericia

Senegalese Egg Eater, Laterite Egg Eater


Senegalesisk Ægsnog

2006 Dasypeltis gansi latericia Trape & Mane
Dasypeltis latericia Trape, Mediannikov & Trape 2012

Distribution: Guinea, Mali, Senegal.

Dasypeltis loveridgei

Namibian Egg Eater

Namibische Eierschlange

Namibisk Ægsnog

1954 Dasypeltis scabra loveridgei Mertens
Dasypeltis loveridgei Bates 2023

Remarks: Previously regarded as a subspecies or synonym of scabra (e.g., Broadley 1983). Raised to species status by Bates (2023).
Distribution: Namibia.

Dasypeltis medici

East African Egg Eater, Eastern Forest Egg Eater, (Rufous Egg Eater)

Ostafrikanische Eierschlange

Østafrikansk Ægsnog

1859 Dipsas Medici Bianconi
Dasypeltis scabra medici Peters 1882
Dasypeltis medici Gans 1957
1868 Dasypeltis scaber fasciolata Peters (Broadley 1983)
1888 Dasypeltis elongata Mocquard (Broadley 1983)
1957 Dasypeltis medici lamuensis Gans

Other common names:
lamuensis: Lamu Egg Eater, (Somali Egg Eater)
Distribution: Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique (incl. Bazaruto Archipelago [incl. Benguerua]), Somalia, South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal), Tanzania (incl. Mafia, Zanzibar), Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Dasypeltis palmarum

Angolan Egg Eater, (Forest Egg Eater, Palm Egg Eater)

Angolische Eierschlange

Angolansk Ægsnog

1818 Coluber palmarum Leach
Dasypeltis palmarum Laurent 1956

Remarks: Records from Malawi refer to scabra (Sweeney 1961).
Distribution: Angola (incl. Cabinda), Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa.

Dasypeltis parascabra

Guinean Egg Eater, (Pararhombic Egg Eater)



2012 Dasypeltis parascabra Trape, Mediannikov & Trape

Distribution: Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Togo.

Dasypeltis sahelensis

Sahel Egg Eater



2006 Dasypeltis sahelensis Trape & Mane

Remarks: Previously confused with scabra (Trape & Mané 2006a). Validity confirmed by Trape, Mediannikov & Trape (2012).
Distribution: Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sudan, Western Sahara.

Dasypeltis scabra

Common African Egg Eater, Eastern Rhombic Egg Eater, Rhombic Egg Eater, Savanna Egg Eater, African Egg Eater, Rough-keeled Snake, Rough-skinned Snake

Gewöhnliche Eierschlange

Almindelig Afrikansk Ægsnog

1758 Coluber scaber Linnaeus
Rhaciodon scaber Jourdan 1833
Tropidonotus scaber Schlegel 1837
Dasypeltis scaber Smith 1842
1829 Anodon typus Smith (Broadley 1983)
1864 Dasypeltis scaber breviceps Peters (Broadley 1983)
1864 Dasypeltis scaber capensis Peters (Broadley 1983)
1864 Dasypeltis scaber mossambicus Peters (Broadley 1983)
1878 Dasypeltis lineolatus Peters (Broadley 1983)
1911 Tropidechis dunensis De Vis (Cogger 1966)

Remarks: Previously included loveridgei. Formerly confused with abyssina, confusa, gansi, parascabra, and sahelensis. Records from West Africa refer to some of these species (Trape & Mané 2006; Trape, Mediannikov & Trape 2012). Records from Nigeria (e.g., Gans 1959; Hughes 1983; Butler & Reid 1990) refer to either confusa or parascabra (Trape & Baldé 2014). Records from Togo (e.g., Gans 1959; Hulselmans & Verheyen 1970) are believed to refer to either confusa or gansi (Segniagbeto, Trape, David, Ohler, Dubois & Glitho 2011). Present in eastern Sudan, but records from Geneina in western Sudan (Colley 1946) refer to sahelensis (Trape, Kodindo, Djiddi, Mad-Toïngué & Kerah 2020). See remarks under atra.
Distribution: Angola (incl. Cabinda), Botswana, Burundi, Congo-Kinshasa, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, Somalia, South Africa (Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West Province, Northern Cape, Western Cape), South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania (incl. Zanzibar), Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Dasypeltis scabra
© Rune Midtgaard

Dasypeltis taylori

Somali Egg Eater, (Taylor's Egg Eater)

Somalische Eierschlange

Somalisk Ægsnog

2018 Dasypeltis taylori Bates & Broadley

Distribution: Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia.