Reptiles of
Nevada  [USA]

Related checklists:  USA

Bibliography of the reptiles of Nevada Taxonomic history of the reptiles of Nevada Introduced species
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© Rune Midtgaard


Reptile biodiversity of
Nevada

excl. introduced, extinct, unconfirmed, and unnamed species
See complete statistics for
families and genera

Families

Endemic
families

Endemism
(families)

Genera

Endemic
genera

Endemism
(genera)

Species

Endemic
species

Endemism
(species)

Species in %
of total
Lizards (Sauria) 9 0 0.0 % 16 0 0.0 % 26 0 0.0 % 45.6 %
Snakes (Serpentes) 4 0 0.0 % 17 0 0.0 % 29 0 0.0 % 50.9 %
Turtles (Testudines) 2 0 0.0 % 2 0 0.0 % 2 0 0.0 % 3.5 %
Total 15 0 0.0 % 35 0 0.0 % 57 0 0.0 % 100.0 %

Checklist
General remarks: The list includes only formally described species. Newly discovered, but still unnamed species are excluded. However, unnamed species or species unassigned to species level are included, if they are the only representatives of their genus in the region. Species counts exclude extinct and introduced species. Doubtful records, typically older voucher specimens of uncertain origin, have been excluded if considered questionable, as are records based on sources considered unreliable.
Note: Your comments to the checklist (omissions, errors, etc.) are welcomed, preferably if they are provided with reliable references. If possible, please attach a pdf file of the relevant reference to an email addressed to:
Lizards (Sauria)
= endemicEX = extinct or assumed extinct

Species
References
 Family Anguidae (Slowworms, etc.)
Genus Elgaria (Western Alligator Lizards)
 
Elgaria coerulea

Northern Alligator Lizard

Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Vindum & Arnold 1997
 
Elgaria multicarinata

Southern Alligator Lizard

Bradley & Deacon 1966 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009
 Family Crotaphytidae (North American Collared Lizards)
Genus Crotaphytus (Typical Collared Lizards)
 
Crotaphytus bicinctores

Great Basin Collared Lizard

Behler & King 1979 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 McGuire 1996
 
Crotaphytus collaris

Common Collared Lizard

Banta 1965
Genus Gambelia (North American Leopard Lizards)
 
Gambelia wislizenii

Long-nosed Leopard Lizard

Banta 1965 Behler & King 1979 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 McGuire 1996
 Family Eublepharidae (Eyelid Geckos)
Genus Coleonyx (Banded Eyelid Geckos)
 
Coleonyx variegatus

Western Banded Gecko

Banta 1965 Behler & King 1979 Dixon 1970 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Wermuth 1965
 Family Helodermatidae (Beaded Lizards)
Genus Heloderma (Beaded Lizards)
 
Heloderma suspectum

Gila Monster

Banta 1965 Beaman, Jones, Lovich, Gienger & Conrad 2014 Behler & King 1979 Campbell & Lamar 2004 Ernst 1992 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009
 Family Iguanidae (Greater Iguanas)
Genus Dipsosaurus (Desert Iguanas)
 
Dipsosaurus dorsalis

Common Desert Iguana

Banta 1965 Behler & King 1979 Hulse 1992 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009
Genus Sauromalus (North American Chuckwallas)
 
Sauromalus ater

Common Chuckwalla

Banta 1965 [as obesus] Behler & King 1979 [as obesus] Hollingsworth 1998 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009
 Family Phrynosomatidae (North American Lesser Iguanas)
Genus Callisaurus (Zebra-tailed Lizard)
 
Callisaurus draconoides

Zebra-tailed Lizard

Banta 1965 Behler & King 1979 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009
Genus Phrynosoma (Horned Lizards)
 
Phrynosoma douglasii

Pygmy Short-horned Lizard

Banta 1965 Behler & King 1979 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Montanucci 2015 Schmidt 1953
 
Phrynosoma hernandesi

Greater Short-horned Lizard

Banta 1965 Behler & King 1979 Montanucci 2015 Schmidt 1953 Zamudio, Jones & Ward 1997
 
Phrynosoma platyrhinos

Desert Horned Lizard

Banta 1965 Behler & King 1979 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Mulcahy, Spaulding, Mendelson & Brodie 2006 Pianka 1991
Genus Sceloporus (Northern Spiny Lizards)
 
Sceloporus graciosus

Common Sagebrush Lizard

Banta 1965 Censky 1986 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009
 
Sceloporus magister

Northern Desert Spiny Lizard

Schmidt 1953
 
Sceloporus occidentalis

Western Fence Lizard

Banta 1965 Behler & King 1979 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009
 
Sceloporus tristichus

Western Plateau Lizard

Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009
 
Sceloporus uniformis

Yellow-backed Spiny Lizard

Banta 1965 Behler & King 1979 [as transversus] Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Schulte, Macey & Papenfuss 2006
Genus Uma (North American Fringe-toed Lizards)
 
Uma scoparia

Mojave Fringe-toed Lizard

Jones & Stocking 2017
Genus Urosaurus (North American Tree Lizards)
 
Urosaurus graciosus

Long-tailed Brush Lizard

Banta 1965 Behler & King 1979 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Vitt & Dickson 1988
 
Urosaurus ornatus

Common Tree Lizard

Banta 1965 Behler & King 1979 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009
Genus Uta (Side-blotched Lizards)
 
Uta stansburiana

Common Side-blotched Lizard

Banta 1965 Behler & King 1979 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009
 Family Scincidae (Skinks)
Genus Plestiodon (Blue-tailed Skinks)
 
Plestiodon gilberti

North American Brown Skink

Banta 1965 Behler & King 1979 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Jones 1985
 
Plestiodon skiltonianus

Western Skink

Banta 1965 Behler & King 1979 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Tanner 1988
 Family Teiidae (Greater Tejus)
Genus Aspidoscelis (Northern Whiptails)
 
Aspidoscelis tigris

Tiger Whiptail

Banta 1965 Harvey, Ugueto & Gutberlet 2012 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Maslin & Secoy 1986
 Family Xantusiidae (Night Lizards)
Genus Xantusia (Northern Night Lizards)
 
Xantusia vigilis

Desert Night Lizard

Banta 1965 Behler & King 1979 Jones & Lovich (eds.) 2009 Leavitt, Bezy, Crandall & Sites 2007

Snakes (Serpentes)
= endemicEX = extinct or assumed extinct

Species
References
 Family Boidae (Typical Boas)
Genus Charina (Rubber Boas)
 
Charina bottae

Northern Rubber Boa

Banta 1965 Kluge 1993 McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999 Stimson 1969 Wright & Wright 1952
 Family Colubridae (Typical Snakes or Colubrids)
Genus Arizona (Glossy Snakes)
 
Arizona occidentalis

Western Glossy Snake

Banta 1965 Behler & King 1979 Wright & Wright 1952
Genus Coluber (North American Racer)
 
Coluber constrictor

North American Racer

Banta 1965 Wilson 1978 Wright & Wright 1952
Genus Diadophis (Ring-necked Snake)
 
Diadophis punctatus

Ring-necked Snake

Banta 1965
Genus Hypsiglena (North American Night Snakes)
 
Hypsiglena chlorophaea

Desert Night Snake

Banta 1965 Behler & King 1979 Mulcahy 2008 Schmidt 1953 Wright & Wright 1952
Genus Lampropeltis (King Snakes & Milk Snakes)
 
Lampropeltis californiae

California Kingsnake

Banta 1965 Markel 1990 Wright & Wright 1952
 
Lampropeltis gentilis

Northwestern Milk Snake

Mulks 2005
 
Lampropeltis pyromelana

Sonoran Mountain Kingsnake

Banta 1965 Behler & King 1979 Markel 1990 Tanner 1953 Tanner 1983 Wright & Wright 1952
Genus Masticophis (North American Whip Snakes & Coachwhips)
 
Masticophis piceus

Western Coachwhip

Banta 1965 Behler & King 1979 O'Connell & Smith 2018 Wilson 1973 [as flagellum] Wright & Wright 1952
 
Masticophis taeniatus

Western Striped Whip Snake

Banta 1965 Camper & Dixon 1994 Parker 1982 Wright & Wright 1952
Genus Phyllorhynchus (American Leaf-nosed Snakes)
 
Phyllorhynchus decurtatus

Spotted Leaf-nosed Snake

Banta 1965 Behler & King 1979 McCleary & McDiarmid 1993
Genus Pituophis (Bullsnakes, Pine Snakes & Gopher Snakes)
 
Pituophis catenifer

Gopher Snake

Banta 1965 Behler & King 1979 Wright & Wright 1952
Genus Rhinocheilus (Long-nosed Snakes)
 
Rhinocheilus lecontei

Common Long-nosed Snake

Banta 1965 Behler & King 1979 Manier 2004 Medica 1975 Medica 1980 Wright & Wright 1952
Genus Salvadora (Patch-nosed Snakes)
 
Salvadora hexalepis

Western Patch-nosed Snake

Banta 1965 Behler & King 1979 Wright & Wright 1952
Genus Sonora (North American Ground, Sand, and Shovel-nosed Snakes)
 
Sonora occipitalis

Northern Shovel-nosed Snake

Banta 1965 Behler & King 1979 Cox, Davis Rabosky, Holmes, Reyes-Velasco, Roelke, Smith, Flores-Villela, McGuire & Campbell 2018 Wright & Wright 1952
 
Sonora semiannulata

Western Ground Snake

Banta 1965 Behler & King 1979 Cox, Davis Rabosky, Holmes, Reyes-Velasco, Roelke, Smith, Flores-Villela, McGuire & Campbell 2018 Wright & Wright 1952
Genus Tantilla (American Centipede Snakes)
 
Tantilla hobartsmithi

Southwestern Centipede Snake

Banta 1965 [as utahensis] Behler & King 1979 [as T. planiceps utahensis] Cole & Hardy 1981 Cole & Hardy 1983 Wilcox & Mata-Silva 2014 Wilson & Mata-Silva 2015 Wright & Wright 1952 [as T. utahiensis]
Genus Thamnophis (North American Garter Snakes & Ribbon Snakes)
 
Thamnophis couchii

Sierra Garter Snake

Banta 1965 Behler & King 1979 Fitch 1984 Rossman, Ford & Seigel 1996 Wright & Wright 1952
 
Thamnophis elegans

Terrestrial Garter Snake

Banta 1965 Behler & King 1979 Rossman, Ford & Seigel 1996 Wright & Wright 1952
 
Thamnophis eques

Mexican Garter Snake

Queiroz & Smith 1996
 
Thamnophis sirtalis

Common Garter Snake

Banta 1965 Behler & King 1979 Wright & Wright 1952
Genus Trimorphodon (Lyre Snakes)
 
Trimorphodon lambda

Sonoran Lyre Snake

Banta 1965 Behler & King 1979 Devitt, LaDuc & McGuire 2008 Gehlbach 1971 LaDuc & Johnson 2003 Scott & McDiarmid 1984 [as T. biscutatus]
 Family Leptotyphlopidae (Thread Snakes)
Genus Rena (Maroon Thread Snakes)
 
Rena humilis

Western Thread Snake

Banta 1965 Behler & King 1979 Hahn 1980 Wright & Wright 1952
 Family Viperidae (Vipers)
Genus Crotalus (Typical Rattlesnakes)
 
Crotalus atrox

Western Diamondback Rattlesnake

Banta 1965 Campbell & Lamar 2004 Wright & Wright 1952
 
Crotalus cerastes

Sidewinder

Banta 1965 Behler & King 1979 Campbell & Lamar 2004 Ernst 1992 Wright & Wright 1952
 
Crotalus lutosus

Great Basin Rattlesnake

Banta 1965 Behler & King 1979 Campbell & Lamar 2004 Wright & Wright 1952
 
Crotalus pyrrhus

Southwestern Speckled Rattlesnake

Banta 1965 Behler & King 1979 Douglas, Douglas, Schuett, Porras & Thomason 2007 Ernst 1992 Wright & Wright 1952
 
Crotalus scutulatus

Mojave Rattlesnake

Banta 1965 Behler & King 1979 Campbell & Lamar 2004 Ernst 1992 Wright & Wright 1952
 
Crotalus stephensi

Panamint Rattlesnake

Banta 1965 Behler & King 1979 Campbell & Lamar 2004 Douglas, Douglas, Schuett, Porras & Thomason 2007 Wright & Wright 1952

Turtles (Testudines)
= endemicEX = extinct or assumed extinct

Species
References
 Family Emydidae (Western Pond Turtles)
Genus Actinemys (Pacific Pond Turtles)
 
Actinemys marmorata

Northern Pacific Pond Turtle

Banta 1965 [as marmorata] Behler & King 1979 Bury & Germano 2008 Iverson 1992 Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017
 Family Testudinidae (Tortoises)
Genus Gopherus (Gopher Tortoises)
 
Gopherus agassizii

Mohave Desert Tortoise

Banta 1965 Iverson 1992 Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017