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© Rune Midtgaard


Taxonomy of the family Dermochelyidae
Bibliography of the genus Dermochelys
Biodiversity of the family Dermochelyidae








Genus
Dermochelys

Leatherback Sea Turtle

Lederschildkröte

Læderskildpadde

1816 Dermochelys Blainville (type species: Testudo coriacea Vandelli 1761)
1820 Sphargis Merrem (type species: Sphargis mercurialis Merrem 1820; syn. Fritz & Havas 2006)
1822 Coriudo Fleming (type species: Testudo coriacea Vandelli 1761; syn. Fritz & Havas 2006)
1828 Scytina Wagler [substitute name for Sphargis Merrem 1820] (syn. Fritz & Havas 2006)
1829 Dermochelis Cuvier [substitute name for Dermochelys Blainville 1816] (syn. Fritz & Havas 2006)
1830 Dermatochelys Wagler [substitute name for Dermochelys Blainville 1816] (syn. Fritz & Havas 2006)
1832 Chelyra Rafinesque (type species: Testudo coriacea Vandelli 1761; syn. Fritz & Havas 2006)

Contents: 1 species, which is not endemic.
Endemism: 0% 100%
Remarks: Distributional records include both nesting and non-breeding, migrating animals, as well as waifs, i.e. specimens carried by sea currents beyond their natural range.
Distribution: As for the single species.

Dermochelys coriacea

Leatherback Sea Turtle, Leathery Turtle, Luth, Trunkback

Lederschildkröte

Læderskildpadde

1761 Testudo coriacea Vandelli
Chelone coriacea Brongniart 1805
Dermochelys coriacea Blainville 1816
Chelonia coriacea Oppel 1811
Coriudo coriacea Fleming 1822
Scytina coriacea Wagler 1828
Sphargis coriacea Gray 1829
Dermatochelys coriacea Wagler 1830
Dermatochaelis coriacea Oliveira 1896
Dendrochelys coriacea Pierantoni 1934
1771 Testudo arcuata Catesby (Fritz & Havas 2006)
1794 Testudo marina Wilhelm (Fritz & Havas 2006)
Testudo coriacea marina Ranzano 1834
1801 Testudo tuberculata Pennant in Schoepff (Fritz & Havas 2006)
Sphargis tuberculata Gravenhorst 1829
Dermochelydis tuberculata Alessandrini 1838
1814 Testudo lutaria Rafinesque [not Testudo lutaria Linnaeus 1758] (Fritz & Havas 2006)
1820 Sphargis mercurialis Merrem [substitute name for Testudo coriacea Vandelli 1761; suppressed] (ICZN 1956 (Opinion 2105); Fritz & Havas 2006)
1828 Chelonia lyra Bory de Saint-Vincent [substitute name for Testudo coriacea Vandelli 1761] (Fritz & Havas 2006)
1833 Dermatochelys porcata Wagler [substitute name for Testudo coriacea Vandelli 1761 or error?] (Fritz & Havas 2006)
1884 Sphargis coriacea schlegelii Garman
Dermochelys schlegelii Stejneger 1907
Dermochelys coriacea schlegeli Mertens 1934
1889 Sphargis angusta Philippi (Fritz & Havas 2006)
Dermatochelys angusta Quijada 1916
Dermochelys coriacea angusta Pérez-Ramos, Riva & Uribe-Peña 2000

Distribution: Worldwide, apart from northernmost and southernmost seas. Breeding grounds restricted to tropical and subtropical coasts.
Reported from:
Albania, Algeria, Angola, Anguilla (incl. Anguilla Island), Antigua & Barbuda (incl. Antigua, Barbuda, Redonda), Argentina, Aruba, Ascension, Australia (New South Wales, Norfolk Island, Northern Territory, Queensland [incl. Fraser Island], South Australia [incl. Kangaroo Island], Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia), Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bonaire, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Brazil (Alagoas, Amapa, Bahia, Ceara, Espirito Santo, Maranhao, Para [incl. Marajo Island], Paraiba, Parana, Pernambuco, Piaui, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Norte, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo, Sergipe), British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada (British Columbia [incl. Vancouver Island], New Brunswick, Newfoundland & Labrador [Labrador, Newfoundland], Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Quebec), Cape Verde, Cayman Islands, Chagos Archipelago, Chile, China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hong Kong, Jiangsu, Liaoning, Shandong, Zhejiang), Colombia (incl. Gorgona Island), Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Curacao, Cyprus, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Easter Island, Ecuador (incl. Galapagos Islands [incl. Espanola, Floreana, Isabela]), Egypt (incl. Sinai), El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea (incl. Bioko), Eritrea (incl. Dahlak Archipelago), Fiji, France, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Germany, Ghana, Gibraltar, Greece (incl. Aegean Islands [incl. Cyclades Islands], Crete), Grenada, Guadeloupe (incl. Iles de la Petite Terre, Iles des Saintes, Marie-Galante), Guam, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau (incl. Bijagos Archipelago), Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Iceland, India (Andaman & Nicobar Islands [Andaman Islands, Nicobar Islands], Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Gujarat, Karnataka, Kerala, Lakshadweep, Maharashtra, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal), Indonesia (Bali, Banyak Islands, Java, Kai Islands, Kangean Islands, Sumatra, Supiori, Western New Guinea), Iran, Iraq, Isla de Aves, Israel, Italy (incl. Pelagie Islands [incl. Linosa Islands], Sicily), Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Lebanon, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malaysia, (Sabah, Sarawak, West Malaysia), Maldives, Malta, Marshall Islands, Martinique, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mayotte, Mexico (Baja California Norte [incl. Islas Coronados], Baja California Sur, Campeche, Chiapas, Colima [incl. Revillagigedo Islands], Guerrero, Jalisco, Michoacan, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Quintana Roo, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz), Micronesia (incl. Pohnpei), Monaco, Montenegro, Montserrat, Morocco, Mozambique (incl. Bazaruto Archipelago), Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Netherlands, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, North Korea, Norway, Oman (incl. Masirah), Pakistan, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea (Bismarck Archipelago [incl. Admiralty Islands (incl. Manus), New Britain, New Ireland], d'Entrecasteaux Islands [incl. Normanby], Eastern New Guinea, North Solomon Islands [incl. Bougainville], Trobriand Islands), Peru, Philippines (incl. Mindanao, Palawan), Pitcairn Islands, Portugal (incl. Azores, Madeira), Puerto Rico (incl. Culebra, Mona), Qatar, Republic of Ireland, Reunion, Russia (incl. Kuril Islands), Saba, Saint Barthelemy, Saint Helena, Saint Kitts & Nevis (Nevis, Saint Kitts), Saint Lucia, Saint Martin, Saint Vincent & the Grenadines, Sao Tome & Principe (Principe, Sao Tome), Saudi Arabia (incl. Farasan Islands), Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Sint Eustatius, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa (Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal), South Korea, Spain (incl. Canary Islands), Sri Lanka, Sudan, Surinam, Sweden, Syria, Taiwan, Tanzania (incl. Zanzibar), Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad & Tobago (Tobago, Trinidad), Tristan da Cunha, Tunisia, Turkey, Turks & Caicos Islands, Tuvalu, U.S. Virgin Islands (incl. St. Croix), United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom (Channel Islands, England, Isle of Man, Northern Ireland, Scotland, Wales), Uruguay, USA (Alabama, Alaska, California, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York [incl. Long Island], North Carolina, Oregon, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia, Washington), Vanuatu, Venezuela (incl. Blanquilla, Isla Margarita), Vietnam, Western Samoa, Yemen (incl. Socotra Archipelago).