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© Rune Midtgaard


Taxonomy of the family Cheloniidae
Bibliography of the genus Chelonia
Biodiversity of the family Cheloniidae








Genus
Chelonia

Green Sea Turtle

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1800 Chelonia Brongniart (type species: Testudo mydas Linnaeus 1758)
1805 Chelone Brogniart [substitute name] (syn. Fritz & Havas 2006)
1814 Chelonias Rafinesque [substitute name] (syn. Fritz & Havas 2006)
1828 Chelona Fleming [substitute name] (syn. Fritz & Havas 2006)
1838 Mydas Cocteau in de la Sagra [not Mydas Fabricius 1794; not Mydas Bonaparte 1831] (type species: Testudo viridis Schneider 1783; syn. Fritz & Havas 2006)
1843 Mydasea Gervais (type species: Testudo mydas Linnaeus 1758; syn. Fritz & Havas 2006)
1846 Euchelonia Tschudi (type species: Testudo mydas Linnaeus 1758; syn. Fritz & Havas 2006)
1848 Megemys Gistel [substitute name for Chelonia Brongniart 1800] (syn. Fritz & Havas 2006)
1858 Euchelys Girard (type species: Testudo macropus Walbaum 1782 [nomen illegitimum]; syn. Fritz & Havas 2006)

Contents: 1 species, which is not endemic.
Endemism: 0% 100%
Remarks: Previously included Natator depressus.
Distribution: As for the single species.

Chelonia mydas

Green Sea Turtle, Green Turtle

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1758 Testudo mydas Linnaeus
Chelonia mydas Brongniart 1800
Chelone mydas Brogniart 1805
Caretta mydas Fitzinger 1826
Mydas mydas Cocteau in de la Sagra 1838
Mydasea mydas Gervais 1843
Euchelonia mydas Tschudi 1846
Megemys mydas Gistel 1848
1782 Testudo macropus Walbaum [nomen illegitimum] (Fritz & Havas 2006)
Euchelys macropus Girard 1858
Chelone macropus Strauch 1862
1783 Testudo viridis Schneider (Fritz & Havas 2006)
Chelonia viridis Temminck & Schlegel in Siebold 1835
Mydas viridis Gray 1870
Chelone viridis Strauch 1862
1787 Testudo japonica Thunberg (Iverson 1992)
Chelonia japonica Schweigger 1812
Chelonia mydas japonica Gray 1831
1800 Testudo chloronotos Bechstein (Fritz & Havas 2006)
1801 Testudo cepediana Daudin (Fritz & Havas 2006)
1801 Testudo rugosa Daudin (Fritz & Havas 2006)
1812 Chelonia virgata Schweigger (Fritz & Havas 2006)
Caretta virgata Fitzinger 1826
Chelone virgata Strauch 1862
1820 Caretta cepedii Merrem [substitute name for Testudo cepediana Daudin 1801] (Fritz & Havas 2006)
1820 Caretta esculenta Merrem (Fritz & Havas 2006)
Chelonia esculenta Wiegmann & Ruthe 1832
1820 Caretta nasicornis Merrem (Fritz & Havas 2006)
1820 Caretta thunbergii Merrem [substitute name for Testudo japonica Thunberg 1787] (Fritz & Havas 2006)
1829 Chelonia grisea Eschscholtz (Flores-Villela, Adler & Eimermacher 2016)
1829 Chelonia lachrymata Cuvier (Fritz & Havas 2006)
1829 Chelonia maculosa Cuvier (Fritz & Havas 2006)
Chelone maculosa Strauch 1862
1834 Chelonia bicarinata Lesson in Bélanger (Fritz & Havas 2006)
1835 Chelonia marmorata Duméril & Bibron (Fritz & Havas 2006)
Chelone marmorata Strauch 1862
1858 Chelonia formosa Girard (Fritz & Havas 2006)
1858 Chelonia tenuis Girard (Fritz & Havas 2006)
1864 Chelonia albiventer Nardo (Fritz & Havas 2006)
Thalassiochelys albiventer Günther 1865
1868 Chelonia agassizii Bocourt (Carr 1952)
Chelonia mydas agassizii Carr 1952
1887 Chelonia lata Philippi (Fritz & Havas 2006)
1962 Chelonia mydas carrinegra Caldwell (Fritz & Havas 2006)

Other common names:
agassizii: Pacific Green Turtle, Agassiz's Green Turtle, Black Turtle, East Pacific Green Turtle
Remarks: Some authors regard the subspecies agassizii as a separate species (e.g., Iverson 1992; Savage 2002; Bonin, Devaux & Dupre 2006). Recent studies (Karl & Bowen 1999) have been unable to confirm its species status. It may not even deserve status as a valid subspecies.
Occurrence in Connecticut (USA) is considered doubtful (Klemens 1993), as it is based on a single, old report (Linsley 1844).
Distribution: Albania, Algeria, American Samoa, Angola (incl. Cabinda), Anguilla (incl. Anguilla Island), Antigua & Barbuda (incl. Antigua, Barbuda, Redonda), Argentina, Aruba, Ascension, Australia (Lord Howe Island, New South Wales, Norfolk Island, Northern Territory, Queensland [incl. Fraser Island, Torres Strait Islands], South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia), Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bonaire, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Brazil (Alagoas, Amapa, Bahia, Ceara, Espirito Santo [incl. Trindade Island], Maranhao, Para [incl. Marajo Island], Paraiba, Parana, Pernambuco [incl. Fernando do Noronha], Piaui, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Norte, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo, Sergipe), British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada (British Columbia [incl. Vancouver Island], Nova Scotia), Cape Verde (incl. Sao Vicente), Cayman Islands (Grand Cayman, Little Cayman), Chagos Archipelago, Chile, China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan [incl. Xisha Islands], Hong Kong, Jiangsu, Shandong, Zhejiang), Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Colombia (incl. Gorgona Island), Comoro Islands (Anjouan, Grande Comoro, Moheli), Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa, Cook Islands (incl. Rarotonga), Costa Rica (incl. Isla del Coco), Croatia, Cuba, Curacao, Cyprus, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, East Timor, Easter Island, Ecuador (incl. Galapagos Islands [incl. Baltra, Bartholome, Isabela, Santa Cruz, Santiago]), Egypt (incl. Sinai), El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea (Annobon, Bioko), Eritrea (incl. Dahlak Archipelago), Europa Island, Fiji, France, French Guiana, French Polynesia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Gibraltar, Glorioso Islands, Greece (incl. Aegean Islands [incl. Dodecanese Islands (incl. Rhodes)], Crete), Grenada, Guadeloupe (incl. Desirade, Iles de la Petite Terre, Iles des Saintes, Marie-Galante), Guam, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau (incl. Bijagos Archipelago), Guyana, Haiti, Honduras (incl. Islas de la Bahia [Guanaja, Roatan, Utila], Islas del Cisne [Isla Grande]), India (Andaman & Nicobar Islands [Andaman Islands, Nicobar Islands], Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Gujarat, Kerala, Lakshadweep, Maharashtra, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal), Indonesia (Ambon, Anambas Islands, Aru Islands, Bali, Banda Islands, Banyak Islands, Belitung, Buton, Flores, Halmahera, Java, Kalimantan, Komodo, Lombok, Madura, Obi, Ori, Padar, Riau Islands, Seribu Islets, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Sumbawa, Supiori, Talaud Islands, Tanimbar Islands, Western New Guinea), Iran, Iraq, Isla de Aves, Israel, Italy (incl. Pelagie Islands [incl. Lampedusa]), Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan (incl. Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku, Bonin Islands, Izu Islands, Minami Torishima, Ryukyu Islands [incl. Okinawa Islands, Sakishima Islands, Satsunan Islands (incl. Tokara Islands)], Volcano Islands), Jarvis, Johnston, Jordan, Juan de Nova, Kenya, Kermadec Islands, Kiribati, Kuwait, Lebanon, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak, West Malaysia), Maldives, Malta, Marshall Islands, Martinique, Mauritania, Mauritius (incl. Rodrigues, Round Island), Mayotte, Mexico (Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Campeche, Chiapas, Colima [incl. Revillagigedo Islands (Clarion, Socorro)], Guerrero, Jalisco, Michoacan, Nayarit [incl. Islas Marias (incl. San Juanito)], Oaxaca, Quintana Roo [incl. Cozumel], Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatan), Micronesia (incl. Pohnpei), Midway Islands, Montserrat, Morocco, Mozambique (incl. Bazaruto Archipelago), Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Navassa, Netherlands, New Caledonia (incl. Grande Terre, Loyalty Islands), New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Niue, Northern Mariana Islands, Oman (incl. Masirah), Pakistan, Palau, Palmyra, Panama, Papua New Guinea (Bismarck Archipelago, Eastern New Guinea), Peru, Philippines (Luzon, Mindanao, Siquijor, Sulu Islands [incl. Tawi-Tawi]), Pitcairn Islands, Portugal (incl. Azores, Madeira), Puerto Rico (incl. Culebra), Qatar, Republic of Ireland, Reunion, Saba, Saint Barthelemy, Saint Helena, Saint Kitts & Nevis (Nevis, Saint Kitts), Saint Lucia, Saint Martin, Saint Vincent & the Grenadines, Sao Tome & Principe (Principe, Rolas Island, Sao Tome), Saudi Arabia (incl. Farasan Islands), Senegal, Seychelles (incl. Aldabra), Sierra Leone, Singapore, Sint Eustatius, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa (Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal), South Korea, Spain (incl. Canary Islands [incl. Tenerife]), Spratly Islands, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Surinam, Syria, Taiwan, Tanzania (incl. Mafia, Pemba, Zanzibar), Thailand, Togo, Tokelau, Tonga, Trinidad & Tobago (Tobago, Trinidad), Tromelin, Tunisia, Turkey, Turks & Caicos Islands, Tuvalu, U.S. Virgin Islands (incl. St. Croix), United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom (Channel Islands, England, Scotland, Orkney Islands, Shetland Islands), Uruguay, USA (Alabama, Alaska, California, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mississippi, New Jersey, New York [incl. Long Island], North Carolina, Oregon, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia, Washington), Vanuatu, Venezuela (incl. Isla Margarita), Vietnam, Wake, Wallis & Futuna, Western Sahara, Western Samoa, Yemen (incl. Socotra Archipelago [incl. Socotra]).


Chelonia mydas
© Henrik Bringsøe